For our tour description, itinerary, past triplists, dates, fees, and more, please VISIT OUR TOUR PAGE.
See this triplist in printable PDF format with media only on page 1.
One of our glorious early mornings on the San Lorenzo ridge, admiring sunrise coming from behind the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta before the clouds billowed up from the lowlands. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
It was a wonderful escape from winter weather. While the Caribbean coast was lovely, folks seemed happiest at El Dorado, where the climate was perfect, the feeders were hopping, and we were within striking distance of the incredible view to the full Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
Many came a day early and enjoyed a half day of birding in the shrinking marshes on Isla Salamanca, highlighted by unprecedented numbers of Northern Screamers.
The tour started with dawn with the Chestnut-winged Chachalacas chorusing and continued with a different venue on Isla Salamanca, where we saw Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird, Chestnut Piculet, and Golden-green Woodpecker (oh yes, and Prothonotary Warblers!).
An afternoon and a morning around Camarones produced a better than average selection of specialties of the arid coast, including Vermilion Cardinal, Tocuyo Sparrow, White-whiskered Spinetail, Buffy Hummingbird, and Slender-billed Tyrannulet. The lagoon was birdy this visit, featuring an excellent variety of terns and gulls, including several rarities.
On this longer version of the tour we had a day for Parque Nacional Tayrona, always lovely, but not always packed with birds. However we had a truly great hour that featured a female Blue-billed Curassow in the road, a fabulous display by Lance-tailed Manakins, and a close troop of Cotton-top Tamarins. The Red Howlers later that morning were special, too.
From there we headed up the mountain, starting with a night at the Hotel Minca, its busy feeders (including a Golden-winged Sparrow on the fruit tray), and the nearby woodlands. The birding became tougher, and while on the San Lorenzo ridge we were perhaps a little under average because of extra-dry conditions (El Nino in northern Colombia), all those cicadas, and two small fires on the top, one of them still smoldering.
Even so, we saw almost all the endemics, missing two difficult hummingbirds and only hearing two of the skulkers, while having good looks at most of the rest. The Santa Marta Parakeets were the closest ever and Santa Marta Warbler as cooperative as could be imagined, and we enjoyed fine views of the stunning White-tailed Starfrontlet, Yellow-crowned Redstart, Santa Marta Bush-Tyrant (a close call), Black-cheeked Mountain-Tanager, and Santa Marta Tapaculo.
While the endemics are a focus, there are many other great birds on the mountain. In addition to the hummingbirds, the lodge was feeding Black-fronted Wood-Quail, Band-tailed Guans, and Blue-naped Chlorophonias. Other lovely birds included White-tipped Quetzal, Masked Trogon (so tame), Crowned Woodnymph, Emerald and Groove-billed toucanets, Black-chested Jay, and Crimson-backed and Swallow tanagers. In the good fortune department were day-roosting Black-and-white Owls and the undescribed screech-owl.
We saw a landscape that has been greatly altered by humans. BirdLife estimates that perhaps only 15% of the Sierra's forests remain (the ProAves El Dorado reserve is, indeed, an important one). We saw 2 Critically Endangered species, 2 Endangered, 6 Vulnerable, and 7 Near Threatened, along with many range-restricted birds.
Our trip was made easier by ProAves' great places to stay on the mountain (thanks to Elizabeth and colleagues), and all of our logistical help (Virgilio, Antonio, and their friends). Apologies to the Spanish language for all the orthographic marks dropped because we use multiple computer platforms. Conservation information is drawn from the publications of BirdLife International. The underlying taxonomy follows Clements/Cornell with comments.
KEYS FOR THIS LIST
One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant
NORTHERN SCREAMER (Chauna chavaria)
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
WHITE-FACED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna viduata)
BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
FULVOUS WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna bicolor)
BLUE-WINGED TEAL (Anas discors) [b]
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
CHESTNUT-WINGED CHACHALACA (Ortalis garrula) [E]
BAND-TAILED GUAN (Penelope argyrotis)
SICKLE-WINGED GUAN (Chamaepetes goudotii sanctaemarthae)
BLUE-BILLED CURASSOW (Crax alberti) [E]
The biggest surprise of the tour: Blue-billed Curassow in the road in PN Tayrona. This Critically Endangered species is known from here, but was thought to be miles out trails, so it was a thrill to see one on our short visit. Photo by participant Max Rodel.
Odontophoridae (New World Quail)
CRESTED BOBWHITE (Colinus cristatus)
BLACK-FRONTED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus atrifrons)
MAGNIFICENT FRIGATEBIRD (Fregata magnificens)
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
BROWN PELICAN (Pelecanus occidentalis)
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)
SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)
Crimson-backed Tanager was one of many lovely visitors to the Hotel Minca fruit tray. Photo by participant Max Rodel.
TRICOLORED HERON (Egretta tricolor)
REDDISH EGRET (Egretta rufescens)
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)
GREEN HERON (Butorides virescens) [b]
STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
WHITE IBIS (Eudocimus albus)
SCARLET IBIS (Eudocimus ruber)
GLOSSY IBIS (Plegadis falcinellus)
BARE-FACED IBIS (Phimosus infuscatus)
ROSEATE SPOONBILL (Platalea ajaja)
Waterbirds are not a major component of the tour, but we have some nice moments, such as this collection near Camarones: Roseate Spoonbill, White Ibis, and Snowy Egret, with what looks like a Carib Grackle in back. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)
LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus)
KING VULTURE (Sarcoramphus papa)
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus) [b]
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
PEARL KITE (Gampsonyx swainsonii)
HOOK-BILLED KITE (Chondrohierax uncinatus)
SWALLOW-TAILED KITE (Elanoides forficatus)
BLACK-COLLARED HAWK (Busarellus nigricollis)
SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis)
DOUBLE-TOOTHED KITE (Harpagus bidentatus)
PLUMBEOUS KITE (Ictinia plumbea)
COMMON BLACK HAWK (Buteogallus anthracinus)
ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)
The Caribbean, as surveyed by Cheri, Kathe, and Carol at La Jorara. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
HARRIS'S HAWK (Parabuteo unicinctus)
WHITE-RUMPED HAWK (Parabuteo leucorrhous)
BROAD-WINGED HAWK (Buteo platypterus) [b]
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
GRAY-NECKED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides cajaneus) [*]
PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinicus)
COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)
LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna)
DOUBLE-STRIPED THICK-KNEE (Burhinus bistriatus)
Double-striped Thick-knee was a bonus, thanks to a spot near Riohacha known to Virgilio. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)
BLACK-NECKED STILT (Himantopus mexicanus)
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
BLACK-BELLIED PLOVER (Pluvialis squatarola)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
SEMIPALMATED PLOVER (Charadrius semipalmatus) [b]
WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)
Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
SPOTTED SANDPIPER (Actitis macularius) [b]
SOLITARY SANDPIPER (Tringa solitaria) [b]
Masked Trogons were wonderfully tame at least three times near RNA El Dorado; this is an endemic subspecies. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
GREATER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa melanoleuca) [b]
WILLET (Tringa semipalmata) [b]
LESSER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa flavipes) [b]
WHIMBREL (Numenius phaeopus) [b]
SANDERLING (Calidris alba) [b]
LEAST SANDPIPER (Calidris minutilla) [b]
SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER (Calidris pusilla) [b]
WESTERN SANDPIPER (Calidris mauri) [b]
Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
LAUGHING GULL (Leucophaeus atricilla)
HERRING GULL (Larus argentatus) [b]
What a stunning lizard (Ameiva?), and further proof that no matter how good a photographer you are, you may be stuck with the environment it chooses. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL (Larus fuscus) [b]
KELP GULL (Larus dominicanus) [a]
LARGE-BILLED TERN (Phaetusa simplex)
GULL-BILLED TERN (Gelochelidon nilotica)
CASPIAN TERN (Hydroprogne caspia) [b]
COMMON TERN (Sterna hirundo) [b]
ROYAL TERN (Thalasseus maximus) [b]
SANDWICH TERN (Thalasseus sandvicensis) [b]
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia) [I]
PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)
Band-tailed Guans came for food every evening at RNA El Dorado. Photo by participant Max Rodel.
SCALED PIGEON (Patagioenas speciosa)
BARE-EYED PIGEON (Patagioenas corensis)
BAND-TAILED PIGEON (WHITE-NECKED) (Patagioenas fasciata albilinea)
COMMON GROUND-DOVE (Columbina passerina)
RUDDY GROUND-DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)
SCALED DOVE (Columbina squammata) [N]
WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)
LINED QUAIL-DOVE (Zentrygon linearis)
Lined Quail-Dove was heard regularly but made only one or two appearances at the feeders at RNA El Dorado. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
EARED DOVE (Zenaida auriculata)
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)
GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
GROOVE-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
SCREECH-OWL SP. NOV. (Megascops sp. nov.) [E]
FERRUGINOUS PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium brasilianum) [*]
MOTTLED OWL (Ciccaba virgata) [*]
BLACK-AND-WHITE OWL (Ciccaba nigrolineata)
Black-and-white Owl was a bonus thanks to our drivers, who knew about this stakeout, probably thanks to some other bird tour. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
CHESTNUT-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne rutila)
WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris)
WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN (Florisuga mellivora)
RUFOUS-BREASTED HERMIT (Glaucis hirsutus)
What a prize for a Red-crowned Woodpecker. Photo by participant Ron Majors, who loves his woodpeckers.
LONG-BILLED HERMIT (CENTRAL AMERICAN) (Phaethornis longirostris susurrus)
PALE-BELLIED HERMIT (Phaethornis anthophilus)
BROWN VIOLETEAR (Colibri delphinae)
GREEN VIOLETEAR (Colibri thalassinus)
SPARKLING VIOLETEAR (Colibri coruscans)
BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis)
SANTA MARTA BLOSSOMCROWN (Anthocephala floriceps) [E]
Santa Marta Blossomcrown is one of the tougher endemics, but we have so far always found one or two, always at gardens, never in the wild. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
TYRIAN METALTAIL (SANTA MARTA) (Metallura tyrianthina districta)
WHITE-TAILED STARFRONTLET (Coeligena phalerata) [E]
LONG-BILLED STARTHROAT (Heliomaster longirostris)
RED-BILLED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon gibsoni nitens)
COPPERY EMERALD (Chlorostilbon russatus)
LAZULINE SABREWING (Campylopterus falcatus)
Crowned Woodnymph is simply a stunning species and it was omnipresent at the RNA El Dorado feeders, making enjoying the beauty easy. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
WHITE-VENTED PLUMELETEER (Chalybura buffonii)
CROWNED WOODNYMPH (COLOMBIAN VIOLET-CROWNED) (Thalurania colombica colombica)
BUFFY HUMMINGBIRD (Leucippus fallax)
STEELY-VENTED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia saucerottei)
RUFOUS-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia tzacatl)
White-tipped Quetzal is not uncommon, but it's hard to find on some trips; the species was quite vocal this visit, and we saw it a couple of times. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
SAPPHIRE-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD (Lepidopyga lilliae) [E]
WHITE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE (Hylocharis cyanus)
WHITE-TIPPED QUETZAL (Pharomachrus fulgidus)
GARTERED TROGON (Trogon caligatus)
MASKED TROGON (Trogon personatus sanctaemartae)
WHOOPING MOTMOT (Momotus subrufescens)
RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)
AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)
Not all eye candy was avian. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)
AMERICAN PYGMY KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle aenea)
RUSSET-THROATED PUFFBIRD (Hypnelus ruficollis)
RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (Galbula ruficauda)
EMERALD TOUCANET (SANTA MARTA) (Aulacorhynchus prasinus lautus)
GROOVE-BILLED TOUCANET (YELLOW-BILLED) (Aulacorhynchus sulcatus calorhynchus)
COLLARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus torquatus)
KEEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos sulfuratus)
CHESTNUT PICULET (Picumnus cinnamomeus)
Chestnut Piculet is a regional specialty and a very attractive one (and a small one for participant Max Rodel to capture).
RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes rubricapillus)
GOLDEN-GREEN WOODPECKER (GOLD-THROATED) (Piculus chrysochloros xanthochlorus)
GOLDEN-OLIVE WOODPECKER (GOLDEN-OLIVE) (Colaptes rubiginosus alleni)
SPOT-BREASTED WOODPECKER (Colaptes punctigula)
LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)
CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos) [*]
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
BARRED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur ruficollis)
CRESTED CARACARA (Caracara cheriway)
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)
Whooping (Blue-crowned) Motmot was another aesthetic treat at the Hotel Minca fruit tray. Photo by participant Max Rodel.
MERLIN (TAIGA) (Falco columbarius columbarius) [b]
PEREGRINE FALCON (Falco peregrinus)
Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)
ORANGE-CHINNED PARAKEET (Brotogeris jugularis)
RED-BILLED PARROT (Pionus sordidus saturatus)
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)
YELLOW-CROWNED PARROT (Amazona ochrocephala)
SCALY-NAPED PARROT (Amazona mercenarius)
GREEN-RUMPED PARROTLET (Forpus passerinus)
SANTA MARTA PARAKEET (Pyrrhura viridicata) [E]
Santa Marta Parakeet is an endangered endemic that always involves an element of luck to see; we had good luck this year with parakeets that moved around early and perched near us. Photo by participant Max Rodel.
BROWN-THROATED PARAKEET (Eupsittula pertinax)
MILITARY MACAW (Ara militaris)
BLUE-CROWNED PARAKEET (BLUE-CROWNED) (Thectocercus acuticaudatus koenigi)
SCARLET-FRONTED PARAKEET (Psittacara wagleri wagleri)
Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
BLACK-CRESTED ANTSHRIKE (Sakesphorus canadensis pulchellus)
BLACK-CROWNED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus atrinucha)
BLACK-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus melanonotus)
Brown Violetear is uncommon to rare, but one or two have been at the El Dorado feeders on most visits, like this one. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
WHITE-FRINGED ANTWREN (NORTHERN) (Formicivora grisea intermedia)
SANTA MARTA ANTBIRD (Drymophila hellmayri) [E]
SANTA MARTA ANTPITTA (Grallaria bangsi) [E*]
RUFOUS ANTPITTA (SIERRA NEVADA) (Grallaria rufula spatiator)
RUSTY-BREASTED ANTPITTA (RUSTY-BREASTED) (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus ferrugineipectus)
SANTA MARTA TAPACULO (Scytalopus sanctaemartae) [E]
BROWN-RUMPED TAPACULO (Scytalopus latebricola) [E]
Russet-throated Puffbirds are fairly common, and we had more than our share of encounters of what can be a retiring bird. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
PLAIN-BROWN WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)
STRONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER (ANDEAN/NORTHERN) (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus sanctaemartae)
COCOA WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)
Cocoa Woodcreeper, part of the Buff-throated group, was seen well at PN Tayrona. Photo by participant Max Rodel.
STRAIGHT-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Dendroplex picus)
MONTANE WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger sanctaemartae)
STREAKED XENOPS (Xenops rutilans)
PALE-LEGGED HORNERO (CARIBBEAN) (Furnarius leucopus longirostris)
MONTANE FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia striaticollis anxia)
Montane Foliage-gleaner was seen with several mixed flocks; an endemic subspecies, it does not seem significantly different from Andean subspecies. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
SANTA MARTA FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Clibanornis rufipectus) [E]
STREAK-CAPPED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca hellmayri)
YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus)
RUSTY-HEADED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis fuscorufa) [E]
WHITE-WHISKERED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis candei)
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
SOUTHERN BEARDLESS-TYRANNULET (Camptostoma obsoletum)
WHITE-THROATED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus leucophrys)
YELLOW-CROWNED TYRANNULET (Tyrannulus elatus) [*]
FOREST ELAENIA (Myiopagis gaimardii)
Rufous-collared Sparrow is one of many common birds that we enjoyed watching, here bathing at RNA El Dorado. Photo by participant Max Rodel.
YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)
MOUNTAIN ELAENIA (Elaenia frantzii)
OLIVE-STRIPED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes olivaceus)
OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus)
SEPIA-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon amaurocephalus)
SOOTY-HEADED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias griseiceps)
PALTRY TYRANNULET (MOUNTAIN) (Zimmerius vilissimus improbus)
GOLDEN-FACED TYRANNULET (COOPMAN'S) (Zimmerius chrysops minimus)
NORTHERN SCRUB-FLYCATCHER (Sublegatus arenarum)
Golden-green Woodpecker on Isla Salamanca was a good find (we miss it more often than not). Photo by participant Max Rodel.
SLENDER-BILLED TYRANNULET (Inezia tenuirostris)
PALE-EYED PYGMY-TYRANT (Atalotriccus pilaris)
PEARLY-VENTED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer)
BLACK-THROATED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus granadensis lehmanni)
SLATE-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus sylvia)
COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)
YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (SANTA MARTA) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens exortivus)
From the expressions it is a mixture of bemusement and wariness directed at a guide with a camera. We did have a good time! Photo by guide Richard Webster.
YELLOW-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (OCHRE-LORED) (Tolmomyias flaviventris aurulentus)
CINNAMON FLYCATCHER (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus assimilis)
OLIVE-SIDED FLYCATCHER (Contopus cooperi) [b]
VERMILION FLYCATCHER (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
STREAK-THROATED BUSH-TYRANT (Myiotheretes striaticollis)
SANTA MARTA BUSH-TYRANT (Myiotheretes pernix) [E]
PIED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola pica)
Not the birdiest location, but a lovely one, the beachfront at PN Tayrona; of course, a half kilometer inland, we'd had some memorable moments! Photo by guide Richard Webster.
WHITE-HEADED MARSH TYRANT (Arundinicola leucocephala)
YELLOW-BELLIED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca diadema jesupi)
CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)
DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
PANAMA FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus panamensis)
GREAT CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus crinitus) [b]
BROWN-CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tyrannulus)
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)
SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)
GOLDEN-CROWNED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)
Streaked Flycatcher was seen well at La Jorara and PN Tayrona. Photo by participant Max Rodel.
PIRATIC FLYCATCHER (Legatus leucophaius)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)
GRAY KINGBIRD (Tyrannus dominicensis) [b]
GOLDEN-BREASTED FRUITEATER (Pipreola aureopectus)
LANCE-TAILED MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia lanceolata)
WHITE-BEARDED MANAKIN (Manacus manacus)
GOLDEN-HEADED MANAKIN (Ceratopipra erythrocephala)
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
MASKED TITYRA (Tityra semifasciata)
CINEREOUS BECARD (Pachyramphus rufus)
Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)
YELLOW-THROATED VIREO (Vireo flavifrons) [b]
RED-EYED VIREO (Vireo olivaceus)
SCRUB GREENLET (Hylophilus flavipes)
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
BLACK-CHESTED JAY (Cyanocorax affinis)
BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
A good example of a woodcreeper's tail structure, the curved end spines serving as a brace. And yes, it is a strong bill on a Strong-billed Woodcreeper. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)
BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica) [b]
HOUSE WREN (SOUTHERN) (Troglodytes aedon musculus)
STRIPE-BACKED WREN (Campylorhynchus nuchalis)
BICOLORED WREN (Campylorhynchus griseus)
RUFOUS-BREASTED WREN (Pheugopedius rutilus)
Vermilion Cardinal is uncommon in the arid woodland, but reliable so far, and we ended up with several sightings of both males and females. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
BUFF-BREASTED WREN (Cantorchilus leucotis)
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (ANACHORETA) (Henicorhina leucophrys anachoreta)
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (BANGSI) (Henicorhina leucophrys bangsi)
LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus)
TROPICAL GNATCATCHER (TROPICAL) (Polioptila plumbea plumbiceps)
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
ORANGE-BILLED NIGHTINGALE-THRUSH (Catharus aurantiirostris) [*]
SLATY-BACKED NIGHTINGALE-THRUSH (Catharus fuscater)
White-tailed Starfrontlet is a stunning endemic, and on this visit we had frequent appearances at the RNA El Dorado feeders, providing great views. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
YELLOW-LEGGED THRUSH (Turdus flavipes)
PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)
BLACK-HOODED THRUSH (Turdus olivater)
GREAT THRUSH (Turdus fuscater)
Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)
TROPICAL MOCKINGBIRD (Mimus gilvus)
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH (Parkesia noveboracensis) [b]
BLACK-AND-WHITE WARBLER (Mniotilta varia) [b]
This is a birding tour, but there are some interesting cultural moments as well, such as this round-up on Isla Salamanca. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
PROTHONOTARY WARBLER (Protonotaria citrea) [b]
TENNESSEE WARBLER (Oreothlypis peregrina) [b]
AMERICAN REDSTART (Setophaga ruticilla) [b]
BAY-BREASTED WARBLER (Setophaga castanea) [b]
BLACKBURNIAN WARBLER (Setophaga fusca) [b]
YELLOW WARBLER (NORTHERN) (Setophaga petechia aestiva) [b]
RUFOUS-CAPPED WARBLER (CHESTNUT-CAPPED) (Basileuterus rufifrons mesochrysus)
SANTA MARTA WARBLER (Myiothlypis basilica) [E]
Santa Marta Warbler is an uncommon, skulky, threatened endemic of upper elevations, and such a crisp photo is a rarity. Photo by Ron Majors.
WHITE-LORED WARBLER (Myiothlypis conspicillata) [E]
SLATE-THROATED REDSTART (Myioborus miniatus)
YELLOW-CROWNED REDSTART (Myioborus flavivertex) [E]
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
GRAY-HEADED TANAGER (Eucometis penicillata)
WHITE-LINED TANAGER (Tachyphonus rufus)
CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)
BLACK-CHEEKED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus melanogenys) [E]
Black-cheeked Mountain-Tanager was uncommon, but we had several encounters with good views. Photo by participant Max Rodel.
BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)
GLAUCOUS TANAGER (Thraupis glaucocolpa)
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
BLUE-CAPPED TANAGER (Thraupis cyanocephala margaritae)
BLACK-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara cyanoptera)
BLACK-CAPPED TANAGER (Tangara heinei)
BAY-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara gyrola)
SWALLOW TANAGER (Tersina viridis) [N]
RED-LEGGED HONEYCREEPER (Cyanerpes cyaneus)
BICOLORED CONEBILL (Conirostrum bicolor)
WHITE-SIDED FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa albilatera)
RUSTY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa sittoides)
PLUSHCAP (Catamblyrhynchus diadema)
Sickle-winged Guans were less common around the lodge than Band-tailed, but they still showed up regularly. Photo by participant Max Rodel.
SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)
BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)
GRAY SEEDEATER (Sporophila intermedia)
BLACK-AND-WHITE SEEDEATER (Sporophila luctuosa)
YELLOW-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila nigricollis)
Another lovely evening at RNA El Dorado, as the sun sets behind the feeding Band-tailed Guan. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
PARAMO SEEDEATER (Catamenia homochroa oreophila)
PILEATED FINCH (Coryphospingus pileatus)
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
DULL-COLORED GRASSQUIT (Tiaris obscurus)
BLACK-FACED GRASSQUIT (Tiaris bicolor)
ROSY THRUSH-TANAGER (Rhodinocichla rosea) [*]
BUFF-THROATED SALTATOR (Saltator maximus)
ORINOCAN SALTATOR (Saltator orenocensis)
GRAYISH SALTATOR (Saltator coerulescens)
STREAKED SALTATOR (Saltator striatipectus)
Emberizidae (Buntings and New World Sparrows)
TOCUYO SPARROW (Arremonops tocuyensis)
SIERRA NEVADA BRUSHFINCH (Arremon basilicus) [E]
GOLDEN-WINGED SPARROW (Arremon schlegeli)
Golden-winged Sparrow is usually seen as a skulker lured from a thicket; here is its full beauty on the fruit tray at the Hotel Minca. Photo by participant Max Rodel.
RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)
SANTA MARTA BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes melanocephalus) [E]
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra) [b]
VERMILION CARDINAL (Cardinalis phoeniceus)
GOLDEN GROSBEAK (Pheucticus chrysogaster)
ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK (Pheucticus ludovicianus) [b]
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
GREAT-TAILED GRACKLE (Quiscalus mexicanus)
CARIB GRACKLE (Quiscalus lugubris)
Pileated Finch is one we usually see, but seeing the crown well is a less frequent event. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
YELLOW-HOODED BLACKBIRD (Chrysomus icterocephalus)
SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)
BRONZED COWBIRD (BRONZE-BROWN) (Molothrus aeneus armenti)
GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus)
YELLOW-BACKED ORIOLE (Icterus chrysater)
ORANGE-CROWNED ORIOLE (Icterus auricapillus)
YELLOW ORIOLE (Icterus nigrogularis)
BALTIMORE ORIOLE (Icterus galbula) [b]
YELLOW-RUMPED CACIQUE (Cacicus cela)
CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus)
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
TRINIDAD EUPHONIA (Euphonia trinitatis)
THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)
BLUE-NAPED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia cyanea)
ANDEAN SISKIN (Spinus spinescens)
COTTON-TOP TAMARIN (Saguinus oedipus) [E]
Cotton-top Tamarin is a threatened endemic we were fortunate to see at all, let alone so well, in PN Tayrona. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
NIGHT MONKEY SP. (Aotus sp.)
RED HOWLER MONKEY (Alouatta seniculus)
Red Howlers are heard regularly, even from the top of the ridge, but are seen on less than half of our tours. This encounter was a fine (and fortunate) one. Photo by participant Ron Majors.
RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)
Many other critters caught our eye, including:
Ameiva, perhaps Ameiva ameiva, for the blue-toned lizard on Isla Salamanca.
Iguana iguana: several, including at our restaurant on the Rio Piedras and at Minca.
Geckos, mostly heard
Butterflies, many, including lovely morphos
Tarantula: One discovered by Mary on our night walk.
Totals for the tour: 320 bird taxa and 4 mammal taxa