A Field Guides Birding Tours Report

RAINFOREST & SAVANNA: Alta Floresta & the Northern Pantanal, Brazil 2022

June 18-July 3, 2022 with Marcelo Padua guiding

Field Guides Birding Tours
This may be a birding trip, but this Jaguar hunting along the Cuiaba River stole the show for a while.

Brazil's vast territorial extension and incredibly varied diversity of habitats often makes it difficult for people to choose amongst the more than 10 tours we offer each year to this great country, but this tour offers an incredible cross section of some of the major habitats of the country, and allows the visitor to sample many of the birds found in three of the major habitats of Brazil. Our tour starts at Chapada dos Guimaraes where the predominant habitat is the Brazilian Cerrado, one of the oldest savannas on earth and one that holds a high number of endemic species, and we saw several great birds during our short stay here. Some of the highlights included Chapada Flycatchers displaying, Small-billed Tinamou, Spot-backed and White-eared Puffbirds and even the first record of the rare Cone-billed Tanager for the area.

Up next we immersed ourselves in the Amazon forest, where we spent five nights at the luxurious and comfortable Cristalino Jungle Lodge, from where we birded from the minute we walked outside our rooms to the minute we went to sleep listening to the Blackish Nightjars that roosted on the roofs of our rooms in the daytime and hunted for moths in the lights around the garden in the evening. Here a complex system of trails gave us access to a number of habitats and we picked up some incredibly difficult birds such as the Dark Winged Trumpeter, Rufous-capped Nunlet and many others, but the real treat was seeing some of the rarest birds of the area bathing in a water feature from Francisco's blind. It was amazing to sit there and watch super shy birds bathing in front of us, from the comfort of a seat. Some of the highlights included Bare-eyed Antbird, Black-spotted Bare-eye, Xingu Scale-backed Antbird, Spot-winged Antshrike, White-winged Shrike-tanager and the handsome Dot-backed Antbird. The experience was completed by visits to the towers, where Scarlet, Red-and-green and Blue-and-yellow Macaws flew by below eye level, Spangled Cotingas perched on a nearby tree, and canopy flocks passed by exhibiting all the colors from many different tanagers. However the experience would not be complete without the relaxing boat trips that produced multiple good looks at different birds like the Red-throated Piping-Guan, Orange-checked Parrots, Hoatzin, Zigzag Heron and even a Harpy Eagle perched along the river.

It was hard for us to break away from this paradise but no nature trip to Brazil would be complete without a visit to the Pantanal, and so we moved on to our last destination, where we arrived just in time to see the pinkening evening skies get filled with Nacunda Nighthawks. Here, we covered the famous Transpantaneira from beginning to end, staying at four different lodges and covering every kind of habitat along the way, and picking up thousands of waders, Hyacinth Macaws, Red-legged Seriemas, Chestnut-belled Guans, and even a few Jaguars to spice things up a bit.

This is truly one of the most memorable tours of Brazil and it was especially nice to return to these places after a two year hiatus caused by the pandemic. I hope you all enjoyed it as much as I did, and hopefully our paths will cross again some day. (all photos by guide Marcelo Padua)

—- Marcelo Padua

One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Rheidae (Rheas)

GREATER RHEA (Rhea americana)

Seen first on some agricultural fields near Chapada dos Guimaraes and later on in the Pantanal.

Tinamidae (Tinamous)

GREAT TINAMOU (Tinamus major) [*]

CINEREOUS TINAMOU (Crypturellus cinereus) [*]

LITTLE TINAMOU (Crypturellus soui) [*]

UNDULATED TINAMOU (Crypturellus undulatus)

Multiple sightings of this shy forest dweller, including one that visited the feeders at the garden of a friend that lives in Chapada dos Guimaraes.

Field Guides Birding Tours
This Undulated Tinamou was one of many great birds we saw at my friend's private reserve in Chapada Dos Guimaraes.

VARIEGATED TINAMOU (Crypturellus variegatus) [*]

SMALL-BILLED TINAMOU (Crypturellus parvirostris)

This species closely resembles the Tataupa Tinamou, but it favors savanna areas with grass and some scattered trees while the Tataupa Tinamou is more of a forest bird.

TATAUPA TINAMOU (Crypturellus tataupa)

We saw this one when we visited the feeders at my friend's house in Chapada dos Guimaraes.

RED-WINGED TINAMOU (Rhynchotus rufescens) [*]

Anhimidae (Screamers)

SOUTHERN SCREAMER (Chauna torquata)

Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)

BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis)

MUSCOVY DUCK (Cairina moschata)

BRAZILIAN TEAL (Amazonetta brasiliensis)

Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)

CHACO CHACHALACA (Ortalis canicollis)

RUSTY-MARGINED GUAN (Penelope superciliaris)

We saw this species at the gardens of our lodge at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

SPIX'S GUAN (Penelope jacquacu)

Close up views of a few birds from the Ted Parker Tower at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

CHESTNUT-BELLIED GUAN (Penelope ochrogaster)



Excellent views of birds drinking water along the Cristalino River as we made our way to the lodge on the first day.


Francisco spotted this shy species along the Cristalino River and got us on it before they disappeared back into the forest.

BARE-FACED CURASSOW (Crax fasciolata)

Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)

ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia)

PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)

SCALED PIGEON (Patagioenas speciosa)

This large pigeon was seen both at Chapada and Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

PICAZURO PIGEON (Patagioenas picazuro)

the most common and widespread species of pigeon on this tour. Readily identifiable by the white crescents on the wings in flight.

PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea)

RUDDY PIGEON (Patagioenas subvinacea)

RUDDY GROUND DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)

SCALED DOVE (Columbina squammata)

This species is a close relative of the Inca Dove found in the US. We had good views at Chapada and the Pantanal where they are often found by feeders.

PICUI GROUND DOVE (Columbina picui)

BLUE GROUND DOVE (Claravis pretiosa)

Seen in the scrubby habitat of the Serra Trail at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

LONG-TAILED GROUND DOVE (Uropelia campestris)

The smallest and perhaps the prettiest of the Ground Doves we saw, with its yellow eye ring and iridescent patches on the wing.

WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)

Cuculidae (Cuckoos)

GUIRA CUCKOO (Guira guira)

GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)

Readily distinguishable from the Smooth-billed Ani by its light iris and bluish plumage. We saw a few of them along the river at Cristalino.

SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)

PAVONINE CUCKOO (Dromococcyx pavoninus) [*]

LITTLE CUCKOO (Coccycua minuta)

SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)

Field Guides Birding Tours
A group of White Woodpeckers sat right by the road for us at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

BLACK-BELLIED CUCKOO (Piaya melanogaster)

It was unusual to see one of these birds along the river but we got great looks at one along the Cristalino river's edge.

Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)

NACUNDA NIGHTHAWK (Chordeiles nacunda)

The largest of the nighthawks and one that we saw daily in the Pantanal.

SHORT-TAILED NIGHTHAWK (Lurocalis semitorquatus)

BAND-TAILED NIGHTHAWK (Nyctiprogne leucopyga)

It is always fun to see these birds coming out to feed over the rivers at dusk and dawn in the Pantanal.

BLACKISH NIGHTJAR (Nyctipolus nigrescens)

Roosting on the roofs of our rooms at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

COMMON PAURAQUE (Nyctidromus albicollis)

LADDER-TAILED NIGHTJAR (Hydropsalis climacocerca)

We found a roosting bird on the Teles Pires river near the mouth of the Cristalino.

SCISSOR-TAILED NIGHTJAR (Hydropsalis torquata)

A great look at this scarce nightjar on our first night in the Pantanal during a night drive. We came so close to the bird that I photographed it with my phone.

Nyctibiidae (Potoos)

GREAT POTOO (Nyctibius grandis)

Apodidae (Swifts)

SHORT-TAILED SWIFT (Chaetura brachyura)

GRAY-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura cinereiventris)

PALE-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura egregia)

FORK-TAILED PALM-SWIFT (Tachornis squamata)

Seen around the Moriche Palm trees in which they nest around Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)

WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN (Florisuga mellivora)

LONG-TAILED HERMIT (Phaethornis superciliosus)

TAPAJOS HERMIT (Phaethornis aethopygus)

CINNAMON-THROATED HERMIT (Phaethornis nattereri)

Good looks at this range restricted Hermit at Piuval in the Pantanal.

WHITE-VENTED VIOLETEAR (Colibri serrirostris)

A cerrado specialist that we saw well at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

BLACK-EARED FAIRY (Heliothryx auritus)

BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis)

BLUE-TUFTED STARTHROAT (Heliomaster furcifer)

We had a female come in to a Ferruginous Pygmy-owl recording at Chapada dos Guimaraes. At the time, I identified it as a Long-billed Starthroat, but after reviewing the photo I took of the bird I have concluded that it was in fact a female Blue-tufted Starthroat.

GRAY-BREASTED SABREWING (Campylopterus largipennis)

FORK-TAILED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania furcata)


VERSICOLORED EMERALD (Chrysuronia versicolor)


The most common species of hummingbird in the Pantanal.

RUFOUS-THROATED SAPPHIRE (Hylocharis sapphirina)

GILDED HUMMINGBIRD (Hylocharis chrysura)

WHITE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE (Chlorestes cyanus)

Opisthocomidae (Hoatzin)

HOATZIN (Opisthocomus hoazin)

We had to travel a long ways upstream by boat to reach some suitable habitat for this species at Cristalino but we were rewarded with excellent looks at them.

Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)

ASH-THROATED CRAKE (Mustelirallus albicollis)

We managed to bring this species out into view as we drove from Piuval lodge to Porto Jofre.

GRAY-COWLED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides cajaneus)

PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinica)

Howard spotted this colorful species blending in with the vegetation in the Pantanal.

RUFOUS-SIDED CRAKE (Laterallus melanophaius)

A good look at thes minute crakes from one of the bridges on the Transpantaneira.

Field Guides Birding Tours
A special boat trip at Cristalino Jungle Lodge got us into some great habitat for the strange looking Hoatzins.
Aramidae (Limpkin)

LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna)

Psophiidae (Trumpeters)


We found a group of these unique birds coming down from their roost behind our rooms at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)

BLACK-NECKED STILT (WHITE-BACKED) (Himantopus mexicanus melanurus)

Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)

PIED LAPWING (Vanellus cayanus)

These ornate lapwings are a common sight on the sand bars of the Cuiaba river and we had multiple good looks at them while we searched for Jaguars in the Pantanal.

SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)

Jacanidae (Jacanas)

WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)

As we explored the narrow channels of the rivers near Porto Jofre, we often would find ourselves really close to these ornate birds and even though they are quite common we really enjoyed having great looks at them.

Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)

YELLOW-BILLED TERN (Sternula superciliaris)

LARGE-BILLED TERN (Phaetusa simplex)

BLACK SKIMMER (Rynchops niger)

Eurypygidae (Sunbittern)

SUNBITTERN (Eurypyga helias)

Always a treat to see and especially nice when seen in flight.

Ciconiidae (Storks)

MAGUARI STORK (Ciconia maguari)

JABIRU (Jabiru mycteria)

An abundant species in the Pantanal and this year they were having a good year for reproduction after a couple of very dry years.

WOOD STORK (Mycteria americana)

Anhingidae (Anhingas)

ANHINGA (Anhinga anhinga)

Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)

NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Nannopterum brasilianum)

Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)

ZIGZAG HERON (Zebrilus undulatus)

Seen on the day we travelled upstream to look for the Hoatzins. This is probably the hardest of the Herons to see and we absolutely nailed it with close up views of a singing bird.

RUFESCENT TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma lineatum)

COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)

GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)

SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)

LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)

CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)

STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)

AGAMI HERON (Agamia agami)

We found an immature bird along the Cristalino River. This species prefers the interior of flooded forest, so they are extremely hard to see.

WHISTLING HERON (Syrigma sibilatrix)

It was a bit of a surprise for me that we only saw this species at Chapada since it is usually a common species in the Pantanal.

CAPPED HERON (Pilherodius pileatus)

Seen on most days of the tour.

BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nycticorax nycticorax)

BOAT-BILLED HERON (Cochlearius cochlearius)

Several sightings of this unique species in the Pantanal.

Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)

GREEN IBIS (Mesembrinibis cayennensis)

A forest species that we saw well both in the Pantanal and Cristalino.

BARE-FACED IBIS (Phimosus infuscatus)

PLUMBEOUS IBIS (Theristicus caerulescens)

A common sight in the pantanal with its orange eyes and shaggy crest.

BUFF-NECKED IBIS (Theristicus caudatus)

ROSEATE SPOONBILL (Platalea ajaja)

Always fun to see these colorful birds wading around in the Pantanal.

Cathartidae (New World Vultures)

KING VULTURE (Sarcoramphus papa)

We had more sightings than usual at Cristalino this year.

BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)

TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)

LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus)

A common sight in the Pantanal.


Common around Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

Field Guides Birding Tours
Thousands of Wood Storks migrate to the Pantanal in the wet season to take advantage of the abundance of fish in these little ponds.
Pandionidae (Osprey)

OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus)

Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)

PEARL KITE (Gampsonyx swainsonii)

WHITE-TAILED KITE (Elanus leucurus)

HOOK-BILLED KITE (Chondrohierax uncinatus)

Great scope views of a perched bird from the outlook at the Serra trail.

SWALLOW-TAILED KITE (Elanoides forficatus)

HARPY EAGLE (Harpia harpyja)

This was quite the treat. We went to the Teles Pires river to enjoy the sunset and Francisco spotted a Harpy Eagle perched on the edge of the river.

BLACK-COLLARED HAWK (Busarellus nigricollis)

This handsome hawk is a common sight along the rivers in the Pantanal.

SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis)

DOUBLE-TOOTHED KITE (Harpagus bidentatus)

LONG-WINGED HARRIER (Circus buffoni)

A single bird seen flying along the 3 Brothers River near Porto Jofre. These are scarce birds around here so we were lucky to spot one.

CRANE HAWK (BANDED) (Geranospiza caerulescens gracilis)

SAVANNA HAWK (Buteogallus meridionalis)

GREAT BLACK HAWK (Buteogallus urubitinga)

ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)

WHITE-TAILED HAWK (Geranoaetus albicaudatus)

WHITE-BROWED HAWK (Leucopternis kuhli)

Francisco, our local guide at Cristalino, spotted this one for us from the Ted Parker tower and got it in the scope for us to enjoy good looks at this scarce raptor.

Strigidae (Owls)

CRESTED OWL (Lophostrix cristata) [*]

SPECTACLED OWL (Pulsatrix perspicillata)

Seen in the day time along the rivers near Porto Jofre.

GREAT HORNED OWL (Bubo virginianus)

The birds in the Pantanal belong to the Nacurutu subspecies and are quite different from the birds from North America.

AMAZONIAN PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium hardyi)

We visited a new trail that Francisco had opened recently and got pretty good looks at this fierce little predator and the entourage that it attracted.

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium brasilianum)

BURROWING OWL (Athene cunicularia)

Great looks at these charismatic bird around Chapada.

MOTTLED OWL (Ciccaba virgata)

Trogonidae (Trogons)

BLACK-TAILED TROGON (Trogon melanurus)

AMAZONIAN TROGON (Trogon ramonianus) [*]

BLUE-CROWNED TROGON (Trogon curucui)

Seen in Chapada and in the Pantanal.

BLACK-THROATED TROGON (Trogon rufus) [*]

COLLARED TROGON (Trogon collaris)

Momotidae (Motmots)

AMAZONIAN MOTMOT (Momotus momota)

Previously known as Blue-crowned Motmot.

Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)

RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)

AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)


Jody found this minute Kingfisher for us in the Pantanal. This species, together with the Green-and-rufous, are the hardest ones to find.

GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)


This species prefers the interior of the forest and therefore is much harder to see than most, but we got a couple of looks at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

Bucconidae (Puffbirds)

WHITE-NECKED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus hyperrhynchus)

A canopy puffbird that we saw well from the Ted Parker tower at Cristalino Jungle lodge.

BROWN-BANDED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus ordii)

PIED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus tectus)

The smallest of the puffbirds we saw on the tour.

SPOTTED PUFFBIRD (Bucco tamatia)

This species is quite strange for me as it seems to have different habitat preferences in different places where it occurs. Around Cristalino it seems to prefer drier forest and we saw it on the Serra trail.

COLLARED PUFFBIRD (Bucco capensis)

EASTERN STRIOLATED-PUFFBIRD (TORRIDUS) (Nystalus striolatus torridus)

WHITE-EARED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus chacuru)

Great looks at this handsome puffbird at Chapada dos Guimaraes. I love how the white "ears" look like it is wearing headphones.

Field Guides Birding Tours
The Amazonian Motmot is a recent split from the Blue-crowned Motmot.

SPOT-BACKED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus maculatus)

Also seen at Chapada dos Guimaraes. This one is pretty scarce along this tour route so we were lucky to connect with it

RUFOUS-NECKED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila rufa) [*]

RUFOUS-CAPPED NUNLET (Nonnula ruficapilla)

Seeing a nunlet is always tricky as they are discreet understory birds, but we had pretty good looks at one on the trail behind the lodge at Cristalino.

BLACK-FRONTED NUNBIRD (Monasa nigrifrons)

WHITE-FRONTED NUNBIRD (Monasa morphoeus) [*]

SWALLOW-WINGED PUFFBIRD (Chelidoptera tenebrosa)

Common along the river at Cristalino. Their indigenous name means "little vulture" due to their characteristic gliding flight that resembles a soaring vulture.

Galbulidae (Jacamars)

BLUE-CHEEKED JACAMAR (Galbula cyanicollis)

A colorful understory species that we saw well at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (Galbula ruficauda)

The most common species of Jacamar on this tour.

BRONZY JACAMAR (Galbula leucogastra)


Capitonidae (New World Barbets)


Seeing three birds displaying from the Ted Parker Tower was a real treat.

Ramphastidae (Toucans)

LETTERED ARACARI (Pteroglossus inscriptus)

The smallest of the Aracaris we saw on the tour. Their name derives from the markings on their bill that resemble inscriptions.

BLACK-NECKED ARACARI (Pteroglossus aracari)

CHESTNUT-EARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus castanotis)

CURL-CRESTED ARACARI (Pteroglossus beauharnaisii)

This is probably the coolest of the Aracaris we saw at Cristalino Jungle Lodge. The curly feathers on the head are hard to see but we got good looks at them when they flew into a close tree on the Serra Trail.

RED-NECKED ARACARI (Pteroglossus bitorquatus)

GOULD'S TOUCANET (Selenidera gouldii)

We had great looks at this ornate species on our way down from the Serra Mountain at Cristalino jungle lodge.

TOCO TOUCAN (Ramphastos toco)

WHITE-THROATED TOUCAN (CUVIER'S) (Ramphastos tucanus cuvieri)

CHANNEL-BILLED TOUCAN (YELLOW-RIDGED) (Ramphastos vitellinus culminatus)

Picidae (Woodpeckers)

BAR-BREASTED PICULET (Picumnus aurifrons)

Mary found a tiny Piculet chick on the ground on Francisco's Trail at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

WHITE-WEDGED PICULET (Picumnus albosquamatus)

WHITE WOODPECKER (Melanerpes candidus)

Excellent views at Chapada dos Guimaraes where some birds landed right next to the window of our van on the Geladeira Road.

YELLOW-TUFTED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes cruentatus)

LITTLE WOODPECKER (Dryobates passerinus)

RED-STAINED WOODPECKER (Dryobates affinis)

RED-NECKED WOODPECKER (Campephilus rubricollis)

Multiple good looks at this huge woodpecker.

CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos)

LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)

RINGED WOODPECKER (Celeus torquatus)

Excellent views of one bird at the Serra Trail at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.




Celeus woodpeckers are some of the most handsome woodpeckers, and we had excellent looks at a pair of birds that was visiting the feeders at my friend's house.

YELLOW-THROATED WOODPECKER (Piculus flavigula magnus)

GOLDEN-GREEN WOODPECKER (GOLDEN-GREEN) (Piculus chrysochloros chrysochloros)

Field Guides Birding Tours
This beautiful pair of Pale-crested Woodpeckers put on quite a show for us at Chapada dos Guimares.

GREEN-BARRED WOODPECKER (Colaptes melanochloros)

CAMPO FLICKER (Colaptes campestris)

Cariamidae (Seriemas)

RED-LEGGED SERIEMA (Cariama cristata)

We had good looks at these unique birds both at Chapada and in the Pantanal.

Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)

BARRED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur ruficollis) [*]

CRYPTIC FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur mintoni)

We had beautiful scope views of this shy forest species.

COLLARED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur semitorquatus) [*]

BLACK CARACARA (Daptrius ater)

RED-THROATED CARACARA (Ibycter americanus)

CRESTED CARACARA (SOUTHERN) (Caracara plancus plancus)

AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)

APLOMADO FALCON (Falco femoralis)

BAT FALCON (Falco rufigularis)

Perched along the Cristalino River.

Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)

MONK PARAKEET (Myiopsitta monachus)


GOLDEN-WINGED PARAKEET (Brotogeris chrysoptera)

ORANGE-CHEEKED PARROT (Pyrilia barrabandi)

We found a group of these beautiful, shy parrots feeding on a fruiting tree along the edge of the Cristalino River and enjoyed great looks at them.

SCALY-HEADED PARROT (Pionus maximiliani)

BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)

YELLOW-CROWNED PARROT (Amazona ochrocephala)


KAWALL'S PARROT (Amazona kawalli)

Seen a few times on our tour but a few birds flew by the Ted Parker tower giving us an amazing opportunity to study these birds in great light.

ORANGE-WINGED PARROT (Amazona amazonica)

WHITE-BELLIED PARROT (Pionites leucogaster)

RED-FAN PARROT (Deroptyus accipitrinus)


We saw a couple of birds feeding on a flowering tree from the Chip Haven Tower at Cristalino Jungle Lodge. What an explosion of color.

SANTAREM PARAKEET (CRISTALINO) (Pyrrhura amazonum lucida)

A few birds landed close to the Ted Parker Tower at Cristalino Jungle Lodge to feed on a fruiting tree. This species is common around Cristalino but getting a good look at one can be a challenge.

HYACINTH MACAW (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)

This is probably the most iconic of the birds of the Pantanal and we had great looks at them. It was particularly fun to have many of them near our rooms at Porto Jofre.


NANDAY PARAKEET (Aratinga nenday) [*]

RED-BELLIED MACAW (Orthopsittaca manilatus)

This is one of the many species we saw that is closely associated with Moriche Palm trees.

BLUE-WINGED MACAW (Primolius maracana)

YELLOW-COLLARED MACAW (Primolius auricollis)



A great fly by from the Ted Parker Tower at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.


RED-AND-GREEN MACAW (Ara chloropterus)

It was great to see both the Red-and-green Macaw and the Scarlet Macaws flying over the forest from the towers at Cristalino allowing us to see well the difference between the two.

BLUE-CROWNED PARAKEET (Thectocercus acuticaudatus)

RED-SHOULDERED MACAW (Diopsittaca nobilis)

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The Orange-cheeked Parrot can be a difficult bird to see, but we found the tree where they were feeding and got great looks at them.

WHITE-EYED PARAKEET (Psittacara leucophthalmus)

Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)

FASCIATED ANTSHRIKE (Cymbilaimus lineatus)

GREAT ANTSHRIKE (Taraba major)

GLOSSY ANTSHRIKE (Sakesphorus luctuosus)

Jody spotted this species for us along one of the oxbow lakes where we saw the Hoatzins upstream from Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

BARRED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus doliatus)

RUFOUS-WINGED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus torquatus)

We had beautiful looks at this handsome antshrike at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

CHESTNUT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus palliatus)

Seen around Cristalino Jungle Lodge when we got out of the boat to get around the Limao rapids.

PLAIN-WINGED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus schistaceus)

NATTERER'S SLATY-ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus stictocephalus)

The Slaty Antshrike was split into several species a few years ago and we saw two species on this tour. The Natterer's Slaty-Antshrike is the one we saw on the Serra Trail at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

PLANALTO SLATY-ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus pelzelni)

This is the species we saw both at Chapada dos Guimaraes and the Pantanal.

WHITE-SHOULDERED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus aethiops)

SATURNINE ANTSHRIKE (Thamnomanes saturninus)

A nuclear species of the understory mixed species flocks at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

CINEREOUS ANTSHRIKE (Thamnomanes caesius)

PLAIN-THROATED ANTWREN (Isleria hauxwelli)

SPOT-WINGED ANTSHRIKE (Pygiptila stellaris)

This species is far easier to hear than to see but thanks to Francisco's Blind we had great looks at it twice.

WHITE-EYED STIPPLETHROAT (Epinecrophylla leucophthalma sordida)

ORNATE STIPPLETHROAT (Epinecrophylla ornata)

PYGMY ANTWREN (Myrmotherula brachyura) [*]

SCLATER'S ANTWREN (Myrmotherula sclateri) [*]

AMAZONIAN STREAKED-ANTWREN (Myrmotherula multostriata)

WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula axillaris)

LONG-WINGED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula longipennis)

GRAY ANTWREN (Myrmotherula menetriesii)

LARGE-BILLED ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus longirostris)

RUSTY-WINGED ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus frater)

DOT-WINGED ANTWREN (Microrhopias quixensis)

DOT-WINGED ANTWREN (EMILIAE) (Microrhopias quixensis emiliae)

WHITE-FRINGED ANTWREN (Formicivora grisea)

Seen on the granite outcrops at Cristalino Jungle lodge. This is one of three species of Formicivora antwrens seen on this tour.

BLACK-BELLIED ANTWREN (Formicivora melanogaster)

This species is very localized on this tour occurring on a narrow band of habitat in the Ecotone between the Cerrado and the Pantanal. We saw it at Piuval Lodge.

RUSTY-BACKED ANTWREN (Formicivora rufa)

STRIATED ANTBIRD (Drymophila devillei)

We saw this bamboo specialist at Cristalino Jungle Lodge. The genus Drymophila is represented by many species in the Atlantic Forest but the Striated Antbird is the only bird of the genus in the Amazon.

SPIX'S WARBLING-ANTBIRD (Hypocnemis striata)

Formerly known simply as Warbling Antbird, this species has been split into multiple species based on distribution, song type and genetics.

BLACKISH ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides nigrescens)

GRAY ANTBIRD (Cercomacra cinerascens)

MATO GROSSO ANTBIRD (Cercomacra melanaria)

The Pantanal has no endemic species but there are several species that barely make it out of the Pantanal and this is one of them.

TAPAJOS FIRE-EYE (Pyriglena similis)

This is one of those species that we have said for years that would eventually get split into multiple species. This was split from the White-backed Fire-eye and has now been split into 3 different species.

WHITE-BROWED ANTBIRD (Myrmoborus leucophrys) [*]

BAND-TAILED ANTBIRD (Hypocnemoides maculicauda)

A common species along the rivers edges in the Pantanal and the Amazon.

BLACK-THROATED ANTBIRD (Myrmophylax atrothorax)

BARE-EYED ANTBIRD (Rhegmatorhina gymnops)

This is probably the most range restricted bird we saw on our tour, and one that is usually incredibly hard to see, but Francisco's water features at Cristalino Jungle Lodge have made it very easy to observe this otherwise shy ant following antbird.

Field Guides Birding Tours
The Bare-eyed Antbird is usually one of the hardest birds to find, but Francisco's blind gave us front row seats to these birds bathing.

SPOT-BACKED ANTBIRD (Hylophylax naevius) [*]

DOT-BACKED ANTBIRD (Hylophylax punctulatus)

Antbirds can often have a drab plumage but this is certainly not one of those. What a spectacular looking bird.

XINGU SCALE-BACKED ANTBIRD (TAPAJOS) (Willisornis vidua nigrigula)

Another species that we saw well at Francisco's water features at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

BLACK-SPOTTED BARE-EYE (Phlegopsis nigromaculata)

Another obligate ant follower that we saw extremely well thanks to Francisco's water features. This is often a very hard species to see and we literally had front seat views of it.

Melanopareiidae (Crescentchests)

COLLARED CRESCENTCHEST (Melanopareia torquata)

Wow! This little skulker put on quite a show for us. The crescentchests used to be included in the Tapaculo family but were put in their own family a few years ago.

Grallariidae (Antpittas)

ALTA FLORESTA ANTPITTA (Hylopezus whittakeri) [*]

Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)

SPOT-THROATED WOODCREEPER (Certhiasomus stictolaemus) [*]

OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (AMAZONIAN) (Sittasomus griseicapillus transitivus) [*]

OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (OLIVACEOUS) (Sittasomus griseicapillus sylviellus)

There are several subspecies of this bird and they will certainly be split into several species in the future.

LONG-TAILED WOODCREEPER (Deconychura longicauda)


One of the many ant following species that we saw well at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

WEDGE-BILLED WOODCREEPER (CUNEATUS GROUP) (Glyphorynchus spirurus inornatus)

CINNAMON-THROATED WOODCREEPER (Dendrexetastes rufigula) [*]

LONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Nasica longirostris)

This incredibly large and distinctive woodcreeper is always found along rivers in the Amazon.

BLACK-BANDED WOODCREEPER (Dendrocolaptes picumnus)

STRONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER (AMAZONIAN) (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus paraensis) [*]

STRIPED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus obsoletus) [*]

SPIX'S WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus spixii)

BUFF-THROATED WOODCREEPER (LAFRESNAYE'S) (Xiphorhynchus guttatus dorbignyanus)

This is the subspecies found in the Pantanal. It has a light colored bill that differs from the Dusky-billed subspecies.

BUFF-THROATED WOODCREEPER (DUSKY-BILLED) (Xiphorhynchus guttatus eytoni)


RED-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus trochilirostris lafresnayanus)

What an amazing bird! This is one of those species that you immediately want to see after seeing a picture in the field guide.

CURVE-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (TAPAJOS) (Campylorhamphus procurvoides cardosoi) [*]

NARROW-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes angustirostris)

Seen multiple times but our first one was at Chapada dos Guimaraes. One of the most distinctive woodcreepers thanks to its white supercilium.

DUSKY-CAPPED WOODCREEPER (LAYARD'S) (Lepidocolaptes fuscicapillus layardi)

Another canopy specialist that we saw well from the Chip Haven Tower at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

SLENDER-BILLED XENOPS (Xenops tenuirostris)

A difficult canopy specialist that we saw well at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)

STREAKED XENOPS (Xenops rutilans)

The most common and widespread of the Xenops we saw on this tour.


We made a strategic stop on the way to Cristalino Jungle lodge and pulled up one of these unique Moriche Palm specialists.

PALE-LEGGED HORNERO (Furnarius leucopus)

A common species along the rivers in the Pantanal.

RUFOUS HORNERO (Furnarius rufus)

Their oven shaped nests make them one of the most characteristic birds of the Cerrado and Pantanal.


This species is almost only found in bamboo tracts. We managed to get one into view at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

RUFOUS-RUMPED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Philydor erythrocercum) [*]

RUFOUS-TAILED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia ruficaudata)

We had brief looks at this species moving along with a canopy flock at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.


RUFOUS-FRONTED THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus rufifrons)

Another species of furnariid that is more interesting thanks to its unique nest. Their incredibly long nests hang from branches of trees in the Pantanal and Cerrado giving away their presence immediately.

GREATER THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus ruber)

Found in wetlands and we saw them extremely well in the Pantanal.

RUSTY-BACKED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca vulpina)

SPECKLED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca gutturata)

Seen with a mixed species flock at Cristalino Jungle lodge.

Field Guides Birding Tours
The Xingu Scale-backed Antbird is another species that gave us a real show at Francisco's blind.

RUFOUS CACHOLOTE (Pseudoseisura unirufa)

YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus)

CHOTOY SPINETAIL (Schoeniophylax phryganophilus)

This monotypic genus has an immediately recognizable black and yellow pattern on the throat that quickly sets it apart from any other spinetails.

PLAIN-CROWNED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis gujanensis) [*]

WHITE-LORED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis albilora)

A rather drab spinetail that we saw well in the Pantanal.


This handsome spinetail is common in the wet areas along the last 15 miles of the Transpantaneira.

PALE-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis albescens)

We found this one at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

Pipridae (Manakins)

DWARF TYRANT-MANAKIN (Tyranneutes stolzmanni)

HELMETED MANAKIN (Antilophia galeata)

Excellent views of this stunning bird at Chapada dos Guimaraes. The genus Antilophia is comprised of only two species and this is the most widespread one, but every bit as spectacular.

BLUE-BACKED MANAKIN (REGINA) (Chiroxiphia pareola regina)

SNOW-CAPPED MANAKIN (Lepidothrix nattereri)

BAND-TAILED MANAKIN (Pipra fasciicauda)

We had great looks at this colorful gem at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

WHITE-CROWNED MANAKIN (Pseudopipra pipra)

RED-HEADED MANAKIN (Ceratopipra rubrocapilla)

Always fun to see these tiny manakins displaying on their leks at Cristalino.

Cotingidae (Cotingas)

AMAZONIAN UMBRELLABIRD (Cephalopterus ornatus)

Unfortunately we only had a brief look at this interesting species before it flew away.

SPANGLED COTINGA (Cotinga cayana)

SCREAMING PIHA (Lipaugus vociferans)

This is the sound of the Amazon. Their loud songs seem to be omnipresent so it is always fun to see them even if their drab plumage is often a bit disappointing.

POMPADOUR COTINGA (Xipholena punicea)

Seen from the tower at Cristalino and even more obvious when they fly with their huge white wings.

BARE-NECKED FRUITCROW (Gymnoderus foetidus)

Multiple sightings at Cristalino but it was particularly interesting to see one building a nest.

Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)

BLACK-CROWNED TITYRA (Tityra inquisitor)

MASKED TITYRA (Tityra semifasciata)

BROWN-WINGED SCHIFFORNIS (Schiffornis turdina)

Formerly known as Thrush-like Schiffornis. This species is often heard singing from the understory but can be a challenge to see. We had good looks at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

CINEREOUS MOURNER (Laniocera hypopyrra) [*]

WHITE-BROWED PURPLETUFT (Iodopleura isabellae)

CRESTED BECARD (Pachyramphus validus)

Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)

WING-BARRED PIPRITES (Piprites chloris)

WHITE-CRESTED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus platyrhynchos)

OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus)

SEPIA-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon amaurocephalus)

Seen at Cristalino. We even managed to see its characteristic behavior of flicking a single wing as if it is waving you hello.

SHORT-TAILED PYGMY-TYRANT (Myiornis ecaudatus)

This insect-like bird is one of the smallest birds on earth, and therefore can be tricky to spot but we got great looks at one during our visit to Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

HELMETED PYGMY-TYRANT (Lophotriccus galeatus)

SNETHLAGE'S TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus minor)

Seen on our way to Cristalino Jungle lodge. This species is one of several that does not occur on the other margin of the Teles Pires River and therefore cannot be seen at Cristalino Jungle Lodge. So we were quite lucky to pick one up on our way to the lodge.

WHITE-BELLIED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus griseipectus)

STRIPE-NECKED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus striaticollis)

PEARLY-VENTED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer)

RUSTY-FRONTED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus latirostris)

SPOTTED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum maculatum)

COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)

YELLOW-BROWED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum)

This is the hardest of the Tody-tyrants to see on this tour as it lives in the canopies of some of the tallest trees in the Amazon, but we managed to bring one in for close inspection from the Chip Haven tower at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias sulphurescens)

YELLOW-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias flaviventris)

Since our tour, this species has been split and is now called Ochre-lored flycatcher.


A canopy tyrannulet that we saw very well at Chapada dos Guimaraes.


SUIRIRI FLYCATCHER (Suiriri suiriri burmeisteri)


Field Guides Birding Tours
This Spectacled Owl is one of many great birds we saw on our boat trips on the Cuiaba River.

SUBTROPICAL DORADITO (Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis)

These tiny flycatchers breed way up in the Andes and visit the Pantanal in the winter time.

FOREST ELAENIA (Myiopagis gaimardii)

GRAY ELAENIA (Myiopagis caniceps)

PLAIN-CRESTED ELAENIA (Elaenia cristata)

Multiple sightings of this Cerrado specialty at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)

SMALL-BILLED ELAENIA (Elaenia parvirostris)

LARGE ELAENIA (Elaenia spectabilis)

LESSER ELAENIA (Elaenia chiriquensis)


PLANALTO TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias fasciatus)


Mary spotted this little guy for us from the Chip Haven Tower.

RUFOUS-CROWNED PYGMY-TYRANT (Euscarthmus meloryphus)

Formerly known as Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant.

PLAIN TYRANNULET (Inezia inornata)

BRAN-COLORED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus fasciatus) [*]

FUSCOUS FLYCATCHER (Cnemotriccus fuscatus)

CHAPADA FLYCATCHER (Guyramemua affine)

We found a pair of birds at Chapada dos Guimaraes and even saw them performing their characteristic display.


VERMILION FLYCATCHER (Pyrocephalus rubinus)

An austral migrant that shows up in good numbers in the Pantanal during the austral winter.

DRAB WATER TYRANT (Ochthornis littoralis)

Seen often at the floating deck at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

YELLOW-BROWED TYRANT (Satrapa icterophrys)


Seen around the pasture near our lodge at Rio Claro.

GRAY MONJITA (Nengetus cinereus)

A nice look at this boldly patterned speces at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

WHITE-HEADED MARSH TYRANT (Arundinicola leucocephala)

BLACK-BACKED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola albiventer)

LONG-TAILED TYRANT (Colonia colonus)

LARGE-HEADED FLATBILL (Ramphotrigon megacephalum) [*]

RUFOUS-TAILED FLATBILL (Ramphotrigon ruficauda)

DUSKY-TAILED FLATBILL (Ramphotrigon fuscicauda)

CINNAMON ATTILA (Attila cinnamomeus) [*]

BRIGHT-RUMPED ATTILA (Attila spadiceus)

We heard this species several times at Cristalino and managed to bring one into view once.

SIBILANT SIRYSTES (Sirystes sibilator)

RUFOUS CASIORNIS (Casiornis rufus)

We saw this interesting flycatcher at Chapada and in the Pantanal. This species resembles an all brown Myiarchus flycatcher.

GRAYISH MOURNER (Rhytipterna simplex)

DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer)


The most common species of Myiarchus flycatcher on the tour.

BROWN-CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tyrannulus)

Field Guides Birding Tours
The Zigzag Heron is one of the hardest species of herons to see in South America, but we had excellent looks at one during our visit to Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)

Particularly common in the Pantanal where we even saw them riding the backs of Capybaras.

LESSER KISKADEE (Pitangus lictor)

Seen at Chapada and in the Pantanal. Always close to water.

GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)

BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)

RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)

DUSKY-CHESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes luteiventris)

Great views from the Chip Haven tower at Cristalino where we saw them feeding on a fruiting tree near the tower.

STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)

VARIEGATED FLYCATCHER (Empidonomus varius)

CROWNED SLATY FLYCATCHER (Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus)

This austral migrant has the longest scientific name of any bird.

SULPHURY FLYCATCHER (Tyrannopsis sulphurea)

A moriche palm specialist that we saw on our way from Alta Floresta to Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

WHITE-THROATED KINGBIRD (Tyrannus albogularis)

An austral migrant that is found in much smaller numbers than the Tropical Kingbird.

TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)

Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)


ASHY-HEADED GREENLET (Hylophilus pectoralis)

Great looks in the dry forest at Piuval lodge.

GRAY-CHESTED GREENLET (Hylophilus semicinereus) [*]

SLATY-CAPPED SHRIKE-VIREO (Vireolanius leucotis)

We managed to bring one close to the tower at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

TAWNY-CROWNED GREENLET (Tunchiornis ochraceiceps)

DUSKY-CAPPED GREENLET (Pachysylvia hypoxantha)

Always found with the canopy flocks at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)

PURPLISH JAY (Cyanocorax cyanomelas)

CURL-CRESTED JAY (Cyanocorax cristatellus)

Great looks at this handsome jay at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

Donacobiidae (Donacobius)

BLACK-CAPPED DONACOBIUS (Donacobius atricapilla)

Hirundinidae (Swallows)

BLACK-COLLARED SWALLOW (Pygochelidon melanoleuca)

Scarce on the Cristalino River and usually found on rocks in the rapids of the river.

WHITE-BANDED SWALLOW (Atticora fasciata)

Unlike the Black-collared Swallow, this species is very common on the Cristalino River and we saw it on most days while we were there.

SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)

Common and we had particularly good looks at some nesting birds on the bank of the the Cuiaba River.

GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)

WHITE-WINGED SWALLOW (Tachycineta albiventer)

Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)

LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus)

Always tricky to see as it likes to stay in dense vine tangles, but we managed to bring one into view at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

KLAGES'S GNATCATCHER (Polioptila paraensis) [*]

MASKED GNATCATCHER (Polioptila dumicola)

Very common in the Pantanal where they showed up every time we played a Ferruginous Pygmy-owl tape.

Troglodytidae (Wrens)

TOOTH-BILLED WREN (Odontorchilus cinereus)

Excellent looks at this tiny canopy specialist. This is a highly localized species and it is always hard to get a good look at one as it lives in the top of the canopy of the forest. Birds like these make me really appreciative of the canopy towers.

HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon)

THRUSH-LIKE WREN (Campylorhynchus turdinus unicolor)

This is the subspecies that is present at Chapada and the Pantanal.

MOUSTACHED WREN (Pheugopedius genibarbis) [*]

BUFF-BREASTED WREN (Cantorchilus leucotis) [*]

FAWN-BREASTED WREN (Cantorchilus guarayanus)

Seen right by our hotel at Porto Jofre. The end of the Transpantaneira is the northern limit of the distribution of this species.

Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)



An austral migrant that is usually pretty rare in the Pantanal but for some reason there were a few of them present this year.

Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)

PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)

HAUXWELL'S THRUSH (Turdus hauxwelli) [*]

RUFOUS-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus rufiventris)

Believe it or not this is the national bird of Brazil.

Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)

HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus)

Motacillidae (Wagtails and Pipits)

YELLOWISH PIPIT (Anthus lutescens)

Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)

PURPLE-THROATED EUPHONIA (Euphonia chlorotica)

We had great looks at the colorful male as well as the female at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

GOLDEN-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia chrysopasta)

This is the drabbest of the euphonias and it can even be mistaken for a female euphonia by the untrained eye.

THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)

Field Guides Birding Tours
It is hard to make progress along the Transpantaneira Road in the Pantanal, with so many great scenes like this along the way.

ORANGE-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia xanthogaster)

RUFOUS-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia rufiventris)

Passerellidae (New World Sparrows)

GRASSLAND SPARROW (Ammodramus humeralis)

Howard spotted this close relative of the Grasshopper Sparrow from North America at Chapada.

PECTORAL SPARROW (Arremon taciturnus)

A forest species that we saw well at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

SAFFRON-BILLED SPARROW (Arremon flavirostris)

We visited the forest surrounding a water reservoir for Chapada dos Guimaraes and got excellent view of this handsome species.

Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)


Seen in pasture land on our way to Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

WHITE-BROWED MEADOWLARK (Leistes superciliaris)

We saw this austral migrant around some pastures near Chapada dos Guimaraes.

GREEN OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius viridis)

Seen from the Chip Haven Tower at Cristalino.

CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus)

The most common of the oropendolas and the only one that occurs in the Pantanal.

OLIVE OROPENDOLA (AMAZONIAN) (Psarocolius bifasciatus yuracares)

Also seen from the Chip Haven tower allowing us to compare the Olive and the Green Oropendolas.

SOLITARY BLACK CACIQUE (Cacicus solitarius)


Seen on most days of the tour.

EPAULET ORIOLE (Icterus cayanensis)

This is the species we saw at Cristalino.

VARIABLE ORIOLE (Icterus pyrrhopterus)

This is the species we saw in the Pantanal.

ORANGE-BACKED TROUPIAL (Icterus croconotus)

SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)

GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus)

SCARLET-HEADED BLACKBIRD (Amblyramphus holosericeus)

What a spectacular bird. We saw this one in some papyrus marshes in the Pantanal.

CHOPI BLACKBIRD (Gnorimopsar chopi)

GRAYISH BAYWING (Agelaioides badius)

UNICOLORED BLACKBIRD (Agelasticus cyanopus)

Common in wet areas in the Pantanal.

Parulidae (New World Warblers)

MASKED YELLOWTHROAT (Geothlypis aequinoctialis)

This species has now been split and is currently called Southern Yellowthroat.

TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)

GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (WHITE-BELLIED) (Basileuterus culicivorus hypoleucus)

FLAVESCENT WARBLER (Myiothlypis flaveola)

Mitrospingidae (Mitrospingid Tanagers)

RED-BILLED PIED TANAGER (Lamprospiza melanoleuca)

An interesting canopy tanager that lives in family groups. We saw them a couple of times at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)


ROSE-BREASTED CHAT (Granatellus pelzelni)

AMAZONIAN GROSBEAK (Cyanoloxia rothschildii) [*]

Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)

RED-CRESTED CARDINAL (Paroaria coronata)

Found in small numbers in the Pantanal.

RED-CAPPED CARDINAL (Paroaria gularis)

Often seen around the floating deck at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

YELLOW-BILLED CARDINAL (Paroaria capitata)

A common species around the feeders in the Pantanal.

BLACK-FACED TANAGER (Schistochlamys melanopis)

Howard found this one for us at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

CINNAMON TANAGER (Schistochlamys ruficapillus)

WHITE-BANDED TANAGER (Neothraupis fasciata)

CONE-BILLED TANAGER (Conothraupis mesoleuca)

This was an excellent surprise and the first record of this species for Chapada dos Guimaraes. This species was only know by the type specimen for many years and was only recently rediscovered. We found a female at the edge of some gallery forest in Chapada dos Guimaraes.

Field Guides Birding Tours
This female Cone-billed Tanager may not look like much, but this was the first record for this species for Chapada dos Guimaraes.

HOODED TANAGER (Nemosia pileata)

GRAY-HEADED TANAGER (Eucometis penicillata)

FLAME-CRESTED TANAGER (Loriotus cristatus)


WHITE-LINED TANAGER (Tachyphonus rufus)


Several good looks at Francisco's blind at Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

SILVER-BEAKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus carbo)

BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)

Seen around Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

SAYACA TANAGER (Thraupis sayaca)

The Sayaca Tanager replaces the Blue-gray Tanager in the Pantanal and Chapada.

PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)


MASKED TANAGER (Stilpnia nigrocincta)

TURQUOISE TANAGER (Tangara mexicana)

PARADISE TANAGER (Tangara chilensis)

OPAL-RUMPED TANAGER (OPAL-RUMPED) (Tangara velia signata)

The birds we saw at the Serra Trail at Cristalino belong to the signata subspecies and are quite different from the birds from the silvery-breasted complex found in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest.

BAY-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara gyrola)

SWALLOW TANAGER (Tersina viridis)

WHITE-BELLIED DACNIS (Dacnis albiventris)

BLACK-FACED DACNIS (Dacnis lineata)

YELLOW-BELLIED DACNIS (Dacnis flaviventer)

BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)

GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)

GUIRA TANAGER (Hemithraupis guira)

YELLOW-BACKED TANAGER (Hemithraupis flavicollis)

Great looks from the Chip Haven tower where several individuals were feeding on a fruiting tree just a few feet away from the tower.

CHESTNUT-VENTED CONEBILL (Conirostrum speciosum)

WHITE-RUMPED TANAGER (Cypsnagra hirundinacea)

A Cerrado specialty that we saw well at Chapada dos Guimaraes.

SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)

BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)

WHITE-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila leucoptera)

TAWNY-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila hypoxantha)

CHESTNUT-BELLIED SEED-FINCH (Sporophila angolensis)

DOUBLE-COLLARED SEEDEATER (Sporophila caerulescens)

PLUMBEOUS SEEDEATER (Sporophila plumbea)

RUSTY-COLLARED SEEDEATER (Sporophila collaris)

Field Guides Birding Tours
Many people say that antbirds are drab looking birds. They clearly have never seen the likes of this Dot-backed Antbird.

RED-CRESTED FINCH (Coryphospingus cucullatus)

BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)

BLACK-THROATED SALTATOR (Saltatricula atricollis)


BLUE-GRAY SALTATOR (Saltator coerulescens)

SLATE-COLORED GROSBEAK (Saltator grossus) [*]


GREATER BULLDOG BAT (Noctilio leporinus)

SILVERY MARMOSET (Callithrix argentata)

DUSKY TITI MONKEY (Callicebus moloch)

BLACK HOWLER MONKEY (Alouatta caraya)

BROWN CAPUCHIN (Cebus apella)


GUIANAN SQUIRREL (Sciurus aestuans)

CAPYBARA (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris)

AZARA'S AGOUTI (Dasyprocta azarae)

Field Guides Birding Tours
This Azara's Agouti took advantage of some food that fell from the feeders at Chapada and as a result we had wonderful looks at it.

PACA (Cuniculus paca)

CRAB-EATING FOX (Cerdocyon thous)


NEOTROPICAL OTTER (Lontra longicaudis)

We saw one of these scarce otters on the banks of the Cristalino River during one of our boat outings.

GIANT OTTER (Pteronura brasiliensis)

Multiple sightings in the Cuiaba River in the Pantanal.

JAGUAR (Panthera onca)

BRAZILIAN TAPIR (Tapirus terrestris)

WHITE-LIPPED PECCARY (Tayassu pecari) [*]

RED BROCKET DEER (Mazama americana)


SPECTACLED CAIMAN (Caiman crocodilus)


Totals for the tour: 506 bird taxa and 18 mammal taxa