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Field Guides Tour Report
Bolivia's Avian Riches 2018
Sep 7, 2018 to Sep 23, 2018
Dan Lane and Micah Riegner


The cloud forest on the eastern side of the Andes supports some of the richest birdlife in the world. Photo by guide Micah Riegner.

Bolivia is one of those well-kept secrets; in the birding world it tends to be eclipsed by Ecuador, Peru and Brazil, whose feeder-adorned lodges attract birders worldwide. That said, for those who are up for some adventure, Bolivia is a fabulous, fabulous place to bird. The range of habitats crammed within its borders is truly astounding. From moss-laden Yungas ridgetops dripping with ferns and orchids on the eastern flank of the Andes to steep cactus gorges in their rain shadow—and from hot Chiquitania lowlands around Santa Cruz, to the frigid Puna at 4700 m where ground-tyrants and diuca-finches frolic through Ichu bunch grass, to the colossal sandstone massifs of Refugio Los Volcanes towering over the southernmost fingers of Amazonia, Bolivia is truly a birder’s paradise. In our 2-week pursuit of antpittas, canasteros, sunbeams and salteñas, we traversed these awesome landscapes and encountered some of the country's most sought-after avifauna. We were bedazzled by the turquoise rump of the endemic Black-hooded Sunbeam, baffled by a Giant Antshrike (a thamnophilid, the size of a Sharp-shinned Hawk!), and bewildered by Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe, who eke out existence in the barren, wind-swept Puna.

Our adventure began right outside the Viru Viru airport in Santa Cruz where we scoped Red-winged Tinamous and Greater Rheas in the open countryside. We then birded the Chiquitania woodland along the Rio Pirai, where we had our first encounters with Rufous-fronted Thornbirds, Bolivian Slaty-Antshrikes and a noisy group of White-eared Titis, not to mention a Red-legged Seriema perusing the edge of the road! From Santa Cruz, we zigzagged up the Andean foothills to Refugio los Volcanes (not actually volcanoes) where we spent the next few days admiring Military Macaws against the sandstone walls. We saw other birds there too of course, like the elusive Short-tailed Antthrush, Black-goggled Tanager, and Slaty Gnateater.

We then drove to Comarapa, a town surrounded by dust, cacti and a bunch of Bolivian endemics. Here, we had phenomenal looks at a pair of Cream-backed Woodpeckers, probably the closest thing there is to an Ivorybill, the endemic Red-fronted Macaw, and the Bolivian Earthcreeper, an ovenbird about the size and shape of a Canyon Wren. For many of us, the highlight of the tour was the Giant Antshrike. We heard one calling from way up a gully, so we played some tape and waited. Almost 10 minutes later, the bird appeared right in front of us-- it was shockingly huge, with a ferocious hooked bill and jay-like crest. We watched it call out in the open, grab a tarantula from the ground and then disappear into the dense lichen-covered undergrowth.

The humid slopes of Cochabamba are some of the birdiest in Bolivia. We spent 3 days working different elevations from bromeliad-covered foothill forest at 1700 m all the way to treeline at 3000 meters where we saw Rufous Antpittas, Diademed Tapaculos and even a Barred Antthrush skulking through the mossy understory. We also explored the slopes of Cerro Tunari, one of the highest peaks on the Cochabamba horizon, where we saw the aptly-named Cochabamba Mountain-finch, White-winged Cinclodes and Wedge-tailed Hillstar in the dry Andean scrub. In a patch of Polylepis (a high elevation tree with red flaky bark) we saw Giant Conebill and Tawny Tit-Spinetail, two birds I had been hoping to see. The Black-hooded Sunbeam is one of the most sought-after Bolivian endemics—and for good reason. Its velvet black plumage set against an iridescent turquoise rump, orange tail feathers and gleaming white upside-down “V” on the chest make it a sight to behold. We saw several of these impressive hummers pollinating Mutisia flowers at tree line.

For the last leg of the tour we flew to La Paz and drove the old Coroico Road, a narrow dirt track with a seemingly endless drop-off that twists and turns through cloud forest as far as the eye can see. Turns out it’s one of the best birding roads in all of South America! Dawn found us at La Cumbre, the highest point of the tour at 4770 m where we watched a pair of Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe pecking through a bleak gravel slope. By lunchtime we were in the cloud forest watching Hooded Mountain Toucans, spunky White-collared Jays and a pair of Black-and-chestnut Eagles weaving in and out of the clouds. Dan showed us to a spot where we saw a Scimitar-winged Piha, a poorly-known specialty of humid montane forest. When we returned to La Paz, we day-tripped to Lake Titicaca at the Peruvian border. According to Carlos, our driver, the Bolivians have the “Titi” side and the Peruvians have the “caca” side. From shore we were able to scope Titicaca Grebes among rafts of Slate-colored Coots and other Andean waterbirds. Both Short-billed and Correndera Pipits were vocalizing in the grasslands: the Short-billed in the dry grass and the Correndera in the wet. We had our final pizza lunch on the road to Sorata and saw Berlepsch’s Canastero, a bird restricted to the valley surrounding the town.

Overall, the tour ran smoothly with few logistical complications. Special thanks to Carlos for his terrific driving (especially for keeping us alive on the Coroico Road!), Benita for her continual supply of “aguita, Coca Cola, Coca Zero,” Herman for that wonderful French toast we had in the Yungas, and Edwin and Zacaria for their assistance throughout the tour. Dan and I would like to thank all of you for joining us on this aventura; we had a great time and look forward to birding with you again.

Saludos!

Micah

Be sure to see the separate extension triplist at this link.


KEYS FOR THIS LIST
One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant


BIRDS
Rheidae (Rheas)
GREATER RHEA (Rhea americana) – Seen our first day outside the Viru Viru Airport.
Tinamidae (Tinamous)
HOODED TINAMOU (Nothocercus nigrocapillus) – Heard as we were ascending the old Coroico Road. [*]
GRAY TINAMOU (Tinamus tao) – We heard them calling at Refugio los Volcanes. [*]
BROWN TINAMOU (Crypturellus obsoletus) – We heard several along the road to Refugio los Volcanes. They sound like a police whistle. [*]
RED-WINGED TINAMOU (Rhynchotus rufescens rufescens) – One of the first birds of the tour! We saw them in the open fields outside of the Viru Viru Airport.
HUAYCO TINAMOU (Rhynchotus maculicollis) – Heard along the road at the Corani Reservoir. Sounds like it's saying "Huayco!" [*]
ANDEAN TINAMOU (Nothoprocta pentlandii) – We had great looks at one at the edge of a field on our way up Cerro Tunari.
WHITE-BELLIED NOTHURA (Nothura boraquira) – These dainty tinamous crossed the road at Lomas de Arena.
DARWIN'S NOTHURA (Nothura darwinii) – We flushed a few of these in the Puna outside of La Paz.

Here's a video Micah put together of some of the highlights from the tour. Enjoy!
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
ANDEAN GOOSE (Oressochen melanopterus) – Lots of these around La Cumbre outside of La Paz.
CRESTED DUCK (Lophonetta specularioides alticola) – We encountered these at the Lago Morochata atop Cerro Tunari and on the high elevation lakes around La Paz.
BRAZILIAN TEAL (Amazonetta brasiliensis) – A few were hanging out in the ponds outside the Viru Viru Airport, Santa Cruz.
TORRENT DUCK (Merganetta armata garleppi) – Wow! We saw a pair with chicks along the stream at Cerro Tunari.
PUNA TEAL (Spatula puna) – These elegant ducks were common at Laguna Alalay.
CINNAMON TEAL (Spatula cyanoptera orinoma) – Also present in good numbers at Laguna Alalay.
RED SHOVELER (Spatula platalea) – Dan spotted one of these out at Laguna Alalay.
WHITE-CHEEKED PINTAIL (WHITE-CHEEKED) (Anas bahamensis rubrirostris) – A few seen at Laguna Alalay.
YELLOW-BILLED PINTAIL (SOUTH AMERICAN) (Anas georgica spinicauda) – Fairly common in the high elevation lakes.
YELLOW-BILLED TEAL (OXYPTERA) (Anas flavirostris oxyptera)
ROSY-BILLED POCHARD (Netta peposaca) – This was Doug's 4000th bird! Congratulations Doug! We saw a few at Laguna Alalay.
RUDDY DUCK (ANDEAN) (Oxyura jamaicensis ferruginea) – Fairly common on the lakes we visited.
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
SPECKLED CHACHALACA (Ortalis guttata) – Several seen in the dry forests along the way to Coroico. We also had a few around Santa Cruz.
ANDEAN GUAN (Penelope montagnii) – We bumped into a few as we were crashing through the trail off the old Coroico Road.
DUSKY-LEGGED GUAN (BRIDGES'S) (Penelope obscura bridgesi) – Carlos and Benita found a pair at the cattle tanks on the way to Comarapa. This is the guan of dry intermontane valleys.
BLUE-THROATED PIPING-GUAN (Pipile cumanensis) – We flushed a family group along the main road at Refugio los Volcanes.
Odontophoridae (New World Quail)
RUFOUS-BREASTED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus speciosus loricatus) – Heard at Refugio los Volcanes. [*]
STRIPE-FACED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus balliviani) – We heard a couple groups of these calling down the slope from the Corani Reservoir road, but they just wouldn't come into view. [*]


Black-and-chestnut Eagles are rare inhabitants of humid montane forests on the eastern slope of the Andes. We lucked out and saw 3 individuals (2 adults and 1 juvenile) along the old Coroico Road. Photo by guide Dan Lane.

Podicipedidae (Grebes)
WHITE-TUFTED GREBE (Rollandia rolland) – Abundant at Laguna Alalay. They resemble Eared Grebes of North America.
TITICACA GREBE (Rollandia microptera) – We had nice views of these grebes endemic to Titicaca.
LEAST GREBE (Tachybaptus dominicus) – Several seen in the ponds outside the Viru Viru Airport.
SILVERY GREBE (ANDEAN) (Podiceps occipitalis juninensis) – We scoped a few of these handsome grebes at Laguna Alalay.
Phoenicopteridae (Flamingos)
CHILEAN FLAMINGO (Phoenicopterus chilensis) – A distant line of pink on the Titicaca horizon.
Ciconiidae (Storks)
MAGUARI STORK (Ciconia maguari) – Flyovers at Lomas de Arena.
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
Anhingidae (Anhingas)
ANHINGA (Anhinga anhinga)
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)
SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)
STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)
WHISTLING HERON (Syrigma sibilatrix) – We encountered several of these elegant herons in the lowlands around Santa Cruz.
BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
WHITE-FACED IBIS (Plegadis chihi) – We saw one at Lomas de Arena and one at the Albarrancho sewage ponds outside of Cochabamba. Smaller and glossier than the similar Puna Ibis.
PUNA IBIS (Plegadis ridgwayi) – Abundant throughout the high elevation wetlands.
BARE-FACED IBIS (Phimosus infuscatus) – Quite a few around Santa Cruz.
BUFF-NECKED IBIS (Theristicus caudatus) – We saw one near the Viru Viru Airport.
BLACK-FACED IBIS (BRANICKII) (Theristicus melanopis branickii) – One flew over us along the Corani Reservoir Road while we were looking for the Rufous Antpitta.
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (TROPICAL) (Cathartes aura ruficollis)
ANDEAN CONDOR (Vultur gryphus) – We had some very nice encounters with condors. We saw them soaring off the cliffs at Refugio los Volcanes, and had some close flybys while we were having lunch at Empalme.
KING VULTURE (Sarcoramphus papa) – There were 3 soaring over the cliffs at Refugio los Volcanes.
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
SWALLOW-TAILED KITE (Elanoides forficatus)
BLACK-AND-WHITE HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus melanoleucus) – We saw one flying over the Rio Pirai. This was the first time it's been seen on the FG Bolivia tour!
BLACK-AND-CHESTNUT EAGLE (Spizaetus isidori) – Fantastic! This was a bird I was hoping we'd see. We saw two adults soaring through the clouds on our way down the old Coroico Road and a juvenile when we were heading back up the road the next day. These impressive eagles are known to eat Woolly Monkeys.
SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis) – A few seen around Santa Cruz.
PLUMBEOUS KITE (Ictinia plumbea) – We had a few birds on our way up the Coroico Road.
CINEREOUS HARRIER (Circus cinereus) – A striking male flew through the grasslands along the road to Sorata.
SHARP-SHINNED HAWK (PLAIN-BREASTED) (Accipiter striatus ventralis) – One darted in and landed above us while we were birding at Miguelito off the highway to Villa Tunari.
SAVANNA HAWK (Buteogallus meridionalis)


Guide Dan Lane took this photo while we were birding the frigid Puna outside La Paz, home to Short-billed Pipits, Darwin's Nothuras and Band-tailed Sierra-Finches.

GREAT BLACK HAWK (Buteogallus urubitinga)
ROADSIDE HAWK (MAINLAND) (Rupornis magnirostris saturatus) – What a handsome bird! The population in Bolivia has a lot more rufous than those in Amazonia.
WHITE-TAILED HAWK (Geranoaetus albicaudatus) – A few seen around Santa Cruz.
VARIABLE HAWK (Geranoaetus polyosoma) – The most common hawk of the high Andes. We encountered them regularly around Cochabamba and La Paz.
BLACK-CHESTED BUZZARD-EAGLE (Geranoaetus melanoleucus) – Seen at Refugio los Volcanes and Cerro Tunari. They have a bizarre profile in flight.
SHORT-TAILED HAWK (Buteo brachyurus)
WHITE-THROATED HAWK (Buteo albigula) – We had brief looks at a bird soaring over treeline at the Corani Reservoir road. These austral migrants winter along the eastern side of the Andes.
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
RUFOUS-SIDED CRAKE (Laterallus melanophaius) – Heard in the reed beds at Laguna Volcan. [*]
GRAY-COWLED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides cajaneus) – There was one that would hang around the clearing at Refugio los Volcanes.
PLUMBEOUS RAIL (Pardirallus sanguinolentus) – Dan called one out from the cattails at Laguna Alalay.
PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinica) – One up at Laguna Volcan.
COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)
GIANT COOT (Fulica gigantea) – There were a few on the pond at La Cumbre.
SLATE-COLORED COOT (Fulica ardesiaca) – Common at Laguna Alalay and on Lake Titicaca.
WHITE-WINGED COOT (Fulica leucoptera) – There were a few out at Laguna Alalay.
Aramidae (Limpkin)
LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna) – We encountered a few at Lomas de Arena.
Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)
BLACK-NECKED STILT (WHITE-BACKED) (Himantopus mexicanus melanurus)
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
ANDEAN LAPWING (Vanellus resplendens) – Common at the high elevations.
COLLARED PLOVER (Charadrius collaris) – We saw one running through cobble along the Rio Misque. It was well camouflaged against the pale stones.
Thinocoridae (Seedsnipes)
RUFOUS-BELLIED SEEDSNIPE (Attagis gayi) – Wow! What a highlight! We came across a pair of these aberrant shorebirds at La Cumbre. They were attacked by an Andean Lapwing.
Jacanidae (Jacanas)
WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)
Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
BAIRD'S SANDPIPER (Calidris bairdii) – We saw a large flock of these scuttling around the lake shore at La Cumbre.
PECTORAL SANDPIPER (Calidris melanotos) – One seen at the ponds behind the Viru Viru airport.
WILSON'S PHALAROPE (Phalaropus tricolor) – Fairly common in the wetlands throughout the tour.
SPOTTED SANDPIPER (Actitis macularius) – A few spotted at Laguna Alalay.
SOLITARY SANDPIPER (Tringa solitaria) – Seen at several of the wetlands throughout the tour.
GREATER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa melanoleuca)
Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
ANDEAN GULL (Chroicocephalus serranus) – Common at the high elevations. We even saw a few along the river near Coroico.


Participant Jose Padilla-Lopez photographed this Planalto Hermit at Laguna Volcan. Nice shot!

Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia)
PICAZURO PIGEON (Patagioenas picazuro) – Common in the lowlands.
SPOT-WINGED PIGEON (Patagioenas maculosa) – Replaces Picazuro Pigeon in the highlands. We had fine looks at one near Lake Titicaca.
BAND-TAILED PIGEON (Patagioenas fasciata) – A few seen along the Coroico Road.
PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea) – Fairly common in the Yungas. This population sounds totally different from those in Amazonia.
PICUI GROUND-DOVE (Columbina picui) – Abundant in the arid regions throughout the tour.
BARE-FACED GROUND-DOVE (Metriopelia ceciliae) – We saw a few at Laguna Alalay.
BLACK-WINGED GROUND-DOVE (Metriopelia melanoptera) – We flushed a small flock off the road as we were descending from Cerro Tunari. Handsome birds.
WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)
LARGE-TAILED DOVE (Leptotila megalura) – We heard them calling all over Refugio los Volcanes and saw one at its upper elevation limit at Cerro Tunari.
EARED DOVE (Zenaida auriculata) – The Mourning Dove look-alike.
Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
GUIRA CUCKOO (Guira guira) – Droves of these strange cuckoos seen throughout the lowlands around Santa Cruz and Comarapa.
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana) – Common in the lowlands.
Strigidae (Owls)
YUNGAS PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium bolivianum) – We had fine looks at a bird below Chuspipata along the Coroico Road.
FERRUGINOUS PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium brasilianum) – Common in the lowlands. We saw one at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens and one at Lomas de Arena.
BURROWING OWL (Athene cunicularia) – We saw two family groups right outside the Viru Viru Airport in Santa Cruz.
Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)
SCISSOR-TAILED NIGHTJAR (Hydropsalis torquata) – We had distant views of a bird in the fields at Tambo.
RUFOUS NIGHTJAR (Antrostomus rufus) – Heard at Refugio los Volcanes. [*]
Apodidae (Swifts)
CHESTNUT-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne rutila)
WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris) – Common around Comarapa.
SHORT-TAILED SWIFT (Chaetura brachyura) – A few seen around Santa Cruz.
PALE-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura egregia) – A couple flew over the Viru Viru grasslands.
WHITE-TIPPED SWIFT (Aeronautes montivagus)
ANDEAN SWIFT (Aeronautes andecolus) – Common around Cochabamba.
Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
GREAT-BILLED HERMIT (AMAZONIAN) (Phaethornis malaris bolivianus) – We saw a lek at Refugio los Volcanes.
PLANALTO HERMIT (Phaethornis pretrei) – We saw one at the marsh surrounding Laguna Volcan. Strange place for a hermit!
LESSER VIOLETEAR (Colibri cyanotus) – Heard at Miguelito. [*]
SPARKLING VIOLETEAR (Colibri coruscans) – Quite a few at Hotel Aran Juez in Cochabamba. We also saw one along the old Coroico Road.
AMETHYST-THROATED SUNANGEL (Heliangelus amethysticollis) – Several along the Corani Pipeline road and a few at the Corani Reservoir road. We watched them perch with their wings outstretched.
LONG-TAILED SYLPH (Aglaiocercus kingii) – Wow, what a tail! We saw a few along the Corani pipeline road and along the old Coroico Road.
RED-TAILED COMET (Sappho sparganurus) – Another hummer with an impressive tail! We saw a few on our way out of Comarapa.
WEDGE-TAILED HILLSTAR (Oreotrochilus adela) – Yip, yip, yip! We had fabulous looks at this robust high-elevation hummer on our way up Cerro Tunari.
RUFOUS-CAPPED THORNBILL (Chalcostigma ruficeps) – We saw a female sitting near a cliff (where it was probably nesting) along the Corani Reservoir road.
TYRIAN METALTAIL (Metallura tyrianthina) – Common in the Yungas. We saw several around Cochabamba and the old Coroico Road.
BLACK-HOODED SUNBEAM (Aglaeactis pamela) – Wohoo! One of the most iconic birds of Bolivia. We saw several of these flashy hummers on slopes near the Corani Reservoir. [E]
COLLARED INCA (GOULD'S) (Coeligena torquata inca) – We saw a few along the Corani pipeline road.
VIOLET-THROATED STARFRONTLET (Coeligena violifer) – One of these flashed by while we were birding around Siberia on our way to Cochabamba.
GREAT SAPPHIREWING (Pterophanes cyanopterus) – The second-largest hummer in the world! We had great looks at a male on the Corani Reservoir road and a couple flew by during our pizza lunch spot along the road to Sorata.
GIANT HUMMINGBIRD (Patagona gigas gigas) – We saw one of these in the dry Andean scrub on our way up Cerro Tunari.
BLUE-TUFTED STARTHROAT (Heliomaster furcifer) – Fantastic! Dan spotted one while we were birding the dry inter-Andean valleys near Comarapa.


We had incredible views of Black-streaked Puffbird along the road at Miguelito. Photo by guide Micah Riegner.

WHITE-BELLIED WOODSTAR (Chaetocercus mulsant) – Seen along the side road at Siberia.
SLENDER-TAILED WOODSTAR (Microstilbon burmeisteri) – A female appeared our first morning of birding along the Rio Pirai. This species is known from higher elevations but could potentially migrate to lower elevations. There's still so much to learn about the avifauna of Bolivia.
BLUE-TAILED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon mellisugus) – Seen in the Chiquitania forest along the Rio Pirai.
GLITTERING-BELLIED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon lucidus) – Common throughout the lowlands.
FORK-TAILED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania furcata)
WHITE-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia chionogaster hypoleuca) – Common in the lowlands around Santa Cruz and Comarapa.
SAPPHIRE-SPANGLED EMERALD (Amazilia lactea) – This was new for the list! We saw one in the dry forest on our way up the Coroico Road.
GOLDEN-TAILED SAPPHIRE (Chrysuronia oenone) – We saw a male singing high in the canopy at Refugio los Volcanes. Stunning bird!
GILDED HUMMINGBIRD (Hylocharis chrysura) – One seen at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens.
Trogonidae (Trogons)
GOLDEN-HEADED QUETZAL (Pharomachrus auriceps) – Fabulous views of a pair along the Corani pipeline road.
CRESTED QUETZAL (Pharomachrus antisianus) – A male appeared along the old Coroico Road while we were calling in a White-eyed Thrush.
BLUE-CROWNED TROGON (Trogon curucui) – Seen at Refugio los Volcanes.
MASKED TROGON (Trogon personatus submontanus) – We had nice scope views of this trogon along the road at Miguelito.
Momotidae (Motmots)
AMAZONIAN MOTMOT (Momotus momota pilcomajensis) – One made a brief appearance while we were birding the road to Refugio los Volcanes.
Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)
Bucconidae (Puffbirds)
WHITE-EARED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus chacuru) – What a a cool-looking Puffbird! We found one in an open field at Lomas de Arena.
SPOT-BACKED PUFFBIRD (CHACO) (Nystalus maculatus striatipectus) – We watched one with a leaf in its bill near Comarapa, perhaps some kind of a courtship thing.
BLACK-STREAKED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila fulvogularis) – This was one of my personal highlights of the trip (I have a thing for Malacoptilas). We called one out at Miguelito. The bird appeared with white frontal bristles erect and as soon as it calmed down it retracted those feathers into its face. Pretty neat. There's a nice video clip of it preening in the tour compilation video above.
Galbulidae (Jacamars)
RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (Galbula ruficauda) – We encountered a few our first morning of birding near the Rio Pirai.
Capitonidae (New World Barbets)
VERSICOLORED BARBET (Eubucco versicolor) – Dang, what a bird! We saw a few of these ridiculously colorful barbets in the feeding flocks at Miguelito.
Ramphastidae (Toucans)
SOUTHERN EMERALD-TOUCANET (BLACK-THROATED) (Aulacorhynchus albivitta atrogularis) – We scoped one that was up the hill from our breakfast spot at the Rio Selva Resort.
BLUE-BANDED TOUCANET (Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis) – Awesome views of this pastel-colored tourcanet along the road at Miguelito.
HOODED MOUNTAIN-TOUCAN (Andigena cucullata) – Yes! We called in a pair along the old Coroico Road right above Chuspipata. These high-elevation toucans sound a lot like Toucanets in the genus Selenidera of Amazonia.
CHESTNUT-EARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus castanotis) – A few of these widespread Aracaris were seen at Refugio los Volcanes.
TOCO TOUCAN (Ramphastos toco) – Kind of a funny bird to have as a "head only." [*]
CHANNEL-BILLED TOUCAN (YELLOW-RIDGED) (Ramphastos vitellinus culminatus) [*]
Picidae (Woodpeckers)
OCELLATED PICULET (Picumnus dorbignyanus) – Seen along the road to Comarapa.
WHITE-WEDGED PICULET (Picumnus albosquamatus) [*]


Watching a pair of Cream-backed Woodpeckers in a canyon outside of Comarapa was one of the highlights of the tour. Photo by guide Micah Riegner.

YELLOW-TUFTED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes cruentatus) – This woodpecker is related to Acorn Woodpeckers and has similar social tendencies. We saw a few in the parking lot at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens.
WHITE-FRONTED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes cactorum) – Common in the dry inter-Andean valleys around Comarapa. We often saw them perching on the columnar cacti. Cool bird.
SMOKY-BROWN WOODPECKER (Picoides fumigatus) – Brief looks as we pulled into Rio Selva after a long day on the Coroico Road.
STRIPED WOODPECKER (Veniliornis lignarius) – Dan called this one into view along the Rio Mizque. It looks a lot like a Ladder-back of North America and occupies similar habitat.
LITTLE WOODPECKER (Veniliornis passerinus) – One came in and landed in some low weedy vegetation along the dirt road behind the Viru Viru Airport.
BAR-BELLIED WOODPECKER (Veniliornis nigriceps) – A pair flew across the road while we were birding up at Siberia.
GOLDEN-OLIVE WOODPECKER (Colaptes rubiginosus) – We watched a pair preening along the lower part of the Coroico Road.
CRIMSON-MANTLED WOODPECKER (BLACK-CROWNED) (Colaptes rivolii atriceps) – Wow, what a stunner! We saw a pair foraging through mossy branches along the middle part of the Coroico Road.
GREEN-BARRED WOODPECKER (GOLDEN-BREASTED) (Colaptes melanochloros melanolaimus) – Great looks at this South American flicker at the Rio Mizque overlook.
ANDEAN FLICKER (Colaptes rupicola) – We finally saw one along the road to Titicaca.
CAMPO FLICKER (Colaptes campestris) – These were common in the lowlands around Santa Cruz.
LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus) – We stopped to see one along the lower stretch of the Coroico Road.
RED-NECKED WOODPECKER (Campephilus rubricollis) – Fine looks at this Amazonian Campephilus at Refugio los Volcanes.
CREAM-BACKED WOODPECKER (Campephilus leucopogon) – Holy Sh**! This bird alone is a reason to visit Bolivia! We had fabulous studies of a pair along the road back to Comarapa as they scaled up moss-laden trunks.
Cariamidae (Seriemas)
RED-LEGGED SERIEMA (Cariama cristata) – We were surprised to find one of these miniature terror birds in the woodland near the Rio Pirai. They usually inhabit open countryside.
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
BARRED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur ruficollis) – What, falcons after woodpeckers!? I'm still getting used to this taxonomy. We heard one calling at dusk at Refugio los Volcanes. [*]
MOUNTAIN CARACARA (Phalcoboenus megalopterus) – Several seen at the high elevations around Cochabamba and La Paz.
SOUTHERN CARACARA (Caracara plancus)
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)
AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)
APLOMADO FALCON (Falco femoralis) – We had one shoot past on the road to Sorata.
BAT FALCON (Falco rufigularis)
ORANGE-BREASTED FALCON (Falco deiroleucus) – What a surprise! As we were waiting along the Coroico Road, Carlos casually asked "what's that little reddish bird at the top of the tree?" Turned out to be an Orange-breasted Falcon, totally unexpected! These robust falcons occur throughout Latin America, but they're rare throughout their range.
Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)
GRAY-HOODED PARAKEET (Psilopsiagon aymara) – Fairly common at the high elevations. We had good looks at one at Pampa Grande.
BARRED PARAKEET (Bolborhynchus lineola) [*]
MONK PARAKEET (CLIFF) (Myiopsitta monachus luchsi) – Nicely spotted by the Swedes. This population of the dry inter-Andean valleys will soon be split into a separate species.
YELLOW-CHEVRONED PARAKEET (Brotogeris chiriri) – Rather abundant in the lowlands.
BLACK-WINGED PARROT (Hapalopsittaca melanotis) – Four flew overhead while we were looking for Rufous-faced Antpitta along the Corani pipeline road.
SCALY-HEADED PARROT (Pionus maximiliani) – A few seen over the trail at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens.
SPECKLE-FACED PARROT (PLUM-CROWNED) (Pionus tumultuosus tumultuosus) – A few flyovers at Miguelito.
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus) – Some seen around Lomas de Arena and Refugio los Volcanes.
TURQUOISE-FRONTED PARROT (Amazona aestiva) – Fairly common in the lowlands. We had nice views at Refugio los Volcanes.
SCALY-NAPED PARROT (Amazona mercenarius)
BLUE-WINGED PARROTLET (Forpus xanthopterygius)
GREEN-CHEEKED PARAKEET (Pyrrhura molinae) – Several flocks seen around Refugio los Volcanes and the lower section of Coroico Road. They were feeding in pink flowers.
DUSKY-HEADED PARAKEET (Aratinga weddellii)
MILITARY MACAW (Ara militaris) – One of the highlights of the tour! They were foraging on Erythrina blossoms right around the lodge at Refugio los Volcanes. These majestic psittacids occur all the way up into Northern Mexico.
RED-FRONTED MACAW (Ara rubrogenys) – Endemic! We had distant views of a flock in flight at the Rio Mizque overlook. We then drove down to the river and closer views of a pair perched in the shade of a tall tree thanks to Carlos who spotted them. [E]
CHESTNUT-FRONTED MACAW (Ara severus)
BLUE-CROWNED PARAKEET (BLUE-CROWNED) (Thectocercus acuticaudatus acuticaudatus) – Several flocks seen on our drive from Saipina to Comarapa. These have brighter blue heads and pinker orbital skin compared to those of the lowlands around Santa Cruz.
BLUE-CROWNED PARAKEET (HIGHLAND) (Thectocercus acuticaudatus neumanni) – We had particularly good views at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens.
MITRED PARAKEET (Psittacara mitratus) – There's an introduced flock that roosts at the Hotel Camino Real in Santa Cruz. We also saw wild ones at Refugio los Volcanes.
WHITE-EYED PARAKEET (Psittacara leucophthalmus)


Participant Jose Padilla-Lopez nailed this Giant Antshrike as it peered through the vegetation outside of Comarapa.

Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
GIANT ANTSHRIKE (Batara cinerea) – Far and away the top bird of the tour for most of us. We heard it calling from way up a gully and waited 10 minutes for it to show up. Bam! What a bird!
GREAT ANTSHRIKE (Taraba major) – Fairly common around Santa Cruz. We saw some at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens.
BARRED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus doliatus)
RUFOUS-CAPPED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus ruficapillus)
CHESTNUT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus palliatus) – Seen along the road to Laguna Volcan.
BOLIVIAN SLATY-ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus sticturus) – We called in a pair in the gallery forest along the Rio Pirai.
VARIABLE ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus caerulescens) – We had a few around Comarapa in the dry forest and in the Yungas along the Corani Pipeline Road.
UPLAND ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus aroyae) – Male and female seen along the lower Coroico Road.
PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis) – We saw a few along the road to Refugio los Volcanes.
STRIPE-CHESTED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula longicauda) – We saw this tiny antwren along the lower Coroico road. It's closest relative, the Klages's Antwren, lives on river islands in the Amazon Basin.
BLACK-CAPPED ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus atricapillus) – Common in the canopy at Refugio los Volcanes.
RUSTY-BACKED ANTWREN (Formicivora rufa) – Sweet! We had nice views of a female wagging her tail from side to side along the road at Lomas de Arena.
WHITE-BACKED FIRE-EYE (Pyriglena leuconota) – We had several at an ant swarm on the way up to Laguna Volcan. Quite a skulker.
Melanopareiidae (Crescentchests)
OLIVE-CROWNED CRESCENTCHEST (Melanopareia maximiliani) – Fabulous bird! We saw one in some low scrubby habitat at Pampa Grande.
Conopophagidae (Gnateaters)
SLATY GNATEATER (Conopophaga ardesiaca) – Fantastic! We had great looks at this spunky gnateater as it hopped around from trunk to trunk in the understory of Refugio los Volcanes.
Grallariidae (Antpittas)
RUFOUS ANTPITTA (BOLIVIAN) (Grallaria rufula cochabambae) – At treeline along the Corani Reservoir road.
RUFOUS-FACED ANTPITTA (Grallaria erythrotis) – Another Bolivian endemic! We had fair looks along the Corani pipeline road. [E]
OCHRE-BREASTED ANTPITTA (Grallaricula flavirostris boliviana) – We got very close to this invisible species along the side road at Miguelito. [*]
Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)
TRILLING TAPACULO (Scytalopus parvirostris) – Like all other tapaculos, heard more often than seen. We managed some fine views along the road at Empalme.
BOLIVIAN TAPACULO (Scytalopus bolivianus) – Our first Scytalopus of the tour! We watched this spunky skulker sneak through moss and ferns in a gully at Refugio los Volcanes.
PUNA TAPACULO (Scytalopus simonsi) – The highest elevation Tapaculo in Bolivia. We called one out of the moss at the Corani Reservoir road.
DIADEMED TAPACULO (Scytalopus schulenbergi) – This species was discovered by Bret Whitney while he was relieving himself behind a gas station at Cotapata back in 1993. We confirmed that the birds are still there! Unlike other Tapaculos in Bolivia, this species has a frosty eyebrow.
Formicariidae (Antthrushes)
SHORT-TAILED ANTTHRUSH (Chamaeza campanisona) – We had fabulous scope views of a pair at Refugio los Volcanes. One of them even climbed up into a tree to sing.
BARRED ANTTHRUSH (Chamaeza mollissima) – That's something you don't see every day! We had scope views of one singing in the dense understory along the Churo Alto Road. Fabulous bird and fabulous song!
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
SLENDER-BILLED MINER (Geositta tenuirostris) – A couple on the upper slopes of Cerro Tunari.
COMMON MINER (ALTIPLANO) (Geositta cunicularia titicacae) – Also present on Cerro Tunari.
OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (AMAZONIAN) (Sittasomus griseicapillus viridis) – We watched one right off the trail at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens. We also saw one near the RIo Selva Resort.
BLACK-BANDED WOODCREEPER (Dendrocolaptes picumnus) – Seen at Refugio los Volcanes.
STRONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER (ANDEAN/NORTHERN) (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus lineatocephalus) – Seen in the Yungas of Siberia.
OCELLATED WOODCREEPER (TSCHUDI'S) (Xiphorhynchus ocellatus brevirostris) – We saw a pair at dusk along the road to Refugio los Volcanes. This Yungas type will soon be split as a separate species.
BUFF-THROATED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus guttatus) – We had nice views of one at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens.
OLIVE-BACKED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus triangularis bangsi) – There were 3 foraging on mossy branches at Miguelito.
STRAIGHT-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Dendroplex picus) – Fairly common around Santa Cruz. This species feeds primarily by pecking at twigs and branches much like a woodpecker.
NARROW-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes angustirostris) – Common in the open countryside around Santa Cruz. We had particularly good views at Lomas de Arena.
MONTANE WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger) – This rather diminutive woodcreeper showed up along the Corani pipeline road.
ROCK EARTHCREEPER (Ochetorhynchus andaecola) – Seen in the dry scrub on the slopes of Cerro Tunari.


We had fun watching this Bolivian Earthcreeper in the desert around Comarapa. Photo by participant Jose Padilla-Lopez.

BOLIVIAN EARTHCREEPER (Tarphonomus harterti) – Yay, another Bolivian endemic! We had our best views at the lake outside of Comarapa. This bird is much like a Canyon Wren in size and shape. [E]
RUFOUS HORNERO (Furnarius rufus) – One of the most ubiquitous birds of the trip (at least in the dry areas). Often seen strutting on the ground.
SHARP-TAILED STREAMCREEPER (Lochmias nematura) – Wow, this was unexpected! Dan heard it vocalizing down by the river near the Rio Selva Resort. We were able to call it out into the open from across the river using my loud speaker.
WREN-LIKE RUSHBIRD (Phleocryptes melanops) – Common in the reeds at Laguna Alalay.
CREAM-WINGED CINCLODES (Cinclodes albiventris albiventris) – The common "generalist cinclodes" at the high elevations.
WHITE-WINGED CINCLODES (Cinclodes atacamensis) – Restricted to high-elevation streams. We saw a few on our way up Cerro Tunari.
MONTANE FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia striaticollis) – We saw a pair working the high canopy of the Yungas at Miguelito.
BUFF-BROWED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Syndactyla rufosuperciliata) – Quite vocal, but it just wouldn't show itself in the bamboo at Miguelito. [*]
STRIPED TREEHUNTER (Thripadectes holostictus) – Heard in the bamboo at the Churo Alto Road. [*]
SPOTTED BARBTAIL (Premnoplex brunnescens) – A distinctive little ovenbird of the humid slope of the Andes. We saw this one at Miguelito.
PEARLED TREERUNNER (Margarornis squamiger squamiger) – What a stunner! We saw a few along the road at the Corani pipeline road.
BROWN-CAPPED TIT-SPINETAIL (Leptasthenura fuliginiceps) – We saw a few along the lower slopes of Cerro Tunari.
TAWNY TIT-SPINETAIL (Leptasthenura yanacensis) – This Polylepis specialist was seen on the way up Cerro Tunari.
RUFOUS-FRONTED THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus rufifrons) – The common thornbird around Santa Cruz. We watched three building a nest at Lomas de Arena.
STREAK-FRONTED THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus striaticeps) – A few seen in the dry inter-Andean scrub on the road to Comarapa.
SPOT-BREASTED THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus maculipectus) – Great view at Siberia on our drive to Cochabamba.
GREATER THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus ruber) – We saw one early on at Lomas de Arena.
CREAMY-BREASTED CANASTERO (CREAMY-BREASTED) (Asthenes dorbignyi dorbignyi) – Common in the dry scrub around Cochabamba.
BERLEPSCH'S CANASTERO (Asthenes berlepschi) – This was probably the most range-restricted bird of the tour. They only occur in a single valley around the town of Sorrata. [E]
SCRIBBLE-TAILED CANASTERO (Asthenes maculicauda) – What a great name! We managed some nice views at Pongo in the high elevation Ichu bunch grass.
CORDILLERAN CANASTERO (Asthenes modesta) – We watched a pair moving in fast forward along the shore of Lago Morochata atop Cerro Tunari.
BLACK-THROATED THISTLETAIL (Asthenes harterti) – Seen in a thicket at tree line along the Corani Pipeline road. [E]
MAQUIS CANASTERO (Asthenes heterura) – In the thorn scrub along the slopes of Cerro Tunari.
LIGHT-CROWNED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca albiceps) – Seen in the Yungas at Siberia and the Corani pipeline road. Often stays low in the undergrowth.
STRIPE-CROWNED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca pyrrhophia) – The common Cranioleuca of the dry inter-Andean valleys. We saw them every day around Comarapa.
CHOTOY SPINETAIL (Schoeniophylax phryganophilus) – We called in a pair along the dirt road at the Viru Viru airport.
OCHRE-CHEEKED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis scutata) – We had one in the bamboo at Refugio los Volcanes.
PLAIN-CROWNED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis gujanensis certhiola)
PALE-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis albescens)
SOOTY-FRONTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis frontalis)
AZARA'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis azarae) – Commonly heard in dense vegetation in the Yungas. We saw a pair in the bamboo at Miguelito.


Participant Becky Hansen photographed this Golden-browed Chat-Tyrant in the Yungas of Siberia.

Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
SOUTHERN BEARDLESS-TYRANNULET (SOUTHERN) (Camptostoma obsoletum bolivianum)
SUIRIRI FLYCATCHER (Suiriri suiriri suiriri) – Seen at Lomas de Arena.
BUFF-BANDED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus hellmayri) – We saw this rather dapper tyrannulet at Siberia and along the Corani pipeline road.
WHITE-THROATED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus leucophrys) – Great looks at treeline along the Corani Reservoir road.
YELLOW-BILLED TIT-TYRANT (Anairetes flavirostris) – A few seen in the dry Andean scrub on the way up Cerro Tunari.
TUFTED TIT-TYRANT (Anairetes parulus) – Also seen on the way up Cerro Tunari.
MOUSE-COLORED TYRANNULET (Phaeomyias murina) – Seen in the riparian area at Tambo outside of Comarapa.
YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster) – A few were in the low scrub at Lomas de Arena.
WHITE-CRESTED ELAENIA (Elaenia albiceps)
MOTTLE-BACKED ELAENIA (Elaenia gigas) [*]
HIGHLAND ELAENIA (HIGHLAND) (Elaenia obscura obscura) – Good views of this rather large elaenia at Empalme, Siberia.
SIERRAN ELAENIA (Elaenia pallatangae)
TORRENT TYRANNULET (Serpophaga cinerea)
WHITE-BELLIED TYRANNULET (Serpophaga munda) – Fairly common in the arid scrub around Comarapa.
STRANECK'S TYRANNULET (Serpophaga griseicapilla)
STREAK-NECKED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes striaticollis) – This handsom Mionectes was in the lush Yungas at Miguelito.
SEPIA-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon amaurocephalus) [*]
SLATY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (ALBIDIVENTRIS) (Leptopogon superciliaris albidiventer) – Looks a lot like a Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant. We saw this species at various locations in the lower Yungas.
MARBLE-FACED BRISTLE-TYRANT (Phylloscartes ophthalmicus ottonis)
MOTTLE-CHEEKED TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes ventralis)
ROUGH-LEGGED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias burmeisteri) – We were surprised to find this tyrannulet with bumpy tarsi at Refugio los Volcanes.
SCLATER'S TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias sclateri) – Dan called them in at Refugio los Volcanes.
BOLIVIAN TYRANNULET (Zimmerius bolivianus) – The common Zimmerius of the Bolivian Yungas. Birds in this genus tend to perch in the canopy with tails cocked up.
SOUTHERN SCRUB-FLYCATCHER (Sublegatus modestus)
PLAIN TYRANNULET (Inezia inornata) – We encountered these regularly around Santa Cruz.
MANY-COLORED RUSH TYRANT (Tachuris rubrigastra) – This dazzling little tyrant was seen in the marshes of Laguna Alalay.
TAWNY-CROWNED PYGMY-TYRANT (Euscarthmus meloryphus) [*]
GREATER WAGTAIL-TYRANT (Stigmatura budytoides) – Common in arid scrub around Comarapa. We had fabulous views of them ....
YUNGAS TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus spodiops) – Heard in the bamboo around Miguelito. [*]
PEARLY-VENTED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer) – One was hopping around in the low shrubs at Lomas de Arena. We also saw one at Refugio los Volcanes.
OCHRE-FACED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps) – We had a few glimpses of a bird in the bamboo at Miguelito.
YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (MATO GROSSO) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens pallescens)
CINNAMON FLYCATCHER (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus) – A regular sight along the old Coroico Road.
CLIFF FLYCATCHER (SWALLOW) (Hirundinea ferruginea bellicosa) – We drove right up to one that was at the edge of the Mizque River near Saipina.


Brown-crested Flycatchers occur in the arid inter-Andean valleys of Bolivia. Guide Dan Lane photographed this one outside of Comarapa.

UNADORNED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus inornatus) – What a stunner!
BRAN-COLORED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus fasciatus)
SMOKE-COLORED PEWEE (Contopus fumigatus) – We saw one from about a mile away on the Corani pipeline road.
WESTERN WOOD-PEWEE (Contopus sordidulus) – After much debate we decided that the pewee we saw on the road to Coroico was a Western based on the length of the primaries.
BLACK PHOEBE (WHITE-WINGED) (Sayornis nigricans latirostris)
VERMILION FLYCATCHER (AUSTRAL) (Pyrocephalus rubinus rubinus)
ANDEAN NEGRITO (Lessonia oreas) – One ran along the lake shore at La Cumbre presumably after the flies that were buzzing around.
PLUMBEOUS BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus cabanisi)
WHITE-WINGED BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus aterrimus) – Seen regularly around Comarapa. We saw a male doing a flight display consisting of an aerial somersault. Pretty neat.
TACZANOWSKI'S GROUND-TYRANT (Muscisaxicola griseus) – Several seen running around the high puna on Cerro Tunari.
WHITE-FRONTED GROUND-TYRANT (Muscisaxicola albifrons) – Scope views of a few up on a cliff at La Cumbre. This is the largest Ground-Tyrant in Bolivia.
OCHRE-NAPED GROUND-TYRANT (Muscisaxicola flavinucha) – Two were seen on puna slopes of Cerro Tunari.
WHITE-BROWED GROUND-TYRANT (Muscisaxicola albilora)
CINNAMON-BELLIED GROUND-TYRANT (Muscisaxicola capistratus) – We saw one on the slopes of Cerro Tunari.
STREAK-THROATED BUSH-TYRANT (Myiotheretes striaticollis) – We came across a few in semi-humid scrub around Cochabamba and La Paz.
RUFOUS-BELLIED BUSH-TYRANT (Myiotheretes fuscorufus) – Great looks along the old Coroico Road.
RUFOUS-WEBBED BUSH-TYRANT (Polioxolmis rufipennis)
CROWNED CHAT-TYRANT (KALINOWSKI'S) (Ochthoeca frontalis boliviana) – We saw one along the humid slope on near Chuspipata.
GOLDEN-BROWED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca pulchella) – Much like Crowned, but yellow extends back beyond the eye. We had fabulous looks at Siberia and along the Corani pipeline road.
RUFOUS-BREASTED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca rufipectoralis) – Fairly common along the humid slopes of Cochabamba.
BROWN-BACKED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca fumicolor) – At tree line along the Corani Reservoir road.
D'ORBIGNY'S CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca oenanthoides) – We saw this one near Pongo in the dry high elevation puna. Much like Brown-backed but without the buffy wing bars.
WHITE-BROWED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca leucophrys) – We saw one along the road up Cerro Tunari just past our breakfast spot.
RUFOUS CASIORNIS (Casiornis rufus) – Great looks at one at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens.
DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer) – One seen in the humid forest of Miguelito.
SHORT-CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus ferox)
BROWN-CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tyrannulus) – A few seen in the desert around Comarapa.
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)
RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)
PIRATIC FLYCATCHER (Legatus leucophaius) – A few were along around the Rio Selva Resort. These flycatchers get their name because they rob nests from other birds.
VARIEGATED FLYCATCHER (Empidonomus varius) – Similar to Piratic but with a slightly longer bill. We saw these too around the Rio Selva Resort.
CROWNED SLATY FLYCATCHER (Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus) – It was great to see this bird on its breeding grounds in the desert of Comarapa. It's amazing to think that this species winters in the Amazon.
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)
FORK-TAILED FLYCATCHER (Tyrannus savana) – A few of these Austral migrants were present in Lomas de Arena.
Cotingidae (Cotingas)
BAND-TAILED FRUITEATER (Pipreola intermedia) – Fantastic! We had great looks at several adults and a fledgling in the cloud forest along the Corani pipeline road.
WHITE-TIPPED PLANTCUTTER (Phytotoma rutila) – We encountered several around Comarapa. They have a particularly unmusical scratchy voice.


Chestnut-crested Cotingas are a rare sight in the humid montane forests of Bolivia. The males will perform an elaborate flight display from the tree tops. We saw this one on our way up the old Coroico Road. Photo by guide Micah Riegner.

RED-CRESTED COTINGA (Ampelion rubrocristatus) – At tree line along the Corani reservoir road and at Siberia on the way to Cochabamba.
CHESTNUT-CRESTED COTINGA (Ampelion rufaxilla) – Holy smokes what a bird! We had excellent views of this boldly patterned cotinga while we were ascending the old Coroico Road.
ANDEAN COCK-OF-THE-ROCK (Rupicola peruvianus) – A female darted through the parking lot while we were birding at Rio Selva Resort.
SCIMITAR-WINGED PIHA (Lipaugus uropygialis) – Score! We had great studies of this poorly-known Piha of humid montane forest. Its modified primaries are used in a flight display, but much of it's ecology and behavior remains mysterious. The species is vulnerable due to habitat loss in its narrow elevation belt in southern Peru and northern Bolivia. We were extremely fortunate to have seen this mythical bird.
Pipridae (Manakins)
YUNGAS MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia boliviana) – After several frustrating attempts to lay eyes on some singing males, we bumped into a group that were at a lek! They were bouncing around in a small clearing at Refugio los Volcanes. We also heard them at Miguelito.
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
MASKED TITYRA (Tityra semifasciata)
WHITE-NAPED XENOPSARIS (Xenopsaris albinucha) – Wow! We weren't expecting one of these! One came in to pygmy owl scold tape while we were birding at Lomas de Arena. This was one of Dan's highlights of the tour!
BARRED BECARD (Pachyramphus versicolor)
Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)
RUFOUS-BROWED PEPPERSHRIKE (Cyclarhis gujanensis)
BROWN-CAPPED VIREO (Vireo leucophrys) [*]
RED-EYED VIREO (Vireo olivaceus)
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
WHITE-COLLARED JAY (Cyanolyca viridicyanus) – Yes! This was a bird I was hoping to see! We had an extremely obliging individual in the cloud forest along the old Coroico road.
GREEN JAY (Cyanocorax yncas) – We had fine views of these handsome jays in the bromeliad-covered forest at Miguelito.
PURPLISH JAY (Cyanocorax cyanomelas) – Common in the lowlands.
PLUSH-CRESTED JAY (Cyanocorax chrysops) – What a stunning bird! We watched them around the clearing at Refugio los Volcanes.
Hirundinidae (Swallows)
BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)
TAWNY-HEADED SWALLOW (Alopochelidon fucata) – A flock flew through while we were driving along the road back to Comarapa.
PALE-FOOTED SWALLOW (Orochelidon flavipes) – Fairly common in the Yungas. We had particularly good views of them landing on wires along the Corani pipeline road. We could even see their pale feet!
BROWN-BELLIED SWALLOW (Orochelidon murina) – A small flock circled about at treeline along the Corani Reservoir road.
ANDEAN SWALLOW (Orochelidon andecola)
WHITE-RUMPED SWALLOW (Tachycineta leucorrhoa) – Circling over Laguna Alalay.
BANK SWALLOW (Riparia riparia) – Also at Laguna Alalay.
BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica)
CLIFF SWALLOW (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)
Troglodytidae (Wrens)
HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon) – Seen every single day of the tour. Perhaps the most widespread bird in the Americas.
MOUNTAIN WREN (Troglodytes solstitialis) – Heard more often than seen. We were able to see one in a mixed feeding flock along the Corani pipeline road.
THRUSH-LIKE WREN (Campylorhynchus turdinus unicolor)
MOUSTACHED WREN (Pheugopedius genibarbis) – Common in the forests at Refugio los Volcanes.
FAWN-BREASTED WREN (Cantorchilus guarayanus)
FULVOUS WREN (Cinnycerthia fulva) – We encountered a very vocal family group at the Churo Alto Road.
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucophrys) – The theme song of the lower Yungas. We had close views at Miguelito.
Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)
MASKED GNATCATCHER (Polioptila dumicola saturata) – The common gnatcatcher in the lowlands of Bolivia. We saw several around Comarapa and Santa Cruz.
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
ANDEAN SOLITAIRE (RALLOIDES) (Myadestes ralloides ralloides) – After several attempts to bring it out, it finally showed itself along the Coroico Road.
SLATY-BACKED NIGHTINGALE-THRUSH (Catharus fuscater) – We heard one calling from a deep gorge along the old Coroico Road. [*]
SPOTTED NIGHTINGALE-THRUSH (Catharus dryas) – Heard along the Corani pipeline road. [*]
WHITE-EARED SOLITAIRE (Entomodestes leucotis) – Heard throughout the Yungas. They just wouldn't come out. [*]
PALE-EYED THRUSH (Turdus leucops) – Woohoo! We called one out into view along the old Coroico Road. These rare thrushes will incorporate other bird songs into their repertoire much like the Lawrence's Thrush of Amazonia.
PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)


White-collared Jays have a wild assortment of vocalizations, some of which sound like they came right out of Star Wars. This bird was photographed by Jose Padilla-Lopez along the old Coroico Road.

RUFOUS-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus rufiventris) – A few seen in the vicinity of Comarapa.
CREAMY-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus amaurochalinus) – Common in the lowlands. Often wags the tail after it lands.
SLATY THRUSH (Turdus nigriceps) – Great views at a pull-out along the road to Cochabamba.
GREAT THRUSH (Turdus fuscater fuscater) – We saw quite a few in the Yungas.
CHIGUANCO THRUSH (ANTHRACINUS) (Turdus chiguanco anthracinus) – Common in the arid Andean scrub around Cochabamba and La Paz.
GLOSSY-BLACK THRUSH (Turdus serranus) – We saw one singing in the chilly morning at the Corani pipeline road.
WHITE-NECKED THRUSH (RUFOUS-FLANKED) (Turdus albicollis contemptus) – Seen along the road to Refugio los Volcanes as we were leaving the reserve.
Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)
CHALK-BROWED MOCKINGBIRD (Mimus saturninus)
WHITE-BANDED MOCKINGBIRD (Mimus triurus) – At Lomas de Arena.
BROWN-BACKED MOCKINGBIRD (Mimus dorsalis) – We pulled off the road to see this rather scarce mockingbird around Cochabamba.
Motacillidae (Wagtails and Pipits)
SHORT-BILLED PIPIT (Anthus furcatus) – We had fabulous studies of them in the dry puna outside of La Paz. They were singing from rock piles and doing flight displays overhead.
CORRENDERA PIPIT (Anthus correndera) – We were able to track one down in the wet puna outside La Paz. It flew in and did a flight display right over us.
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi) – Abundant in the lowlands. They would often come into pygmy owl scold tape.
GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (Basileuterus culicivorus)
THREE-STRIPED WARBLER (BOLIVIAN) (Basileuterus tristriatus punctipectus) – Our first bird at Miguelito. They were in a feeding flock moving through the bamboo.
PALE-LEGGED WARBLER (Myiothlypis signata)
TWO-BANDED WARBLER (Myiothlypis bivittata) – Fairly common at Refugio los Volcanes.
SLATE-THROATED REDSTART (Myioborus miniatus) – The common redstart at Refugio los Volcanes.
BROWN-CAPPED REDSTART (Myioborus brunniceps) – The most common redstart encountered on the tour. We had them throughout Comarapa and Cochabamba.
SPECTACLED REDSTART (Myioborus melanocephalus) – Nest building long the Corani pipeline road.
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
RED-CRESTED CARDINAL (Paroaria coronata) – Dozens around Lomas de Arena.
MAGPIE TANAGER (Cissopis leverianus) – A small flock came through at Miguelito. These are an indicator of degraded forest.
HOODED TANAGER (Nemosia pileata)
ORANGE-BROWED HEMISPINGUS (Kleinothraupis calophrys) – Very cool! We had close views of this range-restricted hemispingus along the old Coroico road. What a stunner!
BLACK-EARED HEMISPINGUS (BLACK-EARED) (Sphenopsis melanotis castaneicollis) – Two in a feeding flock at Miguelito.
RUST-AND-YELLOW TANAGER (Thlypopsis ruficeps)
RUSTY-BROWED WARBLING-FINCH (Microspingus erythrophrys) – This was an unexpected bonus. Great views at Siberia on our way to Cochabamba.
RINGED WARBLING-FINCH (Microspingus torquatus) – Common in the dry valleys around Comarapa and Cochabamba.
BLACK-CAPPED WARBLING-FINCH (Microspingus melanoleucus) – This cool-looking warbling-finch was common around Comarapa. It sounds a lot like the North American Bushtit.
BLACK-GOGGLED TANAGER (Trichothraupis melanops) – Fabulous bird! We encountered it a couple times along the main road at Refugio los Volcanes.
SILVER-BEAKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus carbo)
HOODED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Buthraupis montana montana) – A flock of over 20 individuals flew over us in at the start of the "Death Road." Mountain-tanagers forage by reaching under mossy branches for arthropods and other critters.
SCARLET-BELLIED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus igniventris) – This large tanager showed well at tree line along the Corani reservoir road.
BLUE-WINGED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (BOLIVIAN) (Anisognathus somptuosus flavinucha) – Wow, that's some extreme color!
CHESTNUT-BELLIED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Dubusia castaneoventris) – One flew in and sang atop a bare branch for about 5 minutes along the Corani pipeline road.
RUFOUS-BELLIED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Pseudosaltator rufiventris) – Eating plants on the ground at Cerro Tunari. This bird was previously considered a Saltator.
FAWN-BREASTED TANAGER (Pipraeidea melanonota)
BLUE-AND-YELLOW TANAGER (Pipraeidea bonariensis) – Abundant in the dry valleys throughout the tour.
SAYACA TANAGER (Thraupis sayaca)
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
BLUE-CAPPED TANAGER (Thraupis cyanocephala) – We saw a few in the Yungas.
GREEN-THROATED TANAGER (Tangara argyrofenges) – In a feeding flock at Miguelito. This distinctive tanager occurs in Bolivia and in northern Peru.
BLUE-AND-BLACK TANAGER (SPOT-BELLIED) (Tangara vassorii atrocoerulea)
BERYL-SPANGLED TANAGER (Tangara nigroviridis)
BLUE-BROWED TANAGER (Tangara cyanotis) – We saw one in a canopy flock at Refugio los Volcanes.


Micah's watercolor studies of Spot-breasted Thornbird based on videos from the tour.

SAFFRON-CROWNED TANAGER (Tangara xanthocephala) – Gorgeous bird! We encountered a few in the canopy flocks at Miguelito.


Some pages from Micah's sketchbook. The landscapes were done at Refugio los Volcanes and the Red-crested Finch was outside of Coroico.

SWALLOW TANAGER (Tersina viridis) – We found a "colony" along the lower Coroico Road.
BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)
GUIRA TANAGER (Hemithraupis guira)
CHESTNUT-VENTED CONEBILL (Conirostrum speciosum)
GIANT CONEBILL (Conirostrum binghami) – Dang! So cool! We found this nuthatch-like conebill in the Polylepis at Cerro Tunari.
WHITE-BROWED CONEBILL (Conirostrum ferrugineiventre) – Two of these high-elevation conebills appeared along the Corani reservoir road.
BLUE-BACKED CONEBILL (Conirostrum sitticolor) – We saw one at the Churo Alto road.
CAPPED CONEBILL (Conirostrum albifrons)
BLACK-THROATED FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa brunneiventris) – In the dry habitat near Tambo.
GRAY-BELLIED FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa carbonaria) – This endemic flowerpiercer is common throughout Cochabamba. [E]
RUSTY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa sittoides)
MASKED FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa cyanea)
BLACK-HOODED SIERRA-FINCH (Phrygilus atriceps) – We had these on the slopes of Cerro Tunari.
PERUVIAN SIERRA-FINCH (Phrygilus punensis) – A few were in the dry habitat near Pongo on the way down from La Cumbre.
BAND-TAILED SIERRA-FINCH (Phrygilus alaudinus) – Several were out in the dry puna outside La Paz. They were perched on low shrubs.
WHITE-WINGED DIUCA-FINCH (Idiopsar speculifer) – Several at Cerro Tunari and a few at La Cumbre. These finches are some of the highest elevation breeders on the planet. They have been recorded nesting on ice above 3500 m. How cool is that!?
PLUMBEOUS SIERRA-FINCH (Geospizopsis unicolor) – Singing at tree line along the Corani reservoir road.
ASH-BREASTED SIERRA-FINCH (Geospizopsis plebejus)
GRAY-CRESTED FINCH (Lophospingus griseocristatus) – Common in the desert around Comarapa. Often seen right a long the road.
BOLIVIAN WARBLING-FINCH (Poospiza boliviana) – A few in the flock at Pampa Grande.
RUFOUS-SIDED WARBLING-FINCH (Poospiza hypochondria) – Also in the flock at Pampa Grande.
BLACK-AND-RUFOUS WARBLING-FINCH (BLACK-AND-CHESTNUT) (Poospiza nigrorufa whitii) – One of the more striking of warbling-finches. There was at least one in the flock at Pampa Grande.
COCHABAMBA MOUNTAIN-FINCH (Poospiza garleppi) – Sweet! We had superb looks at this endangered finch on our way up Cerro Tunari. [E]
BRIGHT-RUMPED YELLOW-FINCH (Sicalis uropygialis) – There was a small flock feeding on the lower slopes of Cerro Tunari.
GREENISH YELLOW-FINCH (Sicalis olivascens) – We saw one in the high puna of Cerro Tunari.
SAFFRON FINCH (PELZEN'S) (Sicalis flaveola pelzelni) – Common in the lowlands.
GRASSLAND YELLOW-FINCH (Sicalis luteola)
WEDGE-TAILED GRASS-FINCH (Emberizoides herbicola) – Some were out in the grass outside the Viru Viru Airport.
GREAT PAMPA-FINCH (WESTERN) (Embernagra platensis olivascens) – We had fabulous looks at this stunning finch strutting around at Pampa Grande.
BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)
WHITE-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila leucoptera bicolor)
DOUBLE-COLLARED SEEDEATER (Sporophila caerulescens)
BAND-TAILED SEEDEATER (Catamenia analis) – In the high Andean Scrub around Cochabamba and La Paz.
PLAIN-COLORED SEEDEATER (Catamenia inornata) – We had good views at our pizza lunch spot on the road to Sorata.
RED-CRESTED FINCH (Coryphospingus cucullatus) – What a cool bird! They often came in to pygmy owl scold tape around Comarapa. We also had one on the way out of Rio Selva Resort.
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
GRAYISH SALTATOR (Saltator coerulescens)
GOLDEN-BILLED SALTATOR (Saltator aurantiirostris) – One of the most common birds in the dry habitats throughout the tour.
Passerellidae (New World Buntings and Sparrows)
SHORT-BILLED CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus parvirostris)
COMMON CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus flavopectus) – Common in the Yungas. We saw the bolivianus form along the Coroico Road.
GRASSLAND SPARROW (Ammodramus humeralis)
SAFFRON-BILLED SPARROW (Arremon flavirostris) – We followed a pair on our way out of Refugio los Volcanes in some of the dry habitat along the road.
RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)
BOLIVIAN BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes rufinucha) – We bumped into this bird a few times while birding in the Yungas. [E]
FULVOUS-HEADED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes fulviceps) – We saw this handsome brushfinch right before breakfast along the slope of Cerro Tunari.
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
HEPATIC TANAGER (Piranga flava) – Perched on a cactus at the Rio Mizque overlook.
WHITE-WINGED TANAGER (Piranga leucoptera) – Fine views of both male and female along the road at Refugio los Volcanes.
BLACK-BACKED GROSBEAK (Pheucticus aureoventris) – Fairly common throughout the lowlands. We even had one at the Corani pipeline road at 2600 m.
ULTRAMARINE GROSBEAK (Cyanoloxia brissonii) – We had great looks at both male and female along the road to Comarapa.
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
RUSSET-BACKED OROPENDOLA (RUSSET-BACKED) (Psarocolius angustifrons alfredi) – A few were around the parking lot at Rio Selva Resort.
DUSKY-GREEN OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius atrovirens) – The common Oropendola around Refugio los Volcanes.
CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus) – We had great views of one feeding in the Erythrina flowers at Refugio los Volcanes.
YELLOW-RUMPED CACIQUE (Cacicus cela)
VARIABLE ORIOLE (CHESTNUT-SHOULDERED) (Icterus pyrrhopterus pyrrhopterus) – Common around Comarapa and Santa Cruz.
ORANGE-BACKED TROUPIAL (Icterus croconotus)
SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)
GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus)
CHOPI BLACKBIRD (Gnorimopsar chopi) – Common around Santa Cruz.
BOLIVIAN BLACKBIRD (Oreopsar bolivianus) – We saw a few on our way up Cerro Tunari. [E]
GRAYISH BAYWING (Agelaioides badius) – Common in the agricultural fields throughout the tour. These Baywings are the primary host for the parasitic Screaming Cowbird.
YELLOW-WINGED BLACKBIRD (Agelasticus thilius) – We saw several in the reed beds around Lake Titicaca.
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
BLUE-NAPED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia cyanea) – We saw a female in the dry forest near Coroico.
PURPLE-THROATED EUPHONIA (Euphonia chlorotica)
BRONZE-GREEN EUPHONIA (Euphonia mesochrysa) – Seen along the road to Refugio los Volcanes.
YELLOW-BELLIED SISKIN (Spinus xanthogastrus)
HOODED SISKIN (Spinus magellanicus) – The common Siskin around Cochabamba.
BLACK SISKIN (Spinus atratus) – We saw a small flock near Pongo in the dry Andean Scrub and a few outside La Paz on our way to Titicaca. They were spectacular in flight.
Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)
HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus)

MAMMALS
BLACK-TAILED MARMOSET (Callithrix (Mico) melanura) – Heard in the gallery woodland along the Rio Pirai. [*]
AZARA'S NIGHT MONKEY (Aotus azarae) – We saw a few around Refugio los Volcanes.


Micah photographed this White-eared Titi Monkey along the Rio Pirai outside the city of Santa Cruz.

WHITE-EARED TITI MONKEY (Callicebus donacophilus) – What a cool primate! We heard them vocalizing along the Rio Pirai and had good views before they hopped back into the forest. Titi monkeys form family groups and often vocalize to maintain their territory.
BLACK HOWLER MONKEY (Alouatta caraya) – We saw a troop at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens. Males are black and females are blond.
BROWN CAPUCHIN (Cebus apella) – We saw a few at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens and some in the forest surrounding Laguna Volcan. One was trying to open a seed pod by smashing it on the branch.
BROWN-THROATED THREE-TOED SLOTH (Bradypus variegatus) – We found one tucked up in a vine tangle in the gallery forest along the Rio Pirai.
CAPE HARE (Lepus capensis) – One bounded out in front of us in the dry puna outside La Paz. [I]
SOUTHERN AMAZON RED SQUIRREL (Sciurus spadiceus) – We flushed one at the Rio Pirai.
MONTANE GUINEA PIG (Cavia tschudii) – Also known as Cui, these rodents live in dry habitats throughout Bolivia. We had scope views from the road outside Comarapa.
PAMPAS FOX (Pseudalopex gymnocercus) – We saw one cross the road early in the morning at Lomas de Arenea.


ADDITIONAL COMMENTS

Parrot Snake (Leptophis sp.)--Crossed the road while we were birding the cloud forests of the old Coroico Road.

Margarita Toad (Rhinella margaritifera)- Seen in the creek at Refugio los Volcanes.


Totals for the tour: 492 bird taxa and 10 mammal taxa