A Field Guides Birding Tours Report

Colombia's Eastern Cordillera 2023

January 14-22, 2023 with Jesse Fagan & Ivan Lau guiding

Field Guides Birding Tours
What a group! Here we are at Chingaza NP and all smiles. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

After our llanos adventure, the group continued on to explore the highlands and foothills surrounding Bogota. This tour focused on several important birding sites found within a few hours drive (depending on traffic, of course) of the capital city. We strategically stayed at La Mesa, a small town near the sites of Chicaque and Pedro Palo, to avoid traffic and enjoy early morning birding. This really paid off for us. Before heading down into the lowlands near Villavicencio we made a stop at Sumapaz NP for some paramo birding. At Villavicencio, we tasted a little of the lower foothill and Amazon avifauna, an interesting mix, indeed. Finally, our last day saw us climbing back up towards Bogota, but not before making a stop at La Herreria for a famous and little known antpitta (can you guess which one?).

The birding highlights included that antipitta (Cundinamarca!), some folks also liked Rusty-breasted Antpitta at Tabacal, Blue-naped Chlorophonia, Speckled and Flame-faced tanagers, Long-tailed Sylph, and Pectoral Sparrow. But, the real winner was the endemic Green-bearded Helmetcrest seen at Sumapaz NP. Man, the hairdo and beard combo is just too much!

Thanks to this very fun group for being with me on the llanos + Bogota combo. It was a great time and we saw a bunch of birds (on this portion = 300 taxa). Let's do it again soon. Also, thanks to Ivan Lau, our local guide, for all of his knowledge and experience.

All the best,

—Jesse aka Motmot (from Marsh Harbour, Abaco Island, Bahamas)

One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Tinamidae (Tinamous)

LITTLE TINAMOU (Crypturellus soui) [*]

Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)

ANDEAN TEAL (Anas andium)

Both waterfowl here were seen on the big lake at Sumapaz NP. Not surprising considering their common names, but these are highland ducks.

ANDEAN DUCK (ANDINA) (Oxyura ferruginea andina)

Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)


A couple were visiting the feeders at Pacari Natural Reserve.

Field Guides Birding Tours
The foothills site of Chicaque NP protects a large patch of beautiful forest and lots of mixed-species flocks. Lovely shot by participant Linda Rudolph.
Podicipedidae (Grebes)

LEAST GREBE (Tachybaptus dominicus)

Several on the pond at Tabacal.

Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)

ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia) [I]

PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)

Seen in the lowlands around Villavicencio.

BAND-TAILED PIGEON (WHITE-NECKED) (Patagioenas fasciata albilinea)

Seen in the highlands around Bogota.

RUDDY GROUND DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)

WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)

GRAY-FRONTED DOVE (Leptotila rufaxilla) [*]

LINED QUAIL-DOVE (Zentrygon linearis) [*]

EARED DOVE (Zenaida auriculata)

Cuculidae (Cuckoos)

SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)

LITTLE CUCKOO (Coccycua minuta)

Always a tricky bird. We lucked out coming across a pair in the parking lot at Tabacal.

SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)

Apodidae (Swifts)

WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris)

FORK-TAILED PALM SWIFT (Tachornis squamata)

Several once we got in the lowlands near Villavicencio.

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)

GREEN HERMIT (Phaethornis guy)

Both large Phaethornis were in the forest at Tabacal.

PALE-BELLIED HERMIT (Phaethornis anthophilus)

STRIPE-THROATED HERMIT (Phaethornis striigularis)

This is the small hermit that was singing in the forest at Tabacal. It came in briefly to inspect us...it didn't like what it saw.

SPARKLING VIOLETEAR (Colibri coruscans)

LESSER VIOLETEAR (Colibri cyanotus)

BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis)

LONGUEMARE'S SUNANGEL (Heliangelus clarisse)

A split from the old Amethyst-throated Sunangel, this species is now a near CO endemic, found just over the border in Venezuela.

TOURMALINE SUNANGEL (Heliangelus exortis)

Seen well at Chicaque NP. This is one of the more striking species of the highland hummingbirds.

SPECKLED HUMMINGBIRD (Adelomyia melanogenys)

LONG-TAILED SYLPH (Aglaiocercus kingii)


This species was studied well at the Observatorio de Colibres feeders. The Green-tailed was seen briefly at Chingaza NP.


BRONZE-TAILED THORNBILL (Chalcostigma heteropogon)

Also a near-endemic hummingbird. This one is restricted to the highlands of the Eastern Cordillera. Seen in the scope at Chingaza NP.


Wow. It took us nearly the whole morning and there it was, right next to the van! This is a special endemic to Colombia, four species in the genus, and all very cool to look at. I love their hairdo.

Field Guides Birding Tours
Black-headed Hemispingus is a very good bird to see well. We had nice views and photographs of this species while birding Chingaza NP. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

TYRIAN METALTAIL (Metallura tyrianthina)

GLOWING PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis vestita)

COPPERY-BELLIED PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis cupreoventris)

Also, found in Venezuela, but this near-endemic limited range species was seen very well around Chingaza NP.

BLACK INCA (Coeligena prunellei) [E]

All too briefly at Pedro Palo.

COLLARED INCA (Coeligena torquata)


A real stunner. Seen visiting the feeders at Observatorio de Colibres.

GREAT SAPPHIREWING (Pterophanes cyanopterus)

Another real beauty of the Chingaza highlands. Second largest hummingbird.

WHITE-BOOTED RACKET-TAIL (Ocreatus underwoodii)

WHITE-BELLIED WOODSTAR (Chaetocercus mulsant)

This species and the next were visiting the feeders at Jardin Encantado.

GORGETED WOODSTAR (Chaetocercus heliodor)

Hard to believe, but this species is smaller than the previous. Also, it has a much smaller range.


CROWNED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania colombica)

The old "Violet-crowned" species, the individuals we saw at Pedro Palo had violet forecrowns.

FORK-TAILED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania furcata)

Similar to the previous species, but replaces it in the Amazonian lowlands and foothills. We saw one male at Bosque Bavaria.

INDIGO-CAPPED HUMMINGBIRD (Saucerottia cyanifrons) [E]

This endemic was seen well at Jardin Encantado.

GREEN-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD (Saucerottia viridigaster)

A near endemic found in the Eastern Cordillera and just over the border in VZ. Seen at the feeders during our lunch spot as we headed to Villavicencio.


ANDEAN EMERALD (Uranomitra franciae)

Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)

BOGOTA RAIL (Rallus semiplumbeus) [E]

Amazing looks at several close birds at Sumapaz. It took a bit, but they eventually decided to show for us.

AMERICAN COOT (Fulica americana columbiana)

Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)

SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)

Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)

NOBLE SNIPE (Gallinago nobilis)

Out in the open at Sumapaz. We scoped several from the roadside.

GREATER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa melanoleuca)

Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)

NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Nannopterum brasilianum)

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The highland paramo site of Sumapaz NP where we found the endemic helmetcrest. The taller bushes in this photo are Espeletia grandiflora plants. Photo by participant Suzi Cole.
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)

CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)

Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)

GREEN IBIS (Mesembrinibis cayennensis)

One was in the forest at Camana.

BARE-FACED IBIS (Phimosus infuscatus)

Cathartidae (New World Vultures)

BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)

TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)

Pandionidae (Osprey)

OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus)

Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)

WHITE-TAILED KITE (Elanus leucurus)

Seen a few times hunting (kiting) along the roads and fields outside of Bogota.

HOOK-BILLED KITE (Chondrohierax uncinatus)

A pair soared in and landed on a tree in front of our group at Pedro Palo. Good photo opps were had.

BLACK HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus tyrannus)

One was spotted soaring above us at Tabacal.

SOLITARY EAGLE (Buteogallus solitarius)

One was briefly seen for the few of us hiking near the top at La Herreria on our last morning.

ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)

WHITE-TAILED HAWK (Geranoaetus albicaudatus)

It has a wide ranging distribution, but in South America this species can be quite localized. One was seen on the drive outside of Bogota.

BLACK-CHESTED BUZZARD-EAGLE (Geranoaetus melanoleucus)

Seen at Sumapaz NP in the highlands.

BROAD-WINGED HAWK (Buteo platypterus)

Strigidae (Owls)

TROPICAL SCREECH-OWL (Megascops choliba)

Several in the evening around our hotel at La Mesa.

ANDEAN PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium jardinii)

Excellent scope views of a rufous morph at Chingaza NP.

BLACK-AND-WHITE OWL (Strix nigrolineata)

It was a lot of fun calling up a pair near our hotel in Villavicencio.

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Not a great shot, but definitely a cool bird. This is the endemic Green-bearded Helmetcrest that we saw at Sumapaz NP. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.
Trogonidae (Trogons)

GREEN-BACKED TROGON (Trogon viridis)

Good numbers seen in the forest at Bosque Bavaria. Formerly, White-tailed Trogon.

Momotidae (Motmots)

AMAZONIAN MOTMOT (Momotus momota)

A pair showed well at Bosque Bavaria.

Bucconidae (Puffbirds)

WHITE-CHESTED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila fusca)

One of our targets at Bosque Bavaria. This is mostly a species of the northern Amazon with a disjunct population in the Guiana Shield.

Galbulidae (Jacamars)

WHITE-CHINNED JACAMAR (Galbula tombacea)

Another species limited to the northern Amazon and foothills. Seen well at Bosque Bavaria.

Capitonidae (New World Barbets)

GILDED BARBET (Capito auratus)

Heard a bunch in the canopy at Bosque Bavaria, but also seen a few times.

RED-HEADED BARBET (Eubucco bourcierii)

Ramphastidae (Toucans)

SOUTHERN EMERALD-TOUCANET (Aulacorhynchus albivitta)

CHESTNUT-EARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus castanotis)

MANY-BANDED ARACARI (Pteroglossus pluricinctus)

Both the previous species and Many-banded were seen around Villavicencio and in Bosque Bavaria.

CHANNEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos vitellinus)

Picidae (Woodpeckers)

SCALED PICULET (Picumnus squamulatus)

Confined mostly to the foothills and llanos of Colombia and VZ. One was seen at Bosque Bavaria.

OLIVACEOUS PICULET (Picumnus olivaceus)

This species ranges in the western foothills (on the otherside of the mountain!) and further north into MIddle America.

ACORN WOODPECKER (Melanerpes formicivorus)

YELLOW-TUFTED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes cruentatus)

RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes rubricapillus)

SMOKY-BROWN WOODPECKER (Dryobates fumigatus)

Around Pedro Palo in good numbers.

RED-STAINED WOODPECKER (Dryobates affinis)

In the forest at Bosque Bavaria.

Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)

YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Daptrius chimachima chimachima)

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A real stunner, the Pectoral Sparrow, was seen in the lowlands around Bosque Bavaria and Camana. Photo by participant Linda Mack.

AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)

MERLIN (Falco columbarius)

One flew by chasing Eared Doves at Sumapaz NP over the big lake.

Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)

COBALT-WINGED PARAKEET (Brotogeris cyanoptera)

We managed to scope these in the trees in Bosque Bavaria in order to be sure what species we were seeing (and not Orange-chinned).

SPECTACLED PARROTLET (Forpus conspicillatus)

Good numbers throughout the tour.

BROWN-BREASTED PARAKEET (Pyrrhura calliptera)

We saw them in flight over the forest at La Herreria. A rare Eastern Cordillera CO endemic.

Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)

BAR-CRESTED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus multistriatus)

Good views in the parking lot at Tabacal on our first morning.

NORTHERN SLATY-ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus punctatus)

This species was moving around mid-story in the forest at Bosque Bavaria. It was easily heard calling, but not easily seen.

PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis)

SLATY ANTWREN (Myrmotherula schisticolor)

DUSKY ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides tyrannina)

Seen well at Tabacal, but also again in the understory at Bosque Bavaria.

WHITE-BROWED ANTBIRD (Myrmoborus leucophrys)

The next three antbirds were all encountered and seen fairly well (Spot-winged gave us fits) at Bosque Bavaria.

BLACK-FACED ANTBIRD (Myrmoborus myotherinus)

SPOT-WINGED ANTBIRD (Myrmelastes leucostigma)

WHITE-BELLIED ANTBIRD (Myrmeciza longipes boucardi) [*]

BLUE-LORED ANTBIRD (Hafferia immaculata) [*]

Grallariidae (Antpittas)

CHESTNUT-CROWNED ANTPITTA (Grallaria ruficapilla) [*]

CUNDINAMARCA ANTPITTA (Grallaria kaestneri) [E]

A lifer for everyone (including the guide!) except Ivan. A lovely showing of this rare an very local species. The scientific name of this species honors its discoverer, Peter Kaestner.

MUISCA ANTPITTA (Grallaria rufula)

Part of the recent Rufous Antpitta split. We encountered several in the dense mossy understory at Chingaza NP.

TAWNY ANTPITTA (Grallaria quitensis)

We scoped several hoping around the lake edge in the early morning at Chingaza NP.

RUSTY-BREASTED ANTPITTA (RARA) (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus rara)

Really cool views of a pair at Tabacal. Did the dog help us on this one?

SLATE-CROWNED ANTPITTA (Grallaricula nana) [*]

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Burnished-buff Tanager was also seen in the lowlands near Villavicencio. Nice photo by participant Russ Cole.
Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)

LONG-TAILED TAPACULO (Scytalopus micropterus) [*]

BLACKISH TAPACULO (Scytalopus latrans)

Good numbers at Chicaque (at least by voice!).

PALE-BELLIED TAPACULO (Scytalopus griseicollis)

We managed to see this one pretty well at Chingaza thought it took a bit of effort.

Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)

PLAIN-BROWN WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla fuliginosa) [*]

STRONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus)

Very cool to see this large (largest?) woodcreeper in the mixed-species flock at Chicaque.

BUFF-THROATED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus guttatus)

RED-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus trochilirostris)

One showed very briefly in the forest at Tabacal. Not seen by everyone, unfortunately.

BROWN-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus pusillus)

Also in the large mixed-species flock at Chicaque was this woodcreeper with the bizarre bill.

STREAK-HEADED WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)

MONTANE WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger)

STREAKED XENOPS (Xenops rutilans)

STREAKED TUFTEDCHEEK (Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii)

Most folks got on this species in the wet montane forest at La Herreria.

CHESTNUT-WINGED CINCLODES (Cinclodes albidiventris)

Confined to the Andean highlands from Northern Peru to VZ, we saw one at Sumapaz.

MONTANE FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia striaticollis)

LINEATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Syndactyla subalaris)

One showed pretty well at Chicaque, we also had good numbers of Montane FG here, too.

STRIPED TREEHUNTER (Thripadectes holostictus)

We struggled a bit to show this species to everyone at Chicaque. It just didn't want to leave the bamboo.


PEARLED TREERUNNER (Margarornis squamiger)

A couple of different times at Chicaque and La Herreria.

ANDEAN TIT-SPINETAIL (Leptasthenura andicola)

Working the paramo scrub along the roadside at Sumapaz NP.

RUFOUS-FRONTED THORNBIRD (PLAIN) (Phacellodomus rufifrons inornatus) [*]

MANY-STRIPED CANASTERO (Asthenes flammulata)

A lovely canastero that sat up nicely for good views at Sumapaz NP.


This bird perched in the open for us. We couldn't have asked for a better look. Seen at Chingaza NP.

ASH-BROWED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca curtata)

Nice studies in the mixed-species flocks at Chicaque. Also, again at Pedro Palo.

PLAIN-CROWNED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis gujanensis)

SLATY SPINETAIL (Synallaxis brachyura) [*]

SILVERY-THROATED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis subpudica) [E]

This endemic was seen during our first early morning stop on the entrance road to Chingaza above Bogota.

AZARA'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis azarae)

RUFOUS SPINETAIL (Synallaxis unirufa)

Mostly heard, but it showed well near the entrance gate to Chicaque.

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Our trusty 4x4s for the highland birding around La Herreria. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

STRIPE-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis cinnamomea)

Several in the canopy at Tabacal and Pedro Palo.

Pipridae (Manakins)


STRIOLATED MANAKIN (Machaeropterus striolatus)

Both this species and the next were seen at Bosque Bavaria.

GOLDEN-HEADED MANAKIN (Ceratopipra erythrocephala)

Cotingidae (Cotingas)


Fairly common at La Herreria.

RED-CRESTED COTINGA (Ampelion rubrocristatus)

Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)

CINEREOUS BECARD (Pachyramphus rufus)

A female was responsive and showed well at Tabacal.

Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)


OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus)

SLATY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon superciliaris)

Common in the foothill forest, at least by voice.

RUFOUS-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon rufipectus)

Showed well at Chicaque.

VARIEGATED BRISTLE-TYRANT (Pogonotriccus poecilotis)

Fantastic looks at this easily-looked over flycatcher in the mixed-species flock at Chicaque.

SCALE-CRESTED PYGMY-TYRANT (Lophotriccus pileatus) [*]

COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)

YELLOW-BROWED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum)

Good looks at this tiny canopy flycatcher in the forest at Bosque Bavaria.

YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias sulphurescens)

Ditto. Another mid-story flycatcher studied well at Bosque Bavaria.

CLIFF FLYCATCHER (Hirundinea ferruginea)

We had several from the van sitting on cables as we descended the Andes towards Villavicencio.

WHITE-THROATED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus leucophrys)

FOREST ELAENIA (Myiopagis gaimardii) [*]

YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)

Pretty common throughout the tour.

MOUNTAIN ELAENIA (Elaenia frantzii)

SOOTY-HEADED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias griseiceps)

Good looks at Tabacal.

BLACK-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias nigrocapillus)

In the highlands at Sumapaz and La Herreria.

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Breakfast at La Herreria. It was a nice experience to share with the local family. Thanks to participant Linda Rudolph for the shot.

TAWNY-RUMPED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias uropygialis)

Always good to come across this species as it is generally rare. A pair were seen at our morning stop near the lake at Sumapaz. NP.

GOLDEN-FACED TYRANNULET (GOLDEN-FACED) (Zimmerius chrysops chrysops)

FLAVESCENT FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus flavicans)

Several seen at Chicaque.

ACADIAN FLYCATCHER (Empidonax virescens)

A fairly common wintering Empid in the foothills of Northern Colombia.

BLACK PHOEBE (Sayornis nigricans)

VERMILION FLYCATCHER (Pyrocephalus rubinus)

PLAIN-CAPPED GROUND-TYRANT (Muscisaxicola alpinus)

This was a good one seen at Sumapaz NP.

CROWNED CHAT-TYRANT (Silvicultrix frontalis)

BROWN-BACKED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca fumicolor)

DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer) [*]

PALE-EDGED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus cephalotes)

CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)

GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)

RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)

GOLDEN-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes hemichrysus)

TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)

Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)

RUFOUS-BROWED PEPPERSHRIKE (Cyclarhis gujanensis) [*]

SCRUB GREENLET (Hylophilus flavipes)

Pretty common around the edge of Tabacal.

RUFOUS-NAPED GREENLET (Pachysylvia semibrunnea)

Also, fairly common at Tabacal and again at Pedro Palo.

BROWN-CAPPED VIREO (Vireo leucophrys)

RED-EYED VIREO (Vireo olivaceus)

We were a little surprised to see migrants moving together at Bosque Bavaria. We tallied four individuals in total.

Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)

VIOLACEOUS JAY (Cyanocorax violaceus)

Hirundinidae (Swallows)

BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)

BROWN-BELLIED SWALLOW (Orochelidon murina)

This replaced Blue-and-white in the highlands at Sumapaz and Chingaza.

SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)

Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)

LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus) [*]

Troglodytidae (Wrens)

SCALY-BREASTED WREN (Microcerculus marginatus) [*]

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Tremendous capture by participant Linda Rudolph of the endemic Cundinamarca Antpitta!

HOUSE WREN (SOUTHERN) (Troglodytes aedon musculus)

MOUNTAIN WREN (Troglodytes solstitialis) [*]

GRASS WREN (Cistothorus platensis)

Good looks at a pair at Chingaza NP near the pass. A fairly recent split from Sedge Wren.

APOLINAR'S WREN (Cistothorus apolinari) [E]

Closely related to the previous species, but found only in the highland marshes around Bogota. Its voice is also quite different. Seen well at Sumapaz NP.

BAND-BACKED WREN (Campylorhynchus zonatus)

BLACK-BELLIED WREN (Pheugopedius fasciatoventris)

Good looks at Tabacal.

WHISKERED WREN (Pheugopedius mystacalis) [*]

RUFOUS-BREASTED WREN (Pheugopedius rutilus)

Very good looks at this lovely wren in the drier scrub below La Herreria.

SPECKLE-BREASTED WREN (COLOMBIAN) (Pheugopedius sclateri columbianus)

In the forest at Tabacal and again at Pedro Palo.

RUFOUS-AND-WHITE WREN (Thryophilus rufalbus) [*]

RUFOUS WREN (Cinnycerthia unirufa)

SHARPE'S WREN (Cinnycerthia olivascens)

Seen well in the mossy montane forest at Chicaque and above La Herreria.

GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucophrys)

Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)


Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)

ANDEAN SOLITAIRE (Myadestes ralloides) [*]

GRAY-CHEEKED THRUSH (Catharus minimus) [*]

SWAINSON'S THRUSH (Catharus ustulatus)

Good numbers throughout the tour. A common wintering bird in Colombia.

PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)

SPECTACLED THRUSH (Turdus nudigenis)

Seen around Villavicencio in the lowlands.

BLACK-BILLED THRUSH (Turdus ignobilis)

The common Turdus thrush on the tour.

GREAT THRUSH (Turdus fuscater)

In the highlands around Chingaza, Sumapaz, and Chicaque.

Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)

BLUE-NAPED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia cyanea)


The endemic was seen briefly at Tabacal.

GOLDEN-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia chrysopasta)

THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)

ORANGE-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia xanthogaster)

At Bosque Bavaria.

LESSER GOLDFINCH (Spinus psaltria)

Rhodinocichlidae (Thrush-Tanager)

ROSY THRUSH-TANAGER (Rhodinocichla rosea)

We managed to see one through small holes and behind branches in the parking lot at Tabacal.

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A parting shot of your guides here at La Herreria. Thanks to everyone for a fun trip.
Passerellidae (New World Sparrows)

COMMON CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus flavopectus)

The subspecies at Chicaque looks very similar to Ashy-throated Chlorospingus.

GRAY-BROWED BRUSHFINCH (Arremon assimilis assimilis)

One at Chicaque.

ORANGE-BILLED SPARROW (Arremon aurantiirostris)

PECTORAL SPARROW (Arremon taciturnus)

A snazzy looking bird seen in the dark understory at Bosque Bavaria.


RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)

MOUSTACHED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes albofrenatus)

A couple were seen at Chicaque and again at Pedro Palo. Another near endemic found just over the border in VZ.


Good looks at La Herreria. The Atlapetes just keep coming!

SLATY BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes schistaceus)

PALE-NAPED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes pallidinucha)

Fairly common in the highlands on our tour route. Seen a few times.

Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)

EASTERN MEADOWLARK (Sturnella magna)

CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus)

MOUNTAIN CACIQUE (Cacicus chrysonotus)

We heard them in the forest at La Herreria, but eventually they showed well.

SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)

CARIB GRACKLE (Quiscalus lugubris)

They have now expanded south through most of the Magdalena Valley.

Parulidae (New World Warblers)


TENNESSEE WARBLER (Leiothlypis peregrina)

MOURNING WARBLER (Geothlypis philadelphia)

Good looks at one at Tabacal.

AMERICAN REDSTART (Setophaga ruticilla)

CERULEAN WARBLER (Setophaga cerulea)

One was at Tabacal.

TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)

BAY-BREASTED WARBLER (Setophaga castanea)


The most common wintering warbler on this tour.

CHESTNUT-CAPPED WARBLER (Basileuterus delattrii mesochrysus)

GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (Basileuterus culicivorus)

THREE-STRIPED WARBLER (Basileuterus tristriatus)

Good numbers in the understory at Chicaque.

CITRINE WARBLER (Myiothlypis luteoviridis)

Seen at La Herreria. Often overlaps in elevation with the next species.

BLACK-CRESTED WARBLER (Myiothlypis nigrocristata)

BUFF-RUMPED WARBLER (Myiothlypis fulvicauda) [*]

GRAY-THROATED WARBLER (Myiothlypis cinereicollis) [*]

RUSSET-CROWNED WARBLER (Myiothlypis coronata)

CANADA WARBLER (Cardellina canadensis)

Fairly common on this tour.

SLATE-THROATED REDSTART (Myioborus miniatus)


This species has a pleasant song that we heard at Chicaque and Chingaza. Also, seen a few times well.

Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)

SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra)

ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

BLUE-BLACK GROSBEAK (Cyanoloxia cyanoides)

Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)

BLACK-CAPPED HEMISPINGUS (Kleinothraupis atropileus)

We did well on the hemispingus. The next four species were all seen at Chicaque.

OLEAGINOUS HEMISPINGUS (Sphenopsis frontalis)

BLACK-EARED HEMISPINGUS (Sphenopsis melanotis)

SUPERCILIARIED HEMISPINGUS (Thlypopsis superciliaris)

GRAY-HEADED TANAGER (Eucometis penicillata)

WHITE-LINED TANAGER (Tachyphonus rufus)

SILVER-BEAKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus carbo)

Replaced the next species in the lowlands around Villavicencio.

CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)

Found on the Magdalena Valley side.

BLUE-CAPPED TANAGER (Sporathraupis cyanocephala)

GRASS-GREEN TANAGER (Chlorornis riefferii)

Good looks at La Herreria.


Very rare to see this species. We lucked out finding a pair during our morning at Chingaza NP.



GOLDEN-CROWNED TANAGER (Iridosornis rufivertex)

One at La Herreria was a surprise considering the lower elevation of this site.

BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)

PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)

SPECKLED TANAGER (Ixothraupis guttata)

Seen a couple of times including at the feeders during our lunch stop.

BLACK-CAPPED TANAGER (Stilpnia heinei)


SCRUB TANAGER (Stilpnia vitriolina)

BLUE-NECKED TANAGER (Stilpnia cyanicollis)

BLUE-AND-BLACK TANAGER (Tangara vassorii)

BERYL-SPANGLED TANAGER (Tangara nigroviridis)

Seen at Chicaque and Pedro Palo.

METALLIC-GREEN TANAGER (Tangara labradorides)

Also a species of the Magdalena Valley foothills. We had good looks at Chicaque and Pedro Palo.

BAY-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara gyrola)

FLAME-FACED TANAGER (Tangara parzudakii)

GOLDEN TANAGER (Tangara arthus)

SWALLOW TANAGER (Tersina viridis)

TURQUOISE DACNIS (Dacnis hartlaubi) [E]

A female was seen at the special tree at Pedro Palo.

PURPLE HONEYCREEPER (Cyanerpes caeruleus)

GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)

RUFOUS-BROWED CONEBILL (Conirostrum rufum)

A near endemic that we ran into at Chingaza NP.

GLOSSY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa lafresnayii)

BLACK FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa humeralis humeralis)


BLUISH FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa caerulescens)

One was seen at Chicaque.


PLUSHCAP (Catamblyrhynchus diadema)

A pair were seen along the entrance road to Chicaque.

PLUMBEOUS SIERRA FINCH (Geospizopsis unicolor)

BLACK-HEADED HEMISPINGUS (Pseudospingus verticalis)

Always a good one to find. We had nice looks and photos of one during our first stop at Chingaza NP.

SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)

GRAY SEEDEATER (Sporophila intermedia)

YELLOW-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila nigricollis)

BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)


STREAKED SALTATOR (Saltator striatipectus)


HOFFMANN'S TWO-TOED SLOTH (Choloepus hoffmanni)

One was seen at Pedro Palo.

RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)

Seen at Tabacal.

AGOUTI SP. (Dasyprocta ruatanica)


Additional Critter List:

1) Humboldt's Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri cassiquiarensis) = Seen in the lowlands near Villavicencio at Bosque Bavaria.

2) Brown (Tufted) Capuchin (Sapajus apella) = Also seen int the forest at Bosque Bavaria.

3) Brumback's Night Monkey (Aotus brumbacki) = Seen roosting in the bamboo at Camana. Endemic to Colombia.

Totals for the tour: 300 bird taxa and 3 mammal taxa