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We expect to see Gold-ringed Tanager. We don't expect to see it in the road in front of us! One of the many wonderful birds from our visit to Cerro Montezuma. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
It was an active birding adventure to some great Colombian birding spots! A new itinerary--mostly going to spots on an older, longer itinerary--it worked very well and provided great variety in a time period that fits folks’ time budgets.
We started in the Western Andes above Cali with some good birding highlighted by our visit to the feeders at Finca Alejandria, where we luxuriated in the constant action at the many hummingbird feeders and in the great variety at the loaded banana feeders. Multicolored Tanager was the best of the best, with much pleasure from Red-headed Barbets, Southern Emerald- and Crimson-rumped toucanets, Colombian Chachalacas, super-saturated Blue-winged Mountain-Tanagers and Golden, Golden-naped, and Saffron-crowned tanagers, Black-winged Saltator, White-naped Brushfinches, Booted Racket-tails, Fawn-breasted Brilliants, and Brown Violetears. A perched young Ornate Hawk-Eagle was a bonus.
An afternoon and the following morning around Buga took us to Laguna de Sonso and El Vinculo. These varied areas of marsh and woodland featured the endemic Apical Flycatcher and a nice variety of landbirds that included Dwarf Cuckoo, Spectacled Parrotlet, Bar-crested Antshrike, Jet Antbird, Cinereous Becard, and Slate-headed Tody-Tyrant. Marsh birds were widespread species, but Limpkins, Snail Kites, and whistling-ducks are always fun. A small marsh near Cartago added more waterbirds, with a Masked Duck a special sighting.
Our next destination was on the Pacific slope of the Western Andes, in the montane Choco at the edge of Parque Nacional Natural Tatama. Our three nights at this simple lodge went very well, the lodge staff worked hard to support our forays up the mountain, our driver wrestled the 4WD carefully up the track, and the feeders were fun: White-tailed Hillstar, Violet-tailed Sylph, Purple-bibbed Whitetip, and Empress Brilliant were among the many beauties.
Traffic on the mountain the next two days was perhaps the heaviest we have ever seen—two or three vehicles a day! This place is really an escape, with nothing to do but bird along a long transect through the forest. And hold an umbrella! One of the wettest places in the world, we had much rain, but managed to keep birding much of the time, and also enjoyed some dry periods. We did miss some birds (this place is so rich), but we were overall especially successful here, the list of highlights lengthy: Velvet-purple Coronet, Lanceolated Monklet, Grayish Piculet, Parker’s Antbird, Bicolored Antvireo, Ochre-breasted Antpitta, Tatama and Narino tapaculos, Brown-billed Scythebill, Buffy (Pacific) Tuftedcheek, Uniform Treehunter, Fulvous-dotted Treerunner, Rufous-browed Tyrannulet, Orange-breasted Fruiteater, Andean Cock-of-the-rock, Olivaceous Piha, Club-winged and Striped manakins, Choco Vireo, Beautiful Jay, Munchique and Chestnut-breasted wrens, Black Solitaire, Golden-winged Warbler, Black-and-gold, Gold-ringed, Purplish-mantled, and Glistening-green tanagers, Black-chinned Mountain-Tanager, Chestnut-bellied and Indigo flowerpiercers, Tanager Finch, Olive Finch swilling rice, Black-headed and Tricolored (Choco) brushfinches, Crested Ant-Tanager, and Chestnut-breasted and Yellow-collared chlorophonias. Whew!
One night at the Otun-Quimbaya reserve gave us time to see the special species-- Cauca Guan and Red-ruffed Fruitcrow--along with striking big birds like Andean Motmot, Collared Trogon, Green (Inca) Jay, Strong-billed Woodcreeper, and Crimson-crested Woodpecker. Great views of Red Howler Monkeys and the rare (and very rarely seen) Pacarana were also highlights. Honorable mention goes to the Torrent Ducks en route.
Two nights at Manizales gave us access to the higher elevations of the Central Andes. We had a full day at Rio Blanco, where the antpitta feeding is still going strong, and while Bicolored fell short, we had great views of Brown-banded, Chestnut-crowned, and Slate-crowned. Mixed flocks were few, but we did have a couple, and between them and birds found along the way, we did reasonably well seeing Purple-backed Thornbill, Black-billed Mountain-Toucan, Powerful Woodpecker (twice!), Ocellated Tapaculo, the lovely Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher, Dusky Piha, and the rare Masked Saltator. Great hummingbird feeders, too!
Our last morning took us to P.N. Los Nevados, where we had decent weather (just some low, blowing clouds!) in the paramo, and found two more endemics: Buffy Helmetcrest and Rufous-fronted Parakeet. We finished at some mind-blowing hummingbird feeders that have just gotten even better, including individual, hand-held units that allowed truly close-up views. Hard-to-find species included Black-thighed and Golden-breasted pufflegs and Rainbow-bearded Thornbill, and the overall spectacle featured Great Sapphirewing, Shining Sunbeam, and Buff-winged Starfrontlet. We recommend the trout for lunch!
A great list of birds that includes many populations needing even more protection. In all, we encountered 1 Critically Endangered, 4 Endangered, 14 Vulnerable, and 12 Near Threatened species. We are fortunate that so many rare birds can be encountered so “easily.”
We hit a wet stretch of weather in a wet country, and while we saw flooding damage around the Cauca Valley, we managed to miss all the landslide closures and to keep birding much of the time (it was wet, not awfully wet). We were perhaps a little lucky. A couple of folks suffered through colds, but our collective health was otherwise good.
Thanks goes to a series of safe drivers, who were the most visible of much support that made this trip run so smoothly. Colombia is a friendly and helpful place.
Taxonomy follows Clements as best possible, with additional notes from the SACC, IOC, etc. Conservation status is based on the publications of BirdLife International. Apologies are due to the Spanish language—many accents and other marks are omitted to avoid indigestion for the varied computer platforms we use.
KEYS FOR THIS LIST
One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant
TAWNY-BREASTED TINAMOU (Nothocercus julius) [*]
LITTLE TINAMOU (Crypturellus soui) [*]
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
FULVOUS WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna bicolor)
A male Torrent Duck was at home on the rushing Rio Otun. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
TORRENT DUCK (Merganetta armata)
BLUE-WINGED TEAL (Spatula discors) [b]
CINNAMON TEAL (Spatula cyanoptera)
MASKED DUCK (Nomonyx dominicus)
RUDDY DUCK (RUDDY) (Oxyura jamaicensis andina)
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
COLOMBIAN CHACHALACA (Ortalis columbiana) [E]
Cauca Guan was one of the rarest birds we saw--fewer than 1,000 remain. Those Colombian gray skies were a tough background for photographer Steve Parrish, but this image captures the bird we saw so well.
CAUCA GUAN (Penelope perspicax) [E]
SICKLE-WINGED GUAN (Chamaepetes goudotii)
Odontophoridae (New World Quail)
CHESTNUT WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus hyperythrus) [E*]
LEAST GREBE (Tachybaptus dominicus)
We journeyed through coffee country, here in the Western Andes, where coffee grows on the drier (very much a relative term here), eastern side from around 1200m to 1800m, but not on the wetter western side. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
PIED-BILLED GREBE (Podilymbus podiceps)
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)
SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)
Rainbow-bearded Thornbill is tough to see well in the wild, but a few come to feeders near Los Nevados, where we had fabulous views. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)
BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
GLOSSY IBIS (Plegadis falcinellus)
BARE-FACED IBIS (Phimosus infuscatus)
Two Shining Sunbeams contesting access to a hand that they know might be holding a mini-feeder at the Hotel Termales, where the proximity to such amazing birds was a great tour finale. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
BUFF-NECKED IBIS (Theristicus caudatus)
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
Blastoff from Launch Pad Thumb at the Hotel Termales by a Shining Sunbeam. Photo by guide Richard Webster, who may have chopped off parts of the bird, but treasures the memories there.
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus) [b]
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
PEARL KITE (Gampsonyx swainsonii)
Ornate Hawk-Eagle was a surprise above Cali; a begging young bird. Not a great photo by guide Richard Webster, but it captures the moment and the bird looked fine in the telescope.
ORNATE HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus ornatus)
SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis)
ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)
WHITE-RUMPED HAWK (Parabuteo leucorrhous)
BLACK-CHESTED BUZZARD-EAGLE (Geranoaetus melanoleucus)
BROAD-WINGED HAWK (Buteo platypterus) [b]
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
BLACKISH RAIL (Pardirallus nigricans) [*]
PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinica)
The home to Cauca Guan and Red-ruffed Fruitcrow: The main track at Otun-Quimbaya. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)
AMERICAN COOT (Fulica americana)
LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna)
Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)
BLACK-NECKED STILT (Himantopus mexicanus)
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)
Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
PECTORAL SANDPIPER (Calidris melanotos) [b]
SPOTTED SANDPIPER (Actitis macularius) [b]
SOLITARY SANDPIPER (Tringa solitaria) [b]
After much rain just before our arrival, the Rio Cauca was running full, and backing up into the marshes at Laguna de Sonso. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
LESSER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa flavipes) [b]
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia) [I]
PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)
BAND-TAILED PIGEON (WHITE-NECKED) (Patagioenas fasciata albilinea)
PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea chapmani)
RUDDY PIGEON (Patagioenas subvinacea) [*]
RUDDY GROUND-DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)
A Great Sapphirewing in a quiet moment, one of many Sapphirewings at the Hotel Termales. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)
EARED DOVE (Zenaida auriculata)
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
STRIPED CUCKOO (Tapera naevia) [*]
LITTLE CUCKOO (Coccycua minuta)
DWARF CUCKOO (Coccycua pumila)
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)
YELLOW-BILLED CUCKOO (Coccyzus americanus) [b]
TROPICAL SCREECH-OWL (Megascops choliba) [*]
CLOUD-FOREST PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium nubicola) [*]
MOTTLED OWL (Ciccaba virgata) [*]
Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)
COMMON NIGHTHAWK (Chordeiles minor) [b]
A Golden-breasted Puffleg using one of the handheld feeders at the Hotel Termales. My what clean fingernails (perhaps it isn't someone who had spent the morning birding in the paramo?)! Photo by guide Richard Webster.
RUFOUS-BELLIED NIGHTHAWK (Lurocalis rufiventris)
COMMON POTOO (Nyctibius griseus)
WHITE-CHINNED SWIFT (Cypseloides cryptus)
CHESTNUT-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne rutila)
A female Buff-winged Starfrontlet does not mind the creative placement of the feeder at all. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris)
WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN (Florisuga mellivora)
GREEN HERMIT (Phaethornis guy)
TAWNY-BELLIED HERMIT (Phaethornis syrmatophorus)
STRIPE-THROATED HERMIT (Phaethornis striigularis)
GREEN-FRONTED LANCEBILL (Doryfera ludovicae)
WEDGE-BILLED HUMMINGBIRD (Schistes geoffroyi)
BROWN VIOLETEAR (Colibri delphinae)
Lesser Violetear was easily admired at the feeders at Rio Blanco. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
LESSER VIOLETEAR (Colibri cyanotus)
SPARKLING VIOLETEAR (Colibri coruscans)
BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis)
TOURMALINE SUNANGEL (Heliangelus exortis)
SPECKLED HUMMINGBIRD (Adelomyia melanogenys)
LONG-TAILED SYLPH (Aglaiocercus kingii)
VIOLET-TAILED SYLPH (Aglaiocercus coelestis)
PURPLE-BACKED THORNBILL (Ramphomicron microrhynchum)
RAINBOW-BEARDED THORNBILL (Chalcostigma herrani)
Buffy Helmetcrest is a recent split of Bearded Helmetcrest, and its purple beard is in good view here. We found several before the clouds closed in at PN Los Nevados. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
BUFFY HELMETCREST (Oxypogon stubelii) [E]
TYRIAN METALTAIL (Metallura tyrianthina)
VIRIDIAN METALTAIL (Metallura williami)
GREENISH PUFFLEG (Haplophaedia aureliae)
BLACK-THIGHED PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis derbyi)
GOLDEN-BREASTED PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis mosquera)
Shining Sunbeam is one of a few hummingbirds in which the bright color is on the rump and lower back. Photo at the Hotel Termales by guide Richard Webster.
SHINING SUNBEAM (Aglaeactis cupripennis)
BRONZY INCA (Coeligena coeligena)
BROWN INCA (Coeligena wilsoni)
COLLARED INCA (Coeligena torquata)
Buff-winged Starfrontlet in a portrait from the Termales feeders, not cropped to cover up those tatty (Real Life!) missing feathers on the breast. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
BUFF-WINGED STARFRONTLET (Coeligena lutetiae)
MOUNTAIN VELVETBREAST (Lafresnaya lafresnayi)
GREAT SAPPHIREWING (Pterophanes cyanopterus)
BUFF-TAILED CORONET (Boissonneaua flavescens)
VELVET-PURPLE CORONET (Boissonneaua jardini)
BOOTED RACKET-TAIL (Ocreatus underwoodii)
White-tailed Hillstar was a near-constant presence at the Montezuma Rainforest Lodge feeders. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
WHITE-TAILED HILLSTAR (Urochroa bougueri)
PURPLE-BIBBED WHITETIP (Urosticte benjamini)
FAWN-BREASTED BRILLIANT (Heliodoxa rubinoides)
GREEN-CROWNED BRILLIANT (Heliodoxa jacula)
EMPRESS BRILLIANT (Heliodoxa imperatrix)
LONG-BILLED STARTHROAT (Heliomaster longirostris)
WHITE-BELLIED WOODSTAR (Chaetocercus mulsant)
PURPLE-THROATED WOODSTAR (Calliphlox mitchellii)
WESTERN EMERALD (Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus melanorhynchus)
CROWNED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania colombica)
ANDEAN EMERALD (Amazilia franciae)
STEELY-VENTED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia saucerottei)
RUFOUS-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia tzacatl)
GOLDEN-HEADED QUETZAL (Pharomachrus auriceps) [*]
COLLARED TROGON (Trogon collaris)
MASKED TROGON (Trogon personatus assimilis) [*]
A Collared Inca male at close quarters near the feeders at Rio Blanco. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
MASKED TROGON (Trogon personatus temperatus)
ANDEAN MOTMOT (Momotus aequatorialis)
RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)
AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)
GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)
MOUSTACHED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila mystacalis) [*]
Lanceolated Monklet is widespread in the Andes and W Amazonia, but uncommon and hard to find, so this one on Cerro Montezuma was a bonus, as is the fine photo by participant Steve Parrish.
LANCEOLATED MONKLET (Micromonacha lanceolata)
Red-headed Barbet, a male poised to descend to a feeder at Finca Alejandria above Cali. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
Capitonidae (New World Barbets)
RED-HEADED BARBET (Eubucco bourcierii)
TOUCAN BARBET (Semnornis ramphastinus) [*]
SOUTHERN EMERALD-TOUCANET (Aulacorhynchus albivitta)
Crimson-rumped Toucanets have larceny in the heart, at least when there is a banana to filch from a feeder at Finca Alejandria! Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
CRIMSON-RUMPED TOUCANET (Aulacorhynchus haematopygus)
BLACK-BILLED MOUNTAIN-TOUCAN (Andigena nigrirostris)
GRAYISH PICULET (Picumnus granadensis) [E]
RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes rubricapillus)
SMOKY-BROWN WOODPECKER (Picoides fumigatus)
YELLOW-VENTED WOODPECKER (Veniliornis dignus)
GOLDEN-OLIVE WOODPECKER (Colaptes rubiginosus)
CRIMSON-MANTLED WOODPECKER (Colaptes rivolii)
Long-tailed Sylph decorating a fern at Rio Blanco, one of many such fine ornaments on the shrubbery around the feeders there. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
SPOT-BREASTED WOODPECKER (Colaptes punctigula)
LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus) [*]
POWERFUL WOODPECKER (Campephilus pollens)
CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos)
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
CRESTED CARACARA (Caracara cheriway)
A male Crowned Woodnymph near feeders in the Western Andes. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima chimachima)
MERLIN (Falco columbarius) [b]
Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)
BARRED PARAKEET (Bolborhynchus lineola) [*]
RUFOUS-FRONTED PARAKEET (Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons) [E]
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)
BRONZE-WINGED PARROT (Pionus chalcopterus)
YELLOW-CROWNED PARROT (Amazona ochrocephala) [I*]
A Violet-tailed Sylph, in partial splendor; like many hummingbirds, a 360 is needed to fully savor the color. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
SCALY-NAPED PARROT (Amazona mercenarius)
SPECTACLED PARROTLET (Forpus conspicillatus)
GOLDEN-PLUMED PARAKEET (Leptosittaca branickii)
SCARLET-FRONTED PARAKEET (Psittacara wagleri wagleri) [*]
Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
RUFOUS-RUMPED ANTWREN (Euchrepomis callinota)
BAR-CRESTED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus multistriatus)
UNIFORM ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus unicolor)
We had help at Rio Blanco--this fruiting tree was being visited by a pair of Black-billed Mountain-Toucans, and on our second pass we found them eating the large fruit. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis)
BICOLORED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus occidentalis)
CHECKER-THROATED ANTWREN (Epinecrophylla fulviventris) [*]
SLATY ANTWREN (Myrmotherula schisticolor)
YELLOW-BREASTED ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus axillaris)
STREAK-HEADED ANTBIRD (Drymophila striaticeps) [*]
PARKER'S ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides parkeri) [E]
JET ANTBIRD (Cercomacra nigricans)
ZELEDON'S ANTBIRD (Hafferia zeledoni)
MOUSTACHED ANTPITTA (Grallaria alleni) [*]
CHESTNUT-CROWNED ANTPITTA (Grallaria ruficapilla)
BICOLORED ANTPITTA (Grallaria rufocinerea) [*]
YELLOW-BREASTED ANTPITTA (Grallaria flavotincta) [*]
RUFOUS ANTPITTA (Grallaria rufula) [*]
TAWNY ANTPITTA (Grallaria quitensis) [*]
Brown-banded Antpitta was wonderfully confiding at Rio Blanco, where it had learned to enjoy the free worms. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
BROWN-BANDED ANTPITTA (Grallaria milleri) [E]
OCHRE-BREASTED ANTPITTA (Grallaricula flavirostris)
SLATE-CROWNED ANTPITTA (Grallaricula nana)
OCELLATED TAPACULO (Acropternis orthonyx)
We heard more species of tapaculo than we saw, but at least we saw this striking one. Fortunately, it stayed on this hard-to-view perch for several minutes. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
ASH-COLORED TAPACULO (Myornis senilis) [*]
BLACKISH TAPACULO (Scytalopus latrans) [*]
CHOCO TAPACULO (Scytalopus chocoensis) [*]
TATAMA TAPACULO (Scytalopus alvarezlopezi) [E]
NARINO TAPACULO (Scytalopus vicinior)
SPILLMANN'S TAPACULO (Scytalopus spillmanni) [*]
PARAMO TAPACULO (Scytalopus opacus) [*]
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
WEDGE-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Glyphorynchus spirurus)
BLACK-BANDED WOODCREEPER (Dendrocolaptes picumnus)
STRONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus)
BROWN-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus pusillus pusillus)
MONTANE WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger)
STREAKED XENOPS (Xenops rutilans)
Buffy (Pacific) Tuftedcheek and Fulvous-dotted Treerunner were two of the birds we found here in the cloud forest of the Pacific drainage on Cerro Montezuma. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
BUFFY TUFTEDCHEEK (Pseudocolaptes lawrencii)
STOUT-BILLED CINCLODES (Cinclodes excelsior)
SCALY-THROATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia variegaticeps)
MONTANE FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia striaticollis)
LINEATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Syndactyla subalaris) [*]
UNIFORM TREEHUNTER (Thripadectes ignobilis)
FULVOUS-DOTTED TREERUNNER (Margarornis stellatus)
Chestnut-crowned Antpitta was one of three species of worm-hungry antpittas that we were shown at Rio Blanco. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
PEARLED TREERUNNER (Margarornis squamiger)
ANDEAN TIT-SPINETAIL (Leptasthenura andicola)
WHITE-CHINNED THISTLETAIL (Asthenes fuliginosa)
RED-FACED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca erythrops)
SLATY SPINETAIL (Synallaxis brachyura) [*]
PALE-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis albescens)
AZARA'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis azarae)
After a day with much rain, we paused to enjoy a briefly clear view of the flank of Cerro Tatama. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
RUFOUS SPINETAIL (Synallaxis unirufa)
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
SOUTHERN BEARDLESS-TYRANNULET (Camptostoma obsoletum) [*]
WHITE-BANDED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus stictopterus)
WHITE-THROATED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus leucophrys)
MOUSE-COLORED TYRANNULET (Phaeomyias murina)
YELLOW-CROWNED TYRANNULET (Tyrannulus elatus)
Slate-crowned Antpitta was the third of the three antpittas we enjoyed at Rio Blanco. Portrait by participant Steve Parrish.
GREENISH ELAENIA (Myiopagis viridicata)
YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)
TORRENT TYRANNULET (Serpophaga cinerea)
STREAK-NECKED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes striaticollis)
OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus)
SLATY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon superciliaris)
RUFOUS-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon rufipectus)
VARIEGATED BRISTLE-TYRANT (Phylloscartes poecilotis)
MARBLE-FACED BRISTLE-TYRANT (Phylloscartes ophthalmicus)
RUFOUS-BROWED TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes superciliaris)
SOOTY-HEADED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias griseiceps)
BLACK-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias nigrocapillus)
PLUMBEOUS-CROWNED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias plumbeiceps) [*]
Golden-faced Tyrannulet at close range is an OK bird. This tiny bird has a carrying voice that reveals it is common throughout most of the forests we visited. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
GOLDEN-FACED TYRANNULET (GOLDEN-FACED) (Zimmerius chrysops chrysops)
ORNATE FLYCATCHER (Myiotriccus ornatus)
BRONZE-OLIVE PYGMY-TYRANT (Pseudotriccus pelzelni)
SCALE-CRESTED PYGMY-TYRANT (Lophotriccus pileatus) [*]
BLACK-THROATED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus granadensis)
Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher is a little gem of the understory at Rio Blanco. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
RUFOUS-CROWNED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus ruficeps)
SLATE-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus sylvia)
COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)
YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias sulphurescens)
CINNAMON FLYCATCHER (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus)
A Velvet-purple Coronet at Cerro Montezuma. You can see it in the montane Choco of Colombia, or of NW Ecuador (Mitch! Willy!). It IS a bucket-list bird. And this photo, by guide Richard Webster, is only part of the story (you need a 360, with the wings raised).
HANDSOME FLYCATCHER (Nephelomyias pulcher)
Ornate Flycatchers were seen on Cerro Montezuma; so much pattern and color make for a distinctive small flycatcher! Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
SMOKE-COLORED PEWEE (Contopus fumigatus)
ACADIAN FLYCATCHER (Empidonax virescens) [b]
BLACK PHOEBE (Sayornis nigricans)
VERMILION FLYCATCHER (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
SMOKY BUSH-TYRANT (Myiotheretes fumigatus)
PIED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola pica)
BROWN-BACKED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca fumicolor)
CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)
DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
APICAL FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus apicalis) [E]
Apical Flycatcher has a very restricted range, occurring only in Colombia's arid, interior valleys. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
PALE-EDGED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus cephalotes)
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
GOLDEN-CROWNED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)
FORK-TAILED FLYCATCHER (Tyrannus savana)
Green-and-black Fruiteater was seen (and photographed) so well because they seem to like worms, the worms that were being offered to antpittas! Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
GREEN-AND-BLACK FRUITEATER (Pipreola riefferii)
ORANGE-BREASTED FRUITEATER (Pipreola jucunda)
ANDEAN COCK-OF-THE-ROCK (Rupicola peruvianus)
OLIVACEOUS PIHA (Snowornis cryptolophus)
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow was on our yard list, i.e., just outside our rooms, at Otun-Quimbaya. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
RED-RUFFED FRUITCROW (Pyroderus scutatus)
DUSKY PIHA (Lipaugus fuscocinereus)
GOLDEN-WINGED MANAKIN (Masius chrysopterus)
GOLDEN-COLLARED MANAKIN (Manacus vitellinus) [*]
CLUB-WINGED MANAKIN (Machaeropterus deliciosus)
STRIPED MANAKIN (Machaeropterus regulus)
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
BARRED BECARD (Pachyramphus versicolor)
CINEREOUS BECARD (Pachyramphus rufus)
WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus)
Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)
RUFOUS-NAPED GREENLET (Pachysylvia semibrunnea)
Our Choco Vireo was somewhere down the slope on Cerro Montezuma. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
CHOCO VIREO (Vireo masteri)
RED-EYED VIREO (Vireo olivaceus)
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
BEAUTIFUL JAY (Cyanolyca pulchra)
BLACK-CHESTED JAY (Cyanocorax affinis)
GREEN JAY (Cyanocorax yncas)
BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)
BROWN-BELLIED SWALLOW (Orochelidon murina)
A Tourmaline Sunangel at close range, which was the way we saw many hummingbirds at Rio Blanco. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica) [b]
HOUSE WREN (SOUTHERN) (Troglodytes aedon musculus)
Sedge Wren is a bird of the paramo in the Andes; we saw them at PN Los Nevados. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
MOUNTAIN WREN (Troglodytes solstitialis)
SEDGE WREN (Cistothorus platensis)
SOOTY-HEADED WREN (Pheugopedius spadix)
WHISKERED WREN (Pheugopedius mystacalis) [*]
SHARPE'S WREN (Cinnycerthia olivascens)
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucophrys)
MUNCHIQUE WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina negreti) [E]
Chestnut-breasted Wren and Bicolored Antvireo had just been seen up the road on Cerro Montezuma, but we had a quiet moment here. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
CHESTNUT-BREASTED WREN (Cyphorhinus thoracicus)
WHITE-CAPPED DIPPER (Cinclus leucocephalus)
At Rio Blanco, a Great Thrush was absorbed by its reflection in the mirror outside of the bathroom. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
ANDEAN SOLITAIRE (Myadestes ralloides) [*]
ORANGE-BILLED NIGHTINGALE-THRUSH (Catharus aurantiirostris) [*]
SWAINSON'S THRUSH (Catharus ustulatus) [b]
BLACK SOLITAIRE (Entomodestes coracinus)
BLACK-BILLED THRUSH (Turdus ignobilis)
GREAT THRUSH (Turdus fuscater)
Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)
TROPICAL MOCKINGBIRD (Mimus gilvus)
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH (Parkesia noveboracensis) [b]
A female Red-headed Barbet has its eyes firmly on its quarry--a banana on a platform! Photo by guide Richard Webster.
GOLDEN-WINGED WARBLER (Vermivora chrysoptera) [b]
BLACK-AND-WHITE WARBLER (Mniotilta varia) [b]
TENNESSEE WARBLER (Oreothlypis peregrina) [b]
MOURNING WARBLER (Geothlypis philadelphia) [b]
AMERICAN REDSTART (Setophaga ruticilla) [b]
CERULEAN WARBLER (Setophaga cerulea) [b]
TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)
BAY-BREASTED WARBLER (Setophaga castanea) [b]
BLACKBURNIAN WARBLER (Setophaga fusca) [b]
YELLOW WARBLER (NORTHERN) (Setophaga petechia aestiva) [b]
GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (Basileuterus culicivorus)
A male Empress Brilliant showing some of its refractive glory. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
THREE-STRIPED WARBLER (Basileuterus tristriatus)
BLACK-CRESTED WARBLER (Myiothlypis nigrocristata)
BUFF-RUMPED WARBLER (Myiothlypis fulvicauda)
RUSSET-CROWNED WARBLER (Myiothlypis coronata)
CANADA WARBLER (Cardellina canadensis) [b]
Birding at Montezuma Rainforest Lodge, with little but forest up the road from here. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
SLATE-THROATED REDSTART (Myioborus miniatus)
GOLDEN-FRONTED REDSTART (Myioborus ornatus)
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
RED-CAPPED CARDINAL (Paroaria gularis) [I]
OLEAGINOUS HEMISPINGUS (Sphenopsis frontalis)
SUPERCILIARIED HEMISPINGUS (Thlypopsis superciliaris)
An example of an apparent hybrid between the two forms of Flame-rumped Tanager, an orange-rumped ("Citrus-rumped") bird at Cerro Montezuma. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
FLAME-RUMPED TANAGER (FLAME-RUMPED) (Ramphocelus flammigerus flammigerus) [E]
FLAME-RUMPED TANAGER (LEMON-RUMPED) (Ramphocelus flammigerus icteronotus)
CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)
BLACK-AND-GOLD TANAGER (Bangsia melanochlamys) [E]
GOLD-RINGED TANAGER (Bangsia aureocincta) [E]
GRASS-GREEN TANAGER (Chlorornis riefferii)
SCARLET-BELLIED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus igniventris)
Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager is a widespread species in the Andes, but a welcome beauty anytime. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
BLUE-WINGED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus somptuosus)
BLACK-CHINNED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus notabilis)
BUFF-BREASTED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Dubusia taeniata) [*]
PURPLISH-MANTLED TANAGER (Iridosornis porphyrocephalus)
GLISTENING-GREEN TANAGER (Chlorochrysa phoenicotis)
Multicolored Tanager is tough to see well in canopy flocks; some of our best views ever came from the family group coming to banana feeders at Finca Alejandria. Photo by guide at Richard Webster.
MULTICOLORED TANAGER (Chlorochrysa nitidissima) [E]
BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
BLUE-CAPPED TANAGER (Thraupis cyanocephala)
Blue-capped Tanager was seen from the verandah at Rio Blanco. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
GOLDEN-NAPED TANAGER (Tangara ruficervix)
BLACK-CAPPED TANAGER (Tangara heinei)
SCRUB TANAGER (Tangara vitriolina)
Saffron-crowned Tanager was easily viewed at Finca Alejandria, one of the many tanagers visiting the feeders. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
BLUE-NECKED TANAGER (Tangara cyanicollis)
BLUE-AND-BLACK TANAGER (Tangara vassorii)
BERYL-SPANGLED TANAGER (Tangara nigroviridis)
METALLIC-GREEN TANAGER (Tangara labradorides)
BAY-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara gyrola)
SAFFRON-CROWNED TANAGER (Tangara xanthocephala)
GOLDEN TANAGER (Tangara arthus)
SILVER-THROATED TANAGER (Tangara icterocephala)
GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)
GUIRA TANAGER (Hemithraupis guira)
The Andes: Ridges and ridges, forests and clearings (but we aim for the forests), birds and birds. Bliss in the Andes. Photo on Cerro Montezuma by guide Richard Webster.
BLUE-BACKED CONEBILL (Conirostrum sitticolor)
CHESTNUT-BELLIED FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa gloriosissima) [E]
GLOSSY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa lafresnayii)
WHITE-SIDED FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa albilatera)
White-sided Flowerpiercer showing its hooked bill, with which it slices the corolla to steal the good stuff. Photo at Rio Blanco by guide Richard Webster.
INDIGO FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa indigotica)
RUSTY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa sittoides)
BLUISH FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa caerulescens)
MASKED FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa cyanea)
PLUMBEOUS SIERRA-FINCH (Geospizopsis unicolor)
SLATY FINCH (Spodiornis rusticus)
GRAY-HOODED BUSH TANAGER (Cnemoscopus rubrirostris)
The flooding marshes at Laguna de Sonso looking toward the Central Andes. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)
BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)
RUDDY-BREASTED SEEDEATER (Sporophila minuta)
LARGE-BILLED SEED-FINCH (Sporophila crassirostris)
VARIABLE SEEDEATER (Sporophila corvina)
GRAY SEEDEATER (Sporophila intermedia)
Another view of Multicolored Tanager, a study in converging green lines. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
YELLOW-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila nigricollis)
PLAIN-COLORED SEEDEATER (Catamenia inornata)
PARAMO SEEDEATER (Catamenia homochroa)
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
BUFF-THROATED SALTATOR (Saltator maximus)
BLACK-WINGED SALTATOR (Saltator atripennis)
STREAKED SALTATOR (Saltator striatipectus)
MASKED SALTATOR (Saltator cinctus)
Passerellidae (New World Buntings and Sparrows)
TANAGER FINCH (Oreothraupis arremonops)
YELLOW-THROATED CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus flavigularis)
ASHY-THROATED CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus canigularis)
COMMON CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus flavopectus)
A Booted Racket-tail at a Finca Alejandria feeder; among various subspecies, this one shows white booties (not buff) and uncrossed rackets. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
DUSKY CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus semifuscus)
BLACK-HEADED BRUSHFINCH (Arremon atricapillus)
GRAY-BROWED BRUSHFINCH (Arremon assimilis assimilis)
CHESTNUT-CAPPED BRUSHFINCH (Arremon brunneinucha)
OLIVE FINCH (Arremon castaneiceps)
RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)
On a drippy day, there is action at the Finca Alejandria banana feeders (up to 125 kgs consumed on some days!!); Red-headed Barbet and Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager stand out, with Black-billed Thrush with its back to us (and the legs and tail of another in the background). Photo by guide Richard Webster.
WHITE-NAPED BRUSHFINCH (YELLOW-THROATED) (Atlapetes albinucha gutturalis)
TRICOLORED BRUSHFINCH (CHOCO) (Atlapetes tricolor crassus)
An ID quiz! So what is it? Your guides sometimes have to stop and think--the female White-necked Jacobin is just a different bird. Photo at Cerro Montezuma by guide Richard Webster.
SLATY BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes schistaceus)
PALE-NAPED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes pallidinucha)
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
HEPATIC TANAGER (Piranga flava)
SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra) [b]
CRESTED ANT-TANAGER (Habia cristata) [E]
ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK (Pheucticus ludovicianus) [b]
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
YELLOW-BACKED ORIOLE (Icterus chrysater) [*]
YELLOW ORIOLE (Icterus nigrogularis)
SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)
CARIB GRACKLE (Quiscalus lugubris)
Looks like a Cecropia leaf on top of the ear of an elephant. On this tour (and all of our tours), we are birding amidst so much, in this case particularly the rich flora of the cloud forest. Photo on Cerro Montezuma by guide Richard Webster.
YELLOW-HOODED BLACKBIRD (Chrysomus icterocephalus)
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
BLUE-NAPED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia cyanea)
CHESTNUT-BREASTED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys)
YELLOW-COLLARED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia flavirostris)
THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)
A lovely, "mossy" tree at the Laguna de Sonso marshes near Buga. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
GOLDEN-RUMPED EUPHONIA (Euphonia cyanocephala)
ORANGE-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia xanthogaster)
LESSER GOLDFINCH (Spinus psaltria)
YELLOW-BELLIED SISKIN (Spinus xanthogastrus)
HOODED SISKIN (Spinus magellanicus)
Red Howler Monkey is often heard at Otun-Quimbaya, but we were fortunate to see a troop so well. Photo by participant Steve Parrish.
RED HOWLER MONKEY (Alouatta seniculus)
RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)
AMAZON DWARF SQUIRREL (Microsciurus flaviventer)
PACARANA (Dinomys branickii)
CENTRAL AMERICAN AGOUTI (Dasyprocta punctata)
Iguana: Laguna de Sonso and Camaguadua.
gecko sp.: heard at the Hotel Guadalajara.
large turtles spp.: marsh near Cartago.
Bullfrog?: heard at El Vinculo.
green snake sp. (non-venomous): Cerro Montezuma.
moths galore: Cerro Montezuma each morning.
butterflies: some, but not so many in our gray, wet weather.
Totals for the tour: 397 bird taxa and 5 mammal taxa