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Field Guides Tour Report
Colombia: Cali Escape 2018
Nov 3, 2018 to Nov 11, 2018
Jesse Fagan & Daniel Uribe

We were witness to an impressive Swainson's Hawk migration at Los Nevados NP. I estimated a total of 8500 individuals streamed by in several waves, like this one. Video by guide Jesse Fagan.

This was a very birdy trip to Colombia. Our group tallied nearly 400 taxa observed, which included a good smattering of Colombian endemics and near-endemics. I like the diversity of habitats we sampled, too. From hot, lowland dry forest at Laguna de Sonso and Reserva Vinculo, moist foothills birding at Montezuma and Rio Blanco (plus covering the coffee belt; remember 1200-1800 masl), and then above tree-line (or nearly) at Cerro Montezuma and in paramo habitat at Los Nevados NP. It was very cool visiting both Western (Choco) and Central cordilleras of Colombia, and crossing the Cauca Valley in the process. Colombia is famous for birds, and it is precisely the trident split of the Andes in Southern Colombia that creates the topography and separation necessary for genetic diversity (not just in birds, of course). You got to see this first hand.

Trip highlights were many, but that's not surprising on a trip to Colombia. Favorites included Chestnut-crowned Antpitta (both Sally and Margaret liked our "to-die-for looks" at Rio Blanco), Becky liked the smaller antpitta, Slate-crowned, Ed chose his 6500th life species, Munchique Wood-Wren (we will not soon forget Hermes' ring-tone; and congrats, Ed!), Buffy Helmetcrest (Woody, of course), and yet another hummingbird for Jan, Golden-breasted Puffleg, Kevin really enjoyed the Chestnut-bellied Flowerpiercer (a Colombian endemic), and Martin was all about the Swainson's Hawk migration (me, too!). However, there was a clear favorite for the whole group: Andean Condor. According to Daniel, they are only seen on 20% of his tours to Los Nevados!

We also enjoyed learning about 'tejo,' drinking some fine Colombian Cauca Valley rum, and eating ice-cream. And where does bacon come from folks? (Sorry, Becky.) Seriously, it was fun being with you in Colombia, and thanks to all our local guides and operators including, of course, Daniel Uribe, and Hermes. I look forward to seeing you again in the near future. Good birding and safe travels.

Jesse aka Motmot (from Thattekad, Southern India)

One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Anhimidae (Screamers)
HORNED SCREAMER (Anhima cornuta) – We counted five individuals near Laguna de Sonso at a roadside stop. Missed most years.
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
FULVOUS WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna bicolor)
BLUE-WINGED TEAL (Spatula discors)
CINNAMON TEAL (Spatula cyanoptera) – Locally breeding in the Cauca Valley. We counted 20 or so at Cartago Marshes.
ANDEAN TEAL (Anas andium) – One was on a highland pond at Los Nevados NP.

Here is the group at Rio Blanco celebrating Margaret's birthday. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

RUDDY DUCK (RUDDY) (Oxyura jamaicensis andina)
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
COLOMBIAN CHACHALACA (Ortalis columbiana) – This endemic was seen and heard in the Cauca Valley near Cali during the first two days of the tour. [E]
CAUCA GUAN (Penelope perspicax) – We made the trip to Otun-Quimbaya to see this rare and local cracid. It was common here in the non-native ash trees. Population numbers less than 1000 individuals. [E]
SICKLE-WINGED GUAN (Chamaepetes goudotii)
Odontophoridae (New World Quail)
CHESTNUT WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus hyperythrus) [E*]
Podicipedidae (Grebes)
LEAST GREBE (Tachybaptus dominicus)
PIED-BILLED GREBE (Podilymbus podiceps)
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
Anhingidae (Anhingas)
ANHINGA (Anhinga anhinga)

We started the trip at Finca Alejandria with nice looks at Golden-headed Quetzal. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)
SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)
STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)
BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
GLOSSY IBIS (Plegadis falcinellus)
BARE-FACED IBIS (Phimosus infuscatus)
BUFF-NECKED IBIS (Theristicus caudatus) – Small numbers were seen in flight in the Cauca Valley near Reserva Vinculo.
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)
ANDEAN CONDOR (Vultur gryphus) – Wow. Awesome sighting of an adult during the Swainson's Hawk migration at Los Nevados NP. Missed on many tours (a 20% chance according to Daniel).
Pandionidae (Osprey)
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus)

Long-tailed Sylph was a regular to the hummingbird feeders at Finca Alejandria. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
HOOK-BILLED KITE (Chondrohierax uncinatus) – One adult female was seen perched at Reserva Vinculo.
BLACK HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus tyrannus) – One immature was seen soaring above Montezuma Lodge where surprisingly uncommon.
SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis)
DOUBLE-TOOTHED KITE (Harpagus bidentatus)
MISSISSIPPI KITE (Ictinia mississippiensis) – Two migrants were soaring high over the forest at Reserva Vinculo.
BARRED HAWK (Morphnarchus princeps) – Always a treat to see this montane raptor. We saw an adult at Montezuma Lodge just after we predicted that the thermals looked good for soaring raptors.
ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)
BLACK-CHESTED BUZZARD-EAGLE (Geranoaetus melanoleucus)
BROAD-WINGED HAWK (Buteo platypterus)
SHORT-TAILED HAWK (Buteo brachyurus)
SWAINSON'S HAWK (Buteo swainsoni) – A definite highlight for most folks on the tour was watching approx. 8500 individuals in full migration mode soaring over the pass at Los Nevados NP.

And Crimson-rumped Toucanet put in several visits to the banana feeders at Finca Alejandria. A smashing bird if I do say so myself. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
WHITE-THROATED CRAKE (Laterallus albigularis) [*]
BLACKISH RAIL (Pardirallus nigricans)
PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinica)
COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)
AMERICAN COOT (Fulica americana columbiana)
Aramidae (Limpkin)
LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna)
Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)
BLACK-NECKED STILT (Himantopus mexicanus)
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
Jacanidae (Jacanas)
WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)
Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
LEAST SANDPIPER (Calidris minutilla)

The Cauca Valley as seen from Reserva Vinculo. Lots of sugarcane grown here, which is used to make excellent rum. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

PECTORAL SANDPIPER (Calidris melanotos) – A few individuals of this species were along the edge of Chinchina Swamp.
SPOTTED SANDPIPER (Actitis macularius)
SOLITARY SANDPIPER (Tringa solitaria)
LESSER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa flavipes)
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia) [I]
PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)
PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea chapmani)
RUDDY GROUND-DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)
WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi) [*]
GRAY-HEADED DOVE (Leptotila plumbeiceps) [*]
EARED DOVE (Zenaida auriculata)

This incredible photo of Purple-bibbed Whitetip by Chris Wood was taken at Montezuma Lodge. Montezuma Lodge is located in the Western Cordillera with access to Pacific Slope Choco birds.

Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
STRIPED CUCKOO (Tapera naevia) [*]
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)
Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)
LESSER NIGHTHAWK (Chordeiles acutipennis) – One was spotted by our local guide on a daytime perch at Chinchina Swamp.
LYRE-TAILED NIGHTJAR (Uropsalis lyra) – It was a really cool experience watching this species emerge at dusk from their day-roosting perches at Rio Blanco. That tail!
Nyctibiidae (Potoos)
COMMON POTOO (Nyctibius griseus)
Apodidae (Swifts)
WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris)
GRAY-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura cinereiventris) – I decided to leave off Chimney Swift from the list since confusion with this species in poor light seems possible. We studied this species well enough (rump pattern and call) at Montezuma to be sure of its i.d.
LESSER SWALLOW-TAILED SWIFT (Panyptila cayennensis) – Several over the forest at Reserva Vinculo.

The ridge at Cerro Montezuma where we saw several endemic species. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN (Florisuga mellivora)
GREEN HERMIT (Phaethornis guy)
TAWNY-BELLIED HERMIT (Phaethornis syrmatophorus)
STRIPE-THROATED HERMIT (Phaethornis striigularis)
GREEN-FRONTED LANCEBILL (Doryfera ludovicae)
BROWN VIOLETEAR (Colibri delphinae)
LESSER VIOLETEAR (Colibri cyanotus)
SPARKLING VIOLETEAR (Colibri coruscans)
BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis)
TOURMALINE SUNANGEL (Heliangelus exortis) – A sharp one that we saw well at Montezuma Lodge and again at Los Nevados.
SPECKLED HUMMINGBIRD (Adelomyia melanogenys)
LONG-TAILED SYLPH (Aglaiocercus kingii)
VIOLET-TAILED SYLPH (Aglaiocercus coelestis) – Seen well at Montezuma where they were a regular visitor to the feeders.
RAINBOW-BEARDED THORNBILL (Chalcostigma herrani)
BUFFY HELMETCREST (Oxypogon stubelii) – We were lucky to find one just after exiting the vehicles near the high point at Los Nevados. We quickly descended as the weather was less than ideal. [E]
TYRIAN METALTAIL (Metallura tyrianthina)
VIRIDIAN METALTAIL (Metallura williami)
GREENISH PUFFLEG (Haplophaedia aureliae)
BLACK-THIGHED PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis derbyi) – Both this and the next species were seen visiting feeders at Los Nevados NP.
GOLDEN-BREASTED PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis mosquera)

The Munchique Wood-Wren seen at Cerro Montezuma was Ed's 6500 life bird (and most likely this particular individual!). Photo by participant Chris Wood.

SHINING SUNBEAM (Aglaeactis cupripennis)
BRONZY INCA (Coeligena coeligena)
BROWN INCA (Coeligena wilsoni) – Fairly common at the Montezuma forest feeders.
COLLARED INCA (Coeligena torquata)
DUSKY STARFRONTLET (Coeligena orina) – This local and rare endemic was visiting a feeder at Cerro Montezuma. Despite the name, it is a striking bird if seen in good light. [E]
MOUNTAIN VELVETBREAST (Lafresnaya lafresnayi)
GREAT SAPPHIREWING (Pterophanes cyanopterus)
BUFF-TAILED CORONET (Boissonneaua flavescens)
VELVET-PURPLE CORONET (Boissonneaua jardini)
BOOTED RACKET-TAIL (Ocreatus underwoodii)
WHITE-TAILED HILLSTAR (Urochroa bougueri)
PURPLE-BIBBED WHITETIP (Urosticte benjamini) – This striking hummingbird was visiting the feeder at Montezuma Lodge on a regular basis. Never common, any of the whitetips.

Another brilliant shot by Chris Wood showing the Montezuma highlands.

FAWN-BREASTED BRILLIANT (Heliodoxa rubinoides)
EMPRESS BRILLIANT (Heliodoxa imperatrix) – Another specialty of Montezuma (and the Western Cordillera) was this large hummingbird, which (thankfully) was a regular visitor to the feeders.
WHITE-BELLIED WOODSTAR (Chaetocercus mulsant)
PURPLE-THROATED WOODSTAR (Calliphlox mitchellii) – Common at Montezuma Lodge and Finca Alejandria.
WESTERN EMERALD (Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus melanorhynchus)
CROWNED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania colombica)
ANDEAN EMERALD (Amazilia franciae)
STEELY-VENTED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia saucerottei)
BLUE-HEADED SAPPHIRE (Hylocharis grayi) – Some folks saw this rare and local hummingbird briefly at Finca Alejandria. Formerly, part of the Humboldt's Sapphire complex.

The group waiting for hummers at Los Cajones. (Montezuma). Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

Trogonidae (Trogons)
GOLDEN-HEADED QUETZAL (Pharomachrus auriceps)
CRESTED QUETZAL (Pharomachrus antisianus)
COLLARED TROGON (Trogon collaris)
MASKED TROGON (Trogon personatus assimilis)
Momotidae (Motmots)
ANDEAN MOTMOT (Momotus aequatorialis)
Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)
Bucconidae (Puffbirds)
MOUSTACHED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila mystacalis) – Always nice to see a puffbird. We saw this species at Montezuma Lodge.
Capitonidae (New World Barbets)
RED-HEADED BARBET (Eubucco bourcierii) – A splash of color at the Finca Alejandria banana feeders.
Semnornithidae (Toucan-Barbets)
TOUCAN BARBET (Semnornis ramphastinus) – Probably high on the target list for some folks. Seen along the Montezuma road. Heard a couple of other times.
Ramphastidae (Toucans)
CRIMSON-RUMPED TOUCANET (Aulacorhynchus haematopygus) – Another visitor to the Finca Alejandria banana feeders.
YELLOW-THROATED TOUCAN (Ramphastos ambiguus)
Picidae (Woodpeckers)
GRAYISH PICULET (Picumnus granadensis) – This endemic was seen well a few times in the Cauca Valley. [E]
RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes rubricapillus)
SMOKY-BROWN WOODPECKER (Picoides fumigatus)
GOLDEN-OLIVE WOODPECKER (Colaptes rubiginosus)
SPOT-BREASTED WOODPECKER (Colaptes punctigula)
LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)
POWERFUL WOODPECKER (Campephilus pollens) – Always a tough one to see. A female was seen pretty well below Rio Blanco.
CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos)
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
CRESTED CARACARA (Caracara cheriway)
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima chimachima)
MERLIN (Falco columbarius)

After Montezuma we cut across the Cauca Valley and birded the Central Cordillera. The Otun-Quimbaya location was the place for seeing Red-ruffed Fruitcrow. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)
SPECKLE-FACED PARROT (Pionus tumultuosus)
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)
BRONZE-WINGED PARROT (Pionus chalcopterus)
SCALY-NAPED PARROT (Amazona mercenarius)
SPECTACLED PARROTLET (Forpus conspicillatus)
GOLDEN-PLUMED PARAKEET (Leptosittaca branickii) – Always a good one to see well. We had one in the scope at Rio Blanco. Endangered.
SCARLET-FRONTED PARAKEET (Psittacara wagleri wagleri) [*]
Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
BAR-CRESTED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus multistriatus) – A near endemic (also found in NW Venezuela) seen a couple of times.
UNIFORM ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus unicolor)
PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis)
STREAK-HEADED ANTBIRD (Drymophila striaticeps)
PARKER'S ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides parkeri) – This CO endemic (named after Ted Parker) was seen at Montezuma Lodge where they appear fairly common. Closely related to Dusky Antbird. [E]
JET ANTBIRD (Cercomacra nigricans)
ZELEDON'S ANTBIRD (Hafferia zeledoni)

Rio Blanco was all about antpittas. This spectacular shot of a Slate-crowned Antpitta was taken by participant Becky Hansen.

Grallariidae (Antpittas)
MOUSTACHED ANTPITTA (Grallaria alleni) [*]
SCALED ANTPITTA (Grallaria guatimalensis) [*]
CHESTNUT-CROWNED ANTPITTA (Grallaria ruficapilla) – Awesome views of this lovely Grallaria at Rio Blanco.
BICOLORED ANTPITTA (Grallaria rufocinerea) – Seen well at Rio Blanco.
YELLOW-BREASTED ANTPITTA (Grallaria flavotincta) [*]
RUFOUS ANTPITTA (Grallaria rufula) [*]
TAWNY ANTPITTA (Grallaria quitensis) [*]
BROWN-BANDED ANTPITTA (Grallaria milleri) – A CO endemic which showed super well at Rio Blanco. [E]
SLATE-CROWNED ANTPITTA (Grallaricula nana) – Another antpitta seen super well at Rio Blanco. Wow, four species of antpitta seen at this location!

Another fabulous antpitta shot by participant Chris Wood from Rio Blanco. In this case, Chestnut-crowned Antpitta.

Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)
OCELLATED TAPACULO (Acropternis orthonyx) – Some folks saw this un-tapaculo-like bird sculking around in the vegetation at Rio Blanco. Big voice.
ASH-COLORED TAPACULO (Myornis senilis) [*]
BLACKISH TAPACULO (Scytalopus latrans) [*]
CHOCO TAPACULO (Scytalopus chocoensis)
STILES'S TAPACULO (Scytalopus stilesi) – This endemic was seen at Otun-Quimbaya Reserve. Named after Gary F. Stiles. [E]
TATAMA TAPACULO (Scytalopus alvarezlopezi) – This endemic tapaculo was seen at Montezuma Lodge. It was encountered at the lower elevations near the lodge. [E]
NARI–NO TAPACULO (Scytalopus vicinior)
SPILLMANN'S TAPACULO (Scytalopus spillmanni)
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
TYRANNINE WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla tyrannina)
COCOA WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)
OLIVE-BACKED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus triangularis)
STREAK-HEADED WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)
MONTANE WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger)
PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)
STREAKED XENOPS (Xenops rutilans)
BUFFY TUFTEDCHEEK (PACIFIC) (Pseudocolaptes lawrencii johnsoni)
STOUT-BILLED CINCLODES (Cinclodes excelsior)
MONTANE FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia striaticollis)
LINEATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Syndactyla subalaris) [*]
UNIFORM TREEHUNTER (Thripadectes ignobilis)
STRIPED TREEHUNTER (Thripadectes holostictus)
STREAK-CAPPED TREEHUNTER (Thripadectes virgaticeps)

Daniel Uribe leads the group at Rio Blanco. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

SPOTTED BARBTAIL (Premnoplex brunnescens)
FULVOUS-DOTTED TREERUNNER (Margarornis stellatus) – This lovely furnarid was fairly common in the moss-laden forest above Montezuma Lodge.
PEARLED TREERUNNER (Margarornis squamiger)
ANDEAN TIT-SPINETAIL (Leptasthenura andicola) – Showed well in the paramo at Los Nevados NP.
RED-FACED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca erythrops)
SLATY SPINETAIL (Synallaxis brachyura)
PALE-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis albescens) [*]
AZARA'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis azarae)
RUFOUS SPINETAIL (Synallaxis unirufa)
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
WHITE-TAILED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus poecilocercus)
WHITE-BANDED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus stictopterus)
MOUSE-COLORED TYRANNULET (NORTHERN) (Phaeomyias murina incomta)
YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)
TORRENT TYRANNULET (Serpophaga cinerea)
STREAK-NECKED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes striaticollis)
OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus)
SLATY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon superciliaris)
RUFOUS-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon rufipectus)
VARIEGATED BRISTLE-TYRANT (Phylloscartes poecilotis) – This species was seen well in the mixed-species flock at Otun-Quimbaya a couple of times. The tawny wing-bars are a good give-away.
MARBLE-FACED BRISTLE-TYRANT (Phylloscartes ophthalmicus) – Another small flycatcher that was in the Otun-Quimbaya mixed-species flock.
RUFOUS-BROWED TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes superciliaris) – Always a good one to see. There was a vocal individual in a Rio Blanco mixed-species flock. As canopy tyrannulets go, it showed well.

This Spot-breasted Woodpecker was captured very nicely by participant Becky Hansen.

SOOTY-HEADED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias griseiceps)
BLACK-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias nigrocapillus) [*]
PLUMBEOUS-CROWNED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias plumbeiceps) [*]
GOLDEN-FACED TYRANNULET (GOLDEN-FACED) (Zimmerius chrysops chrysops)
ORNATE FLYCATCHER (Myiotriccus ornatus)
BRONZE-OLIVE PYGMY-TYRANT (Pseudotriccus pelzelni) – Seen super well at Otun-Quimbaya. Heard a few times at Montezuma.
RUFOUS-HEADED PYGMY-TYRANT (Pseudotriccus ruficeps)
SCALE-CRESTED PYGMY-TYRANT (Lophotriccus pileatus) [*]
BLACK-THROATED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus granadensis) [*]
RUFOUS-CROWNED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus ruficeps) – Super nice looks at this bamboo understory bird at Rio Blanco.
SLATE-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus sylvia)
COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)
YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (ASEMUS) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens asemus)
CINNAMON FLYCATCHER (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus)
HANDSOME FLYCATCHER (Nephelomyias pulcher) – Common in the canopy at Montezuma Lodge. Groups of 5 to 8 birds moving together. Not real "handsome," but some agreed "cute."
SMOKE-COLORED PEWEE (Contopus fumigatus)
WESTERN WOOD-PEWEE (Contopus sordidulus)
EASTERN WOOD-PEWEE (Contopus virens)
BLACK PHOEBE (Sayornis nigricans)
VERMILION FLYCATCHER (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
SMOKY BUSH-TYRANT (Myiotheretes fumigatus) [*]

We finished the tour above Manizales in the paramo habitat at Los Nevados NP. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

SLATY-BACKED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris)
CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)
DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
APICAL FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus apicalis) – This endemic was seen nicely at Laguna de Sonso. Also found in the Magdalena Valley. [E]
PALE-EDGED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus cephalotes)
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
LEMON-BROWED FLYCATCHER (Conopias cinchoneti)
GOLDEN-CROWNED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)
Cotingidae (Cotingas)
ORANGE-BREASTED FRUITEATER (Pipreola jucunda) – A male was feeding on fruiting trees at Los Cajones (Montezuma).
RED-RUFFED FRUITCROW (Pyroderus scutatus) – One of the specialties of Otun-Quimbaya. We saw one very well from the parking lot!
Pipridae (Manakins)
GOLDEN-COLLARED MANAKIN (Manacus vitellinus)
CLUB-WINGED MANAKIN (Machaeropterus deliciosus)
STRIPED MANAKIN (Machaeropterus regulus)
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
MASKED TITYRA (Tityra semifasciata)
BARRED BECARD (Pachyramphus versicolor)
CINEREOUS BECARD (Pachyramphus rufus)
WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus dorsalis)
Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)
BLACK-BILLED PEPPERSHRIKE (Cyclarhis nigrirostris)

Nice job by Chris Wood in capturing this Andean Condor that we were lucky enough to spot at Los Nevados NP.

RUFOUS-NAPED GREENLET (Pachysylvia semibrunnea)
CHOCO VIREO (Vireo masteri) – This local vireo was seen along the road at Montezuma. Not super common; we saw just one.
BROWN-CAPPED VIREO (Vireo leucophrys)
RED-EYED VIREO (RESIDENT CHIVI) (Vireo olivaceus caucae) – Several were singing and on territory at Reserva Vinculo. This has now been split according to Clements/eBird, as Chivi Vireo.
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
BLACK-COLLARED JAY (Cyanolyca armillata)
BLACK-CHESTED JAY (Cyanocorax affinis)
GREEN JAY (Cyanocorax yncas)

Here is a video by guide Jesse Fagan of the condor we saw at Los Nevados.
Hirundinidae (Swallows)
BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)
BROWN-BELLIED SWALLOW (Orochelidon murina)
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)
BANK SWALLOW (Riparia riparia)
BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica)
Troglodytidae (Wrens)
SCALY-BREASTED WREN (SCALY) (Microcerculus marginatus occidentalis) – Always tough, but some folks managed good views at Reserva Vinculo.
HOUSE WREN (SOUTHERN) (Troglodytes aedon musculus)
MOUNTAIN WREN (Troglodytes solstitialis)
SEDGE WREN (PARAMO) (Cistothorus platensis aequatorialis) – Now seems to be split as "Grass Wren," which includes all the former Central and South American populations of Sedge Wren. However, within Grass Wren, this taxon is known as "Paramo Wren." Seen at Los Nevados NP where common.
SOOTY-HEADED WREN (Pheugopedius spadix)
WHISKERED WREN (Pheugopedius mystacalis) [*]
BAY WREN (Cantorchilus nigricapillus)
RUFOUS WREN (Cinnycerthia unirufa)
SHARPE'S WREN (Cinnycerthia olivascens)
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucophrys)
MUNCHIQUE WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina negreti) – A very local Western Cordillera endemic that we saw incredibly well at Cerro Montezuma. This was Ed's 6500th bird! Congratulations!! [E]
CHESTNUT-BREASTED WREN (Cyphorhinus thoracicus)
Cinclidae (Dippers)
WHITE-CAPPED DIPPER (Cinclus leucocephalus)
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
ANDEAN SOLITAIRE (Myadestes ralloides)
SWAINSON'S THRUSH (Catharus ustulatus)
BLACK SOLITAIRE (Entomodestes coracinus) – Good numbers seen in the Montezuma forest.
BLACK-BILLED THRUSH (DRAB) (Turdus ignobilis goodfellowi)
GREAT THRUSH (Turdus fuscater)
GLOSSY-BLACK THRUSH (Turdus serranus)
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH (Parkesia noveboracensis)
AMERICAN REDSTART (Setophaga ruticilla)
TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)
BLACKBURNIAN WARBLER (Setophaga fusca) – Probably the most common wintering warbler seen on this tour, at least in the highlands.
YELLOW WARBLER (NORTHERN) (Setophaga petechia aestiva)
GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (Basileuterus culicivorus)
THREE-STRIPED WARBLER (Basileuterus tristriatus)
BLACK-CRESTED WARBLER (Myiothlypis nigrocristata)
BUFF-RUMPED WARBLER (Myiothlypis fulvicauda) [*]
RUSSET-CROWNED WARBLER (Myiothlypis coronata)
CANADA WARBLER (Cardellina canadensis)
SLATE-THROATED REDSTART (Myioborus miniatus)

A final shot by Chris Wood of a Golden-breasted Puffleg from Los Nevados NP. Thanks for a great trip!

Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
RED-CAPPED CARDINAL (Paroaria gularis) – The Masked/Red-capped cardinals have been split now. In the Cauca we were seeing this taxon.
RUFOUS-CRESTED TANAGER (Creurgops verticalis)
BLACK-CAPPED HEMISPINGUS (Kleinothraupis atropileus)
OLEAGINOUS HEMISPINGUS (Sphenopsis frontalis)
BLACK-EARED HEMISPINGUS (Sphenopsis melanotis)
SUPERCILIARIED HEMISPINGUS (Thlypopsis superciliaris)
FLAME-RUMPED TANAGER (FLAME-RUMPED) (Ramphocelus flammigerus flammigerus) – There was one visiting the feeders at Montezuma that appeared to be a hybrid Flame-rumped/Lemon-rumped ("Tangerine"). Lemon-rumped are found at lower elevations.
FLAME-RUMPED TANAGER (LEMON-RUMPED) (Ramphocelus flammigerus icteronotus)
CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)
BLACK-AND-GOLD TANAGER (Bangsia melanochlamys) – The two endemic Bangsia were both seen well at Montezuma, but Black-and-gold proved to be the more difficult one to see well. [E]
GOLD-RINGED TANAGER (Bangsia aureocincta) [E]
GRASS-GREEN TANAGER (Chlorornis riefferii)
LACRIMOSE MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus lacrymosus)
BLUE-WINGED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus somptuosus) – Impressive to see them so well at the Finca Alejandria feeders.
PURPLISH-MANTLED TANAGER (Iridosornis porphyrocephalus)
GLISTENING-GREEN TANAGER (Chlorochrysa phoenicotis) – Boy, did it glisten!
MULTICOLORED TANAGER (Chlorochrysa nitidissima) – Hard to believe a species can be an endemic AND fantastically beautiful at the same time. The males were just striking. [E]
BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
RUFOUS-THROATED TANAGER (Ixothraupis rufigula) – A near-endemic that we finally caught up with on our last day at Montezuma lodge.
GOLDEN-NAPED TANAGER (Tangara ruficervix)
SCRUB TANAGER (Tangara vitriolina)
BLUE-NECKED TANAGER (Tangara cyanicollis)
BLUE-AND-BLACK TANAGER (Tangara vassorii)
BERYL-SPANGLED TANAGER (Tangara nigroviridis)
METALLIC-GREEN TANAGER (Tangara labradorides) – These were seen on our first day at El 18.
BAY-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara gyrola)
SAFFRON-CROWNED TANAGER (Tangara xanthocephala)
GOLDEN TANAGER (Tangara arthus)
SILVER-THROATED TANAGER (Tangara icterocephala)
GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)
CAPPED CONEBILL (Conirostrum albifrons)
CHESTNUT-BELLIED FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa gloriosissima) – This endemic was seen way up on Cerro Montezuma. It was visiting a hummingbird feeder and trying to keep warm with the Colombian army! [E]
GLOSSY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa lafresnayii)
BLACK FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa humeralis)
INDIGO FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa indigotica) – Good looks in the forest at Montezuma.
RUSTY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa sittoides)
BLUISH FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa caerulescens)
PLUSHCAP (Catamblyrhynchus diadema) – One too briefly in the higher elevation bamboo at Montezuma.
BLACK-BACKED BUSH TANAGER (Urothraupis stolzmanni) – This is a near-endemic. Seen well at Los Nevados NP at our first stop.
GRAY-HOODED BUSH TANAGER (Cnemoscopus rubrirostris)
SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)
BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)
THICK-BILLED SEED-FINCH (Sporophila funerea)
VARIABLE SEEDEATER (Sporophila corvina)
GRAY SEEDEATER (Sporophila intermedia)
YELLOW-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila nigricollis)
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
BLACK-WINGED SALTATOR (Saltator atripennis)
GRAYISH SALTATOR (Saltator coerulescens)
STREAKED SALTATOR (Saltator striatipectus)
Passerellidae (New World Buntings and Sparrows)
ASHY-THROATED CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus canigularis)
COMMON CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus flavopectus)
DUSKY CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus semifuscus) – Common in the forest at Montezuma.
BLACK-STRIPED SPARROW (Arremonops conirostris)
GRAY-BROWED BRUSHFINCH (Arremon assimilis)
OLIVE FINCH (Arremon castaneiceps)
RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)
TRICOLORED BRUSHFINCH (CHOCO) (Atlapetes tricolor crassus) – Seen along the road in understory vegetation just below Los Cajones.
SLATY BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes schistaceus) – Coming to the feeders at Rio Blanco.
PALE-NAPED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes pallidinucha) – Also, coming to feeders, but at Los Nevados NP.
Mitrospingidae (Mitrospingid Tanagers)
DUSKY-FACED TANAGER (Mitrospingus cassinii)
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
HEPATIC TANAGER (Piranga flava)
SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra)
RED-HOODED TANAGER (Piranga rubriceps)
CRESTED ANT-TANAGER (Habia cristata) – This endemic was seen at Montezuma during a rain shower. The flaming red crest stood-out, however, in the dimly lit forest. [E]
OCHRE-BREASTED TANAGER (Chlorothraupis stolzmanni) – This near endemic was seen at Montezuma.
ULTRAMARINE GROSBEAK (Cyanoloxia brissonii)
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
YELLOW-BILLED CACIQUE (Amblycercus holosericeus)
RUSSET-BACKED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius angustifrons)
MOUNTAIN CACIQUE (Cacicus chrysonotus)
YELLOW-BACKED ORIOLE (Icterus chrysater)
YELLOW ORIOLE (Icterus nigrogularis)
SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)
YELLOW-HOODED BLACKBIRD (Chrysomus icterocephalus)
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
CHESTNUT-BREASTED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys) – This species and the next were seen well in the forest at Montezuma. Both were feeding at mistletoe clumps.
YELLOW-COLLARED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia flavirostris)
THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)
ORANGE-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia xanthogaster)
LESSER GOLDFINCH (Spinus psaltria)
YELLOW-BELLIED SISKIN (Spinus xanthogastrus)
Estrildidae (Waxbills and Allies)
TRICOLORED MUNIA (Lonchura malacca)

RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)
ANDEAN SQUIRREL (Sciurus pucheranii) [E]
CAPYBARA (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris)
CENTRAL AMERICAN AGOUTI (Dasyprocta punctata)


Other critters seen on the tour:

1) Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) = Several large individuals were spotted resting on large tree limbs at Laguna de Sonso. They are native to Colombia.

2) Fer-de-lance (Bothrops asper) = Some of us saw this highly venomous snake at Montezuma Lodge. A small individual was curled up in the walking trail! Native to Central America and N South America.

Totals for the tour: 394 bird taxa and 4 mammal taxa