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Field Guides Tour Report
Colombia: Bogota, the Magdalena Valley, and Santa Marta 2013
Jan 12, 2013 to Jan 28, 2013
Jesse Fagan

Colombia's wetlands can harbor a nice mix of waders, including Cocoi Heron, Glossy Ibis, and Great and Snowy egrets. (Photo by guide Jesse Fagan)

This was easily my most successful bird tour to Colombia. Indeed, very few of our tours offer more than 500 species on a trip. It is an elite group, the 500 Club. Well, in 17 days of traveling through the Magdalena Valley we encountered 555 species. Most were seen very well and this included 32 Colombian endemics (and a host of other interesting subspecies i.e. "potential splits") plus a first record for the Caribbean coast (Dunlin; vagrant to Colombia), and a new species for the country, Kelp Gull!

As would be expected with so many species on a tour, our group highlights were varied. The tops included the striking Vermilion Cardinal (striking red with an incredibly long crest), Bare-crowned Antbird (one of our "singing" favorites at El Paujil Reserve), Northern Screamer (a lifer for Jim, which also finished the family for him), White-whiskered Spinetail (Guajira dry forest), Rufous and Rusty-breasted antpittas, and Black-fronted Wood-Quail. Miles really liked the Yellow-throated Spadebill!

Speaking of Miles, I would personally like to thank Miles McMullan, author and artist of Field Guide to the Birds of Colombia, for stepping in at the last minute to help us out on this trip. His knowledge of Colombian birds and humor throughout were a great addition to our tour.

Until the next awesome birding trip...

--Jesse (from Lima, Peru)

One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Tinamidae (Tinamous)
HIGHLAND TINAMOU (Nothocercus bonapartei) [*]
GREAT TINAMOU (Tinamus major) [*]
LITTLE TINAMOU (Crypturellus soui) [*]
Anhimidae (Screamers)
NORTHERN SCREAMER (Chauna chavaria) – Several pairs were seen along the entrance road to Paujil and again (lots!) on the main highway north to Santa Marta. It was the most screamers I have seen on this tour. This was a target bird for Jim and a lifer for most. Only three species in this New World family.
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
WHITE-FACED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna viduata)
BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
FULVOUS WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna bicolor) – Good looks at this species on the north coast near Isla Salamanca. We saw three species of Dendrocygna on this tour.
BLUE-WINGED TEAL (Anas discors)
RUDDY DUCK (Oxyura jamaicensis)
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
CHESTNUT-WINGED CHACHALACA (Ortalis garrula) – We finally caught up with this endemic after a bit of searching in the dry forest outside of Rodadero. [E]
COLOMBIAN CHACHALACA (Ortalis columbiana) – Seen well in a Cecropia tree on our drive into El Paujil. Heard a few more times deep in the forest. It was formerly treated as a subspecies of Speckled Chachalaca. [E]
BAND-TAILED GUAN (Penelope argyrotis) – Nice looks at this cracid from the deck of the El Dorado lodge.
SICKLE-WINGED GUAN (Chamaepetes goudotii) – Also seen a few times in the Santa Marta mountains including from the deck of the lodge.
BLUE-BILLED CURASSOW (Crax alberti) [E*]
Odontophoridae (New World Quail)
MARBLED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus gujanensis) [*]
BLACK-FRONTED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus atrifrons) – Incredible looks at El Dorado. Coveys of 5 or 6 birds seem to be everywhere including under our cabins!
GORGETED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus strophium) – A single bird was seen at the forest blind above the RCA Lodge. Otherwise very difficult to find. [E]
Podicipedidae (Grebes)

This Tropical Screech-Owl is not amused, but we sure were amused to have him as a dinner companion at El Paujil. (Photo by guide Jesse Fagan)

LEAST GREBE (Tachybaptus dominicus)
PIED-BILLED GREBE (Podilymbus podiceps)
Phoenicopteridae (Flamingos)
AMERICAN FLAMINGO (Phoenicopterus ruber)
Ciconiidae (Storks)
WOOD STORK (Mycteria americana)
Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
Pelecanidae (Pelicans)
BROWN PELICAN (Pelecanus occidentalis)
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
RUFESCENT TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma lineatum marmoratum) – One adult was seen perched in a tree along the entrance road to Paujil.
GREAT BLUE HERON (Ardea herodias)
COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)
SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)
TRICOLORED HERON (Egretta tricolor)
REDDISH EGRET (Egretta rufescens) – Singles along the north coast.
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)
GREEN HERON (Butorides virescens) – One flushed up from the reeds, but seen well in flight, while birding the marshes near Isla Salamanca. These are rare to uncommon wintering birds on the north coast.
STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)
CAPPED HERON (Pilherodius pileatus)
BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nycticorax nycticorax)
YELLOW-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nyctanassa violacea)
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
WHITE IBIS (Eudocimus albus)
SCARLET IBIS (Eudocimus ruber) – Two very close to the bus while birding at Los Camarones.
GLOSSY IBIS (Plegadis falcinellus)
BARE-FACED IBIS (Phimosus infuscatus)
ROSEATE SPOONBILL (Platalea ajaja)
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)
LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus)
KING VULTURE (Sarcoramphus papa) – Several were seen soaring over the ridges on different days at El Paujil.
Pandionidae (Osprey)
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus)
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
HOOK-BILLED KITE (Chondrohierax uncinatus) – A family group were seen foraging very closely to us birding along the road above Libano. Incredible looks and interesting to see their slow methodical behavior in search of arboreal snails.
SWALLOW-TAILED KITE (Elanoides forficatus)
PEARL KITE (Gampsonyx swainsonii)
WHITE-TAILED KITE (Elanus leucurus)
SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis)
PLUMBEOUS KITE (Ictinia plumbea)
BLACK-COLLARED HAWK (Busarellus nigricollis) – We stopped along the main highway to look at this lovely raptor a bit closer. Seen a few other times on the long drive north.
BLACK-CHESTED BUZZARD-EAGLE (Geranoaetus melanoleucus) – Very close and low at Chingaza NP.
LONG-WINGED HARRIER (Circus buffoni) – This raptor is still rare for the Magdalena Valley, but has been seen regularly on this tour the past few years.
BARRED HAWK (Leucopternis princeps)
SAVANNA HAWK (Buteogallus meridionalis)
ROADSIDE HAWK (Buteo magnirostris)
BROAD-WINGED HAWK (Buteo platypterus)
WHITE-RUMPED HAWK (Buteo leucorrhous) – A lovely adult was calling and soaring over our vehicles in the Santa Martas.
GRAY HAWK (Buteo nitidus)
SHORT-TAILED HAWK (Buteo brachyurus)
WHITE-TAILED HAWK (Buteo albicaudatus) – One soaring high over us above Libano.
ZONE-TAILED HAWK (Buteo albonotatus)
BLACK HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus tyrannus)
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
BARRED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur ruficollis) [*]
COLLARED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur semitorquatus) [*]
CRESTED CARACARA (Caracara cheriway)
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima chimachima)
LAUGHING FALCON (Herpetotheres cachinnans)
AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)
MERLIN (Falco columbarius) – One female was perched high in the tree at the La Florida marsh in Bogota.
APLOMADO FALCON (Falco femoralis) – One perched in a short tree as we walked down the Lengerke Trail.
BAT FALCON (Falco rufigularis) – One was seen perched on the high wires on the San Lorenzo Ridge, Santa Marta Mountains.
PEREGRINE FALCON (Falco peregrinus) – One large female was a flyby at the La Florida golf course in Bogota.
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
WHITE-THROATED CRAKE (Laterallus albigularis) [*]
BOGOTA RAIL (Rallus semiplumbeus) – Nice looks in the dry marsh at La Florida in Bogota. [E]
GRAY-NECKED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides cajanea) [*]
SORA (Porzana carolina) [*]
PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinica)
COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)
SPOT-FLANKED GALLINULE (Gallinula melanops) – A couple were seen well along the reeds at La Florida marsh.
AMERICAN COOT (Fulica americana)
AMERICAN COOT (Fulica americana columbiana) – A distinctive subspecies, resident in Colombia, with yellowish shields.
Aramidae (Limpkin)
LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna)
Burhinidae (Thick-knees)
DOUBLE-STRIPED THICK-KNEE (Burhinus bistriatus) – Nils was happy to finally catch up with this species, a lifer, at Los Camarones. In guides we trust!
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
BLACK-BELLIED PLOVER (Pluvialis squatarola)
WILSON'S PLOVER (Charadrius wilsonia)
SEMIPALMATED PLOVER (Charadrius semipalmatus)
Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)
BLACK-NECKED STILT (Himantopus mexicanus)
Jacanidae (Jacanas)
WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)
Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
SPOTTED SANDPIPER (Actitis macularius)
SOLITARY SANDPIPER (Tringa solitaria)
GREATER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa melanoleuca)
WILLET (Tringa semipalmata)
LESSER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa flavipes)
WHIMBREL (Numenius phaeopus)
MARBLED GODWIT (Limosa fedoa)
RUDDY TURNSTONE (Arenaria interpres)
SANDERLING (Calidris alba)
SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER (Calidris pusilla) – Nice comparisons were made between Semipalmated and Western sandpipers at Los Camarones.
WESTERN SANDPIPER (Calidris mauri)
LEAST SANDPIPER (Calidris minutilla)
DUNLIN (Calidris alpina) – This vagrant to Colombia was found at Los Camarones. It appears to be a first for the Caribbean coast of Colombia. We had nice comparisons with nearby Western and Semipalmated.
Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
LAUGHING GULL (Leucophaeus atricilla)
LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL (Larus fuscus) – At least three individuals were on the beach at Los Camarones. Now a regular visitor to Colombia's north coast.
KELP GULL (Larus dominicanus) – We found this species at Los Camarones. A first for Colombia! Not often you get to make the biggest bird list in the world even bigger.

Take note of where you've seen Violaceous Trogons in the past, as this species is no more. It's now been split three ways, with the birds from NW South America and Central America now being known as Gartered Trogon. (Photo by guide Jesse Fagan)

YELLOW-BILLED TERN (Sternula superciliaris)
LARGE-BILLED TERN (Phaetusa simplex)
GULL-BILLED TERN (Gelochelidon nilotica)
CASPIAN TERN (Hydroprogne caspia)
ROYAL TERN (Thalasseus maximus)
SANDWICH TERN (CABOT'S) (Thalasseus sandvicensis acuflavidus)
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia) [I]
PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)
SCALED PIGEON (Patagioenas speciosa)
BARE-EYED PIGEON (Patagioenas corensis)
BAND-TAILED PIGEON (WHITE-NECKED) (Patagioenas fasciata albilinea)
PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea chapmani)
RUDDY PIGEON (Patagioenas subvinacea)
EARED DOVE (Zenaida auriculata)
COMMON GROUND-DOVE (Columbina passerina)
RUDDY GROUND-DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)
SCALED DOVE (Columbina squammata)
WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)
GRAY-CHESTED DOVE (Leptotila cassini)
TOLIMA DOVE (Leptotila conoveri) – An excellent bird to see so well. We had one fly in and land on a higher branch for a few seconds look. Not bad. Heard well too. Libano.
LINED QUAIL-DOVE (Geotrygon linearis)
RUDDY QUAIL-DOVE (Geotrygon montana) [*]
Psittacidae (Parrots)
SANTA MARTA PARAKEET (Pyrrhura viridicata) – Our persistance paid off as we saw this endemic very well on our second morning up at San Lorenzo Ridge. No wind was the key. [E]
GREEN-RUMPED PARROTLET (Forpus passerinus)
SPECTACLED PARROTLET (Forpus conspicillatus)
ORANGE-CHINNED PARAKEET (Brotogeris jugularis)
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)
RED-BILLED PARROT (Pionus sordidus)
RED-LORED PARROT (Amazona autumnalis)
SCALY-NAPED PARROT (Amazona mercenaria)
MEALY PARROT (Amazona farinosa)
YELLOW-CROWNED PARROT (Amazona ochrocephala)
Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
DWARF CUCKOO (Coccycua pumila) – A lifer for Jesse and a few others. A rare bird to find at El Palmar in the Magdalena Valley.
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)
STRIPED CUCKOO (Tapera naevia) [*]
GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
GROOVE-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
Strigidae (Owls)
TROPICAL SCREECH-OWL (Megascops choliba) – Such a cute call. One was usually around at dinner during our stay at El Paujil.
SCREECH-OWL SP. (Megascops sp.) – This is the Santa Marta Screech-Owl. Seen well on a day roost near the lower cabins at El Dorado. This made the guide's lives a whole lot easier!
CRESTED OWL (Lophostrix cristata) [*]
SPECTACLED OWL (Pulsatrix perspicillata) [*]
FERRUGINOUS PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium brasilianum)
MOTTLED OWL (Ciccaba virgata) [*]
Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)
COMMON PAURAQUE (Nyctidromus albicollis)
BAND-WINGED NIGHTJAR (Caprimulgus longirostris) – Seen by the front vehicles on our drive up to San Lorenzo Ridge in the early morning.
Nyctibiidae (Potoos)
GREAT POTOO (Nyctibius grandis) – Wonderful flyby and calls at El Paujil.
COMMON POTOO (Nyctibius griseus) [*]
Apodidae (Swifts)
CHESTNUT-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne rutila)
WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris)
GRAY-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura cinereiventris) – Nice to confirm this species at El Paujil when one flew low enough and banked to show the rump color and pattern.
WHITE-TIPPED SWIFT (Aeronautes montivagus)
LESSER SWALLOW-TAILED SWIFT (Panyptila cayennensis)
Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN (Florisuga mellivora)
GREEN HERMIT (Phaethornis guy)
LONG-BILLED HERMIT (Phaethornis longirostris)
PALE-BELLIED HERMIT (Phaethornis anthophilus)
STRIPE-THROATED HERMIT (Phaethornis striigularis)
BROWN VIOLETEAR (Colibri delphinae)
GREEN VIOLETEAR (Colibri thalassinus)
SPARKLING VIOLETEAR (Colibri coruscans)
PURPLE-CROWNED FAIRY (Heliothryx barroti)
BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis)
SPECKLED HUMMINGBIRD (Adelomyia melanogenys)
BLOSSOMCROWN (Anthocephala floriceps) – The first time we tried to see this species we had a whole lot of distractions (loud music, small kids, etc)! We came back in the afternoon when it was quieter and the bird showed up almost immediately to feed. [E]
BLACK-BACKED THORNBILL (Ramphomicron dorsale) – We saw a female very well at the flowering terrestrial bromeliads above El Dorado. A very good bird.
BRONZE-TAILED THORNBILL (Chalcostigma heteropogon) – Another important species that we saw well in the scope at Chingaza NP.
TYRIAN METALTAIL (Metallura tyrianthina) – Seen at Chingaza NP.
TYRIAN METALTAIL (Metallura tyrianthina districta) – Seen at Santa Marta.
GLOWING PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis vestita vestita)
BRONZY INCA (Coeligena coeligena)
BLACK INCA (Coeligena prunellei) – This endemic was seen well at the forest feeders above RCA. [E]
WHITE-TAILED STARFRONTLET (Coeligena phalerata) – Another endemic seen at El Dorado lodge in the Santa Marta Mountains. Miles also sketched a young male that we saw near the cabins. [E]
MOUNTAIN VELVETBREAST (Lafresnaya lafresnayi)
GREAT SAPPHIREWING (Pterophanes cyanopterus)
BUFF-TAILED CORONET (Boissonneaua flavescens)
BOOTED RACKET-TAIL (Ocreatus underwoodii)
FAWN-BREASTED BRILLIANT (Heliodoxa rubinoides)
LONG-BILLED STARTHROAT (Heliomaster longirostris)
WHITE-BELLIED WOODSTAR (Chaetocercus mulsant)
GORGETED WOODSTAR (Chaetocercus heliodor) – This small hummingbird (a male) was seen at feeders near Vega.
RED-BILLED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon gibsoni)
COPPERY EMERALD (Chlorostilbon russatus)
VIOLET-CROWNED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania colombica)
BUFFY HUMMINGBIRD (Leucippus fallax)
CHESTNUT-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia castaneiventris) – On our last morning at RCA we saw a ratty looking individual at the feeders. Nearly our last bird before leaving the lodge. [E]
ANDEAN EMERALD (Amazilia franciae)
STEELY-VENTED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia saucerrottei)
INDIGO-CAPPED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia cyanifrons) – Fairly common at a couple of different sites. [E]
SAPPHIRE-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD (Lepidopyga coeruleogularis)
SHINING-GREEN HUMMINGBIRD (Lepidopyga goudoti) – Fairly scarce and its distribution is not well known. We had one at the Paujil hummingbird feeders.
Trogonidae (Trogons)
WHITE-TIPPED QUETZAL (Pharomachrus fulgidus) – A male was seen very well in the scope above El Dorado.

The cute Pied Puffbird is among the most widespread of all the puffbird species. (Photo by guide Jesse Fagan)

BLACK-TAILED TROGON (Trogon melanurus)
WHITE-TAILED TROGON (Trogon chionurus)
GARTERED TROGON (Trogon caligatus)
COLLARED TROGON (Trogon collaris)
MASKED TROGON (Trogon personatus sanctaemartae)
Momotidae (Motmots)
WHOOPING MOTMOT (Momotus subrufescens)
ANDEAN MOTMOT (Momotus aequatorialis)
BROAD-BILLED MOTMOT (Electron platyrhynchum)
Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)
AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)
GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)
AMERICAN PYGMY KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle aenea) – The Cressmans saw this species during their walk at Paujil.
Bucconidae (Puffbirds)
BLACK-BREASTED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus pectoralis) – This bird responded well landing in a tall bare tree where we could put the scope on it. El Paujil Reseve.
PIED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus tectus)
BARRED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus radiatus) [*]
RUSSET-THROATED PUFFBIRD (Hypnelus ruficollis) – Common the north coast in the open country. Odd to see a puffbird so easily.
WHITE-WHISKERED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila panamensis)
MOUSTACHED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila mystacalis)
WHITE-FRONTED NUNBIRD (Monasa morphoeus)
Galbulidae (Jacamars)
RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (Galbula ruficauda)
Capitonidae (New World Barbets)
WHITE-MANTLED BARBET (Capito hypoleucus) – This endemic was seen very well on the upper trails at El Paujil. [E]
Ramphastidae (Toucans)
EMERALD TOUCANET (SANTA MARTA) (Aulacorhynchus prasinus lautus)
EMERALD TOUCANET (ANDEAN) (Aulacorhynchus prasinus albivitta) – This was the subspecies seen above Libano.
GROOVE-BILLED TOUCANET (YELLOW-BILLED) (Aulacorhynchus sulcatus calorhynchus) – On our last day of birding we found a pair as we headed down the mountain from El Dorado.
CRIMSON-RUMPED TOUCANET (Aulacorhynchus haematopygus)
COLLARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus torquatus)
BLACK-MANDIBLED TOUCAN (CHESTNUT-MANDIBLED) (Ramphastos ambiguus swainsonii)
KEEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos sulfuratus)
CHANNEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos vitellinus citreolaemus)
Picidae (Woodpeckers)
SCALED PICULET (Picumnus squamulatus)
OLIVACEOUS PICULET (Picumnus olivaceus)
BEAUTIFUL WOODPECKER (Melanerpes pulcher) – Nice looks on the grounds at El Paujil. [E]
RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes rubricapillus)
SMOKY-BROWN WOODPECKER (Picoides fumigatus)
RED-RUMPED WOODPECKER (Veniliornis kirkii)
GOLDEN-OLIVE WOODPECKER (Colaptes rubiginosus)
SPOT-BREASTED WOODPECKER (Colaptes punctigula)
CINNAMON WOODPECKER (Celeus loricatus)
LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)
POWERFUL WOODPECKER (Campephilus pollens) [*]
CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos) [*]
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
GRAY-THROATED LEAFTOSSER (Sclerurus albigularis) – Very nice looks in the humid forest below El Dorado.
PALE-LEGGED HORNERO (CARIBBEAN) (Furnarius leucopus longirostris)
SILVERY-THROATED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis subpudica) – An endemic seen at Chingaza, but better at La Florida marsh. [E]
AZARA'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis azarae)
PALE-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis albescens) – This species and the previous one sound very similar. However, they occur at different elevations with the Pale-breasted being found lower down.
RUSTY-HEADED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis fuscorufa) – This endemic was a little bit difficult to tease out of its thick understory vegetation; however, we eventually managed good looks. Santa Marta Mountains. [E]
SLATY SPINETAIL (Synallaxis brachyura)
WHITE-WHISKERED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis candei) – This sharp looking spinetail was seen well at Los Camarones.
STRIPE-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis cinnamomea) – We had to work at this one, but it paid off. Seen well at the capilla near the bushbird reserve. Ocana.
STREAK-CAPPED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca hellmayri)
YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus)
SPOTTED BARBTAIL (Premnoplex brunnescens) [*]
MONTANE FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia striaticollis striaticollis) – At RCA Reserve.
MONTANE FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia striaticollis anxia) – Seen in the Santa Marta Mountains.
BUFF-FRONTED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Philydor rufum) – This nice looking species was seen very well as we were leaving the RCA forest on the Lengerke Trail.
BUFF-THROATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Automolus ochrolaemus turdinus) – This one sounded and looked real different from northern populations. It had a bold buffy eye-ring, but more whitish throat. Seen at El Paujil Reserve.
SANTA MARTA FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Automolus rufipectus) – Endemic to the Santa Marta mountains. We had close looks at a responsive bird below the lodge. [E]
PLAIN-BROWN WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)
WEDGE-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Glyphorynchus spirurus)
STRONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus)
COCOA WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)
BLACK-STRIPED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus) [*]
OLIVE-BACKED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus triangularis) – Seen well at Reinita. A highland woodcreeper very similar in appearance to Spotted.
STREAK-HEADED WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)
MONTANE WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger sanctaemartae)
Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
GREAT ANTSHRIKE (Taraba major) [*]
BLACK-CRESTED ANTSHRIKE (Sakesphorus canadensis)
BARRED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus doliatus)
BAR-CRESTED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus multistriatus) – This endemic was seen a few times, but first at La Vega outside of Bogota. Very similar to Barred Antshrike. [E]
BLACK ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus nigriceps)
UNIFORM ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus unicolor)
BLACK-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus melanonotus)
RECURVE-BILLED BUSHBIRD (Clytoctantes alixii) – Unfortunately, a heard only, but heard really well! (we couldn't get him to move out from the thick bamboo thicket) [*]
PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis)
CHECKER-THROATED ANTWREN (Epinecrophylla fulviventris) [*]
SLATY ANTWREN (Myrmotherula schisticolor)
WHITE-FRINGED ANTWREN (NORTHERN) (Formicivora grisea intermedia) – A number were seen in the dry forest around Los Camarones. This would be the northern subspecies.
WHITE-FRINGED ANTWREN (SOUTHERN) (Formicivora grisea hondae) – This subspecies was seen around El Hato in the hot Magdalena Valley.
LONG-TAILED ANTBIRD (Drymophila caudata caudata) – Seen in the bushbird reserve and again in the Santa Marta mountains.
RUFOUS-RUMPED ANTWREN (Terenura callinota) – Excellent to see this species in the flock at Reinita.
PARKER'S ANTBIRD (Cercomacra parkeri) – Endemic seen well along the Lengerke Trail at Reinita. [E]
JET ANTBIRD (Cercomacra nigricans)
BARE-CROWNED ANTBIRD (Gymnocichla nudiceps)
WHITE-BELLIED ANTBIRD (Myrmeciza longipes)
BICOLORED ANTBIRD (Gymnopithys leucaspis)
Grallariidae (Antpittas)
SANTA MARTA ANTPITTA (Grallaria bangsi) [E*]
WHITE-BELLIED ANTPITTA (Grallaria hypoleuca)
RUFOUS ANTPITTA (Grallaria rufula spatiator) – Seen in the Santa Marta Mountains.
RUFOUS ANTPITTA (Grallaria rufula rufula) – The subspecies encountered at Chingaza NP.
RUSTY-BREASTED ANTPITTA (RUSTY-BREASTED) (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus ferrugineipectus) – A great encounter with this small antpitta below the Dorado Lodge in the Santa Marta Mountains.
Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)
SANTA MARTA TAPACULO (Scytalopus sanctaemartae) – In general, this is an excellent tour for tapaculos. We saw this endemic nicely in the Santa Marta Mountains, where it is only found (hence the name!). [E]
LONG-TAILED TAPACULO (Scytalopus micropterus)
WHITE-CROWNED TAPACULO (Scytalopus atratus nigricans) [*]
UPPER MAGDALENA TAPACULO (Scytalopus rodriguezi) – Seen very nicely on the Lengerke Trail at Reinita. [E]
BROWN-RUMPED TAPACULO (Scytalopus latebricola) [E*]
PALE-BELLIED TAPACULO (Scytalopus griseicollis griseicollis) – A number seen/heard at Chingaza NP.
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
BROWN-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Ornithion brunneicapillus)
WHITE-TAILED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus poecilocercus) – One at Reinita was a surprise.
WHITE-THROATED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus leucophrys)
YELLOW TYRANNULET (Capsiempis flaveola)
FOREST ELAENIA (Myiopagis gaimardii)
GREENISH ELAENIA (Myiopagis viridicata)
YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)
LESSER ELAENIA (Elaenia chiriquensis) – A couple of nice looks at this often overlooked species. Our first was along the entrance road to Paujil (near the screamers).
MOUNTAIN ELAENIA (Elaenia frantzii)
OLIVE-STRIPED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes olivaceus)
OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus)
SEPIA-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon amaurocephalus)
SLATY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon superciliaris)
RUFOUS-BROWED TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes superciliaris) – At least four were seen in the mixed flocks at Reinita. This is a good place to see this difficult canopy flycatcher.
SOOTY-HEADED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias griseiceps)
PLUMBEOUS-CROWNED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias plumbeiceps)
GOLDEN-FACED TYRANNULET (GOLDEN-FACED) (Zimmerius chrysops chrysops)
SLENDER-BILLED TYRANNULET (Inezia tenuirostris) – Both Inezias were seen well in the dry forest around Los Camarones. We had nice comparisons of both similar species.
ORNATE FLYCATCHER (Myiotriccus ornatus)
SCALE-CRESTED PYGMY-TYRANT (Lophotriccus pileatus)
PALE-EYED PYGMY-TYRANT (Atalotriccus pilaris)
SOUTHERN BENTBILL (Oncostoma olivaceum) [*]
PEARLY-VENTED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer)
BLACK-THROATED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus granadensis)
SLATE-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus sylvia)
COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)
BLACK-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum nigriceps)
YELLOW-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (ZIMMER'S) (Tolmomyias assimilis neglectus)
YELLOW-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias flaviventris) – Jesse was really surprised to find these so common on the north coast in the dry forest (especially at Los Camarones), where they hadn't been present in years past.
YELLOW-THROATED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus flavigularis) – One was near the top of the trail at RNA Reinita Cielo Azul.
CINNAMON FLYCATCHER (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus assimilis) – This is the subspecies seen in the Santa Martas. Some authorities have talked of splitting this taxon.
BRAN-COLORED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus fasciatus)
BLACK-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Aphanotriccus audax) – One was seen nicely at El Paujil. A near endemic, but also found in eastern Panama.
SMOKE-COLORED PEWEE (Contopus fumigatus) [*]
WESTERN WOOD-PEWEE (Contopus sordidulus)
TROPICAL PEWEE (Contopus cinereus)
ACADIAN FLYCATCHER (Empidonax virescens)
WILLOW FLYCATCHER (Empidonax traillii) – We had a "Traill's" type flycatcher that was most likely this species.
BLACK PHOEBE (Sayornis nigricans)
VERMILION FLYCATCHER (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
SANTA MARTA BUSH-TYRANT (Myiotheretes pernix) – We have missed this endemic on some trips so it was super to see it a few different times this year. A tough one. [E]
PIED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola pica)
WHITE-HEADED MARSH TYRANT (Arundinicola leucocephala)
BROWN-BACKED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca fumicolor)
CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)
BRIGHT-RUMPED ATTILA (Attila spadiceus)
DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
VENEZUELAN FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus venezuelensis)
PANAMA FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus panamensis)
APICAL FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus apicalis) – We saw this local endemic in the southern part of the Magdalena Valley. The white tips to the tail were quite obvious. [E]
BROWN-CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tyrannulus)
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)
RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)
GOLDEN-CROWNED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)
PIRATIC FLYCATCHER (Legatus leucophaius)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)
GRAY KINGBIRD (Tyrannus dominicensis)
Cotingidae (Cotingas)
GOLDEN-BREASTED FRUITEATER (Pipreola aureopectus) – Seen well in the Santa Marta mountains. Its high-pitched call is difficult to detect.
Pipridae (Manakins)
STRIPED MANAKIN (WESTERN) (Machaeropterus regulus striolatus)
GOLDEN-HEADED MANAKIN (Pipra erythrocephala)
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
BLACK-CROWNED TITYRA (Tityra inquisitor)
MASKED TITYRA (Tityra semifasciata)
THRUSH-LIKE SCHIFFORNIS (Schiffornis turdina) [*]
BARRED BECARD (Pachyramphus versicolor)
CINEREOUS BECARD (Pachyramphus rufus)
CINNAMON BECARD (Pachyramphus cinnamomeus)
WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus)
Vireonidae (Vireos)
YELLOW-THROATED VIREO (Vireo flavifrons) [*]
BROWN-CAPPED VIREO (Vireo leucophrys)
RED-EYED VIREO (Vireo olivaceus)
RUFOUS-NAPED GREENLET (Hylophilus semibrunneus)
SCRUB GREENLET (Hylophilus flavipes)
GOLDEN-FRONTED GREENLET (Hylophilus aurantiifrons)
LESSER GREENLET (Hylophilus decurtatus)
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
BLACK-CHESTED JAY (Cyanocorax affinis)
GREEN JAY (INCA) (Cyanocorax yncas cyanodorsalis)
Hirundinidae (Swallows)
BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)
BROWN-BELLIED SWALLOW (Orochelidon murina)
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)
WHITE-WINGED SWALLOW (Tachycineta albiventer)
BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica)
Troglodytidae (Wrens)
BAND-BACKED WREN (Campylorhynchus zonatus)
STRIPE-BACKED WREN (Campylorhynchus nuchalis)
BICOLORED WREN (Campylorhynchus griseus)
RUFOUS WREN (Cinnycerthia unirufa)
SOOTY-HEADED WREN (Pheugopedius spadix)
BLACK-BELLIED WREN (Pheugopedius fasciatoventris)
WHISKERED WREN (Pheugopedius mystacalis)
RUFOUS-BREASTED WREN (Pheugopedius rutilus)
RUFOUS-AND-WHITE WREN (Thryophilus rufalbus) [*]
NICEFORO'S WREN (Thryophilus nicefori) – Seen well below the lodge at Reinita. [E]
BUFF-BREASTED WREN (Cantorchilus leucotis)
HOUSE WREN (SOUTHERN) (Troglodytes aedon musculus)
APOLINAR'S WREN (Cistothorus apolinari) – This local endemic we saw nicely in the marshes of Bogota at La Florida. [E]
WHITE-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (BLACK-CAPPED) (Henicorhina leucosticta albilateralis)
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucophrys)
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucophrys anachoreta) – This subspecies was seen at the higher elevations in the Santa Marta mountains.
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucophrys bangsi) – This subspecies is found at mid-elevations in the Santa Marta mountains.
SCALY-BREASTED WREN (Microcerculus marginatus)
Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)
LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus)
TROPICAL GNATCATCHER (TROPICAL) (Polioptila plumbea plumbiceps)
Donacobiidae (Donacobius)
BLACK-CAPPED DONACOBIUS (Donacobius atricapilla)
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
GRAY-CHEEKED THRUSH (Catharus minimus)
YELLOW-LEGGED THRUSH (Turdus flavipes)
PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)
BLACK-BILLED THRUSH (Turdus ignobilis)
CHESTNUT-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus fulviventris)
BLACK-HOODED THRUSH (Turdus olivater)
GREAT THRUSH (Turdus fuscater)
Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH (Parkesia noveboracensis)
GOLDEN-WINGED WARBLER (Vermivora chrysoptera)
PROTHONOTARY WARBLER (Protonotaria citrea)
TENNESSEE WARBLER (Oreothlypis peregrina)
MOURNING WARBLER (Geothlypis philadelphia) [*]
AMERICAN REDSTART (Setophaga ruticilla)
TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)
BAY-BREASTED WARBLER (Setophaga castanea)
YELLOW WARBLER (Setophaga petechia)
RUFOUS-CAPPED WARBLER (CHESTNUT-CAPPED) (Basileuterus rufifrons mesochrysus)
GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (Basileuterus culicivorus)
THREE-STRIPED WARBLER (Basileuterus tristriatus)
SANTA MARTA WARBLER (Basileuterus basilicus) – Of the two endemic warblers in the Santa Marta mountains, this one is the most difficult to find. Found at higher elevations. [E]
BLACK-CRESTED WARBLER (Myiothlypis nigrocristatus)
BUFF-RUMPED WARBLER (Myiothlypis fulvicauda)
GRAY-THROATED WARBLER (Myiothlypis cinereicollis) [*]
WHITE-LORED WARBLER (Myiothlypis conspicillatus) – The more common endemic warbler in Santa Marta. [E]
CANADA WARBLER (Cardellina canadensis)
SLATE-THROATED REDSTART (Myioborus miniatus)
YELLOW-CROWNED REDSTART (Myioborus flavivertex) [E]
GOLDEN-FRONTED REDSTART (Myioborus ornatus ornatus)
Coerebidae (Bananaquit)
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
SUPERCILIARIED HEMISPINGUS (Hemispingus superciliaris)
RUFOUS-BROWED CONEBILL (Conirostrum rufum)
YELLOW-BACKED TANAGER (Hemithraupis flavicollis)
WHITE-SHOULDERED TANAGER (Tachyphonus luctuosus)
WHITE-LINED TANAGER (Tachyphonus rufus)
CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)
FLAME-RUMPED TANAGER (LEMON-RUMPED) (Ramphocelus flammigerus icteronotus)
BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)
GLAUCOUS TANAGER (Thraupis glaucocolpa)
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
BLACK-CHEEKED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus melanogenys) – This SM endemic is very sharp looking and thankfully not uncommon at higher elevations. [E]
BLUE-WINGED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus somptuosus)
FAWN-BREASTED TANAGER (Pipraeidea melanonota)
PLAIN-COLORED TANAGER (Tangara inornata inornata)
GOLDEN TANAGER (Tangara arthus)
SPECKLED TANAGER (Tangara guttata)
BAY-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara gyrola)
SCRUB TANAGER (Tangara vitriolina)
BLUE-NECKED TANAGER (Tangara cyanicollis)
BLACK-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara cyanoptera)
BLACK-FACED DACNIS (YELLOW-TUFTED) (Dacnis lineata egregia)
TURQUOISE DACNIS (Dacnis hartlaubi) – Too brief, but seen pretty well by the group near the cabins at Reinita Cielo Azul RNA. [E]
BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)
SWALLOW TANAGER (Tersina viridis)
STREAKED SALTATOR (Saltator striatipectus)
GRAYISH SALTATOR (Saltator coerulescens)
ORINOCAN SALTATOR (Saltator orenocensis)
BLACK-WINGED SALTATOR (Saltator atripennis)
Emberizidae (Buntings, Sparrows and Allies)
BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)
GRAY SEEDEATER (Sporophila intermedia)
YELLOW-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila nigricollis)
THICK-BILLED SEED-FINCH (Oryzoborus funereus)
LARGE-BILLED SEED-FINCH (Oryzoborus crassirostris)
GLOSSY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa lafresnayii)
BLACK FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa humeralis nocticolor)
RUSTY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa sittoides)
SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)
PILEATED FINCH (Coryphospingus pileatus)
CHESTNUT-CAPPED BRUSH-FINCH (Arremon brunneinucha)
ORANGE-BILLED SPARROW (Arremon aurantiirostris erythrorhynchus)
GOLDEN-WINGED SPARROW (Arremon schlegeli)
BLACK-HEADED BRUSH-FINCH (Arremon atricapillus atricapillus)
TOCUYO SPARROW (Arremonops tocuyensis)
BLACK-STRIPED SPARROW (Arremonops conirostris)
MOUSTACHED BRUSH-FINCH (Atlapetes albofrenatus albofrenatus)
WHITE-NAPED BRUSH-FINCH (YELLOW-THROATED) (Atlapetes albinucha gutturalis)
SANTA MARTA BRUSH-FINCH (Atlapetes melanocephalus) – A sharp looking endemic that is thankfully quite common in the Santa Marta mountains. Several were around the feeders at Dorado. [E]
PALE-NAPED BRUSH-FINCH (Atlapetes pallidinucha)
YELLOW-HEADED BRUSH-FINCH (Atlapetes flaviceps) – This striking endemic was seen well in the scrubby forest above Libano. [E]
SLATY BRUSH-FINCH (Atlapetes schistaceus)
RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)
COMMON BUSH-TANAGER (Chlorospingus ophthalmicus)
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
HEPATIC TANAGER (Piranga flava)
SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra)
SOOTY ANT-TANAGER (Habia gutturalis) – This endemic was seen at El Paujil where it skulked around in the understory awhile before we all got good looks. [E]
CRESTED ANT-TANAGER (Habia cristata) – We had to give it several tries, but we finally saw this endemic above Libano at a narrow stream crossing. [E]
VERMILION CARDINAL (Cardinalis phoeniceus)
GOLDEN-BELLIED GROSBEAK (Pheucticus chrysogaster)
ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK (Pheucticus ludovicianus)
BLUE-BLACK GROSBEAK (Cyanocompsa cyanoides)
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
RED-BREASTED BLACKBIRD (Sturnella militaris)
EASTERN MEADOWLARK (EASTERN) (Sturnella magna praticola)
GREAT-TAILED GRACKLE (Quiscalus mexicanus)
CARIB GRACKLE (Quiscalus lugubris)
YELLOW-HOODED BLACKBIRD (Chrysomus icterocephalus)
SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)
GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus)
YELLOW-BACKED ORIOLE (Icterus chrysater)
ORANGE-CROWNED ORIOLE (Icterus auricapillus)
YELLOW ORIOLE (Icterus nigrogularis)
BALTIMORE ORIOLE (Icterus galbula)
YELLOW-BILLED CACIQUE (Amblycercus holosericeus) [*]
CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus)
Fringillidae (Siskins, Crossbills, and Allies)
TRINIDAD EUPHONIA (Euphonia trinitatis)
VELVET-FRONTED EUPHONIA (Euphonia concinna) – Seen in the lower Magdalena Valley where it is not uncommon. [E]
THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)
FULVOUS-VENTED EUPHONIA (Euphonia fulvicrissa)
ORANGE-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia xanthogaster)
BLUE-NAPED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia cyanea)
LESSER GOLDFINCH (Spinus psaltria)
ANDEAN SISKIN (Spinus spinescens) [*]

RED HOWLER MONKEY (Alouatta seniculus)
RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)
ANDEAN SQUIRREL (Sciurus pucheranii) [E]
CENTRAL AMERICAN AGOUTI (Dasyprocta punctata)
CRAB-EATING FOX (Cerdocyon thous)
CRAB-EATING RACCOON (Procyon cancrivorus)


Totals for the tour: 555 bird taxa and 7 mammal taxa