Field Guides
Home Tours Guides News About Us FAQ Contact Us
Field Guides Tour Report
Colombia: Bogota, the Magdalena Valley, and Santa Marta 2019
Jan 12, 2019 to Jan 27, 2019
Jesse Fagan & Marcelo Padua

Our view from San Lorenzo Ridge looking out at the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Fantastic morning up high. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

It can be hard to capture in words and photos the magnitude of this tour. It is certainly one of the longer tours you may take at 16 days and it probably covers a lot more ground than most tours; the Magdalena River is 949 miles long and we transect most of the river drainage! And the days are long, too. Typically, up at 4:30 am and in bed after owling, where do we find time to eat?! However, the most impressive thing by far with respect to this tour is the birds. There are not many tours that cross the 500+ species mark. Heck, there are countries with far fewer species! So, that explains it. Colombia is big, has the most species of birds in the world, and we kicked some serious butt this year trying to see many of them (551 taxa!) including 30+ country endemics.

We started off on the high Bogota plain (or valley) settled in at 8,660 feet. The plain used to be a huge system of freshwater marshes, but it is now mostly drained for a city of 10 million people, with just a few patches of tall cattail grasses and wetlands remaining for the endemic Bogota Rail and Apolinar's Wren. Chingaza NP sits even higher above Bogota and it was here the tour began in the subtropical montane forest and paramo grassland. It was a fun morning under puffy white clouds and blue skies, later followed up by a visit to Observatorio de Colibris for fantastic looks at Blue-throated Starfrontlet, two species of trainbearer, and Sword-billed Hummingbird. Early the next morning we stopped at La Florida marsh for in-the-open views of the endemic rail, then headed down into the foothills with a visit to Jardin Encantado and Tabacal (above the town of La Vega). Both sites were excellent for birding and included Gorgeted Woodstar and White-bellied Antbird, among many others. We descended down the west slope of the Eastern Cordillera, crossed the Magdalena Valley, and ended the day at the coffee producing town of Libano on the eastern slope of the Central Cordillera. Libano was an important site for at least two endemic birds (Yellow-headed Brushfinch and Crested Ant-Tanager) and later a stop at La Victoria yielded White-mantled Barbet and Beautiful Woodpecker!

We continued to skirt the eastern foothills of the Central Cordillera with a couple days at Rio Claro. For some, this was a highlight because of our night visit to the Oilbird cave. We listened to them screaming before they exited just after dusk, fluttering around like bats in our lights, and streaming off into the nights like vegetarian vampires. We also had excellent looks at Antioquia Bristle-Tyrant, a very rare and local flycatcher, only formally described in 1988. After Rio Claro, we crossed the Magdalena Valley, again returning to the foothills of the Eastern Cordillera with nights at Reinita Cielo Azul ProAves Reserve and at the bustling town of Ocana, which sits below the Recurve-billed Bushbird Reserve. Each site was exciting in its own way. We got to ride horses, hike a 150 year-old mossy cobblestone pathway (the Lengerke Trail), and visit the capilla at Ocana with a piece of wood that supposedly looks like an image of the Virgin Mary, or the face of Chewbacca. In between, we had fantastic birds like Black Inca, Magdalena Tapaculo, Parker's Antbird, Niceforo's Wren, Cerulean Warbler (on its wintering grounds!), and, yes, awesome looks at the real prize, Recurve-billed Bushbird. We even got to watch the bushbird doing its distinctive feeding against the bamboo stalk.

So, after "stitching" up nicely the Magdalena Valley, we made our way to the hot and steamy north coast. We found the endemic Chestnut-winged Chachalacas very near our beachside hotel; could we have seen them from the pool? We should have tried. We birded the mangrove forests at Salamanca, then headed east for a visit to Los Flamencos NP near Riohacha. The dry forest in this area is home to a host of specialties like Vermilion Cardinal, Buffy Hummingbird, and Chestnut Piculet. Well, we saw all those very well and a bunch more. After having enough fun and sun on the coast, we drove up to Minca in the foothills of the Santa Marta Mountains for a night, then slowly (very slowly) up to the wonderful ProAves lodge, El Dorado. Birding was outright intense and fun here. Lots of new things to see, lots of endemics (we got most), and memorable sunsets.

I always like to ask the group for a top favorite or three. It is ALWAYS tough to choose from a trip as diverse and a species list so big. But there was some consensus, including Vermilion Cardinal, Chestnut Piculet, White-tailed Starfrontlet, Golden-breasted Fruiteater, and Oilbird. However, tops among several folks was the Recurve-billed Bushbird, like a good Boy Scout opening up the bamboo with his can opener-shaped bill. The habitat where it is found with lush stands of tall native bamboo, the morning light entering through small slits creating long cascading shadows, makes the experience even more impressive. Thanks again for a great trip. To our local ground operators, lodge staff, drivers, our local guide, Diego Cueva, Marcelo, and Colombia, thank you very much.

All the best for a fun 2019,

Jesse aka Motmot (from Lima, Peru)

One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Tinamidae (Tinamous)
HIGHLAND TINAMOU (Nothocercus bonapartei) [*]
LITTLE TINAMOU (Crypturellus soui)
Anhimidae (Screamers)
NORTHERN SCREAMER (Chauna chavaria) – Several seen at a roadside stop in the Magdalena Valley. They were also heard calling (or "screaming") which was cool.
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
WHITE-FACED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna viduata)
BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
FULVOUS WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna bicolor)
BLUE-WINGED TEAL (Spatula discors)
CINNAMON TEAL (Spatula cyanoptera) – Seen on the north coast near Barranquilla where rare as a wintering visitor.
LESSER SCAUP (Aythya affinis)
ANDEAN DUCK (Oxyura ferruginea andina)
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
CHESTNUT-WINGED CHACHALACA (Ortalis garrula) – This endemic was seen nicely in the dry forest near Rodadero. [E]
RUFOUS-VENTED CHACHALACA (RUFOUS-VENTED) (Ortalis ruficauda ruficrissa) [*]
COLOMBIAN CHACHALACA (Ortalis columbiana) – Fairly common at several sites along the upper Magdalena Valley. [E]
BAND-TAILED GUAN (Penelope argyrotis)
WATTLED GUAN (Aburria aburri) [*]

The trip started off very well with a Bronze-tailed Thornbill at Chingaza NP. This appears to be a young male. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

SICKLE-WINGED GUAN (Chamaepetes goudotii)
Odontophoridae (New World Quail)
CRESTED BOBWHITE (Colinus cristatus)
BLACK-FRONTED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus atrifrons) – One covey of five individuals visited one afternoon at El Dorado lodge. We got lucky!
GORGETED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus strophium) [E*]
Podicipedidae (Grebes)
PIED-BILLED GREBE (Podilymbus podiceps)
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia) [I]
PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)
BARE-EYED PIGEON (Patagioenas corensis)
BAND-TAILED PIGEON (WHITE-NECKED) (Patagioenas fasciata albilinea)
PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea chapmani) [*]
RUDDY PIGEON (Patagioenas subvinacea)
COMMON GROUND-DOVE (Columbina passerina)
RUDDY GROUND-DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)
SCALED DOVE (Columbina squammata)
WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)
GRAY-CHESTED DOVE (Leptotila cassinii) [*]
LINED QUAIL-DOVE (Zentrygon linearis) – Nice looks from the blind at RCA.
EARED DOVE (Zenaida auriculata)
Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
GROOVE-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
STRIPED CUCKOO (Tapera naevia) [*]
DWARF CUCKOO (Coccycua pumila) – Stellar looks at this bird while birding the open marsh habitat near Barranquilla. Always a good bird.
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)
Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)
BAND-WINGED NIGHTJAR (Systellura longirostris) – We called in a bird during the early morning at San Lorenzo Ridge.
COMMON PAURAQUE (Nyctidromus albicollis) [*]
Nyctibiidae (Potoos)
COMMON POTOO (Nyctibius griseus) [*]
Steatornithidae (Oilbird)
OILBIRD (Steatornis caripensis) – Amazing experience with hundreds (?) leaving a cave at Rio Claro.

Another really good hummingbird seen above Bogota was the Coppery-bellied Puffleg. Photo by guide Jesse Fagan.

Apodidae (Swifts)
CHESTNUT-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne rutila)
WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris)
SHORT-TAILED SWIFT (Chaetura brachyura)
GRAY-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura cinereiventris)
WHITE-TIPPED SWIFT (Aeronautes montivagus)
LESSER SWALLOW-TAILED SWIFT (Panyptila cayennensis)
Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN (Florisuga mellivora)
GREEN HERMIT (Phaethornis guy)
LONG-BILLED HERMIT (Phaethornis longirostris)
PALE-BELLIED HERMIT (Phaethornis anthophilus)
SOOTY-CAPPED HERMIT (Phaethornis augusti)
BROWN VIOLETEAR (Colibri delphinae)
LESSER VIOLETEAR (Colibri cyanotus)
SPARKLING VIOLETEAR (Colibri coruscans)
PURPLE-CROWNED FAIRY (Heliothryx barroti)
BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis)
SPECKLED HUMMINGBIRD (Adelomyia melanogenys)
LONG-TAILED SYLPH (Aglaiocercus kingii)
BLACK-TAILED TRAINBEARER (Lesbia victoriae) – Wow, super comparisons between the two trainbearers at Observatorio de Colibres above Bogota. And wonderful views of male Black-tailed.
BRONZE-TAILED THORNBILL (Chalcostigma heteropogon) – Nice scope views of this highland hummingbird at Chingaza NP.
TYRIAN METALTAIL (Metallura tyrianthina)
TYRIAN METALTAIL (SANTA MARTA) (Metallura tyrianthina districta)
GLOWING PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis vestita)
COPPERY-BELLIED PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis cupreoventris) – Lovely looks visiting the feeders at Observatorio de Colibris.
BLACK INCA (Coeligena prunellei) – Seen several times in the forest at RCA. [E]
WHITE-TAILED STARFRONTLET (Coeligena phalerata) – This endemic was an erratic visitor to the feeders at El Dorado. [E]
BLUE-THROATED STARFRONTLET (Coeligena helianthea) – Lovely views at males and females visiting feeders at Observatorio de Colibris above Bogota.
MOUNTAIN VELVETBREAST (Lafresnaya lafresnayi)
SWORD-BILLED HUMMINGBIRD (Ensifera ensifera) – Always a show-stopper.
GREAT SAPPHIREWING (Pterophanes cyanopterus)
BUFF-TAILED CORONET (Boissonneaua flavescens)
BOOTED RACKET-TAIL (Ocreatus underwoodii)

Here is our group in action! Jesse is probably putting something like Spot-breasted Woodpecker in the scope. Nice photo by participant Diane Drobka.

WHITE-BELLIED WOODSTAR (Chaetocercus mulsant)
GORGETED WOODSTAR (Chaetocercus heliodor) – Smaller even than the previous species, several were at the Jardin Encantado feeders.
SANTA MARTA WOODSTAR (Chaetocercus astreans) – A male put in an appearance while we waited at the flowers on our way up to El Dorado. Missed some years. [E]
RED-BILLED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon gibsoni)
COPPERY EMERALD (Chlorostilbon russatus) – A pair visited the same flowers as the SM Woodstar.
SANTA MARTA SABREWING (Campylopterus phainopeplus) – There are few modern (recent) records of this rare hummingbird endemic to the Santa Marta Mountains. Very little data exists on its movements or life history. Last confirmed eBird record was from Nov 2011. We noted the deep blue tail of this individual which is the main feature separating males from Lazuline Sabrewing.
CROWNED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania colombica)
BUFFY HUMMINGBIRD (Leucippus fallax) – Seen perched among the flowering cacti in the dry forest at Los Flamingos NP.
ANDEAN EMERALD (Amazilia franciae)
STEELY-VENTED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia saucerottei)
INDIGO-CAPPED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia cyanifrons) – This endemic was common at hummingbird feeders at a few sites, the first being Jardin Encantado. [E]
WHITE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE (Hylocharis cyanus)
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
BOGOTA RAIL (Rallus semiplumbeus) – Very nice observations at La Florida marsh in Bogota. [E]
GRAY-COWLED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides cajaneus)
SPOT-FLANKED GALLINULE (Porphyriops melanops)
SORA (Porzana carolina)
COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)
AMERICAN COOT (Fulica americana columbiana)
PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinica)
Aramidae (Limpkin)
LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna)
Burhinidae (Thick-knees)
DOUBLE-STRIPED THICK-KNEE (Burhinus bistriatus)
Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)
BLACK-NECKED STILT (Himantopus mexicanus)
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
SEMIPALMATED PLOVER (Charadrius semipalmatus)
Jacanidae (Jacanas)
WATTLED JACANA (BLACK-BACKED) (Jacana jacana hypomelaena)
Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
WHIMBREL (Numenius phaeopus)
RUDDY TURNSTONE (Arenaria interpres)
LEAST SANDPIPER (Calidris minutilla)
WESTERN SANDPIPER (Calidris mauri)
SPOTTED SANDPIPER (Actitis macularius)
SOLITARY SANDPIPER (Tringa solitaria)
GREATER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa melanoleuca)

We made it up to the taller forest above the RCA lodge. Most of you hardy souls did it on horseback. Video by guide Jesse Fagan.
WILLET (Tringa semipalmata)
WILLET (EASTERN) (Tringa semipalmata semipalmata) – It was fun seeing both taxon standing side-by-side in the mud flats at Los Camerones.
WILLET (WESTERN) (Tringa semipalmata inornata)
Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
LAUGHING GULL (Leucophaeus atricilla)
LARGE-BILLED TERN (Phaetusa simplex)
CASPIAN TERN (Hydroprogne caspia)
COMMON TERN (Sterna hirundo)
ROYAL TERN (Thalasseus maximus)
Ciconiidae (Storks)
WOOD STORK (Mycteria americana)
Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
Pelecanidae (Pelicans)
BROWN PELICAN (Pelecanus occidentalis)
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
RUFESCENT TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma lineatum marmoratum)
FASCIATED TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma fasciatum)
BARE-THROATED TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma mexicanum) – This species reaches its southern most distribution on the coast in N Colombia, where local and rare. We saw an adult at Salamanca.
GREAT BLUE HERON (Ardea herodias)
COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)
SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)
TRICOLORED HERON (Egretta tricolor)
REDDISH EGRET (Egretta rufescens)
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)
GREEN HERON (Butorides virescens)
STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)
CAPPED HERON (Pilherodius pileatus)
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
WHITE IBIS (Eudocimus albus)
SCARLET IBIS (Eudocimus ruber)
GLOSSY IBIS (Plegadis falcinellus)
BARE-FACED IBIS (Phimosus infuscatus)
BUFF-NECKED IBIS (Theristicus caudatus)
ROSEATE SPOONBILL (Platalea ajaja)
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
KING VULTURE (Sarcoramphus papa)
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)

The infamous Lengerke Trail! The birding was pretty good, but slow going up and down on this slippery trail. Photo by participant Diane Drobka.

LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus)
Pandionidae (Osprey)
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus)
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
PEARL KITE (Gampsonyx swainsonii)
WHITE-TAILED KITE (Elanus leucurus)
HOOK-BILLED KITE (Chondrohierax uncinatus)
SWALLOW-TAILED KITE (Elanoides forficatus)
BLACK HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus tyrannus)
BLACK-COLLARED HAWK (Busarellus nigricollis)
SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis)
DOUBLE-TOOTHED KITE (Harpagus bidentatus)
PLUMBEOUS KITE (Ictinia plumbea)
SHARP-SHINNED HAWK (PLAIN-BREASTED) (Accipiter striatus ventralis)
BICOLORED HAWK (Accipiter bicolor) – A surprise was seeing this species sweep through the forest at El Hato. A first sighting for the tour.
CRANE HAWK (Geranospiza caerulescens)
SAVANNA HAWK (Buteogallus meridionalis)
GREAT BLACK HAWK (Buteogallus urubitinga)
BARRED HAWK (Morphnarchus princeps)
ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)
HARRIS'S HAWK (Parabuteo unicinctus)
WHITE-RUMPED HAWK (Parabuteo leucorrhous)
WHITE-TAILED HAWK (Geranoaetus albicaudatus)
GRAY-LINED HAWK (Buteo nitidus)
BROAD-WINGED HAWK (Buteo platypterus)
SHORT-TAILED HAWK (Buteo brachyurus)
ZONE-TAILED HAWK (Buteo albonotatus)
Strigidae (Owls)
TROPICAL SCREECH-OWL (Megascops choliba)
CHOCO SCREECH-OWL (Megascops centralis) [*]
SANTA MARTA SCREECH-OWL (Megascops gilesi) – Formally described in 2017, this owl is endemic to the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. We had a wonderful encounter with one in the early morning at San Lorenzo Ridge.
CRESTED OWL (Lophostrix cristata)
FERRUGINOUS PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium brasilianum) [*]
MOTTLED OWL (Ciccaba virgata)
STYGIAN OWL (Asio stygius) – Wow. We saw a pair on our early morning drive up to San Lorenzo Ridge. Spectacular!
Trogonidae (Trogons)
WHITE-TIPPED QUETZAL (Pharomachrus fulgidus)
WHITE-TAILED TROGON (Trogon chionurus)
COLLARED TROGON (Trogon collaris) [*]
MASKED TROGON (Trogon personatus sanctaemartae)

The gigantic Strong-billed Woodcreeper is always a treat to see. Great photo by participant Lynn Chapman.

Momotidae (Motmots)
WHOOPING MOTMOT (Momotus subrufescens)
ANDEAN MOTMOT (Momotus aequatorialis)
RUFOUS MOTMOT (Baryphthengus martii)
BROAD-BILLED MOTMOT (Electron platyrhynchum)
Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)
AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)
GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)
Bucconidae (Puffbirds)
WHITE-NECKED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus hyperrhynchus)
PIED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus tectus) – We worked hard to see this tiny puffbird at Salamanca, but it paid off!
BARRED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus radiatus)
RUSSET-THROATED PUFFBIRD (Hypnelus ruficollis)
MOUSTACHED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila mystacalis)
Galbulidae (Jacamars)
RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (Galbula ruficauda)
Capitonidae (New World Barbets)
WHITE-MANTLED BARBET (Capito hypoleucus) – This endemic barbet was seen very well (scope views) sitting nicely in a tall Cecropia tree at La Victoria. [E]
Ramphastidae (Toucans)
SOUTHERN EMERALD-TOUCANET (Aulacorhynchus albivitta)
SOUTHERN EMERALD-TOUCANET (SANTA MARTA) (Aulacorhynchus albivitta lautus)
GROOVE-BILLED TOUCANET (YELLOW-BILLED) (Aulacorhynchus sulcatus calorhynchus) – Our last new bird of the tour! Seen on our way down the mountain from El Dorado.
CRIMSON-RUMPED TOUCANET (Aulacorhynchus haematopygus)
COLLARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus torquatus)
YELLOW-THROATED TOUCAN (CHESTNUT-MANDIBLED) (Ramphastos ambiguus swainsonii)
KEEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos sulfuratus)
CHANNEL-BILLED TOUCAN (CITRON-THROATED) (Ramphastos vitellinus citreolaemus)
Picidae (Woodpeckers)
SCALED PICULET (Picumnus squamulatus)
OLIVACEOUS PICULET (Picumnus olivaceus)
CHESTNUT PICULET (Picumnus cinnamomeus) – Always exciting to see this local and rare piculet. We had one at Salamanca and another at Los Flamencos. Restricted to NE Colombia and coastal NW Venezuela.
BEAUTIFUL WOODPECKER (Melanerpes pulcher) – And indeed it's beautiful! Seen on our way down from La Victoria. [E]
RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes rubricapillus)
SMOKY-BROWN WOODPECKER (Dryobates fumigatus)
RED-RUMPED WOODPECKER (Dryobates kirkii)
LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)
CINNAMON WOODPECKER (Celeus loricatus)
GOLDEN-GREEN WOODPECKER (GOLD-THROATED) (Piculus chrysochloros xanthochlorus) – A lovely woodpecker; we saw a female perched for a long while at Salamanca.
GOLDEN-OLIVE WOODPECKER (Colaptes rubiginosus)

We were all smiles coming down the mountain at the bushbird reserve having just seen amazing views of this rare species. Great photo by participant Diane Drobka.

SPOT-BREASTED WOODPECKER (Colaptes punctigula)
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
COLLARED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur semitorquatus) [*]
CRESTED CARACARA (Caracara cheriway)
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima chimachima)
LAUGHING FALCON (Herpetotheres cachinnans)
AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)
MERLIN (Falco columbarius)
Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)
ORANGE-CHINNED PARAKEET (Brotogeris jugularis)
RED-BILLED PARROT (Pionus sordidus saturatus)
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)
ORANGE-WINGED PARROT (Amazona amazonica)
GREEN-RUMPED PARROTLET (Forpus passerinus) [*]
SPECTACLED PARROTLET (Forpus conspicillatus)
BROWN-THROATED PARAKEET (Eupsittula pertinax)
Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
BLACK-CRESTED ANTSHRIKE (Sakesphorus canadensis)
BARRED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus doliatus)
BAR-CRESTED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus multistriatus) – A near Colombian endemic that was seen in good numbers at several spots along the Upper Magdalena Valley.
BLACK-CROWNED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus atrinucha)
UNIFORM ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus unicolor)
BLACK-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus melanonotus)
RECURVE-BILLED BUSHBIRD (Clytoctantes alixii) – Awesome experience with this rare and very local near Colombian endemic. We saw two individuals near Ocana including one foraging with his can opener bill. This bird went nearly 40 years without a sighting before being rediscovered in 2004.
PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis)
CHECKER-THROATED ANTWREN (Epinecrophylla fulviventris) [*]
PACIFIC ANTWREN (Myrmotherula pacifica)
SLATY ANTWREN (Myrmotherula schisticolor)
WHITE-FRINGED ANTWREN (NORTHERN) (Formicivora grisea hondae)
WHITE-FRINGED ANTWREN (NORTHERN) (Formicivora grisea intermedia)
KLAGES'S ANTBIRD (Drymophila klagesi)
SANTA MARTA ANTBIRD (Drymophila hellmayri) – Fairly common by voice in the Santa Marta Mountains, but a real devil to see well. We managed, however. [E]
PARKER'S ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides parkeri) – A super responsive male at RCA was quite welcome. I was worried the habitat is getting too tall for them. [E]
JET ANTBIRD (Cercomacra nigricans)
WHITE-BELLIED ANTBIRD (Myrmeciza longipes)
MAGDALENA ANTBIRD (Sipia palliata) – Despite its name, also found in NW Venezuela. However, this near endemic was seen well (loud and close!) at Rio Claro.

Check out this photo by Diane Drobka of the awesome forest at Rio Claro!

Grallariidae (Antpittas)
CHESTNUT-CROWNED ANTPITTA (Grallaria ruficapilla)
SANTA MARTA ANTPITTA (Grallaria bangsi) – Always tough, but some folks managed looks at this endemic antpitta. Heard by all, however! [E]
WHITE-BELLIED ANTPITTA (Grallaria hypoleuca) [*]
RUFOUS ANTPITTA (Grallaria rufula)
TAWNY ANTPITTA (Grallaria quitensis)
RUSTY-BREASTED ANTPITTA (RUSTY-BREASTED) (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus ferrugineipectus) [*]
Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)
SANTA MARTA TAPACULO (Scytalopus sanctaemartae) – Good looks below the El Dorado lodge as we climbed the mountain. There are two endemic tapaculos to the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, and this is the lower elevation one (and the easiest to see, it seems). [E]
WHITE-CROWNED TAPACULO (Scytalopus atratus nigricans) [*]
MAGDALENA TAPACULO (Scytalopus rodriguezi) – Awesome, close views on the Legerke Trail at RCA. [E]
BROWN-RUMPED TAPACULO (Scytalopus latebricola) – Always tough, but we managed to get folks on one or two (bits and pieces) in the forest above El Dorado. [E]
PALE-BELLIED TAPACULO (Scytalopus griseicollis)
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
GRAY-THROATED LEAFTOSSER (Sclerurus albigularis)
PLAIN-BROWN WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)
BLACK-BANDED WOODCREEPER (Dendrocolaptes picumnus)
STRONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus)
COCOA WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)
RED-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus trochilirostris)
STREAK-HEADED WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)
MONTANE WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger sanctaemartae)
PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)
STREAKED XENOPS (Xenops rutilans)
PALE-LEGGED HORNERO (CARIBBEAN) (Furnarius leucopus longirostris)
SHARP-TAILED STREAMCREEPER (Lochmias nematura) – Seen very infrequently, so it was good to find one in the small stream above Libano.
SLATY-WINGED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Philydor fuscipenne) – Another species seen infrequently. We had one in a canopy flock at Rio Claro.
MONTANE FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia striaticollis)
LINEATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Syndactyla subalaris) [*]
SANTA MARTA FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Clibanornis rufipectus) – Always a bit of work, but we saw it well in the understory below El Dorado Lodge. [E]
WHITE-BROWED SPINETAIL (Hellmayrea gularis)
MANY-STRIPED CANASTERO (Asthenes flammulata) [*]
STREAK-CAPPED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca hellmayri) – Good numbers on San Lorenzo Ridge. [E]
YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus)
SLATY SPINETAIL (Synallaxis brachyura)
SILVERY-THROATED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis subpudica) – This endemic was seen at Chingaza NP on our first morning above Bogota. [E]
PALE-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis albescens)
RUSTY-HEADED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis fuscorufa) – Seen at our breakfast spot (and nearby) on San Lorenzo Ridge. Pretty cool to have two endemic spinetails here! [E]
STRIPE-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis cinnamomea)

Finally on the north coast and here birding above the town of Minca on our way up to El Dorado Lodge. Photo by participant Diane Drobka.

Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
BROWN-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Ornithion brunneicapillus)
WHITE-THROATED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus leucophrys)
FOREST ELAENIA (Myiopagis gaimardii)
GREENISH ELAENIA (Myiopagis viridicata)
YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)
MOUNTAIN ELAENIA (Elaenia frantzii)
STREAK-NECKED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes striaticollis)
OLIVE-STRIPED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes olivaceus)
OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus)
SEPIA-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon amaurocephalus)
SLATY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon superciliaris)
ANTIOQUIA BRISTLE-TYRANT (Phylloscartes lanyoni) – This very rare and local endemic was seen in the Rio Claro forest. In fact, we had nearly eye-level views from our elevated trail. Awesome! [E]
SOOTY-HEADED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias griseiceps)
BLACK-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias nigrocapillus)
PLUMBEOUS-CROWNED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias plumbeiceps) [*]
SPECTACLED TYRANNULET (Zimmerius improbus improbus) [*]
GOLDEN-FACED TYRANNULET (COOPMANS'S) (Zimmerius chrysops minimus) [*]
GOLDEN-FACED TYRANNULET (GOLDEN-FACED) (Zimmerius chrysops chrysops)
SLENDER-BILLED TYRANNULET (Inezia tenuirostris) – It was fine work by our group seeing both Inezia flycatchers in the Guajira Peninsula.
ORNATE FLYCATCHER (Myiotriccus ornatus) [*]
BLACK-CAPPED PYGMY-TYRANT (Myiornis atricapillus) – The tiniest passerine in the world was seen at Rio Claro.
SCALE-CRESTED PYGMY-TYRANT (Lophotriccus pileatus)
PALE-EYED PYGMY-TYRANT (Atalotriccus pilaris)
PEARLY-VENTED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer)
BLACK-THROATED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus granadensis) – Diego showed the group this bird after Marcelo and I headed down the mountain. Nice work!
SLATE-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus sylvia)
COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)
BLACK-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum nigriceps)
OLIVACEOUS FLATBILL (Rhynchocyclus olivaceus)
YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias sulphurescens)
YELLOW-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias flaviventris)
CINNAMON FLYCATCHER (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus) [*]
CINNAMON FLYCATCHER (SANTA MARTA) (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus assimilis)
SMOKE-COLORED PEWEE (Contopus fumigatus) [*]
WESTERN WOOD-PEWEE (Contopus sordidulus)
EASTERN WOOD-PEWEE (Contopus virens)
TROPICAL PEWEE (Contopus cinereus)
ACADIAN FLYCATCHER (Empidonax virescens)
BLACK PHOEBE (Sayornis nigricans)
VERMILION FLYCATCHER (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
SANTA MARTA BUSH-TYRANT (Myiotheretes pernix) – Difficult and missed some years. One came in briefly and a few folks saw it in flight, but it never did show very well. Heard by all. [E]
PIED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola pica)
WHITE-HEADED MARSH TYRANT (Arundinicola leucocephala)
BROWN-BACKED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca fumicolor)
LONG-TAILED TYRANT (Colonia colonus)
CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)
BRIGHT-RUMPED ATTILA (Attila spadiceus)
DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
PANAMA FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus panamensis)
APICAL FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus apicalis) – Great looks at this endemic at a "secret" spot as we descended the west slope of the Eastern Cordillera below La Vega. [E]
GREAT CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus crinitus) [*]
BROWN-CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tyrannulus)
LESSER KISKADEE (Pitangus lictor)
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)
RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)
GOLDEN-CROWNED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)
PIRATIC FLYCATCHER (Legatus leucophaius)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)

Black-fronted Wood-Quail snuck in one afternoon at the El Dorado feeders. We managed to get everyone up from their afternoon siesta to see them. Photo by participant Lynn Chapmann.

Cotingidae (Cotingas)
GOLDEN-BREASTED FRUITEATER (Pipreola aureopectus) – Always good to see a fruiteater! Seen well near the lodge at El Dorado several times.
RED-CRESTED COTINGA (Ampelion rubrocristatus)
Pipridae (Manakins)
WHITE-BIBBED MANAKIN (Corapipo leucorrhoa) [*]
BLUE-CROWNED MANAKIN (Lepidothrix coronata)
STRIOLATED MANAKIN (STRIOLATED) (Machaeropterus striolatus striolatus) [*]
GOLDEN-HEADED MANAKIN (Ceratopipra erythrocephala)
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
MASKED TITYRA (Tityra semifasciata)
RUSSET-WINGED SCHIFFORNIS (Schiffornis stenorhyncha) – The schiffornis seen at Rio Claro was this species, a split from the old Thrush-like Schiffornis. Some authorities are calling it Russet-winged Mourner.
BARRED BECARD (Pachyramphus versicolor) [*]
CINEREOUS BECARD (Pachyramphus rufus)
CINNAMON BECARD (Pachyramphus cinnamomeus)
WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus)
BLACK-AND-WHITE BECARD (Pachyramphus albogriseus) – One of the harder Pachyramphus to see. We had a pair at the bushbird reserve above Ocana.
ONE-COLORED BECARD (Pachyramphus homochrous)
Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)
SCRUB GREENLET (Hylophilus flavipes)
LESSER GREENLET (Pachysylvia decurtata)
GOLDEN-FRONTED GREENLET (Pachysylvia aurantiifrons)
RUFOUS-NAPED GREENLET (Pachysylvia semibrunnea)
BROWN-CAPPED VIREO (Vireo leucophrys)
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
BLACK-CHESTED JAY (Cyanocorax affinis)
GREEN JAY (Cyanocorax yncas)
Hirundinidae (Swallows)
BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)
WHITE-WINGED SWALLOW (Tachycineta albiventer)
BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica)
Troglodytidae (Wrens)
SCALY-BREASTED WREN (Microcerculus marginatus) [*]
HOUSE WREN (SOUTHERN) (Troglodytes aedon musculus)
SEDGE WREN (VENEZUELAN) (Cistothorus platensis alticola)
BAND-BACKED WREN (Campylorhynchus zonatus)
STRIPE-BACKED WREN (Campylorhynchus nuchalis)
BICOLORED WREN (Campylorhynchus griseus)
SOOTY-HEADED WREN (Pheugopedius spadix) – This is a near endemic that we saw nicely at La Victoria.
BLACK-BELLIED WREN (Pheugopedius fasciatoventris)
WHISKERED WREN (Pheugopedius mystacalis)
RUFOUS-BREASTED WREN (Pheugopedius rutilus)

This Santa Marta Screech-Owl put on a show for us in the early morning just before dawn on San Lorenzo Ridge. It was a fine way to start an awesome day! Thanks to Sue Wright for the photo.

SPECKLE-BREASTED WREN (COLOMBIAN) (Pheugopedius sclateri columbianus)
RUFOUS-AND-WHITE WREN (Thryophilus rufalbus)
NICEFORO'S WREN (Thryophilus nicefori) – The endemic, closely related to the previous species, seen below the RCA lodge. A nice songster. [E]
BAY WREN (Cantorchilus nigricapillus)
BUFF-BREASTED WREN (Cantorchilus leucotis)
RUFOUS WREN (Cinnycerthia unirufa)
WHITE-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (BLACK-CAPPED) (Henicorhina leucosticta albilateralis)
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucophrys)
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (BANGSI) (Henicorhina leucophrys bangsi) – Seen at lower elevations around El Dorado lodge.
HERMIT WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina anachoreta) – Now split, this is the higher elevation Gray-breasted-type seen in the Santa Marta Mountains. [E]
Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)
LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus)
LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (RUFIVENTRIS GROUP) (Ramphocaenus melanurus sanctaemarthae)
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
GRAY-CHEEKED THRUSH (Catharus minimus)
SWAINSON'S THRUSH (Catharus ustulatus)
PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)
YELLOW-LEGGED THRUSH (Turdus flavipes)
SPECTACLED THRUSH (Turdus nudigenis)
BLACK-BILLED THRUSH (Turdus ignobilis)
CHESTNUT-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus fulviventris)
BLACK-HOODED THRUSH (Turdus olivater)
GREAT THRUSH (Turdus fuscater)
Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
BLUE-NAPED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia cyanea) – Killer looks at the banana feeders at El Dorado Lodge.
TRINIDAD EUPHONIA (Euphonia trinitatis)
VELVET-FRONTED EUPHONIA (Euphonia concinna) – This endemic was seen several times at El Hato and in the Upper Magdalena dry forest. [E]
THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)
GOLDEN-RUMPED EUPHONIA (Euphonia cyanocephala)
FULVOUS-VENTED EUPHONIA (Euphonia fulvicrissa)
ORANGE-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia xanthogaster)
LESSER GOLDFINCH (Spinus psaltria)
YELLOW-BELLIED SISKIN (Spinus xanthogastrus)
Rhodinocichlidae (Thrush-Tanager)
ROSY THRUSH-TANAGER (Rhodinocichla rosea)
Passerellidae (New World Sparrows)
BLACK-STRIPED SPARROW (Arremonops conirostris)
SIERRA NEVADA BRUSHFINCH (Arremon basilicus) – Our first sighting was as we climbed to El Dorado from Minca, but again at the El Dorado compost pile! [E]
BLACK-HEADED BRUSHFINCH (Arremon atricapillus atricapillus)
ORANGE-BILLED SPARROW (Arremon aurantiirostris)
GOLDEN-WINGED SPARROW (Arremon schlegeli) – This sharp-looking Arremon was seen between Minca and El Dorado.
RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)
WHITE-NAPED BRUSHFINCH (YELLOW-THROATED) (Atlapetes albinucha gutturalis)
MOUSTACHED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes albofrenatus)
SANTA MARTA BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes melanocephalus) – Common in the area around El Dorado Lodge. [E]
YELLOW-HEADED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes flaviceps) – This endemic was seen in the scrubby understory above the coffee town of Libano. [E]
PALE-NAPED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes pallidinucha)
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
EASTERN MEADOWLARK (Sturnella magna)
RUSSET-BACKED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius angustifrons)
CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus)
MOUNTAIN CACIQUE (Cacicus chrysonotus)
YELLOW-BACKED ORIOLE (Icterus chrysater)
YELLOW ORIOLE (Icterus nigrogularis)
BALTIMORE ORIOLE (Icterus galbula)
SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)
GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus)
GREAT-TAILED GRACKLE (Quiscalus mexicanus)
CARIB GRACKLE (Quiscalus lugubris)
YELLOW-HOODED BLACKBIRD (Chrysomus icterocephalus)
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH (Parkesia noveboracensis)
PROTHONOTARY WARBLER (Protonotaria citrea)
TENNESSEE WARBLER (Oreothlypis peregrina)
MOURNING WARBLER (Geothlypis philadelphia)
AMERICAN REDSTART (Setophaga ruticilla)
CERULEAN WARBLER (Setophaga cerulea) – The reserve "Reinita Cielo Azul" is named after this species, and we saw it here in the coffee plantation.
TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)
BAY-BREASTED WARBLER (Setophaga castanea)
BLACKBURNIAN WARBLER (Setophaga fusca) – One of the most common wintering warblers encountered on this trip.
YELLOW WARBLER (Setophaga petechia)
CHESTNUT-SIDED WARBLER (Setophaga pensylvanica)
RUFOUS-CAPPED WARBLER (CHESTNUT-CAPPED) (Basileuterus rufifrons mesochrysus)
GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (Basileuterus culicivorus)
THREE-STRIPED WARBLER (Basileuterus tristriatus)

From Marcelo, Diego, and I, thanks for a really fun and bird crazy trip. We hope to see you again soon. Thanks again to Diane Drobka for the photo.

SANTA MARTA WARBLER (Myiothlypis basilica) – This prize endemic was seen at the highest area on San Lorenzo Ridge. Always the most difficult of the three endemic SM warblers to see. [E]
BLACK-CRESTED WARBLER (Myiothlypis nigrocristata)
BUFF-RUMPED WARBLER (Myiothlypis fulvicauda)
GRAY-THROATED WARBLER (Myiothlypis cinereicollis)
WHITE-LORED WARBLER (Myiothlypis conspicillata) – The SM endemic seen at the lower elevations including just above Minca. Appearance is much like the previous species. [E]
CANADA WARBLER (Cardellina canadensis)
SLATE-THROATED REDSTART (Myioborus miniatus)
YELLOW-CROWNED REDSTART (Myioborus flavivertex) – Seen at San Lorenzo Ridge; more conspicuous than the Santa Marta Warbler. [E]
Mitrospingidae (Mitrospingid Tanagers)
DUSKY-FACED TANAGER (Mitrospingus cassinii)
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
HEPATIC TANAGER (Piranga flava)
SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra)
SOOTY ANT-TANAGER (Habia gutturalis) – The next two species are spectacular endemic Habia ant-tanagers. The Sooty AT was seen at La Victoria where it gave us a bit of trouble, however, the Crested AT above Libano was much more cooperative. [E]
CRESTED ANT-TANAGER (Habia cristata) [E]
VERMILION CARDINAL (Cardinalis phoeniceus) – A spectacular bird restricted to the dry forest of northern South America.
ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK (Pheucticus ludovicianus)
BLUE-BLACK GROSBEAK (Cyanoloxia cyanoides)
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
GRAY-HEADED TANAGER (Eucometis penicillata)
WHITE-SHOULDERED TANAGER (Tachyphonus luctuosus)
TAWNY-CRESTED TANAGER (Tachyphonus delatrii)
WHITE-LINED TANAGER (Tachyphonus rufus)
FLAME-RUMPED TANAGER (LEMON-RUMPED) (Ramphocelus flammigerus icteronotus)
CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)
BLACK-CHEEKED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus melanogenys) – Endemic to the Santa Martas; this year they were around in good numbers. [E]
BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)
GLAUCOUS TANAGER (Thraupis glaucocolpa)
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
BLUE-CAPPED TANAGER (Thraupis cyanocephala)
SPECKLED TANAGER (Ixothraupis guttata)
BLACK-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara cyanoptera)
SCRUB TANAGER (Tangara vitriolina)
BLUE-NECKED TANAGER (Tangara cyanicollis)
METALLIC-GREEN TANAGER (Tangara labradorides)
PLAIN-COLORED TANAGER (Tangara inornata)
BAY-HEADED TANAGER (BAY-AND-BLUE) (Tangara gyrola catharinae)
BAY-HEADED TANAGER (BAY-AND-GREEN) (Tangara gyrola viridissima)
FLAME-FACED TANAGER (Tangara parzudakii)
GOLDEN TANAGER (Tangara arthus)
SWALLOW TANAGER (Tersina viridis)
TURQUOISE DACNIS (Dacnis hartlaubi) – It's 5 pm, there it is! [E]
BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)
GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)
BICOLORED CONEBILL (Conirostrum bicolor)
WHITE-EARED CONEBILL (Conirostrum leucogenys)
BLUE-BACKED CONEBILL (Conirostrum sitticolor)
RUFOUS-BROWED CONEBILL (Conirostrum rufum)
GLOSSY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa lafresnayii)
BLACK FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa humeralis nocticolor)
BLACK FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa humeralis humeralis)
RUSTY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa sittoides)
PLUMBEOUS SIERRA-FINCH (Geospizopsis unicolor)
SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)
BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)
THICK-BILLED SEED-FINCH (Sporophila funerea)
YELLOW-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila nigricollis)
PILEATED FINCH (Coryphospingus pileatus)
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
BLACK-WINGED SALTATOR (Saltator atripennis)
ORINOCAN SALTATOR (Saltator orenocensis)
GRAYISH SALTATOR (Saltator coerulescens)
STREAKED SALTATOR (Saltator striatipectus)

RED HOWLER MONKEY (Alouatta seniculus) [*]
EASTERN COTTONTAIL (Sylvilagus floridanus)
RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)
ANDEAN SQUIRREL (Sciurus pucheranii) [E]
SANTANDER DWARF SQUIRREL (Microsciurus santanderensis) [E]
GUINEA PIG (Cavia aperea)
CENTRAL AMERICAN AGOUTI (Dasyprocta punctata)
KINKAJOU (Potos flavus)


Totals for the tour: 551 bird taxa and 10 mammal taxa