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Same ol' scene! Boring! Wonderful! The view from the San Lorenzo ridge was dominated one morning by the river of clouds, distracting the viewer from the massif of Colombia's highest peaks in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Photo by guide Richard Webster.
It was a smooth tour while being a very bumpy trip! Really, everything went very well, but our bottoms have not forgotten the road up the mountain. But our minds have not forgotten our route either, because they are full of memories of the views, the birds, the flowers, the forest . . .
Starting in Barranquilla, we enjoyed Chestnut-winged Chachalaca before breakfast, and then moved on to Parque Nacional Isla Salamanca. The mangroves were lovely, and we were thrilled with our views of Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird. New birds came in a rush, including an unexpected Bare-throated Tiger-Heron, Panama Flycatcher, Straight-billed Woodcreeper, Bicolored Conebill, Bronzed (Bronze-brown) Cowbird, and Pied and Russet-throated puffbirds. Those who came a day early had the prize of a pair of Northern Screamers along with a leisurely immersion in the many marshbirds.
Continuing east into the drier areas beyond Santa Marta, we had an afternoon and a morning around P.N. Los Flamencos and Camarones. Landbirds were the specialties, and we saw almost all of the regional endemics, including Bare-eyed Pigeon, Buffy Hummingbird, Chestnut Piculet, White-whiskered Spinetail, Slender-billed Tyrannulet (Inezia), Glaucous Tanager, Orinocan Saltator, and Vermilion Cardinal. Tocuyo Sparrow was only heard and our thick-knee stakeout had cratered after a couple of years, but we were pleasantly surprised by Red-billed Scythebill and were pleased with the local subspecies of White-fringed Antwren, Black-crested Antshrike, and Pale-legged Hornero. The lagoon was also productive, including distant American Flamencos, dark and light Reddish Egrets, and large flocks of gulls and terns plus a few shorebirds.
Then it was on the Sierra, or at least our outlying ridge of it, the Cuchillo San Lorenzo. Starting at the Hotel Minca and its busy hummingbird feeders, we enjoyed great views of Golden-winged Sparrow on the fruit tray, and found a variety of species in the drier foothills woodlands, including Black-backed Antshrike, Pale-eyed Pygmy-Tyrant, Long-billed Gnatwren, Scaled Piculet, and Orange-crowned Oriole. A displaying pair of Gray-headed Kites was a treat.
Our first endemics came as we climbed higher into the wetter middle elevations: Santa Marta Foliage-gleaner, Santa Marta Antbird, and White-lored Warbler en route to the comfortable isolation of the Reserva Natural de las Aves (RNA) El Dorado. Our first evening there introduced us to the many feeders that we were to check often over the next four days, and which were to provide views of Band-tailed and Sickle-winged guans, Black-fronted Wood-Quail (a few times), Sierra Nevada and Santa Marta brushfinches, Blue-naped Chlorophonia, and some dazzling hummingbirds, including that abundant beauty, the Crowned Woodnymph.
We made two trips to the top, with very early starts for the crawl up to the ridge. We were fortunate on both mornings to have some clear time during which we could see the full extent of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, which includes Colombia’s highest peaks. Dawn was action packed, with good views of some of the tougher species, including Santa Marta Bush-Tyrant and Santa Marta Warbler. Our only encounters with Santa Marta Parakeet were tangential, but we did enjoy repeated good views of White-tailed Starfrontlet, Brown-rumped Tapaculo, Santa Marta Wood-Wren, Yellow-crowned Redstart (Whitestart) and Black-cheeked (Santa Marta) Mountain-Tanager. Great views of Flammulated Treehunter was an unexpected treat and one of the highlights was being Kelly’s first clients for her antpitta feeding experiment, a great success for us, and hopefully many more.
We also spent time in the forests around the lodge and down the road from the RNA El Dorado, some of the better finds being Lined Quail-Dove, Groove-billed Toucanet, White-tipped Quetzal, Masked Trogon, Santa Marta Tapaculo, Black-throated Tody-Tyrant, Golden-breasted Fruiteater, and Black-hooded and Yellow-legged thrushes. After much time checking garden flowers, we did see one Santa Marta Blossomcrown (but never did find a Santa Marta Woodstar). After two tries we did see the undescribed screech-owl very well, along with Gray-handed Night Monkeys. Even on our way down the mountain toward home there were still new birds to be seen: Rusty-breasted Antpitta (for some), local forms of Golden-faced and Paltry tyrannulets, Orange-billed Nightingale-thrush, and Golden-winged Warbler.
The smooth handling of the bumps in the lowlands and highlands was thanks to a series of competent and friendly drivers, drivers who also contributed some useful bird knowledge (like that Black-and-white Owl). Smooth handling of logistics was thanks to Caroline and Luisa in the offices. The staffs at the Hotel Minca and El Dorado Lodge turned rustic into pleasant, for which we were very appreciative. ProAves’ reserve is helping keep the forest and its inhabitants alive in the face of great pressure: It is a much-threatened avifauna as we saw in the form of 1 Critically Endangered, 2 Endangered, 7 Vulnerable, and 11 Near Threatened species.
Taxonomy follows the Clements (Cornell) checklist, with comments on other treatments (e.g., International Ornithological Congress) and references to various journal articles and Handbook of the Birds of the World (HBW). Apologies are due the Spanish language for the omission of many punctuation and other marks that do not survive translation across various computer platforms (starting with the accent over the second ‘a’ in Diana’s last name!). Conservation information is drawn from the publications of BirdLife International.
KEYS FOR THIS LIST
One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant
GRAY TINAMOU (Tinamus tao) [*]
LITTLE TINAMOU (Crypturellus soui) [*]
Our Walrus nailed this Black-fronted Wood-Quail! Fortunately they were coming to the RNA El Dorado feeders, but unfortunately not regularly enough for everyone. Photo copyright participant Rick Woodruff.
NORTHERN SCREAMER (Chauna chavaria)
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
FULVOUS WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna bicolor)
BLUE-WINGED TEAL (Anas discors) [b]
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
CHESTNUT-WINGED CHACHALACA (Ortalis garrula) [E]
BAND-TAILED GUAN (Penelope argyrotis) [N]
SICKLE-WINGED GUAN (Chamaepetes goudotii sanctaemarthae)
Odontophoridae (New World Quail)
CRESTED BOBWHITE (Colinus cristatus)
BLACK-FRONTED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus atrifrons)
AMERICAN FLAMINGO (Phoenicopterus ruber)
MAGNIFICENT FRIGATEBIRD (Fregata magnificens)
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
BROWN PELICAN (Pelecanus occidentalis)
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
LEAST BITTERN (Ixobrychus exilis)
Bare-throated Tiger-Heron in the mangroves on Isla Salamanca, near the edge of its range. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
BARE-THROATED TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma mexicanum)
GREAT BLUE HERON (Ardea herodias) [b]
COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)
SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)
TRICOLORED HERON (Egretta tricolor)
REDDISH EGRET (Egretta rufescens)
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)
GREEN HERON (Butorides virescens) [b]
Searching the bamboo at 2600m on the San Lorenzo ridge. Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)
BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
WHITE IBIS (Eudocimus albus)
SCARLET IBIS (Eudocimus ruber)
GLOSSY IBIS (Plegadis falcinellus)
Dan and Virginia heading for the list as the sun sets over Cienega Grande and the Caribbean. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
BARE-FACED IBIS (Phimosus infuscatus)
ROSEATE SPOONBILL (Platalea ajaja)
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture is fairly common over the marshes of P.N. Isla Salamanca. Photo copyright participant Rick Woodruff.
LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus)
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus) [b]
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
PEARL KITE (Gampsonyx swainsonii)
GRAY-HEADED KITE (Leptodon cayanensis)
SWALLOW-TAILED KITE (Elanoides forficatus)
BLACK-COLLARED HAWK (Busarellus nigricollis)
SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis)
SHARP-SHINNED HAWK (PLAIN-BREASTED) (Accipiter striatus ventralis)
CRANE HAWK (Geranospiza caerulescens)
COMMON BLACK HAWK (Buteogallus anthracinus)
SAVANNA HAWK (Buteogallus meridionalis)
GREAT BLACK HAWK (Buteogallus urubitinga)
ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)
Not just sunsets were enjoyed at El Dorado, but a moonset before one of our very early drives up Cuchillo de San Lorenzo. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
WHITE-RUMPED HAWK (Parabuteo leucorrhous)
BROAD-WINGED HAWK (Buteo platypterus) [b]
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinicus)
COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata) [N]
LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna)
Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)
BLACK-NECKED STILT (Himantopus mexicanus)
AMERICAN OYSTERCATCHER (Haematopus palliatus)
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana) [N]
Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
WHIMBREL (Numenius phaeopus) [b]
MARBLED GODWIT (Limosa fedoa) [b]
SANDERLING (Calidris alba) [b]
LEAST SANDPIPER (Calidris minutilla) [b]
SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER (Calidris pusilla) [b]
SPOTTED SANDPIPER (Actitis macularius) [b]
We usually have at least one great sunset, but this tour had several at El Dorado. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
SOLITARY SANDPIPER (Tringa solitaria) [b]
GREATER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa melanoleuca)
WILLET (Tringa semipalmata)
LESSER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa flavipes)
Laughing Gull and the setting sun at Caramones. Photo copyright participant Rick Woodruff.
Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
LAUGHING GULL (Leucophaeus atricilla)
LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL (Larus fuscus)
LARGE-BILLED TERN (Phaetusa simplex)
GULL-BILLED TERN (Gelochelidon nilotica)
CASPIAN TERN (Hydroprogne caspia) [b]
COMMON TERN (Sterna hirundo) [b]
ROYAL TERN (Thalasseus maximus) [b]
Scaled Pigeon is hardly a rarity, but this tour was fortunate to have several great views of what is a fine pigeon. Photo by guide Cory Gregory.
SANDWICH TERN (CABOT'S) (Thalasseus sandvicensis acuflavidus) [b]
SANDWICH TERN (CAYENNE) (Thalasseus sandvicensis eurygnathus)
BLACK SKIMMER (Rynchops niger)
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia) [I]
PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis) [*]
SCALED PIGEON (Patagioenas speciosa)
BARE-EYED PIGEON (Patagioenas corensis)
Perhaps one of the struggles for Santa Marta Antbird? Photo copyright participant Chuck Holliday.
BAND-TAILED PIGEON (WHITE-NECKED) (Patagioenas fasciata albilinea)
COMMON GROUND-DOVE (Columbina passerina)
RUDDY GROUND-DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)
SCALED DOVE (Columbina squammata)
WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)
How did you spend your vacation? Checking the compost pile at RNA El Dorado! Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
LINED QUAIL-DOVE (Zentrygon linearis)
EARED DOVE (Zenaida auriculata)
GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)
Black-and-white Owl was a bonus, thanks to a return to a day roost that had been active two years ago but did not work last year. Photo copyright Chuck Holliday, on his back.
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
GROOVE-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)
SCREECH-OWL SP. NOV. (Megascops sp. nov.)
FERRUGINOUS PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium brasilianum) [*]
BLACK-AND-WHITE OWL (Ciccaba nigrolineata)
Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)
LESSER NIGHTHAWK (Chordeiles acutipennis)
BAND-WINGED NIGHTJAR (Systellura longirostris) [*]
WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris)
WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN (Florisuga mellivora)
RUFOUS-BREASTED HERMIT (Glaucis hirsutus)
LONG-BILLED HERMIT (CENTRAL AMERICAN) (Phaethornis longirostris susurrus)
PALE-BELLIED HERMIT (Phaethornis anthophilus)
BROWN VIOLETEAR (Colibri delphinae)
Lesser Violetear (formerly Green Violetear) is a stunning thug, dominating many feeding situations, although not all the feeders at El Dorado, fortunately. Photo copyright participant Rick Woodruff.
LESSER VIOLETEAR (Colibri cyanotus)
SPARKLING VIOLETEAR (Colibri coruscans)
BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis)
Santa Marta Blossomcrown was the subject of all this focused intensity as it fed on the flowers that no other hummingbird was defending. Photo copyright guide Diana Balcazar.
SANTA MARTA BLOSSOMCROWN (Anthocephala floriceps) [E]
TYRIAN METALTAIL (SANTA MARTA) (Metallura tyrianthina districta)
WHITE-TAILED STARFRONTLET (Coeligena phalerata) [E]
MOUNTAIN VELVETBREAST (Lafresnaya lafresnayi liriope)
Mary and Diana talking beneath another El Dorado sunset. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
LONG-BILLED STARTHROAT (Heliomaster longirostris)
RED-BILLED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon gibsoni nitens)
WHITE-VENTED PLUMELETEER (Chalybura buffonii)
CROWNED WOODNYMPH (COLOMBIAN VIOLET-CROWNED) (Thalurania colombica colombica)
BUFFY HUMMINGBIRD (Leucippus fallax)
STEELY-VENTED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia saucerottei)
RUFOUS-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia tzacatl)
Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird put on a show, thanks to a few of these pink flowers being in bloom. We sometimes find this hummingbird in the mangroves, but these flowers are the best bet. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
SAPPHIRE-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD (Lepidopyga lilliae) [E]
SHINING-GREEN HUMMINGBIRD (Lepidopyga goudoti)
WHITE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE (Hylocharis cyanus)
WHITE-TIPPED QUETZAL (Pharomachrus fulgidus)
White-tipped Quetzals were relatively conspicuous this year. Photo copyright participant Chuck Holliday.
MASKED TROGON (Trogon personatus sanctaemartae)
WHOOPING MOTMOT (Momotus subrufescens)
RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)
AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)
GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)
PIED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus tectus)
Sunset at Camarones. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
RUSSET-THROATED PUFFBIRD (Hypnelus ruficollis)
RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (Galbula ruficauda)
EMERALD TOUCANET (SANTA MARTA) (Aulacorhynchus prasinus lautus)
GROOVE-BILLED TOUCANET (YELLOW-BILLED) (Aulacorhynchus sulcatus calorhynchus)
KEEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos sulfuratus)
Scaled Piculet is an uncommon, local species that we often miss, so good views of a respnosive bird were a bonus this year. Photo by guide Cory Gregory.
SCALED PICULET (Picumnus squamulatus)
CHESTNUT PICULET (Picumnus cinnamomeus)
RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes rubricapillus)
SMOKY-BROWN WOODPECKER (Picoides fumigatus)
RED-RUMPED WOODPECKER (Veniliornis kirkii)
GOLDEN-OLIVE WOODPECKER (GOLDEN-OLIVE) (Colaptes rubiginosus alleni)
SPOT-BREASTED WOODPECKER (Colaptes punctigula)
LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)
CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos)
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
BARRED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur ruficollis)
CRESTED CARACARA (Caracara cheriway)
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)
Russet-throated Puffbird is typical of most puffbirds--not easy to spot, sitting like a lump on a log, but once you find one, great views can be enjoyed. Photo copyright participant Rick Woodruff.
MERLIN (TAIGA) (Falco columbarius columbarius) [b]
APLOMADO FALCON (Falco femoralis)
PEREGRINE FALCON (Falco peregrinus) [b]
Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)
ORANGE-CHINNED PARAKEET (Brotogeris jugularis)
RED-BILLED PARROT (Pionus sordidus saturatus)
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)
It is not often that one can see the detail of the color in the tail of a Scaly-naped Amazon. We were fortunate to have such close and tame birds on the San Lorenzo ridge. Photo copyright guide Diana Balcazar.
SCALY-NAPED PARROT (Amazona mercenarius)
GREEN-RUMPED PARROTLET (Forpus passerinus)
SANTA MARTA PARAKEET (Pyrrhura viridicata) [E]
BROWN-THROATED PARAKEET (Eupsittula pertinax)
BLUE-CROWNED PARAKEET (BLUE-CROWNED) (Thectocercus acuticaudatus koenigi)
SCARLET-FRONTED PARAKEET (Psittacara wagleri wagleri)
Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
BLACK-CRESTED ANTSHRIKE (Sakesphorus canadensis pulchellus)
BLACK-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus melanonotus)
WHITE-FRINGED ANTWREN (NORTHERN) (Formicivora grisea intermedia)
SANTA MARTA ANTBIRD (Drymophila hellmayri) [E]
The happy group surrounding Kelly, who had just delivered views of Santa Marta Antpitta to her first takers. It will be interesting to return a year from now and see how this has developed. In any case, it was much fun for us. Photo by Cory Gregory's camera, being taken by one of the drivers!
SANTA MARTA ANTPITTA (Grallaria bangsi) [E]
RUFOUS ANTPITTA (SIERRA NEVADA) (Grallaria rufula spatiator) [*]
RUSTY-BREASTED ANTPITTA (RUSTY-BREASTED) (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus ferrugineipectus)
SANTA MARTA TAPACULO (Scytalopus sanctaemartae) [E]
BROWN-RUMPED TAPACULO (Scytalopus latebricola) [E]
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
STRONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER (ANDEAN/NORTHERN) (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus sanctaemartae)
COCOA WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)
STRAIGHT-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Dendroplex picus picirostris)
Red-billed Scythebill is always a treat, and was an unexpected treat on this tour route. Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
RED-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus trochilirostris)
MONTANE WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger sanctaemartae)
PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)
STREAKED XENOPS (Xenops rutilans)
Folks on several of our tours would find this photo hard to believe--sometimes Pale-legged Horneros are just voices out in the woodland, not a bird walking calmly by. Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
PALE-LEGGED HORNERO (CARIBBEAN) (Furnarius leucopus longirostris)
MONTANE FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia striaticollis anxia)
SANTA MARTA FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Clibanornis rufipectus) [E]
FLAMMULATED TREEHUNTER (Thripadectes flammulatus)
STREAK-CAPPED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca hellmayri)
Band-tailed Guans have just about become the RNA El Dorado mascot, so common and conspicuous are they around the cracked corn and compost. Photo copyright guide Diana Balcazar.
YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus)
RUSTY-HEADED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis fuscorufa) [E]
WHITE-WHISKERED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis candei)
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
SOUTHERN BEARDLESS-TYRANNULET (Camptostoma obsoletum)
WHITE-THROATED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus leucophrys)
MOUSE-COLORED TYRANNULET (NORTHERN) (Phaeomyias murina incomta)
YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)
LESSER ELAENIA (Elaenia chiriquensis)
MOUNTAIN ELAENIA (Elaenia frantzii)
OLIVE-STRIPED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes olivaceus galbinus)
OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus)
Black-capped Tyrannulet was seen once, with a small mixed flock on the upper San Lorenzo ridge. Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
BLACK-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias nigrocapillus flavimentum)
PALTRY TYRANNULET (MOUNTAIN) (Zimmerius vilissimus tamae)
GOLDEN-FACED TYRANNULET (COOPMANS'S) (Zimmerius chrysops minimus)
NORTHERN SCRUB-FLYCATCHER (Sublegatus arenarum)
SLENDER-BILLED TYRANNULET (Inezia tenuirostris)
PALE-TIPPED TYRANNULET (Inezia caudata)
PALE-EYED PYGMY-TYRANT (Atalotriccus pilaris)
PEARLY-VENTED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer)
Black-throated Tody-Tyrant is perhaps fairly common, but good views are a less common event. Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
BLACK-THROATED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus granadensis lehmanni)
COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)
YELLOW-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (OCHRE-LORED) (Tolmomyias flaviventris aurulentus)
CINNAMON FLYCATCHER (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus assimilis)
OLIVE-SIDED FLYCATCHER (Contopus cooperi) [b]
TROPICAL PEWEE (Contopus cinereus)
VERMILION FLYCATCHER (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
SANTA MARTA BUSH-TYRANT (Myiotheretes pernix) [E]
PIED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola pica)
WHITE-HEADED MARSH TYRANT (Arundinicola leucocephala)
The view from the forested highlands over the coffee fincas to the well populated coast at Rodadero Beach and Santa Marta (city). Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
YELLOW-BELLIED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca diadema jesupi)
CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)
DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer) [*]
PANAMA FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus panamensis)
GREAT CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus crinitus) [b]
BROWN-CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tyrannulus)
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua) [N]
SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)
GOLDEN-CROWNED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus) [N]
Brown Violetears were regular at the El Dorado feeders, this one beautifully backlit on an attractive seedhead. Photo copyright participant Rick Woodruff.
GRAY KINGBIRD (Tyrannus dominicensis) [b]
FORK-TAILED FLYCATCHER (Tyrannus savana)
GOLDEN-BREASTED FRUITEATER (Pipreola aureopectus)
WHITE-BEARDED MANAKIN (Manacus manacus)
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
MASKED TITYRA (Tityra semifasciata) [N]
CINNAMON BECARD (Pachyramphus cinnamomeus)
Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)
SCRUB GREENLET (Hylophilus flavipes)
BROWN-CAPPED VIREO (Vireo leucophrys)
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
BLACK-CHESTED JAY (Cyanocorax affinis)
BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)
WHITE-WINGED SWALLOW (Tachycineta albiventer)
BANK SWALLOW (Riparia riparia) [b]
Doing the list on the verandah at RNA El Dorado with a lovely sunset in our eyes. Photo copyright guide Diana Balcazar.
BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica) [b]
CLIFF SWALLOW (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) [b]
SCALY-BREASTED WREN (Microcerculus marginatus) [*]
HOUSE WREN (SOUTHERN) (Troglodytes aedon musculus)
Stripe-backed Wren at its mess of a nest, but these messes must work well for them. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
STRIPE-BACKED WREN (Campylorhynchus nuchalis)
BICOLORED WREN (Campylorhynchus griseus)
RUFOUS-BREASTED WREN (Pheugopedius rutilus)
RUFOUS-AND-WHITE WREN (Thryophilus rufalbus) [*]
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (BANGSI) (Henicorhina leucophrys bangsi)
SANTA MARTA WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina anachoreta) [E]
LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus)
Lesser Violetears in action, their violet ears extended as signals of prowess. Photo copyright participant Chuck Holliday.
TROPICAL GNATCATCHER (TROPICAL) (Polioptila plumbea plumbiceps)
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
ORANGE-BILLED NIGHTINGALE-THRUSH (Catharus aurantiirostris)
SLATY-BACKED NIGHTINGALE-THRUSH (Catharus fuscater)
YELLOW-LEGGED THRUSH (Turdus flavipes)
Our drivers, Luis, Yoel, and Jesus, waiting while we searched for some LBJ! Photo copyright guide Diana Balcazar.
PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)
BLACK-HOODED THRUSH (Turdus olivater)
GREAT THRUSH (Turdus fuscater cacozelus)
Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)
TROPICAL MOCKINGBIRD (Mimus gilvus)
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH (Parkesia noveboracensis) [b]
GOLDEN-WINGED WARBLER (Vermivora chrysoptera) [b]
Blackburnian Warbler is one of the more common wintering warblers in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, and certainly one of the most beautiful. Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
BLACK-AND-WHITE WARBLER (Mniotilta varia) [b]
PROTHONOTARY WARBLER (Protonotaria citrea) [b]
TENNESSEE WARBLER (Oreothlypis peregrina) [b]
AMERICAN REDSTART (Setophaga ruticilla) [b]
TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)
BLACKBURNIAN WARBLER (Setophaga fusca) [b]
YELLOW WARBLER (NORTHERN) (Setophaga petechia aestiva) [b]
YELLOW-RUMPED WARBLER (Setophaga coronata) [b]
RUFOUS-CAPPED WARBLER (CHESTNUT-CAPPED) (Basileuterus rufifrons mesochrysus)
Santa Marta Warbler is one of the tougher endemics on the upper ridge, and we were very pleased to have several nice looks at this skulker. Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
SANTA MARTA WARBLER (Myiothlypis basilica) [E]
WHITE-LORED WARBLER (Myiothlypis conspicillata) [E]
SLATE-THROATED REDSTART (Myioborus miniatus)
YELLOW-CROWNED REDSTART (Myioborus flavivertex) [E]
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
WHITE-LINED TANAGER (Tachyphonus rufus)
CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)
Black-cheeked Mountain-Tanager is one of the showier endemics. Usually fairly common, but they follow the fruit, and they have been variously easy or hard. Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
BLACK-CHEEKED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus melanogenys) [E]
BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)
GLAUCOUS TANAGER (Thraupis glaucocolpa)
Rufous-capped Warblers in Colombia are at the southern end of their range; this form has all yellow underparts in comparison with those of most of Mexico and, rarely, Arizona. Photo copyright participant Chuck Holliday.
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
BLACK-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara cyanoptera)
BLACK-CAPPED TANAGER (Tangara heinei)
BAY-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara gyrola)
SWALLOW TANAGER (Tersina viridis) [N]
BICOLORED CONEBILL (Conirostrum bicolor) [N]
BLACK FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa humeralis nocticolor)
WHITE-SIDED FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa albilatera)
White-sided Flowerpiercers were common in the El Dorado garden (among places), hyperactively feeding and fighting over the mermelada flowers, using the hooked bill to pierce the corolla. Photo copyright participant Rick Woodruff.
RUSTY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa sittoides)
SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)
BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)
GRAY SEEDEATER (Sporophila intermedia)
YELLOW-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila nigricollis)
Paramo Seedeater is uncommon throughout its range, and this subspecies, endemic to the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, is an especially good find. Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
PARAMO SEEDEATER (Catamenia homochroa oreophila)
PILEATED FINCH (Coryphospingus pileatus)
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
DULL-COLORED GRASSQUIT (Tiaris obscurus)
BLACK-FACED GRASSQUIT (Tiaris bicolor)
BUFF-THROATED SALTATOR (Saltator maximus)
Orinocan Saltator is widespread in Venezuela, but Venezuela is no longer an easy place to travel. Fortunately, they do occur in the Guajira region, where we enjoyed lengthy, close views near Camarones. Photo copyright by participant Rick Woodruff.
ORINOCAN SALTATOR (Saltator orenocensis)
GRAYISH SALTATOR (Saltator coerulescens)
STREAKED SALTATOR (Saltator striatipectus)
Emberizidae (Buntings and New World Sparrows)
TOCUYO SPARROW (Arremonops tocuyensis) [*]
SIERRA NEVADA BRUSHFINCH (Arremon basilicus) [E]
Golden-winged Sparrow is a beauty, and it can be a skulker, so the appearance of a pair on the Hotel Minca fruit tray has been a great way to luxuriate in the bird's beauty. Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
GOLDEN-WINGED SPARROW (Arremon schlegeli)
RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)
SANTA MARTA BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes melanocephalus) [E]
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra) [b]
A splash of red that was a most welcome sight. We ended up with one perched on top of a bare tree for even clearer views of this scarce specialty of the arid littoral of Colombia and Venezuela. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
VERMILION CARDINAL (Cardinalis phoeniceus)
ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK (Pheucticus ludovicianus) [b]
BLUE-BLACK GROSBEAK (Cyanocompsa cyanoides)
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
GREAT-TAILED GRACKLE (Quiscalus mexicanus)
CARIB GRACKLE (Quiscalus lugubris)
This Grayish Saltator has snipped off the flower and will eat some of it and toss the rest. Saltators are moderately herbivorus, unusual for passerines. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
YELLOW-HOODED BLACKBIRD (Chrysomus icterocephalus)
SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)
BRONZED COWBIRD (BRONZE-BROWN) (Molothrus aeneus armenti)
GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus)
YELLOW-BACKED ORIOLE (Icterus chrysater)
ORANGE-CROWNED ORIOLE (Icterus auricapillus)
YELLOW ORIOLE (Icterus nigrogularis)
Santa Marta Antpitta was a prize, but was almost secondary to the whole experience of this new antpitta feeding experiment and how it worked so well. Photo copyright guide Cory Gregory.
BALTIMORE ORIOLE (Icterus galbula) [b]
CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus)
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
TRINIDAD EUPHONIA (Euphonia trinitatis)
THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)
Blue-naped Chlorophonia was seen regularly coming to the fruit feeder at RNA El Dorado. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
BLUE-NAPED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia cyanea)
NIGHT MONKEY SP. (Aotus sp.)
RED HOWLER MONKEY (Alouatta seniculus)
Belly up to the bar for this Red-tailed Squirrel at RNA El Dorado. Photo copyright guide Richard Webster.
RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)
CENTRAL AMERICAN AGOUTI (Dasyprocta punctata)
Sac-winged Bat? (the bat on Isla Salamanca with the pale back markings, as noted by Ed)
Caiman/Crocodile (Isla Salamanca; contained??)
Teid lizards like the genus Ameiva
frog spp., including the din of peepers in the dripping wall at the Hotel Barranquilla Plaza
tarantula sp. (at night at RNA El Dorado)
butterflies, many lovely species, including Morphos
Totals for the tour: 315 bird taxa and 4 mammal taxa