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Field Guides Tour Report
Jewels of Ecuador: Hummers, Tanagers & Antpittas II 2019
Mar 16, 2019 to Apr 2, 2019
Willy Perez

This wonderful pair of Ochre-breasted Antpittas put on a real show for us! It's fun to see these little birds so well, but it's even better when you can see two of them interacting. Participant Bill Byers got this lovely shot.

Once again, our JEWELS tour was just great! The small country of Ecuador again proved that it has everything to offer, from stunning landscapes, interesting culture, great places to stay, delicious food and wonderful wildlife. Since we traveled in the north and the south, we had many opportunities to see all of this. The range of different altitudes also provided us with a lot of different habitats and biodiversity that made our trip more complete.

Overall, the weather was good, with a combination of dry days and wet days, but even the wet days didn't stop our birding. We saw sixty-six species of hummingbirds, and over sixty species of tanagers; I can say that we saw many wonderful jewels. Some of the most fascinating were Booted Racket-Tail, Sapphire-vented Puffleg, Mountain Velvetbreast, Blue-mantled Thornbill and the unique Sword-billed Hummingbird.

Some other jewels we saw were larger than hummingbirds. I thought that it was going to be hard to beat seeing the Ocellated Tapaculo on our first day, but there were many other highlights, like the pair of Torrent Ducks dealing with the rushing water at Zamora river, and the Band-bellied Owl that came close to the dining room at Copalinga, the fantastic colors of a Toucan Barbet, Golden-headed Quetzal, or the iridescent blue of the Tit-like Dacnis. The relaxed and quiet Barred Puffbird and the small Lanceolated Monklet that didn't move for a while. The dance of the pair of Ochre-breasted Antpittas. We’ll also remember the Saffron-crowned Tanager, Lafresnaye's Piculet and Black-headed Hemispingus.

For most of the group, the experience of the Cock-of-the-Rock lek was the best – noise, colors, everything was there. For me, it was a relief to see the Giant Conebill, even though it was almost at the end of the trip, but the best of the best was the SPECTACLED BEAR that we were looking for the entire trip!

I want to thank all of you for coming to do the tour and for being game-on all the time. It was great, and I hope that I will see you again soon.


One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

The Tumbes Sparrow is not a jewel in the sense of color, but it is endemic to the Tumbes region of southern Ecuador and northern Peru. We were happy to be able to see them so well! Photo by participant Tristan Jobin.

Tinamidae (Tinamous)
GRAY TINAMOU (Tinamus tao kleei) – Tinamous are usually hard to see, but not in Copalinga. They even brought their chicks.
LITTLE TINAMOU (Crypturellus soui) [*]
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
TORRENT DUCK (Merganetta armata) – A pair was seen along the Zamora river, and also at Guango.
ANDEAN TEAL (Anas andium)
ANDEAN DUCK (Oxyura ferruginea) – Mostly males with bright blue bills were seen at Llaviuco lake in Cuenca.
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
BEARDED GUAN (Penelope barbata)
ANDEAN GUAN (Penelope montagnii)
CRESTED GUAN (Penelope purpurascens aequatorialis)
SICKLE-WINGED GUAN (Chamaepetes goudotii)
Odontophoridae (New World Quail)
RUFOUS-FRONTED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus erythrops) [*]
DARK-BACKED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus melanonotus) [*]
RUFOUS-BREASTED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus speciosus) [*]
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia)
BAND-TAILED PIGEON (Patagioenas fasciata)
PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea) – A pigeon with a pale eye that we saw a couple of times.
RUDDY PIGEON (Patagioenas subvinacea)
DUSKY PIGEON (Patagioenas goodsoni)
CROAKING GROUND-DOVE (Columbina cruziana) – We saw and heard the very different sound of this small dove.

We can never expect to see Spectacled Bear on the tour, but it is always exciting when we do! This one cooperated nicely, and posed for us when we found it in Papallacta. Photo by guide Willy Perez.

GRAY-FRONTED DOVE (Leptotila rufaxilla)
PALLID DOVE (Leptotila pallida)
EARED DOVE (Zenaida auriculata)
Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
GROOVE-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)
BLACK-BILLED CUCKOO (Coccyzus erythropthalmus) – A nice surprise at Silanche bird sanctuary.
Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)
LESSER NIGHTHAWK (Chordeiles acutipennis) – Several of them took off when we were walking close to the airport in Catamayo.
BLACKISH NIGHTJAR (Nyctipolus nigrescens)
BAND-WINGED NIGHTJAR (Systellura longirostris)
SWALLOW-TAILED NIGHTJAR (Uropsalis segmentata segmentata) – Great looks at a male roosting near Guacamayos.
Nyctibiidae (Potoos)
ANDEAN POTOO (Nyctibius maculosus) – After lunch at Guango, Gabriel, one of the staff workers, took us to see this superb nightbird.
Steatornithidae (Oilbird)
OILBIRD (Steatornis caripensis) – At least 3 were on a cliff on our way to Zamora.
Apodidae (Swifts)
CHESTNUT-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne rutila)
WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris)
SHORT-TAILED SWIFT (Chaetura brachyura)
GRAY-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura cinereiventris)
LESSER SWALLOW-TAILED SWIFT (Panyptila cayennensis) – Great views of this slim bird from the tower at Silanche.
Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN (Florisuga mellivora)

Participant Charlotte Byers got a very nice photo of a lovely Golden-headed Quetzal.

WHITE-WHISKERED HERMIT (Phaethornis yaruqui) – A hermit that occurs on the west slope of the northern Andes; we saw them in Milpe and Septimo Paraiso.
GREEN HERMIT (Phaethornis guy) – We saw several of them at Copalinga.
TAWNY-BELLIED HERMIT (Phaethornis syrmatophorus)
GRAY-CHINNED HERMIT (Phaethornis griseogularis)
BROWN VIOLETEAR (Colibri delphinae)
LESSER VIOLETEAR (ANDEAN) (Colibri cyanotus cyanotus)
SPARKLING VIOLETEAR (Colibri coruscans)
PURPLE-CROWNED FAIRY (Heliothryx barroti)
TOURMALINE SUNANGEL (Heliangelus exortis)
LITTLE SUNANGEL (Heliangelus micraster) – We had great looks at several individuals, showing fantastic colors of their throats, along the road in Cajanuma on our way to Podocarpus National Park.
WIRE-CRESTED THORNTAIL (Discosura popelairii) – Very fancy males with long crests and several females were seen at Copalinga.
GREEN THORNTAIL (Discosura conversii)
ECUADORIAN PIEDTAIL (Phlogophilus hemileucurus)
SPECKLED HUMMINGBIRD (Adelomyia melanogenys)
LONG-TAILED SYLPH (Aglaiocercus kingii) – This is the hummingbird with a long tail that we saw along the Loja-Zamora road and also at San Isidro lodge.
VIOLET-TAILED SYLPH (Aglaiocercus coelestis) – The cousin of the previous one that we saw on the west, the males have the very long tail.
ECUADORIAN HILLSTAR (Oreotrochilus chimborazo)

Velvet-Purple Coronet is indeed a gem! Participant Tracey Bauder got this photo of a gorgeous male in the rain.

BLUE-MANTLED THORNBILL (Chalcostigma stanleyi)
TYRIAN METALTAIL (Metallura tyrianthina)
VIRIDIAN METALTAIL (Metallura williami)
VIOLET-THROATED METALTAIL (Metallura baroni) – The Ecuadorian endemic hummingbird that we saw in Cajas.
GLOWING PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis vestita)
SAPPHIRE-VENTED PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis luciani)
GOLDEN-BREASTED PUFFLEG (Eriocnemis mosquera)
SHINING SUNBEAM (Aglaeactis cupripennis)
BRONZY INCA (Coeligena coeligena)
BROWN INCA (Coeligena wilsoni)
COLLARED INCA (Coeligena torquata)
RAINBOW STARFRONTLET (Coeligena iris) – A large, mostly orange hummingbird that we saw in Cajanuma.
MOUNTAIN VELVETBREAST (Lafresnaya lafresnayi)
GREAT SAPPHIREWING (Pterophanes cyanopterus)
BUFF-TAILED CORONET (Boissonneaua flavescens)
CHESTNUT-BREASTED CORONET (Boissonneaua matthewsii)
VELVET-PURPLE CORONET (Boissonneaua jardini)
BOOTED RACKET-TAIL (Ocreatus underwoodii)

We see so many beautiful things on this tour, but one of the best features is being able to explore some great places such as Podocarpus National Park. You can just imagine what wonders are hiding in the mossy forest, waiting to be discovered! Photo by participant Tracey Bauder.

RUFOUS-GAPED HILLSTAR (Urochroa bougueri) – Split from White-tailed, this is the one that we saw at Pachaquide in the west.
WHITE-TAILED HILLSTAR (Urochroa leucura) – A few were coming to the feeders at Rio Hollin waterfall.
PURPLE-BIBBED WHITETIP (Urosticte benjamini)
BLACK-THROATED BRILLIANT (Heliodoxa schreibersii)
FAWN-BREASTED BRILLIANT (Heliodoxa rubinoides)
EMPRESS BRILLIANT (Heliodoxa imperatrix)
VIOLET-FRONTED BRILLIANT (Heliodoxa leadbeateri)
GIANT HUMMINGBIRD (Patagona gigas) – The largest of the hummingbirds we saw that was present at Tambo Condor.
WHITE-BELLIED WOODSTAR (Chaetocercus mulsant)
PURPLE-THROATED WOODSTAR (Calliphlox mitchellii)
WESTERN EMERALD (Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus) – Seen by some people at San Jose hotel.
BLUE-TAILED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon mellisugus)
CROWNED WOODNYMPH (NORTHERN GREEN-CROWNED) (Thalurania colombica verticeps)
FORK-TAILED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania furcata)
MANY-SPOTTED HUMMINGBIRD (Taphrospilus hypostictus)
AMAZILIA HUMMINGBIRD (LOJA) (Amazilia amazilia alticola) – Nice views of them at Catamayo and also on our way to Cuenca.
ANDEAN EMERALD (Amazilia franciae)

Participant Charlotte Byers shared this image of some of the photography that occured on the tour.

GOLDEN-TAILED SAPPHIRE (Chrysuronia oenone)
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
VIRGINIA RAIL (ECUADORIAN) (Rallus limicola aequatorialis) [*]
SLATE-COLORED COOT (Fulica ardesiaca)
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
ANDEAN LAPWING (Vanellus resplendens) – We chased one, but at the end we found at least 3 in Cajas National Park.
Thinocoridae (Seedsnipes)
RUFOUS-BELLIED SEEDSNIPE (Attagis gayi) – It took us two visits to the place, but it worked out when we found a very well-camouflaged pair in Cayambe Coca.
Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
SPOTTED SANDPIPER (Actitis macularius)
GREATER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa melanoleuca)
LESSER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa flavipes)
Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
ANDEAN GULL (Chroicocephalus serranus) – Some of them were seen at Llaviuco lake.
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
FASCIATED TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma fasciatum)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)
SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
ANDEAN CONDOR (Vultur gryphus) – A young bird was seen at Tambo Condor.
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)
Pandionidae (Osprey)
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus)
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
HOOK-BILLED KITE (Chondrohierax uncinatus)
SWALLOW-TAILED KITE (Elanoides forficatus)
BLACK HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus tyrannus)
BLACK-AND-CHESTNUT EAGLE (Spizaetus isidori) – We found a pair of these large eagles along the Nono-Mindo road; they are found in the Andes mountains.
DOUBLE-TOOTHED KITE (Harpagus bidentatus) – A pair was spotted from the Silanche tower.
PLUMBEOUS KITE (Ictinia plumbea)
ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)
WHITE-RUMPED HAWK (Parabuteo leucorrhous) – We had super views of at least two birds, but the best one was the one that came and landed near us for great photos.
VARIABLE HAWK (Geranoaetus polyosoma)
BLACK-CHESTED BUZZARD-EAGLE (Geranoaetus melanoleucus australis)
GRAY-LINED HAWK (Buteo nitidus blakei)
Strigidae (Owls)
WHITE-THROATED SCREECH-OWL (Megascops albogularis) – It was a joy to see this owl roosting under a big Gunera leaf during our visit to Yanacocha.
CINNAMON SCREECH-OWL (Megascops petersoni) [*]
BAND-BELLIED OWL (Pulsatrix melanota) – This large owl came and landed just outside of the dining room at Copalinga before breakfast... It was a treat!

These Chestnut-breasted Coronets were one of over 60 species of hummingbirds that we saw! No wonder this tour is named for Jewels! Photo by participant Bill Byers.

ANDEAN PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium jardinii)
PERUVIAN PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium peruanum)
BURROWING OWL (Athene cunicularia)
"BLACK-BANDED" OWL TYPE (Ciccaba sp. nov. 1) – Every night at San Isidro.
RUFOUS-BANDED OWL (Ciccaba albitarsis)
Trogonidae (Trogons)
GOLDEN-HEADED QUETZAL (Pharomachrus auriceps)
CRESTED QUETZAL (Pharomachrus antisianus) [*]
BLUE-TAILED TROGON (Trogon comptus) – We were face to face with one male at Silanche from the tower.
WHITE-TAILED TROGON (Trogon chionurus)
MASKED TROGON (Trogon personatus)
Momotidae (Motmots)
ANDEAN MOTMOT (Momotus aequatorialis aequatorialis)
RUFOUS MOTMOT (Baryphthengus martii)
BROAD-BILLED MOTMOT (BROAD-BILLED) (Electron platyrhynchum platyrhynchum)
Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)
Bucconidae (Puffbirds)
BARRED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus radiatus) – This chunky Puffbird was seen from the tower at Silanche.
LANCEOLATED MONKLET (Micromonacha lanceolata) – One of the smallest of the puffbird group, seldom seen, showed nicely near Copalinga.
Galbulidae (Jacamars)
RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (Galbula ruficauda) [*]
COPPERY-CHESTED JACAMAR (Galbula pastazae) – This beautiful Jacamar, with a very small distribution on the eastern side of the Andes, gave us a little show close to the Bombuscaro river.

Trogons are also very jewel-like, even from the back! Participant Tracey Bauder captured the beautiful colors of this male Masked Trogon.

Capitonidae (New World Barbets)
RED-HEADED BARBET (Eubucco bourcierii)
Semnornithidae (Toucan-Barbets)
TOUCAN BARBET (Semnornis ramphastinus) – A fantastic Choco endemic that we saw last minute at Angel Paz's.
Ramphastidae (Toucans)
SOUTHERN EMERALD-TOUCANET (ANDEAN) (Aulacorhynchus albivitta albivitta)
CRIMSON-RUMPED TOUCANET (Aulacorhynchus haematopygus sexnotatus)
GRAY-BREASTED MOUNTAIN-TOUCAN (Andigena hypoglauca) – The first site was at Cajanuma, but also at Guango lodge.
PLATE-BILLED MOUNTAIN-TOUCAN (Andigena laminirostris) – Another nice Choco endemic that we saw at Angel Paz.
BLACK-BILLED MOUNTAIN-TOUCAN (Andigena nigrirostris) – Some people managed to see this bird at Guacamayos.
COLLARED ARACARI (PALE-MANDIBLED) (Pteroglossus torquatus erythropygius)
CHESTNUT-EARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus castanotis castanotis)
GOLDEN-COLLARED TOUCANET (Selenidera reinwardtii) – Super looks at this small colorful toucan along the Loreto road.
YELLOW-THROATED TOUCAN (CHESTNUT-MANDIBLED) (Ramphastos ambiguus swainsonii)
CHOCO TOUCAN (Ramphastos brevis)
Picidae (Woodpeckers)
LAFRESNAYE'S PICULET (Picumnus lafresnayi) – Confined to western Amazonia, this tiny woodpecker was present along the old road to Zamora.
OLIVACEOUS PICULET (Picumnus olivaceus)
YELLOW-TUFTED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes cruentatus)
BLACK-CHEEKED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes pucherani)
SMOKY-BROWN WOODPECKER (Dryobates fumigatus)
LITTLE WOODPECKER (Dryobates passerinus)
CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos)
GUAYAQUIL WOODPECKER (Campephilus gayaquilensis)

One of the highlights of the tour was our visit to an Andean Cock-of-the-Rock lek, where we were treated to a number of colorful males dancing and performing. Photo by participant Bill Byers.

LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)
CINNAMON WOODPECKER (Celeus loricatus) [*]
GOLDEN-OLIVE WOODPECKER (Colaptes rubiginosus)
CRIMSON-MANTLED WOODPECKER (Colaptes rivolii) – A really striking woodpecker that we saw a couple of times.
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
CARUNCULATED CARACARA (Phalcoboenus carunculatus)
AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)
Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)
RED-FACED PARROT (Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops) – Being patient paid off with this species, when a small group came to a dead tree for us to have stunning looks.
RED-BILLED PARROT (Pionus sordidus)
SPECKLE-FACED PARROT (WHITE-CAPPED) (Pionus tumultuosus seniloides)
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)
BRONZE-WINGED PARROT (Pionus chalcopterus) – The only dark parrot that we saw on the west.
SCALY-NAPED PARROT (Amazona mercenarius)
PACIFIC PARROTLET (Forpus coelestis)
MAROON-TAILED PARAKEET (Pyrrhura melanura)
WHITE-NECKED PARAKEET (Pyrrhura albipectus) – It was a treat to see a few of these birds, an almost Ecuadorian endemic. A few came to the car park to eat guava in Copalinga.
Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
RUFOUS-RUMPED ANTWREN (Euchrepomis callinota)
CHAPMAN'S ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus zarumae)
LINED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus tenuepunctatus)
COLLARED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus bernardi) [*]
RUSSET ANTSHRIKE (Thamnistes anabatinus)

One of the staff workers at Guango Lodge showed us this cryptic Andean Potoo. Photo by guide Willy Perez.

PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis)
CHECKER-THROATED ANTWREN (Epinecrophylla fulviventris)
WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula axillaris)
SLATY ANTWREN (Myrmotherula schisticolor)
YELLOW-BREASTED ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus axillaris)
DOT-WINGED ANTWREN (Microrhopias quixensis) – They were feeding in a small flock near the tower at Silanche.
STREAK-HEADED ANTBIRD (Drymophila striaticeps)
ZELEDON'S ANTBIRD (CHOCO) (Hafferia zeledoni berlepschi) – A pair came to the hide at Septimo Paraiso.
Melanopareiidae (Crescentchests)
ELEGANT CRESCENTCHEST (Melanopareia elegans) – It took some work but at the end everyone had good views of this little skulker near Catamayo.
Grallariidae (Antpittas)
UNDULATED ANTPITTA (Grallaria squamigera) [*]
GIANT ANTPITTA (Grallaria gigantea) [*]
MOUSTACHED ANTPITTA (Grallaria alleni) [*]
SCALED ANTPITTA (Grallaria guatimalensis) [*]
CHESTNUT-CROWNED ANTPITTA (Grallaria ruficapilla)
CHESTNUT-NAPED ANTPITTA (Grallaria nuchalis) [*]
YELLOW-BREASTED ANTPITTA (Grallaria flavotincta)
WHITE-BELLIED ANTPITTA (Grallaria hypoleuca) [*]
RUFOUS ANTPITTA (Grallaria rufula)
TAWNY ANTPITTA (Grallaria quitensis) – Supposedly the easiest antpitta to see, but for us, we managed to see it the last day at Papallacta.
OCHRE-BREASTED ANTPITTA (Grallaricula flavirostris)
CRESCENT-FACED ANTPITTA (Grallaricula lineifrons) [*]
Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)
OCELLATED TAPACULO (Acropternis orthonyx)
ASH-COLORED TAPACULO (Myornis senilis) [*]
BLACKISH TAPACULO (BLACKISH) (Scytalopus latrans latrans) [*]
LONG-TAILED TAPACULO (Scytalopus micropterus) [*]
WHITE-CROWNED TAPACULO (Scytalopus atratus atratus) [*]
NARINO TAPACULO (Scytalopus vicinior) [*]
SPILLMANN'S TAPACULO (Scytalopus spillmanni)
CHUSQUEA TAPACULO (Scytalopus parkeri)
PARAMO TAPACULO (Scytalopus opacus) – It was so great to see this bird in the open, just to prove that tapaculos exist!
Formicariidae (Antthrushes)
RUFOUS-BREASTED ANTTHRUSH (Formicarius rufipectus)
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (Sittasomus griseicapillus)
PLAIN-BROWN WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)
WEDGE-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Glyphorynchus spirurus)
STRONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus) – The large woodcreeper was seen our last day at Angel Paz.
BLACK-STRIPED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus)
SPOTTED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus erythropygius)
OLIVE-BACKED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus triangularis)

Near San Isidro, we had a great view across the valley from the Guacamayos trailhead. Photo by participant Charlotte Byers.

MONTANE WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger)
PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)
STREAKED XENOPS (Xenops rutilans)
STREAKED TUFTEDCHEEK (Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii)
PALE-LEGGED HORNERO (PACIFIC) (Furnarius leucopus cinnamomeus) – We saw a few of these birds, but also saw their nests that look like a nice oven.
CHESTNUT-WINGED CINCLODES (Cinclodes albidiventris albidiventris)
STOUT-BILLED CINCLODES (Cinclodes excelsior)
SCALY-THROATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (SPOT-BREASTED) (Anabacerthia variegaticeps temporalis)
MONTANE FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia striaticollis)
LINEATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Syndactyla subalaris)
STRIPED WOODHAUNTER (CENTRAL AMERICAN) (Automolus subulatus assimilis) [*]
SPOTTED BARBTAIL (Premnoplex brunnescens) [*]
PEARLED TREERUNNER (Margarornis squamiger) – One of the jewels of the Furnariidae that we saw several times along the trip.
ANDEAN TIT-SPINETAIL (Leptasthenura andicola)
WHITE-BROWED SPINETAIL (Hellmayrea gularis)
MANY-STRIPED CANASTERO (Asthenes flammulata)
MOUSE-COLORED THISTLETAIL (Asthenes griseomurina) – Not an impressive color, but a very impressive tail. Seen at Acacana.

One of the smallest parrots, Pacific Parrotlets are found only along the coast of Ecuador and northern Peru. We had a great look at this little cutie, as this photo by participant Tristan Jobin shows.

RED-FACED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca erythrops)
ASH-BROWED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca curtata)
LINE-CHEEKED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca antisiensis)
DARK-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis albigularis)
AZARA'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis azarae)
RUFOUS SPINETAIL (Synallaxis unirufa) [*]
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
BROWN-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Ornithion brunneicapillus)
WHITE-TAILED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus poecilocercus)
WHITE-BANDED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus stictopterus)
WHITE-THROATED TYRANNULET (Mecocerculus leucophrys)
TUFTED TIT-TYRANT (Anairetes parulus)
AGILE TIT-TYRANT (Uromyias agilis) – At least 4 of them were seen at Acacana, they were very agile.
MOUSE-COLORED TYRANNULET (TUMBES) (Phaeomyias murina tumbezana)
FOOTHILL ELAENIA (Myiopagis olallai)
WHITE-CRESTED ELAENIA (Elaenia albiceps)
MOTTLE-BACKED ELAENIA (Elaenia gigas) – We really enjoyed watching this elaenia through the scope; the two "horns" were especially unique.
SIERRAN ELAENIA (Elaenia pallatangae)
TORRENT TYRANNULET (Serpophaga cinerea)

Tinamous can be hard to see, but this Gray Tinamou at Copalinga was not shy! Photo by participant Tracey Bauder.

STREAK-NECKED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes striaticollis)
SLATY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon superciliaris)
RUFOUS-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon rufipectus)
ECUADORIAN TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes gualaquizae)
SOOTY-HEADED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias griseiceps)
BLACK-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias nigrocapillus)
TAWNY-RUMPED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias uropygialis)
CHOCO TYRANNULET (Zimmerius albigularis)
GOLDEN-FACED TYRANNULET (Zimmerius chrysops)
ORNATE FLYCATCHER (Myiotriccus ornatus) – The small flycatcher with headlamps.
RUFOUS-HEADED PYGMY-TYRANT (Pseudotriccus ruficeps)
TAWNY-CROWNED PYGMY-TYRANT (Euscarthmus meloryphus)
BLACK-THROATED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus granadensis pyrrhops)
RUFOUS-CROWNED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus ruficeps)
COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)
BLACK-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum nigriceps) [*]
YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias sulphurescens)
YELLOW-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (YELLOW-MARGINED) (Tolmomyias assimilis flavotectus)
YELLOW-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (OLIVE-FACED) (Tolmomyias flaviventris viridiceps) [*]
RUDDY-TAILED FLYCATCHER (Terenotriccus erythrurus)

This Paramo Tapaculo was very cooperative, and came out where we could see it! Participant Bill Byers got a very good photo of this often skulky little bird.

CINNAMON FLYCATCHER (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus)
CLIFF FLYCATCHER (Hirundinea ferruginea)
FLAVESCENT FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus flavicans)
OLIVE-CHESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus cryptoxanthus)
BRAN-COLORED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus fasciatus)
OLIVE-SIDED FLYCATCHER (Contopus cooperi) [b]
SMOKE-COLORED PEWEE (Contopus fumigatus)
WESTERN WOOD-PEWEE (Contopus sordidulus) [b]
BLACK PHOEBE (Sayornis nigricans)
VERMILION FLYCATCHER (Pyrocephalus rubinus) – A nice male which was at the hotel the last day.
RUFOUS-TAILED TYRANT (Knipolegus poecilurus)
STREAK-THROATED BUSH-TYRANT (Myiotheretes striaticollis)
SMOKY BUSH-TYRANT (Myiotheretes fumigatus)
RED-RUMPED BUSH-TYRANT (Cnemarchus erythropygius) – A very striking big flycatcher that likes the high Andes. We saw one well at Cajas.
MASKED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola nengeta)
SLATY-BACKED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris)
RUFOUS-BREASTED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca rufipectoralis)
BROWN-BACKED CHAT-TYRANT (Ochthoeca fumicolor)
LONG-TAILED TYRANT (Colonia colonus) – This black bird with a white cap has the right name because they have a very long tail, especially the males.

We found the lovely Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan at Cajanuma, and at Guango Lodge. Photo by participant Charlotte Byers.

SHORT-TAILED FIELD TYRANT (Muscigralla brevicauda)
BRIGHT-RUMPED ATTILA (Attila spadiceus) [*]
DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (NIGRICEPS/ATRICEPS) (Myiarchus tuberculifer nigriceps)
PALE-EDGED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus cephalotes)
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)
RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)
LEMON-BROWED FLYCATCHER (Conopias cinchoneti)
GOLDEN-CROWNED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)
Cotingidae (Cotingas)
BARRED FRUITEATER (Pipreola arcuata) – Hard to see, but we got one during our second day at Cajanuma.
ORANGE-BREASTED FRUITEATER (Pipreola jucunda) – Scope views of a male the last day on the west at Angel Paz.
BLACK-CHESTED FRUITEATER (Pipreola lubomirskii)
RED-CRESTED COTINGA (Ampelion rubrocristatus)
ANDEAN COCK-OF-THE-ROCK (Rupicola peruvianus sanguinolentus) – We saw the red males at the lek.
ANDEAN COCK-OF-THE-ROCK (Rupicola peruvianus aequatorialis) – Nice looks at females or even possibly a young male along the Loreto road.

White-fronted Capuchins were coming to the banana feeder at Copalinga, where participant Tracey Bauder got this shot of a rather pensive individual.

Pipridae (Manakins)
GOLDEN-WINGED MANAKIN (Masius chrysopterus)
CLUB-WINGED MANAKIN (Machaeropterus deliciosus)
GOLDEN-HEADED MANAKIN (Ceratopipra erythrocephala berlepschi) [*]
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
MASKED TITYRA (Tityra semifasciata)
NORTHERN SCHIFFORNIS (ECUADORIAN) (Schiffornis veraepacis rosenbergi)
BARRED BECARD (Pachyramphus versicolor) – A pretty female was seen on our way down to Mindo along the old Nono road.
CINNAMON BECARD (Pachyramphus cinnamomeus)
WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus tenebrosus)
Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)
BLACK-BILLED PEPPERSHRIKE (Cyclarhis nigrirostris) – A very wet one at San Isidro eating moths close to the porch.
OLIVACEOUS GREENLET (Hylophilus olivaceus)
SLATY-CAPPED SHRIKE-VIREO (Vireolanius leucotis)
LESSER GREENLET (Pachysylvia decurtata)
BROWN-CAPPED VIREO (Vireo leucophrys)
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
BEAUTIFUL JAY (Cyanolyca pulchra) [*]
TURQUOISE JAY (Cyanolyca turcosa)
GREEN JAY (Cyanocorax yncas) – Good numbers of this species at San Isidro.
VIOLACEOUS JAY (Cyanocorax violaceus)
Hirundinidae (Swallows)
BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)

One of the prettiest of the furnariids is the Pearled Treerunner. Photo by participant Bill Byers.

BROWN-BELLIED SWALLOW (Orochelidon murina)
WHITE-THIGHED SWALLOW (Atticora tibialis)
WHITE-BANDED SWALLOW (Atticora fasciata)
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)
Troglodytidae (Wrens)
WING-BANDED WREN (Microcerculus bambla) [*]
HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon)
MOUNTAIN WREN (Troglodytes solstitialis)
SEDGE WREN (PARAMO) (Cistothorus platensis aequatorialis)
FASCIATED WREN (Campylorhynchus fasciatus) – This big stripy wren was seen in the dry areas especially at Catamayo.
THRUSH-LIKE WREN (Campylorhynchus turdinus) [*]
PLAIN-TAILED WREN (Pheugopedius euophrys) – The most fantastic duet that we heard several times.
BAY WREN (Cantorchilus nigricapillus)
SUPERCILIATED WREN (Cantorchilus superciliaris) [*]
RUFOUS WREN (Cinnycerthia unirufa)
WHITE-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucosticta)
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucophrys)
Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)
TROPICAL GNATCATCHER (WHITE-BROWED) (Polioptila plumbea bilineata)
SLATE-THROATED GNATCATCHER (Polioptila schistaceigula)
Cinclidae (Dippers)
WHITE-CAPPED DIPPER (Cinclus leucocephalus) – Few times seen along the rushing waters.
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
ANDEAN SOLITAIRE (Myadestes ralloides)
SWAINSON'S THRUSH (Catharus ustulatus)
WHITE-NECKED THRUSH (Turdus albicollis)
ECUADORIAN THRUSH (Turdus maculirostris)
PALE-EYED THRUSH (Turdus leucops)
BLACK-BILLED THRUSH (Turdus ignobilis)
GREAT THRUSH (Turdus fuscater)
CHIGUANCO THRUSH (Turdus chiguanco)
GLOSSY-BLACK THRUSH (Turdus serranus)
Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)
LONG-TAILED MOCKINGBIRD (Mimus longicaudatus)
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)
GOLDEN-RUMPED EUPHONIA (Euphonia cyanocephala)
BRONZE-GREEN EUPHONIA (Euphonia mesochrysa)
ORANGE-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia xanthogaster)
HOODED SISKIN (Spinus magellanicus)
OLIVACEOUS SISKIN (Spinus olivaceus)
Passerellidae (New World Sparrows)
YELLOW-THROATED CHLOROSPINGUS (YELLOW-THROATED) (Chlorospingus flavigularis marginatus) – The birds that we saw on the west in Milpe.

The Ecuadorian Hillstar is another true gem! Photo by participant Bill Byers.

YELLOW-THROATED CHLOROSPINGUS (YELLOW-THROATED) (Chlorospingus flavigularis flavigularis) – The ones that we saw along the Bombuscaro trail on our way to Podocarpus.
SHORT-BILLED CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus parvirostris)
ASHY-THROATED CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus canigularis)
COMMON CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus flavopectus)
DUSKY CHLOROSPINGUS (Chlorospingus semifuscus) – Seen on the west.
TUMBES SPARROW (Rhynchospiza stolzmanni) – We had to work a bit to see this Tumbesian endemic. It worked well at our super spot near Catamayo.
YELLOW-BROWED SPARROW (Ammodramus aurifrons)
GRAY-BROWED BRUSHFINCH (Arremon assimilis assimilis)
ORANGE-BILLED SPARROW (SPECTABILIS) (Arremon aurantiirostris spectabilis)
CHESTNUT-CAPPED BRUSHFINCH (Arremon brunneinucha) – Nice views of this species from the hide at Septimo.
RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)
TRICOLORED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes tricolor)
SLATY BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes schistaceus)
PALE-NAPED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes pallidinucha)
YELLOW-BREASTED BRUSHFINCH (YELLOW-BREASTED) (Atlapetes latinuchus spodionotus) – We saw this bird at Yanacocha the first day, no white on the wings.
YELLOW-BREASTED BRUSHFINCH (YELLOW-BREASTED) (Atlapetes latinuchus latinuchus) – This is the one that we saw on the South in Cajanuma, with white on the wings.
WHITE-WINGED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes leucopterus)
BAY-CROWNED BRUSHFINCH (Atlapetes seebohmi)
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
PERUVIAN MEADOWLARK (Leistes bellicosus)

Guide Willy Perez got this image of the group together at Cajas National Park.

RUSSET-BACKED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius angustifrons)
CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus)
SCARLET-RUMPED CACIQUE (SUBTROPICAL) (Cacicus uropygialis uropygialis) – Feeding on moths at San Isidro.
MOUNTAIN CACIQUE (GOLDEN-SHOULDERED) (Cacicus chrysonotus leucoramphus)
SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)
SCRUB BLACKBIRD (Dives warczewiczi)
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)
BLACKBURNIAN WARBLER (Setophaga fusca) [b]
THREE-STRIPED WARBLER (Basileuterus tristriatus)
THREE-BANDED WARBLER (Basileuterus trifasciatus)
CITRINE WARBLER (Myiothlypis luteoviridis)
BLACK-CRESTED WARBLER (Myiothlypis nigrocristata)
GOLDEN-BELLIED WARBLER (CHOCO) (Myiothlypis chrysogaster chlorophrys)
RUSSET-CROWNED WARBLER (Myiothlypis coronata)
CANADA WARBLER (Cardellina canadensis) [b]
SLATE-THROATED REDSTART (Myioborus miniatus)
SPECTACLED REDSTART (Myioborus melanocephalus)
Mitrospingidae (Mitrospingid Tanagers)
DUSKY-FACED TANAGER (Mitrospingus cassinii) – A big tanager with pale eyes that we saw at Silanche.

One of many spectacular tanagers we saw was this Golden Tanager. Photo by participant Charlotte Byers.

Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
WHITE-WINGED TANAGER (Piranga leucoptera)
RED-HOODED TANAGER (Piranga rubriceps) – This uncommon tanager that likes mountain forest in the Andes was seen at Cajanuma.
OCHRE-BREASTED TANAGER (Chlorothraupis stolzmanni)
GOLDEN GROSBEAK (Pheucticus chrysogaster)
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
MAGPIE TANAGER (Cissopis leverianus) – The big white and black tanager that we saw near Zamora.
BLACK-CAPPED HEMISPINGUS (Kleinothraupis atropileus)
BLACK-EARED HEMISPINGUS (Sphenopsis melanotis)
SUPERCILIARIED HEMISPINGUS (Thlypopsis superciliaris)
WHITE-SHOULDERED TANAGER (Tachyphonus luctuosus)
TAWNY-CRESTED TANAGER (Tachyphonus delatrii)
WHITE-LINED TANAGER (Tachyphonus rufus) – A lost female was seen the first day at Yanacocha, followed by some other ones later on the trip.
FLAME-RUMPED TANAGER (Ramphocelus flammigerus)
SILVER-BEAKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus carbo)
HOODED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Buthraupis montana)
GRASS-GREEN TANAGER (Chlorornis riefferii) – Another special tanager from the high Andes that we saw in Cajanuma.
LACRIMOSE MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus lacrymosus)
BLUE-WINGED MOUNTAIN-TANAGER (Anisognathus somptuosus)
GOLDEN-CROWNED TANAGER (Iridosornis rufivertex)

Giant Conebills are high elevation specialists, so we had to wait until we got to Papallacta Pass to see them, but we eventually got a really good view! Photo by participant Bill Byers.

FAWN-BREASTED TANAGER (Pipraeidea melanonota)
BLUE-AND-YELLOW TANAGER (Pipraeidea bonariensis) – A colorful male was seen the last day at San Jose hotel.
ORANGE-EARED TANAGER (Chlorochrysa calliparaea)
BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
BLUE-CAPPED TANAGER (Thraupis cyanocephala)
RUFOUS-THROATED TANAGER (Ixothraupis rufigula)
YELLOW-BELLIED TANAGER (Ixothraupis xanthogastra)
SPOTTED TANAGER (Ixothraupis punctata)
GOLDEN-NAPED TANAGER (Tangara ruficervix)
GRAY-AND-GOLD TANAGER (Tangara palmeri) – We just saw the gold on this tanager through the scope and got why it's called gray and gold.
SCRUB TANAGER (Tangara vitriolina)
BLUE-NECKED TANAGER (Tangara cyanicollis) – The most common tanager in the tangara group that we saw during the trip.
BLUE-AND-BLACK TANAGER (Tangara vassorii)
BERYL-SPANGLED TANAGER (Tangara nigroviridis)
METALLIC-GREEN TANAGER (Tangara labradorides) – We had long chats about this species's name. It is not metallic-green to look at............
BLUE-BROWED TANAGER (Tangara cyanotis)
PARADISE TANAGER (Tangara chilensis) – Simply fantastic, what a nice tanager! We saw them very well.

Bromeliads and other epiphytic plants cover much of the forest, making it difficult to find birds at times, but these plants are gem-like in their own way. Photo by participant Charlotte Byers.

BAY-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara gyrola)
GOLDEN-EARED TANAGER (Tangara chrysotis)
SAFFRON-CROWNED TANAGER (Tangara xanthocephala)
FLAME-FACED TANAGER (FLAME-FACED) (Tangara parzudakii parzudakii) – The one that has more red on the face. We saw them on the east.
FLAME-FACED TANAGER (YELLOW-FACED) (Tangara parzudakii lunigera) – The face of this was more flame-like and we saw this one on the west.
GREEN-AND-GOLD TANAGER (Tangara schrankii)
GOLDEN TANAGER (Tangara arthus)
SILVER-THROATED TANAGER (Tangara icterocephala)
SWALLOW TANAGER (Tersina viridis)
BLACK-FACED DACNIS (YELLOW-TUFTED) (Dacnis lineata aequatorialis) – Nice sightings of males and females at Silanche.
BLACK-FACED DACNIS (BLACK-FACED) (Dacnis lineata lineata) – The ones that we saw on the east.
YELLOW-BELLIED DACNIS (Dacnis flaviventer)
BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)
PURPLE HONEYCREEPER (Cyanerpes caeruleus)
GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)
SCARLET-BROWED TANAGER (Heterospingus xanthopygius)
GUIRA TANAGER (Hemithraupis guira)
GIANT CONEBILL (Conirostrum binghami) – A pair played nicely for us the last day along the Papallacta pass.

Chestnut-crowned Antpitta was one of 12 antpitta species that we saw, and it is one of the most beautiful! Photo by participant Bill Byers.

BLUE-BACKED CONEBILL (Conirostrum sitticolor)
CAPPED CONEBILL (BLUE-CAPPED) (Conirostrum albifrons atrocyaneum)
CINEREOUS CONEBILL (Conirostrum cinereum)
TIT-LIKE DACNIS (Xenodacnis parina) – The intense blue of the males is unique to this species. We saw them in Cajas .
GLOSSY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa lafresnayii)
BLACK FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa humeralis)
RUSTY FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa sittoides)
DEEP-BLUE FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa glauca) [*]
BLUISH FLOWERPIERCER (Diglossa caerulescens)
BLACK-BACKED BUSH TANAGER (Urothraupis stolzmanni)
BAND-TAILED SIERRA-FINCH (Phrygilus alaudinus)
PLUMBEOUS SIERRA-FINCH (Geospizopsis unicolor)
ASH-BREASTED SIERRA-FINCH (Geospizopsis plebejus)
BLACK-HEADED HEMISPINGUS (Pseudospingus verticalis) – A very special bird for Joe.
GRAY-HOODED BUSH TANAGER (Cnemoscopus rubrirostris)
SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)
BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)

Invertebrates are not often considered "jewels", but this Giant Earthworm was a special find! Photo by guide Willy Perez.

DRAB SEEDEATER (Sporophila simplex)
CHESTNUT-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila castaneiventris)
VARIABLE SEEDEATER (VARIABLE) (Sporophila corvina ophthalmica)
YELLOW-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila nigricollis)
PLAIN-COLORED SEEDEATER (Catamenia inornata)
RED-CRESTED FINCH (Coryphospingus cucullatus) – Few individuals were at the garden in Copalinga.
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
BLACK-WINGED SALTATOR (Saltator atripennis)
GRAYISH SALTATOR (Saltator coerulescens)
BLACK-COWLED SALTATOR (Saltator nigriceps) – I was pleased to see this restricted species on our way to Loja.

WHITE-FRONTED CAPUCHIN (Cebus albifrons) – Several of these monkeys came to Copalinga to eat the bananas.
BRAZILIAN RABBIT (Sylvilagus brasiliensis)
RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)
CENTRAL AMERICAN AGOUTI (Dasyprocta punctata) – It was a bit strange to see one carrying a small stick.....why????
BLACK AGOUTI (Dasyprocta fuliginosa)
SPECTACLED BEAR (Tremarctos ornatus) – We were looking for this bear all over, and finally we saw this incredible mammal; our efforts were definitely worth it!


I almost forgot the GIANT EARTHWORM that we found at Angel Paz's reserve. It was truly a Giant.

Totals for the tour: 520 bird taxa and 6 mammal taxa