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Field Guides Tour Report
Nowhere but Northeast Brazil II 2019
Feb 19, 2019 to Mar 8, 2019
Marcelo Barreiros

We saw so many endemics and special birds on the tour! One of these was the beautiful Gray-breasted Parakeet that we saw on the road to the Remanso hotel. Photo by participant Holger Teichmann.

Northeast Brazil is the driest and hottest part of the country and was no different at this time. Luckily, we had a dry day to go to the Murici Reserve, with its difficult path. This fragment is a refuge for some of the most endangered species in the world, such as the Alagoas Antwren. We tried for this little bird all day and, unfortunately, no response. We met some students and they told us they did not hear the bird for seven days. However, we had some looks at a male White-winged Cotinga, three nice Lettered Aracari and fantastic visions of a Scalloped Antbird.

The next few days were also good, with some special birds such as the Orange-bellied Antwren, Willis's Antbird, the beautiful Seven-colored Tanager, many Long-tailed Woodnymph, Amethyst Woodstar, and many more in the Frei Caneca and Pedra D'Anta. During our visit to the beautiful beach of Tamandaré, we had one of the most spectacular encounters of the tour, a pair of one of the rarest of the rare in the world, White-collared Kite, flew over our heads, giving us a fantastic look. Later, before leaving the state of Pernambuco, we saw a single Pinto Spinetail.

The state of Ceará was also great, starting with great views in Guarapiranga, such as Ochraceous Piculet, Ceará Gnateater, Buff-Breasted Tody-tyrant and the great star of that place, the colorful Gray-breasted Parakeet. It's great to see how much easier it is to see this bird today, thanks to the intense efforts to save it. After that, we had our first contact with the caatinga habitat, endemic to Brazil and full of great birds and landscapes. On the way to the Chapada do Araripe, we made a beautiful stop in Quixadá, we had a great lunch at Pedra dos Ventos hotel and enjoyed some great birds like Pygmy Nightjar, Puffbird-backed and Pearl Kite.

And we arrived at the beautiful Chapada do Araripe, with its humid forest in the foothills, where the Araripe Manakin made its home. About 400 pairs were left in a small portion of the area. In the hills, the birds of the Caatinga were there, Great Xenops, Silvery-cheeked Antshrike, White-browed Antpitta and other friendly ones. After that, another two very productive days in Petrolina, the border between Ceará and Bahia, and it was time to visit one of the best birds of the tour, the majestic Indigo (Lear's) Macaw.

These sandstone cliffs are fantastic and give us a perfect contrast to the blue birds that fly in front of it. Also, we had great looks at Blue-crowned Parakeet and Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle. Before we went to the Chapada Diamantina area, we stopped to see the rare Pectoral Antwren. It was magical to be back to the Chapada Diamantina and all its great birds and landscapes. We had fantastic visuals of all the targets like Sincorá Antwren, Diamantina Tapaculo, Hooded Visorbearer and others.

Before the beginning of the Bahia Extension, we went to Pelourinho, the oldest part of Salvador, capital of Bahia, with our friend and great guide Conor O'Sullivan where we saw many historical buildings and had a great dinner. It was almost a whole day by car to get to Boa Nova, our first stop for the extension.

We always have Josafá as our local guide at Boa Nova because this guy knows all the birds and the best places for birdwatching. This area has a very rare forest, called "mata de cipó", a forest that is a transitional between the Caatinga and the Atlantic Forest, where Slender Antbird and Narrow-billed Antwren lives, both seen extremely well. We also had the opportunity to see great endemics of the Atlantic Forest like Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant, Bahia Spinetail, Crescent-chested Puffbird, Bahia Tyrannulet and more.

The last great place was the Estação Veracel, a private reserve near Porto Seguro, the first area in which the Portuguese arrived in Brazil more than 500 years ago. This was our best chance to see the rare Banded Cotinga that we saw last morning! In addition, we had other large birds such as a female Racket-tailed Coquette, Ochre-marked Parakeet, Hook-billed Hermit, Band-tailed Antwren and more.


Marcelo Barreiros

One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Tinamidae (Tinamous)
LITTLE TINAMOU (Crypturellus soui) [*]
YELLOW-LEGGED TINAMOU (Crypturellus noctivagus) [E*]
VARIEGATED TINAMOU (Crypturellus variegatus) [*]
SMALL-BILLED TINAMOU (Crypturellus parvirostris) – Heard a few times at Caatinga habitat. [*]
SPOTTED NOTHURA (Nothura maculosa) – A single bird heard near Mucugê. [*]

Band-tailed Manakin - This was a great tour for Manakins! Photo by participant Holger Teichman.

Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
WHITE-FACED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna viduata)
BRAZILIAN TEAL (Amazonetta brasiliensis)
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
EAST BRAZILIAN CHACHALACA (Ortalis araucuan) – Nice looks on the way to Mucugê, Chapada Diamantina.
RUSTY-MARGINED GUAN (Penelope superciliaris) – Two birds seen walking on Remanso Hotel entrance road, later in the afternoon.
Podicipedidae (Grebes)
LEAST GREBE (Tachybaptus dominicus)
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia)
SCALED PIGEON (Patagioenas speciosa) – Beautiful pigeon seen in the scope at Murici Reserve.
PICAZURO PIGEON (Patagioenas picazuro)
PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea)
RUDDY GROUND-DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)
SCALED DOVE (Columbina squammata)
PICUI GROUND-DOVE (Columbina picui)
BLUE GROUND-DOVE (Claravis pretiosa) – Great looks near Lençóis.
WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi) [*]
GRAY-FRONTED DOVE (Leptotila rufaxilla) [*]
EARED DOVE (Zenaida auriculata)
Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
GUIRA CUCKOO (Guira guira)
GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
STRIPED CUCKOO (Tapera naevia) – Seen once on the way to Catu.
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)
DARK-BILLED CUCKOO (Coccyzus melacoryphus) – Nice looking Cuckoo seen a couple of times.
PEARLY-BREASTED CUCKOO (Coccyzus euleri) [*]
Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)
LEAST NIGHTHAWK (Chordeiles pusillus) – Great looks near Petrolina.

Hooded Visorbearer is a great Northeast Brazil endemic that we saw very well. Photo by participant Becky Bradley.

SHORT-TAILED NIGHTHAWK (NATTERERI) (Lurocalis semitorquatus nattereri)
PYGMY NIGHTJAR (Nyctipolus hirundinaceus) – Fantastic Nightjar seen at Pedra dos Ventos Hotel. [E]
COMMON PAURAQUE (Nyctidromus albicollis)
SCISSOR-TAILED NIGHTJAR (Hydropsalis torquata) [*]
RUFOUS NIGHTJAR (Antrostomus rufus) – Seen briefly at Chapada do Araripe.
Nyctibiidae (Potoos)
COMMON POTOO (Nyctibius griseus) – An adult seen at Chapada do Araripe and later, at Estação Veracel, a young bird seen nicely where its parent was a month before.
Apodidae (Swifts)
SICK'S SWIFT (Chaetura meridionalis)
GRAY-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura cinereiventris)
FORK-TAILED PALM-SWIFT (Tachornis squamata)
Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
BLACK JACOBIN (Florisuga fusca) [E]
HOOK-BILLED HERMIT (Glaucis dohrnii) – EX - Yes! One of the targets for the extension, seen very well at Estação Veracel. [E]
RUFOUS-BREASTED HERMIT (Glaucis hirsutus) – Another nice hummer seen a few times during the tour.
BROAD-TIPPED HERMIT (Anopetia gounellei) – Great bird and great looks near Palmeiras on our last morning at Chapada Diamantina. [E]
REDDISH HERMIT (Phaethornis ruber)
PLANALTO HERMIT (Phaethornis pretrei)
HOODED VISORBEARER (Augastes lumachella) – It's always a pleasure to see this bird and even better because the Chapada Diamantina is one of the most beautiful places in the country, full of great landscapes and wildlife. [E]
BROWN VIOLETEAR (Colibri delphinae greenewalti) – Another nice bird seen well at Chapada Diamantina area. [E]

The group enjoying the Olodum sound at Pelourinho, old Salvador Downtown. Photo by participant Dave Lange.

WHITE-VENTED VIOLETEAR (Colibri serrirostris)
BLACK-EARED FAIRY (Heliothryx auritus) – Beautiful hummer seen a few times during the tour.
RUBY-TOPAZ HUMMINGBIRD (Chrysolampis mosquitus) – Fantastic hummer! We've had the privilege to see it a few times during this tour, males, females and immatures seen very well.
BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis)
RACKET-TAILED COQUETTE (Discosura longicaudus) – EX - Tiny little hummingbird, usually seen in the canopy. We saw a female, perched for a few seconds at Estação Veracel.
STRIPE-BREASTED STARTHROAT (Heliomaster squamosus) – An adult male seen very well near Canudos. [E]
AMETHYST WOODSTAR (Calliphlox amethystina) – Male and female seen, on the feeders at Pedra D'Anta private reserve.
GLITTERING-BELLIED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon lucidus)
BLUE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE (Chlorestes notata)
FORK-TAILED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania furcata)
LONG-TAILED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania watertonii) – Great looks at the feeders of Pedra D'Anta Reserve. That new hummer garden is fantastic! [E]
VIOLET-CAPPED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania glaucopis) – EX -
SOMBRE HUMMINGBIRD (Aphantochroa cirrochloris) [E]
VERSICOLORED EMERALD (Amazilia versicolor)
RUFOUS-THROATED SAPPHIRE (Hylocharis sapphirina)
WHITE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE (Hylocharis cyanus)
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
BLACKISH RAIL (Pardirallus nigricans) – A pair of birds seen nicely near Boa Nova.
COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)
PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinica)
RUFOUS-SIDED CRAKE (Laterallus melanophaius) – Crakes are shy and almost always "heard only" on bird lists. We were so lucky at this time where two birds came totally out of the reeds for a few minutes for us. One of the greatest moments of the tour.
Aramidae (Limpkin)
LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna)
Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)
BLACK-NECKED STILT (Himantopus mexicanus)

Participant Dave Lange captured the group waiting for the Lear's Macaw.

Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
PIED LAPWING (Vanellus cayanus) – Nice looking bird seen well near Boa Nova.
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
Jacanidae (Jacanas)
WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)
Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
GIANT SNIPE (Gallinago undulata) – EX - What a bird! We have to say thank you to our friend Josafá for that incredible moment near Boa Nova.
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
RUFESCENT TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma lineatum)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)
SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)
STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)
BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
BARE-FACED IBIS (Phimosus infuscatus)
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
KING VULTURE (Sarcoramphus papa) – EX - Seen a couple of time during our days in Porto Seguro area.
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)
LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus)
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
PEARL KITE (Gampsonyx swainsonii) – Nice looks on the way to Petrolina.
WHITE-TAILED KITE (Elanus leucurus)
GRAY-HEADED KITE (Leptodon cayanensis)
WHITE-COLLARED KITE (Leptodon forbesi) – YES! That was the best view I ever had, for sure! A pair of these MEGA RARE birds flew over the road, right over our heads near Tamandaré. [E]
SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis)
CRANE HAWK (BANDED) (Geranospiza caerulescens gracilis)
ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)
WHITE-TAILED HAWK (Geranoaetus albicaudatus)
BLACK-CHESTED BUZZARD-EAGLE (Geranoaetus melanoleucus) – The same pair seen a month before was there, near the Lear's Macaws cliff.

One of the greatest moments of the tour was having two White-collared Kites flying over our heads! Great photo by participant Holger Teichman.

SHORT-TAILED HAWK (Buteo brachyurus)
ZONE-TAILED HAWK (Buteo albonotatus)
Strigidae (Owls)
BLACK-CAPPED SCREECH-OWL (Megascops atricapilla) – EX - A single bird heard at Estação Veracel. [E*]
TAWNY-BROWED OWL (Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana) – EX - Fantastic looks during our night trip at Estação Veracel area. Great bird!!
LEAST PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium minutissimum) – EX - This is the smallest Owl in the country. Endemic from the Atlantic Forest. [E]
FERRUGINOUS PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium brasilianum)
BURROWING OWL (Athene cunicularia)
Trogonidae (Trogons)
GREEN-BACKED TROGON (Trogon viridis)
BLUE-CROWNED TROGON (Trogon curucui)
SURUCUA TROGON (Trogon surrucura) [E]
BLACK-THROATED TROGON (CHRYSOCHLOROS) (Trogon rufus chrysochloros) – EX - Both, male and female, seen very well at Boa Nova. [E]
Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)
AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)
GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)
Bucconidae (Puffbirds)
WHITE-EARED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus chacuru) – This is not a common bird on our trip.
SPOT-BACKED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus maculatus)

Crescent-chested Puffbird was an Atlantic Forest endemic seen during the Extension. Photo by participant Holger Teichman.

CRESCENT-CHESTED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila striata) – EX - Another fantastic endemic bird seen well during this tour. We heard a few individuals but only one gave us a chance to see it. [E]
SWALLOW-WINGED PUFFBIRD (Chelidoptera tenebrosa) – EX -
Galbulidae (Jacamars)
RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (Galbula ruficauda)
Ramphastidae (Toucans)
LETTERED ARACARI (Pteroglossus inscriptus) – Seen well at Murici Ecological Reserve.
BLACK-NECKED ARACARI (Pteroglossus aracari)
GOULD'S TOUCANET (Selenidera gouldii) [*]
CHANNEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos vitellinus)
Picidae (Woodpeckers)
GOLDEN-SPANGLED PICULET (PERNAMBUCO) (Picumnus exilis pernambucensis)
GOLDEN-SPANGLED PICULET (BAHIA) (Picumnus exilis exilis)
SPOTTED PICULET (Picumnus pygmaeus) – Beautiful little guy seen well a couple of times.
TAWNY PICULET (Picumnus fulvescens) – This was the first bird we had as a group on this tour. A male well seen at our hotel in União dos Palmares. [E]
OCHRACEOUS PICULET (Picumnus limae) [E]
LITTLE WOODPECKER (Dryobates passerinus)
RED-STAINED WOODPECKER (Dryobates affinis)
LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)
RINGED WOODPECKER (ATLANTIC BLACK-BREASTED) (Celeus torquatus tinnunculus) – EX - A pair of this fantastic Woody seen at Estação Veracel. [E]

This nice female Tawny Piculet was captured by participant Holger Teichman.

OCHRE-BACKED WOODPECKER (Celeus ochraceus) – This bird used to be a Blond-crested Woodpecker subspecies until recently. [E]
YELLOW-THROATED WOODPECKER (Piculus flavigula erythropis) – A Yellow-throated Woodpecker with a red throat! This subspecies is only found in Atlantic Forest habitat. [E]
GOLDEN-GREEN WOODPECKER (Piculus chrysochloros)
GREEN-BARRED WOODPECKER (Colaptes melanochloros)
Cariamidae (Seriemas)
RED-LEGGED SERIEMA (Cariama cristata) [*]
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
BARRED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur ruficollis) [*]
COLLARED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur semitorquatus) [*]
SOUTHERN CARACARA (Caracara plancus)
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)
LAUGHING FALCON (Herpetotheres cachinnans)
AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)
APLOMADO FALCON (Falco femoralis)
Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)
PLAIN PARAKEET (Brotogeris tirica) – EX - [*]
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (REICHENOW'S) (Pionus menstruus reichenowi) – Great looks near Tamandaré. [E]
RED-BROWED PARROT (Amazona rhodocorytha) – EX - A pair of them seen on the Estação Veracel entrance road. [E]
ORANGE-WINGED PARROT (Amazona amazonica)
BLUE-WINGED PARROTLET (Forpus xanthopterygius)
OCHRE-MARKED PARAKEET (Pyrrhura cruentata) – EX - The biggest Parakeet in the Pyrrhura genus that we have in Brazil. We had great looks at Estação Veracel headquarters.
MAROON-BELLIED PARAKEET (Pyrrhura frontalis) [*]
GRAY-BREASTED PARAKEET (Pyrrhura griseipectus) – With a small range in a very popular area of the state of Ceará, this colorful Parakeet is doing very well now a days because of the intense efforts to save it. It's much easier to see them flying around and even visiting cavities, as we saw at Remanso Hotel entrance road. [E]
INDIGO MACAW (Anodorhynchus leari) – One of the big stars of this tour! The Indigo (or Lear's) Macaws live in the middle of Caatinga, in a very dry part of the biome and are a symbol of the wildlife resistance in the country. [E]
CACTUS PARAKEET (Eupsittula cactorum) – Another nice endemic for this area. [E]
JANDAYA PARAKEET (Aratinga jandaya) – Fantastic bird, full of colors. We had great looks near Tamandaré.

Indigo Macaw! Great bird, great place, great group! It was everything perfect on that day. Photo by Participant Holger Teichman.

GOLDEN-CAPPED PARAKEET (Aratinga auricapillus auricapillus) [E]
BLUE-WINGED MACAW (Primolius maracana) [*]
BLUE-CROWNED PARAKEET (Thectocercus acuticaudatus)
RED-SHOULDERED MACAW (Diopsittaca nobilis) [*]
WHITE-EYED PARAKEET (Psittacara leucophthalmus)
Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
SPOT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Hypoedaleus guttatus) – Ex - [E*]
TUFTED ANTSHRIKE (Mackenziaena severa) – Ex - Male and female seen near Boa Nova. [E]
GREAT ANTSHRIKE (Taraba major)
SILVERY-CHEEKED ANTSHRIKE (Sakesphorus cristatus) – A very distinguished Antshrike with a nice black crest. [E]
BARRED ANTSHRIKE (CAATINGA) (Thamnophilus doliatus capistratus) – The "capistratus" subspecies has a distinctive red eye and it's only found in Caatinga habitat. [E]
RUFOUS-WINGED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus torquatus)
CHESTNUT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus palliatus)
PLANALTO SLATY-ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus pelzelni)
SOORETAMA SLATY-ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus ambiguus) – This one replaces Planalto Slaty-Antshrike in the Atlantic Forest lowlands. [E]
VARIABLE ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus caerulescens cearensis) [E]
WHITE-SHOULDERED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus aethiops distans) – Nice looks at Murici Ecological Reserve. [E]
SPOT-BREASTED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus stictothorax) [E*]
PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis)
CINEREOUS ANTSHRIKE (Thamnomanes caesius)
WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN (SILVERY-FLANKED) (Myrmotherula axillaris luctuosa) – An Atlantic Forest subspecies that has some silvery flanks instead of white, as the Amazonian subspecies. [E]
BAND-TAILED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula urosticta) – We had fantastic looks at Estação Veracel. A very cooperative male remained still for a few minutes. [E]
STRIPE-BACKED ANTBIRD (Myrmorchilus strigilatus strigilatus) – That was much harder than usually! We heard it a few times and only one individual gave us a chance for a nice view.
CAATINGA ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus sellowi)
BAHIA ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus pileatus) [E]
BLACK-CAPPED ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus atricapillus)
PECTORAL ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus pectoralis) – A rare bird to get!! It's always a pleasure to see it on the tour. [E]

The Jandaya Parakeet was a beautiful parakeet seen on this tour. Photo by participant Becky Bradley.

RUFOUS-WINGED ANTWREN (NORTHERN) (Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus frater)
RUFOUS-WINGED ANTWREN (SOUTHERN) (Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus rufimarginatus) [E]
NARROW-BILLED ANTWREN (Formicivora iheringi) – Ex - [E]
WHITE-FRINGED ANTWREN (Formicivora grisea)
BLACK-BELLIED ANTWREN (Formicivora melanogaster) – This bird is a nice example of the connection between Caatinga, Pantanal and Chaco in the past. There are three isolated populations on this habitats.
SINCORA ANTWREN (Formicivora grantsaui) – A Northeast endemic, only described to science in the 90's. We had fantastic looks at a family. [E]
FERRUGINOUS ANTBIRD (Drymophila ferruginea) [E]
ORANGE-BELLIED ANTWREN (Terenura sicki) – Another rare bird, restricted to Atlantic Forest in the Northeast Brazil. We've had nice looks at a male at Frei Caneca Reserve. [E]
WILLIS'S ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides laeta sabinoi) – That was the best view I've had recently. A pair of birds very close to the trail for a few minutes. [E]
RIO DE JANEIRO ANTBIRD (Cercomacra brasiliana) – Ex - [E]
WHITE-BACKED FIRE-EYE (PERNAMBUCO) (Pyriglena leuconota pernambucensis) [E]
FRINGE-BACKED FIRE-EYE (Pyriglena atra) – Yes! Nice looks at a pair of birds, mainly the male, in an Atlantic Forest fragment. [E]
WHITE-SHOULDERED FIRE-EYE (Pyriglena leucoptera) – Ex - A male well seen near Boa Nova. [E]
SLENDER ANTBIRD (Rhopornis ardesiacus) – Ex - An iconic bird of "mata de cipó" (viny forest). A type of transitional forest between Caatinga and Atlantic Forest, only found above 900m high. [E]
SCALLOPED ANTBIRD (Myrmoderus ruficauda) – One of the main targets to be found at Murici Ecological Reserve. We had great look during our visit in there. [E]
Melanopareiidae (Crescentchests)
COLLARED CRESCENTCHEST (Melanopareia torquata) – A special bird!! Different from all other bird families that we have in Brazil.
Conopophagidae (Gnateaters)
BLACK-CHEEKED GNATEATER (Conopophaga melanops nigrifrons) [E]

This Sincora Antwren was seen along with her family. Photo by participant Holger Teichmann.

CEARA GNATEATER (Conopophaga cearae) – A recent split from Rufous Gnateater. [E]
Grallariidae (Antpittas)
WHITE-BROWED ANTPITTA (Hylopezus ochroleucus) – What a bird! It's great to see it doing the little movement while singing. [E]
Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)
DIAMANTINA TAPACULO (Scytalopus diamantinensis) – An always tough bird to get. We were so lucky to see an adult near to the road, at Canudos. [E]
Formicariidae (Antthrushes)
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
RUFOUS-BREASTED LEAFTOSSER (CEARA) (Sclerurus scansor cearensis) – Great looks at this possible split at Remanso Hotel. [E]
OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (REISER'S) (Sittasomus griseicapillus reiseri) [E]
OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (OLIVACEOUS) (Sittasomus griseicapillus olivaceus)
OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (OLIVACEOUS) (Sittasomus griseicapillus sylviellus) [E]
PLAIN-WINGED WOODCREEPER (PERNAMBUCO) (Dendrocincla turdina taunayi) [E*]
WEDGE-BILLED WOODCREEPER (CUNEATUS GROUP) (Glyphorynchus spirurus cuneatus) – Ex -
LESSER WOODCREEPER (NORTHERN) (Xiphorhynchus fuscus atlanticus) [E]
BUFF-THROATED WOODCREEPER (BUFF-THROATED) (Xiphorhynchus guttatus guttatus)
RED-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus trochilirostris major) – Great looks at Araripe National Forest.
RED-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus trochilirostris trochilirostris) – Ex - The nominate subspecies is endemic to Atlantic Forest lowlands. [E]
BLACK-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus falcularius) – Ex - Another Scythebill seen well during our tour. [E]

A fantastic male Pin-tailed Manakin was seen during the Extension. Photo by participant Holger Teichman.

NARROW-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes angustirostris)
PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)
WING-BANDED HORNERO (Furnarius figulus)
PALE-LEGGED HORNERO (Furnarius leucopus)
RUFOUS HORNERO (Furnarius rufus)
GREAT XENOPS (Megaxenops parnaguae) – Another target, this Northeast Brazil endemic bird was seen very well during our first morning at Chapada do Araripe. [E]
OCHRE-BREASTED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia lichtensteini) – Ex - [E]
WHITE-EYED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Automolus leucophthalmus leucophthalmus) – Ex -
RUFOUS-FRONTED THORNBIRD (RUFOUS-FRONTED) (Phacellodomus rufifrons rufifrons)
STRIATED SOFTTAIL (Thripophaga macroura) – Ex - A great bird! We had a couple of nice views during the days at Boa Nova. [E]
GRAY-HEADED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca semicinerea) [E]
CAATINGA CACHOLOTE (Pseudoseisura cristata) [E]
YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus)
RED-SHOULDERED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis hellmayri) – A nice looking Spinetail seen very well, including its nest, near Petrolina. [E]
BAHIA SPINETAIL (Synallaxis cinerea) – Ex - Only found in a small part of Northeast Brazil, this bird belongs to the Rufous-capped Spinetail "group", with a similar song and plumage. [E]
PINTO'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis infuscata) – It was harder than usual, but we got it! A single bird came close to us completely quiet. [E]
SPIX'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis spixi)
SOOTY-FRONTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis frontalis)
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
SUIRIRI FLYCATCHER (Suiriri suiriri bahiae) – Seen a few times during the tour.
YELLOW TYRANNULET (Capsiempis flaveola)
GRAY-BACKED TACHURI (Polystictus superciliaris) – A nice looking little bird! We were very lucky and had great looks near Canudos. [E]
GRAY ELAENIA (Myiopagis caniceps)
GREENISH ELAENIA (Myiopagis viridicata)
YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)

Bahia Spinetail was another great endemic bird seen on this tour. Nice photo by participant Holger Teichman.

LARGE ELAENIA (Elaenia spectabilis)
PLAIN-CRESTED ELAENIA (Elaenia cristata) [*]
HIGHLAND ELAENIA (BRAZILIAN) (Elaenia obscura sordida) [*]
SEPIA-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon amaurocephalus) [*]
BAHIA TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes beckeri) – That's the reward for all the efforts going up the hills for a couple of hours! Congratulations guys! [E]
PLANALTO TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias fasciatus)
SOUTHERN SCRUB-FLYCATCHER (Sublegatus modestus) – A uncommon Flycatcher everywhere. We saw a couple of them near Canudos.
TAWNY-CROWNED PYGMY-TYRANT (Euscarthmus meloryphus)
RUFOUS-SIDED PYGMY-TYRANT (Euscarthmus rufomarginatus) – Fantastic looks on a productive morning near Canudos.
LESSER WAGTAIL-TYRANT (BAHIA) (Stigmatura napensis bahiae) [E]
GREATER WAGTAIL-TYRANT (CAATINGA) (Stigmatura budytoides gracilis) – Both of the Wagtail-Tyrants were seen very well! [E]
EARED PYGMY-TYRANT (Myiornis auricularis) – About the size of a Bumblebee, this tiny little bird lives in the canopy and must be celebrated when seen.
WHITE-BELLIED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus griseipectus naumburgae) [E*]
HANGNEST TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus nidipendulus) [E*]
PEARLY-VENTED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer)
BUFF-BREASTED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus mirandae) [E]
FORK-TAILED PYGMY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus furcatus) – Ex - More quiet than a month before, only a single bird was seen near Boa Nova. [E]
OCHRE-FACED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps) – A nice surprise seen near Lentos.
SMOKY-FRONTED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus fumifrons) – A pair of very cooperative birds seen well near Tamandaré.
GRAY-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum poliocephalum) [E*]
COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)
YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (SOORETAMA) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens sulphurescens) [E]
GRAY-CROWNED FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias poliocephalus) [*]
YELLOW-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias flaviventris)
WHITE-THROATED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus mystaceus)
CLIFF FLYCATCHER (SWALLOW) (Hirundinea ferruginea bellicosa)

Red-headed Manakin is usually seen from below, but we found this male displaying at eye level! Photo by participant Holger Teichman.

BRAN-COLORED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus fasciatus)
EULER'S FLYCATCHER (Lathrotriccus euleri)
TROPICAL PEWEE (Contopus cinereus)
FUSCOUS FLYCATCHER (Cnemotriccus fuscatus)
VELVETY BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus nigerrimus) [E]
WHITE MONJITA (Xolmis irupero niveus) [E]
BLACK-BACKED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola albiventer)
MASKED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola nengeta)
WHITE-HEADED MARSH TYRANT (Arundinicola leucocephala)
LONG-TAILED TYRANT (Colonia colonus)
CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)
ASH-THROATED CASIORNIS (Casiornis fuscus) [E]
GRAYISH MOURNER (Rhytipterna simplex) – Ex - Three birds seen near Boa Nova.

This Sharpbill is a great bird, and a fantastic moment! Photo by participant Holger Teichman.

SWAINSON'S FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus swainsoni)
BROWN-CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tyrannulus)
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)
SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)
STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)
VARIEGATED FLYCATCHER (Empidonomus varius)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)
Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill)
SHARPBILL (Oxyruncus cristatus) – Ex - A nice name for a beautiful bird. We had great looks near Boa Nova.
Cotingidae (Cotingas)
BLACK-HEADED BERRYEATER (Carpornis melanocephala) – Ex- A great Atlantic Forest endemic. Gorgeous bird seen extremely well at Estação Veracel [E]
BANDED COTINGA (Cotinga maculata) – Ex - A "Top 5" bird for the Bahia Extension! We saw a stunning adult male at Estação Veracel. [E]
SCREAMING PIHA (Lipaugus vociferans) – Ex - A nice example of the connection that used to be between Amazon and the Atlantic Forest.
CINNAMON-VENTED PIHA (Lipaugus lanioides) – Seen flying by our heads near Boa Nova. [E]

Araripe Manakin! What a bird! There's no word to describe it. Amazing photo by participant Holger Teichman.

WHITE-WINGED COTINGA (Xipholena atropurpurea) – Male and female seen well during the tour. [E]
Pipridae (Manakins)
ARARIPE MANAKIN (Antilophia bokermanni) – With the end of breeding season coming, the males were more quiet and some of them molting at this time. Even with this, we had great looks at males, females and immature males. [E]
BLUE-BACKED MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia pareola) – Ex -
SWALLOW-TAILED MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia caudata) – Ex - [E*]
PIN-TAILED MANAKIN (Ilicura militaris) – Ex - One of the most spectacular Manakins! We saw a male at eye level for a few minutes. That was simply the best! [E]
WHITE-BEARDED MANAKIN (Manacus manacus) – Great looks at a displaying male.
BAND-TAILED MANAKIN (Pipra fasciicauda) – The town of Guaramiranga has this name because of this colorful bird.
KINGLET MANAKIN (Machaeropterus regulus) – Ex - Consider by some authorities as a Striolated Manakin subspecies, this little Atlantic Forest jewel gave us a show at Estação Veracel. [E]
WHITE-CROWNED MANAKIN (WHITE-CROWNED) (Dixiphia pipra cephaleucos) – Ex - [E]
RED-HEADED MANAKIN (Ceratopipra rubrocapilla) – Nice looks at Frei Caneca Reserve. We found a male on his favorite perch at eye level.
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
BROWN-WINGED SCHIFFORNIS (BROWN-WINGED) (Schiffornis turdina intermedia) – Ex - [E*]
GREENISH SCHIFFORNIS (Schiffornis virescens) – Ex - [E*]
WHITE-NAPED XENOPSARIS (Xenopsaris albinucha)
GREEN-BACKED BECARD (Pachyramphus viridis) – Very nice Becard seen well near Boa Nova.
CHESTNUT-CROWNED BECARD (Pachyramphus castaneus)

Kinglet Manakin was a fantastic Atlantic Forest endemic seen at Estação Veracel. Photo by participant Holger Teichman.

WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus)
BLACK-CAPPED BECARD (Pachyramphus marginatus)
Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)
GRAY-EYED GREENLET (Hylophilus amaurocephalus) [E]
CHIVI VIREO (MIGRATORY) (Vireo chivi chivi)
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
WHITE-NAPED JAY (Cyanocorax cyanopogon) – They were quiet, more than usual. We only found a single individual to play ball with us. [E]
Hirundinidae (Swallows)
BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)
WHITE-WINGED SWALLOW (Tachycineta albiventer)
BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica)
Troglodytidae (Wrens)
HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon)
THRUSH-LIKE WREN (Campylorhynchus turdinus turdinus) – Ex - [E]
MOUSTACHED WREN (Pheugopedius genibarbis)
LONG-BILLED WREN (Cantorchilus longirostris bahiae) [E]
Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)
LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus)
TROPICAL GNATCATCHER (Polioptila plumbea) – Seen a few times in Caatinga habitat.
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)
WHITE-NECKED THRUSH (Turdus albicollis)
RUFOUS-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus rufiventris)
Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)
TROPICAL MOCKINGBIRD (TROPICAL) (Mimus gilvus antelius) [E]
Motacillidae (Wagtails and Pipits)
YELLOWISH PIPIT (Anthus lutescens) – A very cooperative bird was seen near Boa Nova.
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
PURPLE-THROATED EUPHONIA (Euphonia chlorotica)
VIOLACEOUS EUPHONIA (Euphonia violacea)
ORANGE-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia xanthogaster) – Those nice Euphonias are now visiting the feeders at Estação Veracel.

A nice Greenish Elaenia showing its bright crest. Photo by participant Holger Teichmann.

CHESTNUT-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia pectoralis) [E*]
Passerellidae (New World Sparrows)
GRASSLAND SPARROW (Ammodramus humeralis)
PECTORAL SPARROW (Arremon taciturnus)
SAO FRANCISCO SPARROW (Arremon franciscanus) – Nice bird, hard to find on this tour! We got lucky and saw a family foraging near the road near Palmeira. [E]
RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
WHITE-BROWED MEADOWLARK (Leistes superciliaris)
SOLITARY BLACK CACIQUE (Cacicus solitarius)
RED-RUMPED CACIQUE (Cacicus haemorrhous)
EPAULET ORIOLE (Icterus cayanensis)
CAMPO TROUPIAL (Icterus jamacaii)
SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)
CHOPI BLACKBIRD (Gnorimopsar chopi)
PALE BAYWING (Agelaioides fringillarius)
CHESTNUT-CAPPED BLACKBIRD (Chrysomus ruficapillus)
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
MASKED YELLOWTHROAT (Geothlypis aequinoctialis)
TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)
GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (Basileuterus culicivorus)
FLAVESCENT WARBLER (Myiothlypis flaveola)
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
HEPATIC TANAGER (LOWLAND) (Piranga flava flava) – Male and female well seen near Lençois. Nice birds!
ULTRAMARINE GROSBEAK (Cyanoloxia brissonii) – Great looks, including an immature male singing on our first morning at Chapada do Araripe area.
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
RED-COWLED CARDINAL (Paroaria dominicana) [E]
CINNAMON TANAGER (Schistochlamys ruficapillus)
WHITE-BANDED TANAGER (Neothraupis fasciata) – This is a Cerrado endemic. We had great looks near Mucugê.
SCARLET-THROATED TANAGER (Compsothraupis loricata) – We saw several of those weird Tanagers, but none of them had a red throat. [E]
HOODED TANAGER (Nemosia pileata)
ORANGE-HEADED TANAGER (Thlypopsis sordida)
FLAME-CRESTED TANAGER (Tachyphonus cristatus)
WHITE-LINED TANAGER (Tachyphonus rufus)
BRAZILIAN TANAGER (Ramphocelus bresilius) [E]
SAYACA TANAGER (Thraupis sayaca)
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
TURQUOISE TANAGER (WHITE-BELLIED) (Tangara mexicana brasiliensis) – A probable split, this isolated population is only found on Atlantic Forest low lands. [E]
OPAL-RUMPED TANAGER (SILVER-BREASTED) (Tangara velia cyanomelas) – Another fantastic bird that's now visiting the feeders at Estação Veracel. [E]
GREEN-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara seledon) [E]
SEVEN-COLORED TANAGER (Tangara fastuosa) – A bird with seven colors on it?? This is fantastic! With a very restricted range, there are few places where we can find it. We had outstanding looks at Pedra D'anta Reserve. [E]
RED-NECKED TANAGER (Tangara cyanocephala cearensis) [E]
RED-NECKED TANAGER (Tangara cyanocephala corallina) [E]
GILT-EDGED TANAGER (Tangara cyanoventris) – Gorgeous Tanager seen very well at Chapada Diamantina area. [E]
BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)
RED-LEGGED HONEYCREEPER (Cyanerpes cyaneus) – Several of those seen.
GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)
GUIRA TANAGER (Hemithraupis guira)
YELLOW-BACKED TANAGER (Hemithraupis flavicollis melanoxantha) [E]
BICOLORED CONEBILL (Conirostrum bicolor) – Seen nicely in a mangrove area, at Tamandaré.
CHESTNUT-VENTED CONEBILL (Conirostrum speciosum)
SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)
GRASSLAND YELLOW-FINCH (GRASSLAND) (Sicalis luteola luteiventris)
WEDGE-TAILED GRASS-FINCH (Emberizoides herbicola)
PALE-THROATED PAMPA-FINCH (Embernagra longicauda) [E]

Here we are! The Lear's Macaw home!! Photo by participant Dave Lange.

BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)
COPPER SEEDEATER (Sporophila bouvreuil) – An immature male was seen at Remanso Hotel and later, near Mucugê, we saw an adult one, singing nicely for a few minutes.
YELLOW-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila nigricollis)
PLUMBEOUS SEEDEATER (Sporophila plumbea)
WHITE-THROATED SEEDEATER (Sporophila albogularis) – Another nice Northeast Brazil endemic seen a few times on the tour. [E]
PILEATED FINCH (Coryphospingus pileatus)
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
BLACK-THROATED SALTATOR (Saltatricula atricollis)
GREEN-WINGED SALTATOR (Saltator similis)
BLACK-THROATED GROSBEAK (Saltator fuliginosus) [E]
Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)
HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus)
Estrildidae (Waxbills and Allies)
COMMON WAXBILL (Estrilda astrild)

COMMON OPOSSUM (Didelphis marsupialis)
TUFTED-EAR MARMOSET (Callithrix jacchus) [E]
MASKED TITI MONKEY (Callicebus personatus) [E]
BROWN CAPUCHIN (Cebus apella)
GUIANAN SQUIRREL (Sciurus aestuans)
ROCK CAVY (Kerodon rupestris) [E]
BLACK-RUMPED AGOUTI (Dasyprocta prymnolopha)
JAGUARUNDI (Puma yagouaroundi)


Totals for the tour: 403 bird taxa and 9 mammal taxa