A Field Guides Birding Tours Report

Nowhere but Northeast Brazil 2023

January 20-February 6, 2023 with Bret Whitney & Marcelo Barreiros guiding

A great video by guide Bret Whitney about the first half of our fantastic moments in NE Brazil.

This year’s Nowhere but Northeast Brazil tour was a wonderful adventure through one of the most underbirded regions of South America. We were able to return to our usual start-date and route (after 2+ years of pandemic-induced disruptions), and everything rolled along quite smoothly, I’m happy to report! Weather was also about normal for this time of year, although unseasonably heavy rains during the couple of months preceding the tour had stimulated many species to start breeding earlier than is usual, such that song was somewhat subdued. But the birds were still out there, of course, and we managed to find almost all of the (surviving) specialties of both the humid Pernambuco area of endemism and the widespread caatinga of the semi-arid interior.

Highlights were many and varied, but at or near the top of most everyone’s list were the Lear’s (Indigo) Macaws at their remote breeding stronghold in the Raso da Catarina; the very rare Araripe Manakin (oh, so cooperative this year!); a thrilling Buff-fronted Owl that stayed put for everyone to thoroughly enjoy seeing it; a great Great Xenops that (for your guides) was a bit overly suspenseful (and the same sentiment for our White-browed Antpitta, whew!); multiple views of Stripe-backed Bitterns, and a stellar roster of rare antbirds and flycatchers. Our group was terrific, with lots of good spirit -- and good spotting! -- every day. Nobody opted to do the Fernando de Noronha Pre-tour Extension this year, which was strange, as it’s a truly wonderful island archipelago to visit and to bird, with an endemic elaenia and vireo, Atlantic White Tern, two species of tropicbirds, a chance to see Spinner Dolphins… we hope folks signing up for next year’s tour will want to join us for Fernando de Noronha (take a look at the video in our online triplist for the 2022 tour).

It was a delight to kick off 2023 with such a fun and memorable tour of Northeast Brazil! Marcelo and I thoroughly enjoyed birding with you all during our 2.5 weeks, and we very much look forward to sharing with you many more of the birding treasures hidden away in Brazil. Until next time, we wish you the very best in all!

—Bret and Marcelo

One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Rheidae (Rheas)

GREATER RHEA (Rhea americana)

A nice addition to our list. This bird has been seen on this tour for the second time this year.

Tinamidae (Tinamous)

LITTLE TINAMOU (Crypturellus soui) [*]

YELLOW-LEGGED TINAMOU (Crypturellus noctivagus) [E*]

SMALL-BILLED TINAMOU (Crypturellus parvirostris) [*]

RED-WINGED TINAMOU (Rhynchotus rufescens) [*]

Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)

WHITE-FACED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna viduata)

Seen a few times, on the ponds along the way.

BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis)

Nice Stripe-backed Bittern. Video by guide Marcelo Barreiros

BRAZILIAN TEAL (Amazonetta brasiliensis)


SOUTHERN POCHARD (Netta erythrophthalma)

At least 8 birds seen in a big lake.

MASKED DUCK (Nomonyx dominicus)

Great moment on the way to Crato. We were driving and Bret saw a movement on the lily pads. We stopped the bus and found a nice male well hidden in the vegetation.

Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)


Two birds seen near Lençois on the very last morning of the tour.

RUSTY-MARGINED GUAN (Penelope superciliaris)

WHITE-BROWED GUAN (Penelope jacucaca) [E]

A special one, endemic to the NE Brazil, seen really well at Pedra dos Ventos hotel.

Podicipedidae (Grebes)

LEAST GREBE (Tachybaptus dominicus)

PIED-BILLED GREBE (Podilymbus podiceps)

Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)

ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia)

PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)

PICAZURO PIGEON (Patagioenas picazuro)


Seen a couple of times during the tour.

RUDDY GROUND DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)

SCALED DOVE (Columbina squammata)

A nice looking dove seen well a few times.

PICUI GROUND DOVE (Columbina picui)

WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)

GRAY-FRONTED DOVE (Leptotila rufaxilla)

EARED DOVE (Zenaida auriculata)

Cuculidae (Cuckoos)

GUIRA CUCKOO (Guira guira)

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The White-naped Jays around the Pedra dos Ventos are more habituated to people. Nice shot by participants David and Judy Smith.

GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)

SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)

STRIPED CUCKOO (Tapera naevia) [*]

SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)

DARK-BILLED CUCKOO (Coccyzus melacoryphus)

Nice looks near Petrolina.

Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)

LEAST NIGHTHAWK (Chordeiles pusillus)

At least 5 birds seen near Petrolina on their roosting area.

SHORT-TAILED NIGHTHAWK (NATTERERI) (Lurocalis semitorquatus nattereri) [*]

PYGMY NIGHTJAR (Nyctipolus hirundinaceus) [E]

Another great NE Brazil specialty seen well at Pedra dos Ventos hotel.

COMMON PAURAQUE (Nyctidromus albicollis)

RUFOUS NIGHTJAR (Antrostomus rufus)

Nyctibiidae (Potoos)

COMMON POTOO (Nyctibius griseus) [*]

Apodidae (Swifts)

SICK'S SWIFT (Chaetura meridionalis)

FORK-TAILED PALM-SWIFT (Tachornis squamata)

Many birds seen flying over the main square at Petrolina.

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)

BLACK JACOBIN (Florisuga fusca) [E]


BROAD-TIPPED HERMIT (Anopetia gounellei) [E]

One of the most wanted targets of the tour; we saw it very very well near Palmeiras, Chapada Diamantina area.

REDDISH HERMIT (Phaethornis ruber)

PLANALTO HERMIT (Phaethornis pretrei)

A perched bird seen in the scope near Guaramiranga.

HOODED VISORBEARER (Augastes lumachella) [E]

What a bird! The view from the Pai Inácio mountain worth it in itself, but our main goal up there is to find this little jewel. We saw a male perched and feeding a couple of feet away from us. Fantastic moment!!!

WHITE-VENTED VIOLETEAR (Colibri serrirostris)

BROWN VIOLETEAR (Colibri delphinae)

The subspecies "greenewalti" is restricted to the Chapada Diamantina mountains.

BLACK-EARED FAIRY (Heliothryx auritus)

RUBY-TOPAZ HUMMINGBIRD (Chrysolampis mosquitus)

Great bird and fantastic looks near Canudos, Bahia state. A male seen very, very well for several minutes.

BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis)

STRIPE-BREASTED STARTHROAT (Heliomaster squamosus) [E]

Another highlight at Canudos, Bahia! We saw an immature and an adult bird by the Canudos Biological Reserve entrance road.

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Fantastic moment for all of us!! The rare Buff-fronted Owl was seen extremely well. Photo by participants David and Judy Smith.

AMETHYST WOODSTAR (Calliphlox amethystina)

One of the smallest birds in the country.

GLITTERING-BELLIED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon lucidus)

LONG-TAILED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania watertonii) [E]

A NE Brazil endemic bird, easy to see nowadays, thanks to the guys at Frei Caneca reserve who are keeping the feeders active through the year.

FORK-TAILED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania furcata)


SOMBRE HUMMINGBIRD (Eupetomena cirrochloris)

VERSICOLORED EMERALD (Chrysuronia versicolor)

PLAIN-BELLIED EMERALD (Chrysuronia leucogaster)

This birds is only found along the NE Brazil coastal area, mainly on mangroves.


BLUE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE (Chlorestes notata)

Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)

BLACKISH RAIL (Pardirallus nigricans)

GRAY-COWLED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides cajaneus) [*]

COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)

PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinica)

RUFOUS-SIDED CRAKE (Laterallus melanophaius)

A couple of birds seen very well in the usual spot in Petrolina.

Aramidae (Limpkin)

LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna)

Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)

BLACK-NECKED STILT (Himantopus mexicanus)

Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)

SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)

COLLARED PLOVER (Charadrius collaris)

Jacanidae (Jacanas)

WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)

Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)

SOLITARY SANDPIPER (Tringa solitaria)

Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)

LARGE-BILLED TERN (Phaetusa simplex)

A few birds seen along the wetlands near the São Francisco river.

Guide Bret Whitney made another nice video about the second half of the tour. It's great to see it and remember those moments.
Ciconiidae (Storks)

JABIRU (Jabiru mycteria)

Nice surprise on the way to Jeremoabo. A single bird was seen with a group of 12 Wood Storks.

WOOD STORK (Mycteria americana)

Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)

NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Nannopterum brasilianum)

Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)

STRIPE-BACKED BITTERN (Ixobrychus involucris)

Great year for this elusive bittern near Petrolina. With a high water level, the habitat was perfect for the birds, that were in good numbers.

RUFESCENT TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma lineatum)

COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)

GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)

SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)

CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)

STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)

BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nycticorax nycticorax)

Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)

BARE-FACED IBIS (Phimosus infuscatus)

A few birds seen flying over the marsh in Petrolina.

Cathartidae (New World Vultures)

KING VULTURE (Sarcoramphus papa)

Great moment on the Lear's Macaw red-rock cliff. We spotted an adult King Vulture flying toward us and landing on the edge of the cliff, where it remained for a long time.

BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)

TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)

LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus)

Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)

PEARL KITE (Gampsonyx swainsonii)

Seen well a couple of times on the tour.

A key bird in NE Brazil, the gorgeous Araripe Manakin is always fine to see. Video by guide Marcelo Barreiros.

WHITE-TAILED KITE (Elanus leucurus)

WHITE-COLLARED KITE (Leptodon forbesi) [E*]

SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis)

CRANE HAWK (BANDED) (Geranospiza caerulescens gracilis)

SAVANNA HAWK (Buteogallus meridionalis)

GREAT BLACK HAWK (Buteogallus urubitinga)

ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)

HARRIS'S HAWK (Parabuteo unicinctus)

Nice looks at Pedra dos Ventos hotel.

WHITE-TAILED HAWK (Geranoaetus albicaudatus)

BLACK-CHESTED BUZZARD-EAGLE (Geranoaetus melanoleucus)

SHORT-TAILED HAWK (Buteo brachyurus)

Both dark and light morphs seen on the tour.

Strigidae (Owls)

SPECTACLED OWL (Pulsatrix perspicillata) [*]

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium brasilianum)

BURROWING OWL (Athene cunicularia)

BUFF-FRONTED OWL (Aegolius harrisii)

One of the most celebrated birds on the tour; the bird was seen very well by all of us.

Trogonidae (Trogons)

BLUE-CROWNED TROGON (Trogon curucui)

Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)

RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)

AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)

GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)

Bucconidae (Puffbirds)

WHITE-EARED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus chacuru) [*]

SPOT-BACKED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus maculatus)

Seen well a few times.

Galbulidae (Jacamars)

RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (Galbula ruficauda)

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The usually elusive Rufous-sided Crake was seen very well near Petrolina. Nice shot by participant Eileen Keelan.
Ramphastidae (Toucans)

LETTERED ARACARI (Pteroglossus inscriptus)

A group of three birds seen briefly near Tamandaré.

BLACK-NECKED ARACARI (Pteroglossus aracari)

GOULD'S TOUCANET (Selenidera gouldii)

The "baturitensis" race is endemic to the Serra do Baturité mountain and isolated from the Amazonian race. It took a long time, but we saw a male well near Guaramiranga.

Picidae (Woodpeckers)

GOLDEN-SPANGLED PICULET (PERNAMBUCO) (Picumnus exilis pernambucensis) [*]

SPOTTED PICULET (Picumnus pygmaeus)

Fantastic looks near Petrolina. A pair of very responsive birds seen extremely well.

OCHRACEOUS PICULET (Picumnus limae) [E]

First seen in Guaramiranga, on the Pico Alto road and then, at Pedra dos Ventos hotel.

LITTLE WOODPECKER (Dryobates passerinus)

Seen well a couple of times.

RED-STAINED WOODPECKER (Dryobates affinis)

LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)

OCHRE-BACKED WOODPECKER (Celeus ochraceus) [E]

A family seen in Guaramiranga.

GOLDEN-GREEN WOODPECKER (Piculus chrysochloros)

A single bird flew over the road near Palmeiras, Bahia.

GREEN-BARRED WOODPECKER (Colaptes melanochloros)

Cariamidae (Seriemas)

RED-LEGGED SERIEMA (Cariama cristata) [*]

Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)

CRESTED CARACARA (SOUTHERN) (Caracara plancus plancus)

YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)

LAUGHING FALCON (Herpetotheres cachinnans)

AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)

APLOMADO FALCON (Falco femoralis)

PEREGRINE FALCON (TUNDRA) (Falco peregrinus tundrius)

Nice moment at the Lear's Macaw canyons; we saw a big falcon flying over the cliffs looking for prey.

Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)


Four birds seen flying over our heads near Tamandaré.

PLAIN PARAKEET (Brotogeris tirica)

BLUE-HEADED PARROT (REICHENOW'S) (Pionus menstruus reichenowi) [E]

This race, "reichenowi", endemic to the Atlantic Forest, has a nice blue belly, not found on the Amazonian birds.


Not a bird seen every year on this tour; we saw six birds flying over the red rock canyons near Canudos.

ORANGE-WINGED PARROT (Amazona amazonica)

COBALT-RUMPED PARROTLET (Forpus xanthopterygius)

GRAY-BREASTED PARAKEET (Pyrrhura griseipectus) [E]

Better and better through the years; the great conservation project has helped the population and now there are over 1200 birds.

INDIGO MACAW (Anodorhynchus leari) [E]

It was great to see that show again. Many pairs were remained near to their nest for a long time.


Field Guides Birding Tours
Another great Caatinga habitat endemic, the Greater Xenops, was seen well by all of us a couple of times, and participants David and Judy Smith took this nice picture.

CACTUS PARAKEET (Eupsittula cactorum) [E]

Seen well a few times along the tour.

JANDAYA PARAKEET (Aratinga jandaya)

One of the most colorful parakeets in the country; we saw a few individuals near Tamandaré.

GOLDEN-CAPPED PARAKEET (Aratinga auricapillus)

Nice looks on the way to the Fringe-backed Fire-Eye.

BLUE-WINGED MACAW (Primolius maracana)

BLUE-CROWNED PARAKEET (Thectocercus acuticaudatus)

This nice looking bird shares the honor of sharing the red rock cliffs with the Lear's Macaw.

RED-SHOULDERED MACAW (Diopsittaca nobilis)

We saw some birds feeding in the canopy and flying around the forest near Tamandaré.

Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)

GREAT ANTSHRIKE (Taraba major)

Seen well a couple of times.

SILVERY-CHEEKED ANTSHRIKE (Sakesphorus cristatus) [E]

A great Caatinga habitat specialty seen very well a few times.

BARRED ANTSHRIKE (CAATINGA) (Thamnophilus doliatus capistratus) [E]

It's still called "Barred" but it actually has more spots than bars and, besides that, also has nice red eyes.

RUFOUS-WINGED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus torquatus)

CHESTNUT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus palliatus)

Gorgeous antbird seen near Tamandaré.

PLANALTO SLATY-ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus pelzelni)

VARIABLE ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus caerulescens cearensis) [E]

WHITE-SHOULDERED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus aethiops distans) [E*]

PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis)

WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN (SILVERY-FLANKED) (Myrmotherula axillaris luctuosa) [E]

A potential split, endemic to the Atlantic Forest.

STRIPE-BACKED ANTBIRD (Myrmorchilus strigilatus strigilatus)

Great Caatinga endemic; one of the most wanted birds on this tour.

CAATINGA ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus sellowi)

A smaller version of Black-capped Antwren, it has a thinner beak and tail. We had a couple of great looks at it this year.

BLACK-CAPPED ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus atricapillus)

PECTORAL ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus pectoralis) [E]

Nice bird, not easy to get nowadays. We saw both male and female well on the way to Catu, Bahia.

RUSTY-WINGED ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus frater frater)

NARROW-BILLED ANTWREN (Formicivora iheringi)

A special bird who lives in a fairly tall forest on the Caatinga habitat or transitional forest. Both male and female seen near Mucugê.

WHITE-FRINGED ANTWREN (Formicivora grisea)

BLACK-BELLIED ANTWREN (Formicivora melanogaster)

All the Formicivora antbirds are nice to watch when foraging and moving around the forest. This one was seen foraging for several minutes at Pedra dos Ventos hotel.

SINCORA ANTWREN (Formicivora grantsaui) [E]

Rare bird alert!!! Endemic to the Sincorá mountains, including the Chapada Diamantina area, this bird was only described to science in the 90's. We found a pair of birds in a beautiful rocky habitat near Mucugê.


One of the hardest birds to see in NE Brazil nowadays, this species can be found only in a few big fragments.

WILLIS'S ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides laeta sabinoi) [E]

After no sign of the usual pair at Frei Caneca, we saw both male and female near Tamandaré.

EAST AMAZONIAN FIRE-EYE (Pyriglena leuconota pernambucensis) [E]

Nice looks at Frei Caneca reserve.

FRINGE-BACKED FIRE-EYE (Pyriglena atra) [E]

For sure one of the main targets on the tour. After a couple of hours looking for it, we finally saw at least three birds moving by the trail.

SCALLOPED ANTBIRD (Myrmoderus ruficauda) [E]

As with all the Pernambuco Endemism Center species, this one is hard to find nowadays, and it was not different this time. A shy pair of birds were seen foraging on the ground at Frei Caneca reserve.

Melanopareiidae (Crescentchests)

COLLARED CRESCENTCHEST (Melanopareia torquata)

Fantastic bird and superb looks near Mucugê.

Collared Crescentchest provided another fantastic moment around Mucugê, Chapada Diamantina area. Video by guide Marcelo Barreiros.
Conopophagidae (Gnateaters)

BLACK-CHEEKED GNATEATER (Conopophaga melanops nigrifrons) [E]

Seen well a couple of times.

CEARA GNATEATER (Conopophaga cearae) [E]

Great bird, a split from Rufous Gnateater, endemic to the NE Brazil and seen nicely in Guaramiranga.

Grallariidae (Antpittas)

WHITE-BROWED ANTPITTA (Hylopezus ochroleucus) [E]

It took a while but we managed to find and bring a cooperative individual right in front of the group in the Chapada do Araripe area.

Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)

RUFOUS-BREASTED LEAFTOSSER (CEARA) (Sclerurus scansor cearensis) [E]

The "cearensis" race, restricted to NE Brazil, seen very well in Guaramiranga.

OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (REISER'S) (Sittasomus griseicapillus reiseri) [E]

PLAIN-WINGED WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla turdina)

PLAIN-WINGED WOODCREEPER (PERNAMBUCO) (Dendrocincla turdina taunayi) [E]

Seen briefly at Frei Caneca reserve.

CEARA WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus atlanticus) [E]

A single one seen in a mixed-species flock in Guaramiranga.

BUFF-THROATED WOODCREEPER (BUFF-THROATED) (Xiphorhynchus guttatus guttatus)


Nice looks in a mangrove near Tamandaré.

NARROW-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes angustirostris)

PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)

WING-BANDED HORNERO (Furnarius figulus)

PALE-LEGGED HORNERO (Furnarius leucopus)

RUFOUS HORNERO (Furnarius rufus)

Seen well near Catu, Bahia.

GREAT XENOPS (Megaxenops parnaguae) [E]

Another target for the tour; we had a couple of great looks at this fabulous bird.

RUFOUS-FRONTED THORNBIRD (RUFOUS-FRONTED) (Phacellodomus rufifrons rufifrons)

GREATER THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus ruber)

A pair of birds seen well in Petrolina.

GRAY-HEADED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca semicinerea) [E]

Great NE Brazil endemic seen well.

CAATINGA CACHOLOTE (Pseudoseisura cristata) [E]

YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus)

OCHRE-CHEEKED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis scutata)

This is a tough one to see everywhere.

RED-SHOULDERED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis hellmayri) [E]

A huge spinetail, restricted to the Caatinga habitat. We saw it nicely a couple of times.

PINTO'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis infuscata) [E]

Nice looks near Pedra D'Anta private reserve.

SPIX'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis spixi)

PALE-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis albescens)

SOOTY-FRONTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis frontalis)

Field Guides Birding Tours
The daily checklist just before dinner. Photo by participants David and Judy Smith.
Pipridae (Manakins)


It was harder than usual, but we managed to see two birds at Chapada do Araripe.

ARARIPE MANAKIN (Antilophia bokermanni) [E]

Maybe a "Top 5" bird for all the participants every year, this gorgeous bird is restricted to some humid forest on the foothills of Chapada do Araripe mountains.

BLUE-BACKED MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia pareola)

Nice looks a couple of times.


BAND-TAILED MANAKIN (Pipra fasciicauda)

Male and female seen near Guaramiranga.

RED-HEADED MANAKIN (Ceratopipra rubrocapilla)

Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)


GREEN-BACKED BECARD (Pachyramphus viridis)

A nice adult male seen at Pedra dos Ventos hotel.

WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus)

CRESTED BECARD (Pachyramphus validus)

We saw a pair of birds close to their nest at Pedra dos Ventos hotel.

Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill, Royal Flycatcher, and Allies)

BLACK-TAILED FLYCATCHER (BLACK-TAILED) (Myiobius atricaudus snethlagei) [E]

Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)

WHITE-THROATED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus mystaceus)

ALAGOAS TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes ceciliae) [E]

Another rare bird nowadays, endemic to the Pernambuco Endemism Center, we saw a pair of birds over our heads at Frei Caneca reserve.

EARED PYGMY-TYRANT (Myiornis auricularis)

Nice looks near Catu, Bahia.

PEARLY-VENTED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer)

BUFF-BREASTED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus mirandae) [E]

Fantastic looks in Guaramiranga.

SMOKY-FRONTED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus fumifrons)

COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)

YELLOW-BREASTED FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias flaviventris)

CLIFF FLYCATCHER (SWALLOW) (Hirundinea ferruginea bellicosa)


SUIRIRI FLYCATCHER (Suiriri suiriri bahiae)

A pair of birds seen well near Petrolina.


Common bird during our days in Caatinga habitat.

YELLOW TYRANNULET (Capsiempis flaveola)

GREENISH ELAENIA (Myiopagis viridicata)

PLAIN-CRESTED ELAENIA (Elaenia cristata)

SMALL-HEADED ELAENIA (Elaenia sordida)

YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)

LARGE ELAENIA (Elaenia spectabilis)

PLANALTO TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias fasciatus)


RUFOUS-CROWNED PYGMY-TYRANT (Euscarthmus meloryphus)

RUFOUS-SIDED PYGMY-TYRANT (Euscarthmus rufomarginatus)

We found a pair of very responsive birds in a patch of Cerrado habitat near Mucugê.

LESSER WAGTAIL-TYRANT (BAHIA) (Stigmatura napensis bahiae) [E]

Both Wagtail-Tyrants (Lesser and Greater) seen side by side near Petrolina.

GREATER WAGTAIL-TYRANT (CAATINGA) (Stigmatura budytoides gracilis) [E]

BRAN-COLORED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus fasciatus)

EULER'S FLYCATCHER (Lathrotriccus euleri)

FUSCOUS FLYCATCHER (Cnemotriccus fuscatus)

Field Guides Birding Tours
Participant Eileen Keelan took this great photo of the male Sincorá Antwren near Mucugê.


Nice looks a couple of times.

VELVETY BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus nigerrimus) [E]

WHITE MONJITA (Xolmis irupero niveus) [E]

A couple of birds along the drive.

WHITE-HEADED MARSH TYRANT (Arundinicola leucocephala)

BLACK-BACKED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola albiventer)

MASKED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola nengeta)

ASH-THROATED CASIORNIS (Casiornis fuscus) [E]

SWAINSON'S FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus swainsoni)


BROWN-CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tyrannulus)

CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)

GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)

BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)

SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)

STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)

PIRATIC FLYCATCHER (Legatus leucophaius)

VARIEGATED FLYCATCHER (Empidonomus varius)

TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)


Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)


GRAY-EYED GREENLET (Hylophilus amaurocephalus) [E]

Nice bird, found in Caatinga and Dry-forest habitats.

CHIVI VIREO (MIGRATORY) (Vireo chivi chivi)

Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)

WHITE-NAPED JAY (Cyanocorax cyanopogon) [E]

Fantastic looks at Pedra dos Ventos hotel.

A Planalto Hermit on its display perch in Guaramiranga. Video by guide Marcelo Barreiros
Donacobiidae (Donacobius)

BLACK-CAPPED DONACOBIUS (Donacobius atricapilla)

Hirundinidae (Swallows)

BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)

SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)

GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)


WHITE-WINGED SWALLOW (Tachycineta albiventer)

BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica)

Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)

LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus)

TROPICAL GNATCATCHER (Polioptila plumbea)

Troglodytidae (Wrens)

HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon)

MOUSTACHED WREN (Pheugopedius genibarbis)

LONG-BILLED WREN (Cantorchilus longirostris bahiae) [E]

Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)


Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)

PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)

RUFOUS-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus rufiventris)

CREAMY-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus amaurochalinus)

Estrildidae (Waxbills and Allies)

COMMON WAXBILL (Estrilda astrild)

Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)

HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus)

Field Guides Birding Tours
On top of the Pai Inácio mountain, right after the male Hooded Visorbearer give us a great show, a pair of Pale-throated Pampa-Finch showed up for a best view ever! Photo by participants David and Judy Smith.
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)

PURPLE-THROATED EUPHONIA (Euphonia chlorotica)

VIOLACEOUS EUPHONIA (Euphonia violacea)

ORANGE-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia xanthogaster)

YELLOW-FACED SISKIN (Spinus yarrellii) [E]

Passerellidae (New World Sparrows)

GRASSLAND SPARROW (Ammodramus humeralis)

PECTORAL SPARROW (Arremon taciturnus)

Seen nicely in Guaramiranga.

RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)

Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)

WHITE-BROWED MEADOWLARK (Leistes superciliaris)

EPAULET ORIOLE (Icterus cayanensis)

CAMPO TROUPIAL (Icterus jamacaii)

A nice looking bird seen a few times.

SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)

FORBES'S BLACKBIRD (Anumara forbesi) [E]

YES!! An easy one to miss nowadays! We saw a single bird near Tamandaré.

CHOPI BLACKBIRD (Gnorimopsar chopi)

PALE BAYWING (Agelaioides fringillarius)

CHESTNUT-CAPPED BLACKBIRD (Chrysomus ruficapillus)

Parulidae (New World Warblers)

TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)

GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (Basileuterus culicivorus)

FLAVESCENT WARBLER (Myiothlypis flaveola)

Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)

HEPATIC TANAGER (LOWLAND) (Piranga flava flava)

Male and female seen on top of Pai Inácio mountain.

A male Spotted Piculet seen very well near Petrolina. Video by guide Marcelo Barreiros.

ULTRAMARINE GROSBEAK (Cyanoloxia brissonii)

An adult male seen very well near Crato, Ceará state.

Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)

RED-COWLED CARDINAL (Paroaria dominicana) [E]

CINNAMON TANAGER (Schistochlamys ruficapillus)

WHITE-BANDED TANAGER (Neothraupis fasciata)

A Cerrado habitat bird seen nicely near Mucugê.

SCARLET-THROATED TANAGER (Compsothraupis loricata) [E]

HOODED TANAGER (Nemosia pileata)

ORANGE-HEADED TANAGER (Thlypopsis sordida)

FLAME-CRESTED TANAGER (Loriotus cristatus)

WHITE-LINED TANAGER (Tachyphonus rufus)

BRAZILIAN TANAGER (Ramphocelus bresilius) [E]

SAYACA TANAGER (Thraupis sayaca)

PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)


SEVEN-COLORED TANAGER (Tangara fastuosa) [E]

At least 4 birds seen well at Frei Caneca reserve.

RED-NECKED TANAGER (Tangara cyanocephala cearensis) [E]

Nice looks in Guaramiranga.

GILT-EDGED TANAGER (Tangara cyanoventris) [E]

A nice group of 5 birds seen on the way to Lençóis, Chapada Diamantina area.

BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)


GUIRA TANAGER (Hemithraupis guira)

A pair of birds seen near Lençóis.


SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)

GRASSLAND YELLOW-FINCH (GRASSLAND) (Sicalis luteola luteiventris)

PALE-THROATED PAMPA-FINCH (Embernagra longicauda) [E]

Fantastic looks on top of Pai Inácio mountain.

BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)

COPPER SEEDEATER (Sporophila bouvreuil)

At least two adult males seen very well near Mucugê.

YELLOW-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila nigricollis)

PLUMBEOUS SEEDEATER (Sporophila plumbea)

A male seen nicely near Mucugê.

WHITE-THROATED SEEDEATER (Sporophila albogularis) [E]

A NE Brazil endemic seen well a couple of times.

PILEATED FINCH (Coryphospingus pileatus)

BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)

BLACK-THROATED SALTATOR (Saltatricula atricollis)

Adults and immatures birds seen a few miles from Mucugê.



BRAZILIAN FREE-TAILED BAT (Tadarida brasiliensis)

TUFTED-EAR MARMOSET (Callithrix jacchus) [E]

A little family of Tufted-ear Marmoset behaving nicely. Video by guide Marcelo Barreiros.

ROCK CAVY (Kerodon rupestris) [E]

A special animal, restricted to the rocky mountains of NE and SE Brazil.


Totals for the tour: 329 bird taxa and 4 mammal taxa