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Field Guides Tour Report
Panama's Canopy Tower II 2013: Canopy Lodge Extension
Feb 19, 2013 to Feb 23, 2013
Chris Benesh & Tino Sanchez

One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
GRAY-HEADED CHACHALACA (Ortalis cinereiceps)
Ciconiidae (Storks)
WOOD STORK (Mycteria americana)
Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)
MAGNIFICENT FRIGATEBIRD (Fregata magnificens) – Fantastic looks at this species at Raul's beach place at Playa Santa Clara.
Sulidae (Boobies and Gannets)
BLUE-FOOTED BOOBY (Sula nebouxii)
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
Pelecanidae (Pelicans)
BROWN PELICAN (Pelecanus occidentalis)
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
GREAT BLUE HERON (Ardea herodias)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)
SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)
GREEN HERON (Butorides virescens)
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
WHITE IBIS (Eudocimus albus)
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)
LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus) – Great views of a couple of these at Juan Hombron.
Pandionidae (Osprey)
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus)
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
SWALLOW-TAILED KITE (Elanoides forficatus) – Always elegant!
DOUBLE-TOOTHED KITE (Harpagus bidentatus)
COMMON BLACK-HAWK (Buteogallus anthracinus) – Great looks at one that David spotted near the coast at Juan Hombron.
SAVANNA HAWK (Buteogallus meridionalis)
ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)
BROAD-WINGED HAWK (Buteo platypterus)
SHORT-TAILED HAWK (Buteo brachyurus)
ZONE-TAILED HAWK (Buteo albonotatus)
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
WHITE-THROATED CRAKE (Laterallus albigularis) [*]
GRAY-NECKED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides cajaneus) [*]
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
Jacanidae (Jacanas)
WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)
Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
SPOTTED SANDPIPER (Actitis macularius)
WILLET (Tringa semipalmata)
WHIMBREL (AMERICAN) (Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus)
Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
LAUGHING GULL (Leucophaeus atricilla)
ROYAL TERN (Thalasseus maximus)
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia)
SCALED PIGEON (Patagioenas speciosa)
MOURNING DOVE (Zenaida macroura)
RUDDY GROUND-DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)

A male Orange-bellied Trogon. (Video by guide Chris Benesh)
WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)
Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)
STRIPED CUCKOO (Tapera naevia)
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
GROOVE-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
WHITE-TIPPED SICKLEBILL (Eutoxeres aquila) – Well seen by most as it put in a brief appearance at the Macho waterfall.
BAND-TAILED BARBTHROAT (Threnetes ruckeri)
GREEN HERMIT (Phaethornis guy)
STRIPE-THROATED HERMIT (Phaethornis striigularis)
VERAGUAN MANGO (Anthracothorax veraguensis) – Good views of this endemic at Juan Hombron.
GARDEN EMERALD (Chlorostilbon assimilis)
BRONZE-TAILED PLUMELETEER (Chalybura urochrysia)
VIOLET-CROWNED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania colombica)
SNOWCAP (Microchera albocoronata)
SNOWY-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia edward edward)
SAPPHIRE-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD (Lepidopyga coeruleogularis)
Trogonidae (Trogons)
ORANGE-BELLIED TROGON (Trogon aurantiiventris) – Higher elevations around El Valle and Altos del Maria are great places for this species.
Momotidae (Motmots)
TODY MOTMOT (Hylomanes momotula) [*]
WHOOPING MOTMOT (WHOOPING) (Momotus subrufescens conexus)
RUFOUS MOTMOT (Baryphthengus martii) – Terrific studies of this bird coming to the feeders at the lodge.
Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)
Capitonidae (New World Barbets)
SPOT-CROWNED BARBET (Capito maculicoronatus) – Great views of a pair of birds above the lodge in El Valle.
Ramphastidae (Toucans)

An Emerald Toucanet at Altos del Maria. (Photo by guide Chris Benesh)

EMERALD TOUCANET (BLUE-THROATED) (Aulacorhynchus prasinus caeruleogularis) – It took a lot of work, but we did eventually find and see this species well.
COLLARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus torquatus)
KEEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos sulfuratus)
Picidae (Woodpeckers)
RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes rubricapillus)
LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
CRESTED CARACARA (Caracara cheriway)
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)
AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)
BAT FALCON (Falco rufigularis)
PEREGRINE FALCON (Falco peregrinus)
Psittacidae (Parrots)
BROWN-THROATED PARAKEET (VERAGUAS) (Aratinga pertinax ocularis)
ORANGE-CHINNED PARAKEET (Brotogeris jugularis)
BROWN-HOODED PARROT (Pyrilia haematotis)
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)
YELLOW-CROWNED PARROT (Amazona ochrocephala panamensis)
Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
FASCIATED ANTSHRIKE (Cymbilaimus lineatus)
BARRED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus doliatus)
RUSSET ANTSHRIKE (Thamnistes anabatinus)
PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis)
SPOT-CROWNED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus puncticeps)
CHESTNUT-BACKED ANTBIRD (Myrmeciza exsul) [*]
DULL-MANTLED ANTBIRD (Myrmeciza laemosticta) – Great looks at a pair of these at Altos del Maria.
Conopophagidae (Gnateaters)

One of a pair of Black-crowned Antpittas that showed wonderfully for us at La Mesa. (Photo by guide Chris Benesh)

BLACK-CROWNED ANTPITTA (Pittasoma michleri) – Wow! Just wow! Fantastic encounter with a pair of birds that hopped out into the open for us. What a crazy bird - great looks and voice. A real crowd pleaser.
Formicariidae (Antthrushes)
BLACK-FACED ANTTHRUSH (Formicarius analis) [*]
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
COCOA WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)
SPOTTED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus erythropygius)
BROWN-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus pusillus olivaceus) [*]
PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)
SPOTTED BARBTAIL (Premnoplex brunnescens) [*]
RED-FACED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca erythrops) – Pretty colorful when seen in good light.
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
MOUSE-COLORED TYRANNULET (MOUSE-COLORED) (Phaeomyias murina eremonoma)
YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)
LESSER ELAENIA (Elaenia chiriquensis)
OLIVE-STRIPED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes olivaceus)
OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus)
RUFOUS-BROWED TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes superciliaris)
PALTRY TYRANNULET (Zimmerius vilissimus)

A singing male Fasciated Antshrike. (Video by guide Chris Benesh)
SCALE-CRESTED PYGMY-TYRANT (Lophotriccus pileatus)
PALE-EYED PYGMY-TYRANT (Atalotriccus pilaris) – Good views of this after some searching at Juan Hombron.
COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)
BLACK-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum nigriceps)
YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (YELLOW-OLIVE) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens flavoolivaceus)
WHITE-THROATED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus mystaceus)
RUDDY-TAILED FLYCATCHER (Terenotriccus erythrurus)
SULPHUR-RUMPED FLYCATCHER (Myiobius sulphureipygius)
BRAN-COLORED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus fasciatus) [*]
TUFTED FLYCATCHER (Mitrephanes phaeocercus) – Birds in Costa Rica and Panama sound quite different than those further north. Likely more than one species is involved.
TROPICAL PEWEE (Contopus cinereus)
LONG-TAILED TYRANT (Colonia colonus) – One of the more distinctive flycatchers. Always fun to see.
BRIGHT-RUMPED ATTILA (Attila spadiceus)
DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
PANAMA FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus panamensis)
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)
RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)
GRAY KINGBIRD (Tyrannus dominicensis) – Tino spotted one on a wire at Juan Hombron.
FORK-TAILED FLYCATCHER (Tyrannus savana) – Holly spotted our first ones. Another crowd pleasing flycatcher.
Pipridae (Manakins)
GOLDEN-COLLARED MANAKIN (Manacus vitellinus) [*]

One of several Lance-tailed Manakins at Juan Hombron. (Photo by guide Chris Benesh)

LANCE-TAILED MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia lanceolata) – We were really fortunate with this species, getting great looks in the relatively open trees they were hanging out in.
Vireonidae (Vireos)
YELLOW-GREEN VIREO (Vireo flavoviridis)
SCRUB GREENLET (Hylophilus flavipes)
GOLDEN-FRONTED GREENLET (Hylophilus aurantiifrons)
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
BLACK-CHESTED JAY (Cyanocorax affinis)
Hirundinidae (Swallows)
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)
BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica)
Troglodytidae (Wrens)
SCALY-BREASTED WREN (WHISTLING) (Microcerculus marginatus luscinia) – Scope views.
HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon)
OCHRACEOUS WREN (Troglodytes ochraceus ligea) [E*]
RUFOUS-BREASTED WREN (Pheugopedius rutilus)
RUFOUS-AND-WHITE WREN (Thryophilus rufalbus)
PLAIN WREN (Cantorchilus modestus)
BAY WREN (Cantorchilus nigricapillus)
WHITE-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucosticta)
GRAY-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucophrys)
Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)
TAWNY-FACED GNATWREN (Microbates cinereiventris) [*]
LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus) [*]
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH (Parkesia noveboracensis)
GOLDEN-WINGED WARBLER (Vermivora chrysoptera)
PROTHONOTARY WARBLER (Protonotaria citrea)
TENNESSEE WARBLER (Oreothlypis peregrina)
MOURNING WARBLER (Geothlypis philadelphia)
AMERICAN REDSTART (Setophaga ruticilla)
BAY-BREASTED WARBLER (Setophaga castanea)
YELLOW WARBLER (Setophaga petechia)
CHESTNUT-SIDED WARBLER (Setophaga pensylvanica)
RUFOUS-CAPPED WARBLER (Basileuterus rufifrons) – It is worth noting that birds here are rather different than those north of Guatemala and likely represent a couple of good species.
CANADA WARBLER (Cardellina canadensis)
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
WHITE-SHOULDERED TANAGER (Tachyphonus luctuosus)
TAWNY-CRESTED TANAGER (Tachyphonus delatrii)
CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus dimidiatus) – One of the stunning species that come in to the feeders at the lodge.
FLAME-RUMPED TANAGER (Ramphocelus flammigerus) – Birds here are perhaps better known as Lemon-rumped Tanagers owing to their yellow rumps.
BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
PLAIN-COLORED TANAGER (Tangara inornata)
BAY-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara gyrola)
EMERALD TANAGER (Tangara florida) – Eight of these above La Mesa was a good showing for this species locally.
SILVER-THROATED TANAGER (Tangara icterocephala)
GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)
BLACK-AND-YELLOW TANAGER (Chrysothlypis chrysomelas) – Good looks in the higher areas of Altos del Maria.
BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)
VARIABLE SEEDEATER (Sporophila corvina hoffmannii)
THICK-BILLED SEED-FINCH (Oryzoborus funereus)
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
DUSKY-FACED TANAGER (Mitrospingus cassinii)
STREAKED SALTATOR (Saltator striatipectus)
Emberizidae (Buntings and New World Sparrows)
ORANGE-BILLED SPARROW (Arremon aurantiirostris)
BLACK-STRIPED SPARROW (Arremonops conirostris)
COMMON BUSH-TANAGER (CENTRAL PANAMA) (Chlorospingus ophthalmicus punctulatus)
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
HEPATIC TANAGER (HIGHLAND) (Piranga flava testacea) – Highland birds here have a distinctive stutter call not heard from birds further north. Sometimes referred to as the Tooth-billed Tanager.
SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra)
BLACK-FACED GROSBEAK (Caryothraustes poliogaster) [*]
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
EASTERN MEADOWLARK (Sturnella magna)
GREAT-TAILED GRACKLE (Quiscalus mexicanus)
YELLOW-BACKED ORIOLE (Icterus chrysater)
BALTIMORE ORIOLE (Icterus galbula)
CHESTNUT-HEADED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius wagleri) – Impressive when they arrive at the lodge feeders.
Fringillidae (Siskins, Crossbills, and Allies)
YELLOW-CROWNED EUPHONIA (Euphonia luteicapilla)
THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)
FULVOUS-VENTED EUPHONIA (Euphonia fulvicrissa)
WHITE-VENTED EUPHONIA (Euphonia minuta) [*]
LESSER GOLDFINCH (Spinus psaltria)

RED-NAPED TAMARIN (Saguinus geoffroyi)
VARIEGATED SQUIRREL (Sciurus variegatoides)
RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)
CENTRAL AMERICAN AGOUTI (Dasyprocta punctata)


Totals for the tour: 201 bird taxa and 4 mammal taxa