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Field Guides Tour Report
Panama's Canopy Tower 2018
Feb 4, 2018 to Feb 10, 2018
Chris Benesh & Alex Sanchez


This stunning Blue Cotinga was one that put on quite a show at Summit Park. It was such a treat to see them so well and hear them vocalize! All photos by guide Chris Benesh.

The 2018 Panama Canopy Tower tour was a big hit with generally fine weather and some terrific birding with our local expert Alex Sanchez. We scored over 200 species in just a few days including some really terrific highlights. We did particularly well with raptors, in my mind, and some of those views were just mind-blowing. The Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon and the Black Hawk Eagle were awesome. We also had a great look at a Pheasant Cuckoo at the Discovery Center and many many more.

Thanks to all of you for coming along and making the trip such a success. It was really terrific traveling with all of you. Happy birding!! — Chris

Note: Don't forget, too, to have a look at the separate triplist for the Canopy Lodge extension to this tour.


KEYS FOR THIS LIST
One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant



The group at the tower!

BIRDS
Tinamidae (Tinamous)
GREAT TINAMOU (Tinamus major) – Our first was spotted along Pipeline Road, and another pair was on Semaphore Hill. Lastly, one was seen roosting in a tree on the night drive.
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
GRAY-HEADED CHACHALACA (Ortalis cinereiceps) – A few were seen in Gamboa and another was at the Summit Park.
Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)
MAGNIFICENT FRIGATEBIRD (Fregata magnificens) – Some splendid views of this species along the canal where they regularly patrol.
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus) – Seen along the Chagres River.
Anhingidae (Anhingas)
ANHINGA (Anhinga anhinga) – Great looks at one at the Ammo Ponds. Another was soaring with vultures over the canal.
Pelecanidae (Pelicans)
BROWN PELICAN (Pelecanus occidentalis) – Another species seen transiting the canal.
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
RUFESCENT TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma lineatum) – Great looks at a couple of these at the Ammo Ponds.
GREAT BLUE HERON (Ardea herodias)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)


This wonderful Black Hawk Eagle put on quite a show at the Discovery Center!

SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)
GREEN HERON (Butorides virescens)
YELLOW-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nyctanassa violacea) – One seen in flight near Miraflores.
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
WHITE IBIS (Eudocimus albus)
GLOSSY IBIS (Plegadis falcinellus) – A small flight of five birds seen over the Chagres River.
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)
KING VULTURE (Sarcoramphus papa) – Seen from the Canopy Tower and again from the Discover Center tower.
Pandionidae (Osprey)
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus)


We also had a close Double-toothed Kite there.

Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
GRAY-HEADED KITE (Leptodon cayanensis) – A couple of distant birds seen from the Discovery Center Tower with one doing flight displays.
BLACK HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus tyrannus) – Great views of one that flew right past the Discovery Tower. Amazing!
SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis) – A high-flying bird seen over Pipeline Road.
DOUBLE-TOOTHED KITE (Harpagus bidentatus) – Close views of a soaring bird from the Discovery Tower and another distant perched bird.
GREAT BLACK HAWK (Buteogallus urubitinga urubitinga) – Another of the great raptors seen from the Discovery Center Tower.
WHITE HAWK (Pseudastur albicollis) – Distant but nice views of this species from the Discovery Center Tower.
GRAY-LINED HAWK (Buteo nitidus) – One flew over the canal at Miraflores and a second was seen briefly at the Gamboa Rainforest Resort.
BROAD-WINGED HAWK (Buteo platypterus) – One was seen along the highway near Gamboa.
SHORT-TAILED HAWK (Buteo brachyurus) – A couple seen in flight.
ZONE-TAILED HAWK (Buteo albonotatus) – Nice view of one from the Discovery Tower allowing comparison with the similar Turkey Vultures.


Unbelievable views of this Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon along Pipeline Road right where we'd had...

Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
WHITE-THROATED CRAKE (Laterallus albigularis) – Some good quick views of this species at the Ammo Ponds and again at the Gamboa Rainforest Resort.
COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
Jacanidae (Jacanas)
WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)
Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
SPOTTED SANDPIPER (Actitis macularius)
Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
LAUGHING GULL (Leucophaeus atricilla)
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia) [I]
PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis) – Quite a few around the Ammo Ponds.
SCALED PIGEON (Patagioenas speciosa) [*]
SHORT-BILLED PIGEON (Patagioenas nigrirostris) – We spotted one along Pipeline Road and heard a few others.


... this amazing Collared Forest-Falcon on the previous day!

RUDDY GROUND-DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)
WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)
GRAY-CHESTED DOVE (Leptotila cassinii) [*]
Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
PHEASANT CUCKOO (Dromococcyx phasianellus) – One of the more rarely seen species. Thanks to a tip from a Discovery Center worker we had great looks at one she had just found on the trail there.
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana) – It is always a treat to see this distinctive species bounding through the trees.
Nyctibiidae (Potoos)
GREAT POTOO (Nyctibius grandis) – Nice scope study of one along Pipeline Road.
COMMON POTOO (Nyctibius griseus) – Good scope views of a stakeout bird at the Gamboa Rainforest Resort.
Apodidae (Swifts)
WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris) – One high flying bird seen by some.
CHIMNEY SWIFT (Chaetura pelagica)
SHORT-TAILED SWIFT (Chaetura brachyura) – This was the most plentiful of the swifts seen.


We had a wonderful Pheasant Cuckoo at the Discovery Center as well.

BAND-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura spinicaudus)
LESSER SWALLOW-TAILED SWIFT (Panyptila cayennensis) – A pair of birds were briefly seen at the tower.
Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN (Florisuga mellivora) – The most common species of hummingbird seen on the trip.
LONG-BILLED HERMIT (Phaethornis longirostris) – Well seen at the tower and at a couple of leks where there were males singing.
BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis) – Best looks were at the Gamboa Rainforest Resort.
RUFOUS-CRESTED COQUETTE (Lophornis delattrei) – We were lucky to see two different males, one at each of the Rainforest Discovery Center's buildings.
WHITE-VENTED PLUMELETEER (Chalybura buffonii) – This large hummer was seen in small numbers, especially at the tower feeders.
BLUE-CHESTED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia amabilis) – Mostly heard, though we did scope one.
SNOWY-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia edward edward) – Best look was of one feeding on flowers at the Gamboa Rainforest Resort.
RUFOUS-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD (Amazilia tzacatl)


We enjoyed this Whooping Motmot at the Metro Park. This species was recently split from Blue-crowned Motmot.

VIOLET-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD (Juliamyia julie)
Trogonidae (Trogons)
SLATY-TAILED TROGON (Trogon massena)
BLACK-TAILED TROGON (Trogon melanurus) – Great looks at a couple of these at Summit Park on our final day.
WHITE-TAILED TROGON (Trogon chionurus)
GARTERED TROGON (Trogon caligatus)
BLACK-THROATED TROGON (Trogon rufus)
Momotidae (Motmots)
WHOOPING MOTMOT (WHOOPING) (Momotus subrufescens conexus) – A relatively recent split of Blue-crowned, we had good views at the Metro Park and the Summit Ponds.
RUFOUS MOTMOT (Baryphthengus martii)
BROAD-BILLED MOTMOT (Electron platyrhynchum)
Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona) – Repeated scope views of a female at the Summit Ponds.


A Rusty-margined Flycatcher showing off its margins.

AMERICAN PYGMY KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle aenea) – We also connected with this tiny species at the Summit Ponds, as well as the Ammo Ponds.
Bucconidae (Puffbirds)
BLACK-BREASTED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus pectoralis) – One seen on Pipeline Road. This species has a crazy song!
PIED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus tectus)
WHITE-WHISKERED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila panamensis)
Ramphastidae (Toucans)
COLLARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus torquatus)
YELLOW-THROATED TOUCAN (CHESTNUT-MANDIBLED) (Ramphastos ambiguus swainsonii)
KEEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos sulfuratus)
Picidae (Woodpeckers)
BLACK-CHEEKED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes pucherani)
RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes rubricapillus)
CINNAMON WOODPECKER (Celeus loricatus) – Nicely seen at the tower and Semaphore Hill.


A cryptic Great Potoo roosting along Pipeline Road.

CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos) – One seen on Semaphore Hill at the Canopy Tower.
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
SLATY-BACKED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur mirandollei) – A wonderful encounter with this species at the forest-falcon spot on Pipeline Road!
COLLARED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur semitorquatus) – The first species we encountered at the forest-falcon spot on Pipeline Road. What a great view!
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)
AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)
Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)
ORANGE-CHINNED PARAKEET (Brotogeris jugularis)
BROWN-HOODED PARROT (Pyrilia haematotis)
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)
RED-LORED PARROT (Amazona autumnalis)
MEALY PARROT (Amazona farinosa)


A White-whiskered Puffbird peers out from behind foliage.

Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
FASCIATED ANTSHRIKE (Cymbilaimus lineatus) – Some great looks at this striking antshrike.
GREAT ANTSHRIKE (Taraba major) – One seen really briefly at the Gamboa Rainforest Resort.
BARRED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus doliatus)
BLACK-CROWNED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus atrinucha) – Recently known at Western Slaty-Antshrike.
SPOT-CROWNED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus puncticeps) – Alex spotted this species along Pipeline Road.
CHECKER-THROATED ANTWREN (Epinecrophylla fulviventris)
MOUSTACHED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula ignota) – One of my favorites, this tiny canopy species was seen at Pipeline and again at the Discovery Center.
WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula axillaris)
DOT-WINGED ANTWREN (Microrhopias quixensis)
DUSKY ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides tyrannina)


Some wonderful Panamanian Night-Monkeys showing well at their roost.

JET ANTBIRD (Cercomacra nigricans) [*]
WHITE-BELLIED ANTBIRD (Myrmeciza longipes) – After a bit of searching, we did track down this one.
CHESTNUT-BACKED ANTBIRD (Poliocrania exsul)
SPOTTED ANTBIRD (Hylophylax naevioides) – Quite a good looking antbird that was well seen on our first morning on Semaphore Hill.
OCELLATED ANTBIRD (Phaenostictus mcleannani) [*]
Grallariidae (Antpittas)
STREAK-CHESTED ANTPITTA (Hylopezus perspicillatus) – Alex worked his magic and called in a wonderful one!
Formicariidae (Antthrushes)
BLACK-FACED ANTTHRUSH (Formicarius analis) – One seen strutting its stuff along Pipeline Road.
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (GRAYISH) (Sittasomus griseicapillus sylvioides) – We heard a few and spotted one at the Metro Park.
PLAIN-BROWN WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)
NORTHERN BARRED-WOODCREEPER (Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae) – A nice encounter with one walking down Semaphore Hill.


This Kinkajou was one of several seen on our night drive. Highly arboreal, they are members of the raccoon family.

COCOA WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)
BLACK-STRIPED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus) – Quite a striking species, we saw three of them on our day on Pipeline Road.
PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus) – This small furnariid behaves almost like a chickadee, frequently hanging upside down to glean insects.
BUFF-THROATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Automolus ochrolaemus) – Alex spotted a great many things, but his spotting a distant foliage-gleaner was really impressive!
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
BROWN-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Ornithion brunneicapillus)
SOUTHERN BEARDLESS-TYRANNULET (Camptostoma obsoletum)
YELLOW-CROWNED TYRANNULET (Tyrannulus elatus)
FOREST ELAENIA (Myiopagis gaimardii)
GRAY ELAENIA (CHOCO) (Myiopagis caniceps absita) – We encountered a pair of these tiny, canopy dwelling Elaenia along Pipeline Road.
GREENISH ELAENIA (GREENISH) (Myiopagis viridicata accola) – Greenish Elaenia differ regionally by voice and may be comprised of several species. The ones here are accola.


This Hoffman's Two-toed Sloth lounges in a tree.

YELLOW-GREEN TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes flavovirens) – We had good views of this tiny Panama endemic at the Metro Park.
PALTRY TYRANNULET (MISTLETOE) (Zimmerius vilissimus parvus) – Birds occurring from Honduras south to northwest Ecuador differ vocally from other subspecies and may be a good species.
BLACK-CAPPED PYGMY-TYRANT (Myiornis atricapillus) [*]
SOUTHERN BENTBILL (Oncostoma olivaceum)
COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)
BLACK-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum nigriceps) – Great looks at this species on our first morning on top of the Canopy Tower.
BROWNISH TWISTWING (Cnipodectes subbrunneus) [*]
OLIVACEOUS FLATBILL (Rhynchocyclus olivaceus) – We had one in a mixed flock along Pipeline Road.
YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (YELLOW-OLIVE) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens flavoolivaceus) – Seen at the Metro Park this is another example of multiple species currently lumped together as one.
YELLOW-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (YELLOW-MARGINED) (Tolmomyias assimilis flavotectus)


This is Rhinella alata, a rainforest frog we saw on Pipeline Road.

GOLDEN-CROWNED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus coronatus) – Nice view of one on our walk down Semaphore Hill.
RUDDY-TAILED FLYCATCHER (Terenotriccus erythrurus) – Another flycatcher highlight was seeing this tiny, cute species.
SULPHUR-RUMPED FLYCATCHER (Myiobius sulphureipygius) – One was along Pipeline Road.
BLACK-TAILED FLYCATCHER (Myiobius atricaudus)
ACADIAN FLYCATCHER (Empidonax virescens) – Heard on several days. [*]
BRIGHT-RUMPED ATTILA (Attila spadiceus)
DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
PANAMA FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus panamensis) – We finally connected with this species on our final afternoon at Summit Park.
GREAT CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus crinitus)
LESSER KISKADEE (Pitangus lictor) – Several good views of this slim billed, water loving species.


This was an interesting patterned Cat-eyed Snake seen on Pipeline as well.

GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)
RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis) – We marveled at the similarity of this species to Social Flycatcher.
SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)
STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)
PIRATIC FLYCATCHER (Legatus leucophaius)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)
FORK-TAILED FLYCATCHER (Tyrannus savana)
Cotingidae (Cotingas)
PURPLE-THROATED FRUITCROW (Querula purpurata) – Good views and audio of this peculiar cotinga.
BLUE COTINGA (Cotinga nattererii) – Great to see this species so well at Summit Park and to hear it make its short, trilled vocalizations. This group is generally thought to be largely silent.


This Yellow-headed Gecko, Gonatodes albogularis, was quite a fancy one we saw at the Gamboa Rainforest Resort.

RUFOUS PIHA (Lipaugus unirufus) – Another good find on Pipeline Road was this large, rusty species. Interesting in being a suboscine that differs vocally regionally.
Pipridae (Manakins)
LANCE-TAILED MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia lanceolata) – We eventually connected with this species.
BLUE-CROWNED MANAKIN (VELVETY) (Lepidothrix coronata minuscula) – A good tour for this species with several seen.
GOLDEN-COLLARED MANAKIN (Manacus vitellinus) – The males are quite flashy in their appearance.
RED-CAPPED MANAKIN (Ceratopipra mentalis)
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
MASKED TITYRA (Tityra semifasciata)
RUSSET-WINGED SCHIFFORNIS (Schiffornis stenorhyncha panamensis) – Part of the former Thrushlike Schiffornis complex, we connected with one on Pipeline Road.
WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus) – Nice male was at the Metro Park.
Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)
SCRUB GREENLET (Hylophilus flavipes)
GREEN SHRIKE-VIREO (Vireolanius pulchellus)


Pipeline Road also had this cool Brown Vine Snake, Oxybelis aeneus.

LESSER GREENLET (Pachysylvia decurtata)
GOLDEN-FRONTED GREENLET (Pachysylvia aurantiifrons)
YELLOW-THROATED VIREO (Vireo flavifrons) [*]
YELLOW-GREEN VIREO (Vireo flavoviridis) [*]
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
BLACK-CHESTED JAY (Cyanocorax affinis)
Hirundinidae (Swallows)
NORTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)
MANGROVE SWALLOW (Tachycineta albilinea)
Troglodytidae (Wrens)
HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon)


This attractive dragonfly is known as Orthemis levis.

BLACK-BELLIED WREN (Pheugopedius fasciatoventris) – Often tough to see well, but we had a couple of good studies.
RUFOUS-BREASTED WREN (Pheugopedius rutilus) – A pair of these performed at the Metro Park.
RUFOUS-AND-WHITE WREN (Thryophilus rufalbus) – We saw a single bird at the Metro Park.
ISTHMIAN WREN (Cantorchilus elutus) – We did manage to eventually see this shy species.
BUFF-BREASTED WREN (Cantorchilus leucotis)
WHITE-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucosticta) [*]
SONG WREN (Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus) – Nice view on Pipeline Road where we even got one in the scope.
Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)
TAWNY-FACED GNATWREN (Microbates cinereiventris) – It didn't stick around for long but it was nice to see this species on Pipeline Road.
LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus)
TROPICAL GNATCATCHER (Polioptila plumbea)


And this one is Megaloprepus caerulatus, the Blue-winged Helicopter Damsel.

Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
CLAY-COLORED THRUSH (Turdus grayi)
Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)
TROPICAL MOCKINGBIRD (Mimus gilvus)
Rhodinocichlidae (Thrush-Tanager)
ROSY THRUSH-TANAGER (Rhodinocichla rosea) – Another of Alex's amazing spots was hearing this bird flicking leaves in the dry understory and finding a window where we could set up a scope on it.
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH (Parkesia noveboracensis)
GOLDEN-WINGED WARBLER (Vermivora chrysoptera)
TENNESSEE WARBLER (Oreothlypis peregrina)
KENTUCKY WARBLER (Geothlypis formosa)
MAGNOLIA WARBLER (Setophaga magnolia)
BAY-BREASTED WARBLER (Setophaga castanea)
YELLOW WARBLER (Setophaga petechia)


We also saw this Carmine Skimmer, Orthemis discolor.

CHESTNUT-SIDED WARBLER (Setophaga pensylvanica)
RUFOUS-CAPPED WARBLER (CHESTNUT-CAPPED) (Basileuterus rufifrons mesochrysus) – Birds in Panama should best be considered a different species from the birds of Mexico.
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
GRAY-HEADED TANAGER (GRAY-CRESTED) (Eucometis penicillata cristata)
WHITE-SHOULDERED TANAGER (Tachyphonus luctuosus)
FLAME-RUMPED TANAGER (LEMON-RUMPED) (Ramphocelus flammigerus icteronotus) – A few of these hanging out at the Gamboa Rainforest Resort.
CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)
BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
GOLDEN-HOODED TANAGER (Tangara larvata)
PLAIN-COLORED TANAGER (Tangara inornata)


The breast of this stunning Rosy Thrush-Tanager was brighter than the Carmine Skimmer and was one of Alex's amazing spots!

BAY-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara gyrola)
BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)
RED-LEGGED HONEYCREEPER (Cyanerpes cyaneus)
GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)
VARIABLE SEEDEATER (VARIABLE) (Sporophila corvina hoffmanni)
BUFF-THROATED SALTATOR (Saltator maximus)
STREAKED SALTATOR (Saltator striatipectus)
Passerellidae (New World Buntings and Sparrows)
BLACK-STRIPED SPARROW (Arremonops conirostris)
ORANGE-BILLED SPARROW (Arremon aurantiirostris)
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra)


This Mallodon beetle put in a visit to the tower during one of our meals and created quite a stir!

RED-THROATED ANT-TANAGER (Habia fuscicauda)
BLUE-BLACK GROSBEAK (Cyanoloxia cyanoides)
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
CHESTNUT-HEADED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius wagleri)
SCARLET-RUMPED CACIQUE (SCARLET-RUMPED) (Cacicus uropygialis microrhynchus)
YELLOW-RUMPED CACIQUE (Cacicus cela)
YELLOW-BACKED ORIOLE (Icterus chrysater) – Nice views at the Metro Park.
YELLOW-TAILED ORIOLE (Icterus mesomelas) – Great views of this species at the Ammo Ponds.
BALTIMORE ORIOLE (Icterus galbula) – A few beautiful ones were at the Ammo Ponds.
SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis) – A couple of these were seen walking around on the ground near the harpy exhibit.
GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus) – A few of these were present at the Summit Park zoo area.


This is Tityus pachyrurus, a Panamanian scorpion we spotted on our night drive.

GREAT-TAILED GRACKLE (Quiscalus mexicanus)
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
YELLOW-CROWNED EUPHONIA (Euphonia luteicapilla)
THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)
FULVOUS-VENTED EUPHONIA (Euphonia fulvicrissa) – Seen on the last afternoon of the trip at the Summit Park.

MAMMALS
CENTRAL AMERICAN WOOLY OPOSSUM (Caluromys derbianus) – One was seen at the bottom of Semaphore Hill.
LESSER WHITE-LINED BAT (Saccopteryx leptura)
RED-NAPED TAMARIN (Saguinus geoffroyi) – Better known as Geoffroy's Tamarin, this was a welcome sight coming to bananas at the Canopy Tower.
GRAY-BELLIED NIGHT MONKEY (Aotus lemurinus) – Now known as Panamanian Night Monkey, we saw some at a roost on Semaphore Hill and later spotted one on the night drive.
MANTLED HOWLER MONKEY (Alouatta palliata) – Well seen and heard around the tower. We also saw one animal heavily laden with bot flies.
WHITE-THROATED CAPUCHIN (Cebus capucinus) – We had a couple of encounters with this species including one animal that was eating palm nuts.
HOFFMANN'S TWO-TOED SLOTH (Choloepus hoffmanni) – Quite a few seen this year with most on the night drive.
BROWN-THROATED THREE-TOED SLOTH (Bradypus variegatus) – Good studies of a couple of different ones, including one that was descending to the ground to take care of business.
BRAZILIAN RABBIT (Sylvilagus brasiliensis) – Seen briefly on the night drive.
RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)
CENTRAL AMERICAN AGOUTI (Dasyprocta punctata)
WHITE-NOSED COATI (Nasua narica) – We saw several during the trip. Each were solitary males.
KINKAJOU (Potos flavus) – Several great looks at this species on the night drive.
ALLEN'S OLINGO (Bassaricyon alleni) – One glimpsed on our night drive.
COLLARED PECCARY (Tayassu tajacu) – One was briefly spotted along Pipeline Road.


ADDITIONAL COMMENTS


Totals for the tour: 224 bird taxa and 15 mammal taxa