A Field Guides Birding Tours Report


February 4-10, 2023 with John Coons & Alexis Sanchez guiding

We enjoyed a wonderful week at the Canopy Tower, where birds are right out the door and right out the windows. The Tower is perfectly situated to access the nearby habitats of rainforest, dry forest, marshes, ponds, and gardens that each have their distinct birds.

The highlight of our trip had to be encountering not one but two army ant swarms along Pipeline Road that gave us great looks at the attending birds. We watched both swarms for a good while and had wonderful views of Ocellated, Bicolored, and Spotted antbirds, Northern Barred-, Plain-brown, and Black-striped woodcreepers, and several Gray-headed Tanagers that were actively feeding on the arthropods the army ants were flushing up from the leaf litter. We also saw White-whiskered Puffbird and a Black-faced Antthrush that were working the periphery of the swarm. It is truly a tropical avian phenomenon to run into raiding army ants which attract these birds. And even more amazing was that we were standing on Pipeline Road with the birds only a few meters away instead of having to stealthily make our way into the forest to get a view.

Other highlights of the week were many and included a Great Tinamou just off the edge of the road that seemed to ignore us, scope views of a Blue Ground-Dove, a handful of views of Squirrel Cuckoos, a number of species of hummingbirds at arm's length, Rufescent Tiger-Herons, a couple of Crane Hawks, nice looks at a few species of trogons, a handful of views of each of the three species of motmots, White-necked and Black-breasted puffbirds, multiple views of colorful toucans, a singing Spot-crowned Antvireo just overhead, a Streak-chested Antpitta that Alexis spotted at the road edge, a Golden-collared Manakin putting on a good show, a dancing Red-capped Manakin, three male Blue Cotingas in the scopes, a quite uncommon Speckled Mourner, a nice encounter with the very local Yellow-green Tyrannulet, and several species of colorful tanagers, among others.

We were also treated to great views of Gray-bellied Night Monkeys, the cute Red-naped Tamarins, several vocal Mantled Howler Monkeys who enjoyed a good joke, several views of both Hoffman's Two-toed and Brown-throated Three-toed sloths, and a dinner-time visit by a Kinkajou just outside the third level window of the Canopy Tower.

Alexis was remarkable with his ability to spot birds in the forest, and it was great to be joined one morning by Eric, the newest guide-in-training at the Canopy Tower, who was so enthusiastic. And the staff at the Tower looked after us so well and provided great meals every day. It was a lot of fun to bird with all of you, and I look forward to seeing you all again soon.


One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Tinamidae (Tinamous)

GREAT TINAMOU (Tinamus major)

We heard this species every morning and evening. We had a lengthy look at one right along Pipeline Road that was picking around on the ground and another that slow-walked across a gap near Ammo Pond.

Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)

GRAY-HEADED CHACHALACA (Ortalis cinereiceps)

We saw a few of these around Ammo Pond and Gamboa Resort.

Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)

ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia) [I]

PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)

We saw these regularly in the second growth and open country.

SCALED PIGEON (Patagioenas speciosa)

We had several good views of these from the Discovery Center Tower that were perched in the tree tops.

RUDDY GROUND DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)

Surprisingly, we only saw a few of these widespread tropical birds.

BLUE GROUND DOVE (Claravis pretiosa)

Near Ammo Pond one of these handsome little doves flew by and perched for a scope view.

WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)

GRAY-CHESTED DOVE (Leptotila cassinii)

We saw one on the ground along Old Gamboa Road.

Cuculidae (Cuckoos)

GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)

Three were hanging out with a couple of motmots along Pipeline Road as we headed home on our first visit there. We thought they might be at an antswarm but there was no sign of other activity. We saw another one or two at Ammo Pond.

SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)

This large cuckoo was encountered a few times during the week.

Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)

COMMON PAURAQUE (Nyctidromus albicollis)

A couple were seen in the headlights of the vehicle as were driving out Pipeline Road in the early morning.

Apodidae (Swifts)

SHORT-TAILED SWIFT (Chaetura brachyura)

A few were seen soaring over near Ammo Pond where we saw three species of swifts.

BAND-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura spinicaudus)

This is the more commonly seen species of swift in the Canal area.

LESSER SWALLOW-TAILED SWIFT (Panyptila cayennensis)

A few of these handsome swifts were flying about over the forest near Ammo Pond.

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)

WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN (Florisuga mellivora)

There were a good number of these striking hummingbirds coming to the feeders at the Canopy Tower and the Discovery Center.

LONG-BILLED HERMIT (Phaethornis longirostris)

A few were seen at the feeders and in the forest as well.

PURPLE-CROWNED FAIRY (Heliothryx barroti)

We watched this rather large hummingbird flycatching for insects on the side track near Ammo Pond.

BLACK-THROATED MANGO (Anthracothorax nigricollis)

We saw both males and females, mostly in open country around the ponds and gardens.


Only a few were encountered.


A very widespread hummingbird in the tropics we saw a few in the drier forest at Metro Park.


Also seen at the feeders, this was a common voice in the trees right around the Tower.


We had a few good views of brightly colored males.

Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)

COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)

We saw these at Ammo Pond.

PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinica)

A few adults and immatures were at Ammo Pond.

WHITE-THROATED CRAKE (Laterallus albigularis) [*]

Several were vocalizing at Ammo Pond but the tall vegetation made seeing them nigh impossible.

Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)

SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)

We saw these a couple of times but as we were leaving the Miraflores Locks at the Panama Canal there were about 25 on the ground right along the fence.

Jacanidae (Jacanas)

WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)

We had good views at Ammo Pond and saw them each time we passed.

Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)


We saw a few soaring high above the Panama Canal.

Anhingidae (Anhingas)

ANHINGA (Anhinga anhinga)

Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)

RUFESCENT TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma lineatum)

Our first, an immature at Ammo Pond gave us good views then we saw an adult along a stream on Pipeline Road.

LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)

Both of our sightings were of white immatures.

GREEN HERON (Butorides virescens)

We saw a few around Ammo and Summit ponds.

BOAT-BILLED HERON (SOUTHERN) (Cochlearius cochlearius panamensis)

Alexis spotted an immature perched on a low limb at Summit Pond that we got in the scope.

Cathartidae (New World Vultures)

BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)

We saw these daily.

TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)

Also seen daily.

Pandionidae (Osprey)

OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus)

A few were seen flying over the Panama Canal with our first seen at the Miraflores Locks.

Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)

PLUMBEOUS KITE (Ictinia plumbea)

A single individual, an early returning migrant, passed over us on Pipeline Road on our full day there.

CRANE HAWK (Geranospiza caerulescens)

We saw two individuals with perched scope views of this long-legged raptor.

ZONE-TAILED HAWK (Buteo albonotatus)

Alexis spotted one on our way to Pipeline Road that was sailing overhead.

Trogonidae (Trogons)

SLATY-TAILED TROGON (Trogon massena)

It took a few days but we caught up with this species, seeing a few of them along Pipeline Road.

BLACK-TAILED TROGON (Trogon melanurus)

Our first was seen from the Discovery Center Tower then we had a closer view along Pipeline Road.

GARTERED TROGON (Trogon caligatus)

A quite handsome yellow-bellied trogon we spotted our first ones at the gate going up to the Canopy Tower.


We saw a nice pair along Pipeline Road on our second visit.

Momotidae (Motmots)

WHOOPING MOTMOT (Momotus subrufescens)

Formerly known as Blue-crowned Motmot we saw a few during the week.

RUFOUS MOTMOT (Baryphthengus martii)

A quite large motmot, we saw a couple in the forest.

BROAD-BILLED MOTMOT (Electron platyrhynchum)

We enjoyed scope views, racket tail and all, of a few of these.

Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)

RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)

We saw this largest of the New World kingfishers at Ammo and Summit ponds.

GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)

This small kingfisher was scoped on a log at Summit Pond.


This quite uncommon kingfisher was seen flying under a bridge along Pipeline Road by a few of us. We heard it calling around the bend but couldn't get another look at it.

Bucconidae (Puffbirds)

WHITE-NECKED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus hyperrhynchus)

This large puffbird was seen well near the beginning of Pipeline Road after seeing a couple others higher in the trees.

BLACK-BREASTED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus pectoralis)

We had great looks at one perched high in a tree but we were on the Discovery Center tower so we were looking directly at it.

PIED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus tectus)

A calling bird flew over us but we could not see it through the trees.

WHITE-WHISKERED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila panamensis)

We saw a few along Pipeline Road with one hanging out near one of the army ant swarms.

Ramphastidae (Toucans)

COLLARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus torquatus)

We scoped a few from the Discovery Center tower.

YELLOW-THROATED TOUCAN (CHESTNUT-MANDIBLED) (Ramphastos ambiguus swainsonii)

We saw a few of these and heard even more. This species has also been known as Chestnut-mandibled Toucan.

KEEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos sulfuratus)

A quite colorful large toucan, we had several good views including one that was perched right next to a sloth in an open tree.

Picidae (Woodpeckers)

BLACK-CHEEKED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes pucherani)

RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes rubricapillus)

This is a rather common species in second growth forest and open country.

CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos)

Our first was at Summit Pond with a couple of others seen during the week.

LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)

Two birds at Ammo Pond ended up showing pretty well.

CINNAMON WOODPECKER (Celeus loricatus)

We saw two of these beautiful woodpeckers with crests from the top of the Discovery Center tower.

Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)

COLLARED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur semitorquatus) [*]

CRESTED CARACARA (Caracara plancus)

We saw one flying near the Panama Canal when we were driving back to the Tower.

YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)

This common species in central Panama was seen daily.

PEREGRINE FALCON (Falco peregrinus)

An adult flew over us along Old Gamboa Road quite close to the Panama Canal.

Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)

ORANGE-CHINNED PARAKEET (Brotogeris jugularis)

This small parrot of the open country was scoped with our first in the town of Gamboa. This is another of those species that is named after its least conspicuous field mark.

BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)

We had several fly-bys and some perched individuals at the Discovery Center Tower.

RED-LORED PARROT (Amazona autumnalis)

This was the most commonly seen of the larger parrots.

MEALY PARROT (Amazona farinosa)

We had scope views of this parrot on our first morning from the Canopy Tower.

Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)

FASCIATED ANTSHRIKE (Cymbilaimus lineatus)

We saw a few individuals, both males and females of this large antbird in the forest.

BARRED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus doliatus)

A pair showed well behind the Gamboa Resort on our final afternoon.

BLACK-CROWNED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus atrinucha)

A few were seen in the forest with our first along Semaphore Hill on our first morning.

SPOT-CROWNED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus puncticeps)

This handsome little antbird gave us a nice study during our final morning along Pipeline Road. It posed nicely for photos.

CHECKER-THROATED STIPPLETHROAT (Epinecrophylla fulviventris)

We saw a couple of these in mixed-species flocks in the forest.

MOUSTACHED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula ignota)

A tiny little antbird that likes staying high in the trees, we had a nice look at two individuals from the Discovery Center Tower.

WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula axillaris)

We saw males flashing their white flanks in a mixed flock.

DOT-WINGED ANTWREN (Microrhopias quixensis)

A couple of pairs were seen in the forest along Pipeline Road.

DUSKY ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides tyrannina)

A pair of these skulkers showed pretty well on our first morning when we walked down Semaphore Hill.

WHITE-BELLIED ANTBIRD (Myrmeciza longipes)

Near the start of Pipeline Road we heard one singing and eventually got good views of two individuals.


One showed well for us along Pipeline Road as it worked slowly along the forest floor. It even showed us the blue bare skin around its eye.

BICOLORED ANTBIRD (Gymnopithys bicolor bicolor)

We enjoyed leisurely looks at several of these with the army ant swarms where they were snatching up arthropods right in front of us and ignoring our presence.

SPOTTED ANTBIRD (Hylophylax naevioides)

Our first army ant swarm had at least two of these snazzy looking birds in attendance.

OCELLATED ANTBIRD (Phaenostictus mcleannani)

One of the more sought after species at army ant swarms in central Panama, we had great views at both of our swarms. At the second ant swarm there were two adults feeding a juvenile individual. Yip! Yip! Yip!

Grallariidae (Antpittas)

STREAK-CHESTED ANTPITTA (Hylopezus perspicillatus)

After trying to see a calling bird the previous day we heard another along Pipeline Road and Alexis just happened to look over and see it standing on a small log just off the road. It posed for great looks.

Formicariidae (Antthrushes)

BLACK-FACED ANTTHRUSH (Formicarius analis)

We had good views of one walking along the forest floor then we saw another that was loosely associated with the army ant swarm.

Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)

PLAIN-BROWN WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)

We ended up seeing several at the ant swarms with 6-7 individuals at the first swarm. At the second ant swarm we had nice looks at one that was completely missing its tail.

NORTHERN BARRED-WOODCREEPER (Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae)

This is another species that is associated with army ants and we had several good views.

COCOA WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)

We saw one or two of these each day.

BLACK-STRIPED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus)

A quite sharply marked woodcreeper, we had nice looks at one with our first army ant swarm.

PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)

A quite odd little bird of mixed-species flocks, we saw a few during the week.

Pipridae (Manakins)

LANCE-TAILED MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia lanceolata)

A male and female showed in the drier forest at Metro Park where they seemed to be finding small fruits in a large tree.

VELVETY MANAKIN (Lepidothrix velutina minuscula)

We saw a greenish young male or female feeding in the same tree with a Red-capped Manakin. This small species has recently been split from Blue-crowned Manakin.

GOLDEN-COLLARED MANAKIN (Manacus vitellinus)

We heard several but had a nice look at a gorgeous male from the deck of the Discovery Center. Its bright golden collar really lit up the forest.

RED-CAPPED MANAKIN (Ceratopipra mentalis)

We saw a few with one doing its "moon-walk" display where it seems to slide along a twig. This species is really a dazzler.

Cotingidae (Cotingas)


A group of about four birds came in above us along Pipeline Road. We scoped the male showing the flared out purple throat.

BLUE COTINGA (Cotinga nattererii)

We first saw a female from the top of the Discovery Center Tower then Alexis spotted a distant male. Later we saw another male showing its electric blue color then a young male that was splotched with blue. A pretty good haul of these great birds.

Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)

MASKED TITYRA (Tityra semifasciata)

We saw a few of these odd looking birds throughout the week.

RUSSET-WINGED SCHIFFORNIS (Schiffornis stenorhyncha panamensis)

We found a cooperative individual that gave us a few looks before losing interest and drifting back into the forest.

SPECKLED MOURNER (Laniocera rufescens)

A quite uncommon species throughout its range, we had nice looks at a perched individual right along Pipeline Road.

CINNAMON BECARD (Pachyramphus cinnamomeus)

One showed well for us in the second growth garden-like habitat behind the Gamboa Resort.

WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus)

A male showed well in the fruiting fig tree where we got out of the vehicle before walking to Summit Pond.

Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill, Royal Flycatcher, and Allies)

RUDDY-TAILED FLYCATCHER (Terenotriccus erythrurus)

We saw one with a flock along Semaphore Hill on our first morning.

Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)

GOLDEN-CROWNED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus coronatus)

Two individuals gave us great looks on our first morning with Eric along Semaphore Hill. Normally a tough one to see well in the understory we had it perch up for photos.

OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus)

YELLOW-GREEN TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes flavovirens)

One of the handful of endemic birds to Panama this rather inconspicuous flycatcher began singing along the track at Metro Park and we ended up with very nice views. We saw it flicking one wing at a time which is characteristic of this species. One of the best experiences I have had with this species.

BLACK-CAPPED PYGMY-TYRANT (Myiornis atricapillus) [*]

PALE-EYED PYGMY-TYRANT (Atalotriccus pilaris wilcoxi)

We had one along the track at Metro Park that never gave us a decent look as it shot back and forth high in a tree.

SOUTHERN BENTBILL (Oncostoma olivaceum)

We heard several but saw one in a mixed-flock along the road on Semaphore Hill.

COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)

A quite distinct looking species we had a nice view of two individuals at the Gamboa Resort.

BLACK-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum nigriceps)

Related to the above species, this one is a forest dweller and likes hanging out in the canopy but we had a good view along Semaphore Hill.

YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (YELLOW-OLIVE) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens flavoolivaceus)

This is a widespread tropical species with several subspecies. We saw one working on a nest right over the track at Metro Park.

BROWN-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Ornithion brunneicapillus)

Another commonly heard voice in the higher trees of the forest we ended up with good views of a couple of these quite small flycatchers on our first morning.



We saw our first at Ammo Pond.

FOREST ELAENIA (Myiopagis gaimardii)

A fair number of these usually vocal flycatchers were seen during the week.

GRAY ELAENIA (CHOCO) (Myiopagis caniceps absita)

We had one singing high overhead along Pipeline Road but couldn't get it to perch in the open for a look.

YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)


Formerly known as Paltry Tyrannulet we saw this bird on the way in to Summit Pond.

ACADIAN FLYCATCHER (Empidonax virescens) [*]

BRIGHT-RUMPED ATTILA (Attila spadiceus)

A loud singing bird showed well on our last birding day near the beginning of Pipeline Road.

DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer)

PANAMA FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus panamensis)

This local specialty was along the road to Summit Pond.


We saw and heard this familiar breeding species from eastern North America.

LESSER KISKADEE (Pitangus lictor)

Quite similar to the other large yellow-bellied flycatchers, this species is always near water and we saw it at Ammo Pond and again at Summit Pond.

GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)


BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)

We had nice looks at our first at Summit Pond.

RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)

Quite similar to the following species but with more black in the crown stripes and more rufous in the wings.

SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)

Seen daily.

STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)

PIRATIC FLYCATCHER (Legatus leucophaius)

We saw one perched in a treetop at Summit Pond. This species would have only recently returned from South America to breed here.

TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)

Seen daily.

Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)

GREEN SHRIKE-VIREO (Vireolanius pulchellus)

We ended up with great looks at this local specialty. Normally a bird of the canopy that can be difficult to see we saw it a couple of times feeding lower in the trees.

LESSER GREENLET (Pachysylvia decurtata)

We had nice looks from the top of the Canopy Tower on our first morning.

GOLDEN-FRONTED GREENLET (Pachysylvia aurantiifrons)

We saw this quite nondescript bird at Metro Park and along Old Gamboa Road near Summit Pond.

Hirundinidae (Swallows)

SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)

We saw several flying about over the ponds.

GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)

We saw these most days with several lined up on the power lines in the Ammo Pond area.

MANGROVE SWALLOW (Tachycineta albilinea)

A handful were seen at Summit Pond then flying around the Chagres River.

CLIFF SWALLOW (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)

Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)

LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus) [*]

WHITE-BROWED GNATCATCHER (Polioptila bilineata)

We saw our first from the top of the Discovery Center tower. This is a recent name change from Tropical Gnatcatcher.

Troglodytidae (Wrens)

SCALY-BREASTED WREN (WHISTLING) (Microcerculus marginatus luscinia) [*]

HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon)

Seen behind Gamboa Resort in the gardens.

BLACK-BELLIED WREN (Pheugopedius fasciatoventris)

We saw this distinct wren with the clear white throat along Pipeline Road.

RUFOUS-BREASTED WREN (Pheugopedius rutilus)

Sometimes a skulker, we had a great look at Metro Park where one was dust bathing in the track.

RUFOUS-AND-WHITE WREN (Thryophilus rufalbus)

A beautiful song on this one, we had a nice look up the hill at Metro Park.

ISTHMIAN WREN (Cantorchilus elutus) [*]

BUFF-BREASTED WREN (Cantorchilus leucotis)

We saw this second growth species a couple of times with the best look at Summit Pond.

WHITE-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucosticta)

We had one singing up the slope on our first morning on Semaphore Hill but only saw it slipping around behind a large tree trunk.

SONG WREN (Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus)

This wren has an unusual song and acts a lot like an antbird. We saw a pair working on the ground along Pipeline Road then perhaps better looks there two days later.

Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)


This is an introduced species to Panama. We saw a couple around Gamboa.

Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)


A few showed well.

Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)

HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus) [I]

A few of us saw one at the Miraflores Locks on the Panama Canal.

Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)

YELLOW-CROWNED EUPHONIA (Euphonia luteicapilla)

We saw males and females along the way into Summit Pond.

THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)

This was the most common euphonia we encountered.

FULVOUS-VENTED EUPHONIA (Euphonia fulvicrissa) [*]

Rhodinocichlidae (Thrush-Tanager)

ROSY THRUSH-TANAGER (Rhodinocichla rosea)

This quite unusually colored bird gave most of us a brief but good view at Metro Park. This was a male with a pinkish/red breast. It is always a skulker.

Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)


We saw a handful flying over with the best views from the Discovery Center Tower.

SCARLET-RUMPED CACIQUE (SCARLET-RUMPED) (Cacicus uropygialis microrhynchus)

We saw a couple pairs in the forest.


A few were observed near Summit Pond.

ORCHARD ORIOLE (Icterus spurius)

We saw one in the flowering tree near the Canopy B&B in Gamboa.

YELLOW-BACKED ORIOLE (Icterus chrysater)

After our first on the Discovery Center Tower we had better views the next morning at Metro Park.

YELLOW-TAILED ORIOLE (Icterus mesomelas)

One at Ammo Pond on our first afternoon showed the underside of the tail which gives this species its name.

SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)

We had a few fly by at the Gamboa Resort.

GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus)

Two individuals were perched along the Old Gamboa Road and we got them in the scope and could see the red eyes.

GREAT-TAILED GRACKLE (Quiscalus mexicanus)

We saw these in the inhabited areas we visited including the Miraflores Locks at the Canal.

Parulidae (New World Warblers)

NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH (Parkesia noveboracensis)

We had a few during the week.


PROTHONOTARY WARBLER (Protonotaria citrea)

Our first was at Summit Pond. We ended up seeing one perched up about 30 feet in a tree. It is great to see this North American breeder on the wintering grounds.

TENNESSEE WARBLER (Leiothlypis peregrina)

Our only one was at Ammo Pond.

BAY-BREASTED WARBLER (Setophaga castanea)

This was by far the most common of the wintering warblers that we encountered. All were still in winter plumage.

YELLOW WARBLER (Setophaga petechia)

We only saw a few.

CHESTNUT-SIDED WARBLER (Setophaga pensylvanica)

We encountered about four individuals which is far fewer than years ago, unfortunately.

YELLOW-RUMPED WARBLER (Setophaga coronata)

We saw a "Myrtle" type at Ammo Pond. This is rather uncommon here and just about the southern extent of the range.

RUFOUS-CAPPED WARBLER (Basileuterus rufifrons) [*]

Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)

SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra)

We saw a couple of yellowish plumaged female types.


There was a group of about three along the track at Metro Park that were making a lot of noise.

Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)

GRAY-HEADED TANAGER (GRAY-CRESTED) (Eucometis penicillata cristata)

We enjoyed great close views of several individuals at the two army ant swarms we watched at length.


These were regular members of mixed-flocks we had in the forest.

FLAME-RUMPED TANAGER (LEMON-RUMPED) (Ramphocelus flammigerus icteronotus)

Mostly a bird of the Atlantic slope we saw a few in the gardens behind the Gamboa Resort on our final afternoon.

CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)

Always a treat to see this brightly colored species with the silvery bill.

BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)

These were seen in the second growth and gardens throughout the trip as well as from the Canopy Tower.

PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)

Seen daily.

GOLDEN-HOODED TANAGER (Stilpnia larvata)

A handful were encountered during the week.

PLAIN-COLORED TANAGER (Tangara inornata)

We had nice looks on a few days with the best being on our first morning on top of the Canopy Tower.

BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)

Seen daily.

SHINING HONEYCREEPER (Cyanerpes lucidus)

Similar to the following species but this one has yellow legs. We had one in a flock along along Pipeline Road.


Somewhat of a dazzler, we saw a few.

GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)

A green male with a yellow bill showed well along the road to Summit Pond.

BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)

We saw several of these doing their display at Ammo Pond where they give a buzzy call as they jump up from their perch about two feet.

VARIABLE SEEDEATER (VARIABLE) (Sporophila corvina hoffmanni)

A fair number were seen in the cutover areas such as the edges of Ammo Pond.

SLATE-COLORED SEEDEATER (Sporophila schistacea) [*]

We heard one singing in the gallery forest along Old Gamboa Road but we could not lure it out.


We had good views of a couple of these near the Gamboa Resort.


Along Pipeline Road we heard one singing and Alexis got it in the scope showing the bright red bill.


GREATER WHITE-LINED BAT (Saccopteryx bilineata)

We saw about six of these in the abandoned building near the start of Pipeline Road.

RED-NAPED TAMARIN (Saguinus geoffroyi)

This handsome little monkey showed well at the Canopy Tower.


We had nice views of this unusual primate coming to feed on bananas at the Canopy Tower during dinner then we saw one in a tree cavity at Metro Park. My what big eyes you have.

MANTLED HOWLER MONKEY (Alouatta palliata)

We saw and heard these iconic tropical monkeys nearly daily, including a troop telling a joke.


We encountered this species a couple of times in the forest.

HOFFMANN'S TWO-TOED SLOTH (Choloepus hoffmanni)

The larger of the two species of sloths we saw a handful during the week.


We had good looks at a few of these during the week. They always seem to be smiling.

VARIEGATED SQUIRREL (Sciurus variegatoides)

Alexis spotted one at Gamboa Rainforest Resort.

RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)

A few were seen in the forest.

CENTRAL AMERICAN AGOUTI (Dasyprocta punctata)

These forest creatures were a daily sighting.

KINKAJOU (Potos flavus)

At our second dinner at the Tower, one came in after dark to nibble on the bananas.

Totals for the tour: 194 bird taxa and 11 mammal taxa