A Field Guides Birding Tours Report

Panama's Canopy Lodge: El Valle de Anton 2021

December 29, 2021-January 5, 2022 with John Coons & Tino Sanchez guiding

It was great to bird with all of you and wonderful to be in the tropics for some great birds and a warm climate. Thanks to all of you for venturing away from North America in these times. The Canopy Lodge is a great place to spend nearly a week and explore the varied habitats on both slopes of the mountains in Panama that are mostly a short distance from the lodge.

After meeting Tino and our driver at the hotel, our birding started out at Metropolitan Park in Panama City where we had our first encounter with toucans, woodcreepers, ant-tanagers, antshrikes and a myriad of flycatchers. We then headed over the Panama Canal to the lovely town of El Valle de Anton, the home of the Canopy Lodge. After lunch and checking the fruit feeders, we wandered up the road and had some great birds right off the bat. Two male Rufous-crested Coquettes put on a nice show for us, as did a group of three Spot-crowned Barbets. A pair of Mottled Owls perched above us was a highlight along the trail. Over the next several days, we explored the higher elevations of Altos del Maria, had a full day on the Atlantic slope on the road to Jordanal, visited several sites on La Mesa, and some drier habitat locales closer to the town of El Valle. On our last morning, we went over the rim and descended into the Pacific lowlands, where we visited the quite birdy Juan Hombron area. After lunch at Raul's beach house at Santa Clara, we headed back to Panama City in time to get our pre-flight Covid tests completed near the airport.

Highlights of the trip were many, and included a pair of Crested Bobwhites with a chick at Juan Hombron, a scope view of a Squirrel Cuckoo right next to the road, watching Green Hermits at a lek at Cerro Gaital, daily views of Gray-cowled Wood-Rails, a close Yellow-headed Vulture in the lowlands, a perched Black Hawk-Eagle and three beautiful White Hawks near Rio Indio, a nicely perched Spectacled Owl, multiple views of the Orange-bellied race of Collared Trogon, Tino amazingly spotting our Tody Motmot in the waning light, a pair of Barred Puffbirds, Northern Emerald-Toucanets and Yellow-eared Toucanets along the same road, a perched Bat Falcon, a number of antwrens in a mixed-species flock, Dull-mantled Antbirds in the creek, a Black-crowned Antpitta for a lucky few, colorful Lance-tailed Manakins, nice views of the small Rufous-browed Tyrannulet, a cooperatively perched Rufous-browed Peppershrike, a displaying Crested Oropendola, Buff-rumped Warbler hunting in the stream, a plethora of tanagers, and beautiful honeycreepers. Another highlight was the "Magic Tree" we watched for a good while in the village of Mata Ahogado, where 21 species of birds made appearances in about 30 minutes! Also, a special mention to our pair of Carib Grackles which was the first record for the province of Coclé and caused a stir among the guides at the Lodge. Additionally, we had a couple of sightings of Brown-throated Three-toed Sloths, a small Western Pygmy Squirrel, and several Central American Agoutis.

It was great to be with Tino everyday and access his knowledge of butterflies and plants as well as the birds. The staff at the Canopy Lodge was magnificent and took good care of us as well. And, it was wonderful to have the owner of the three Canopy lodges, Raul Arias and his wife Denise, host the New Year's Eve celebration at their house. I hope you all have a great 2022.


One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)

GRAY-HEADED CHACHALACA (Ortalis cinereiceps)

We saw these most days, including several at the feeding station at the Canopy Lodge.

BLACK GUAN (Chamaepetes unicolor)

Tino spotted one high in a tree at Altos del Maria that moved a bit, offering a few looks.

Odontophoridae (New World Quail)

CRESTED BOBWHITE (Colinus cristatus)

We had nice views of a pair, with a chick, in the road at Juan Hombron as we drove in the dirt road.

Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)

ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia) [I]

PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)

We saw a few in the Pacific lowlands on our last morning.

PLAIN-BREASTED GROUND DOVE (Columbina minuta elaeodes) [*]

RUDDY GROUND DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)

Most sightings were right along the edge of the roads.

WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)

This was a near daily sighting.

MOURNING DOVE (Zenaida macroura)

A few were about near the agricultural fields in the Pacific lowlands.

Cuculidae (Cuckoos)

SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)

These were seen in several areas around El Valle.

GROOVE-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga sulcirostris)

We had close views at a few from the van at Juan Hombron.

STRIPED CUCKOO (Tapera naevia)

After hearing one calling for several minutes, we finally spotted it in the top of a shrub where we had nice scope views.

RUFOUS-VENTED GROUND-CUCKOO (Neomorphus geoffroyi)

While we were watching a Heliconia flower for hummers, Tino spotted this quite rarely seen species down the slope behind us. Our efforts to lure it into view were denied.

SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)

We enjoyed nice views of one in the scope right along the road at Juan Hombron.

Apodidae (Swifts)

WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris)

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)


We watched at least four blooming Heliconia flowers for this very unusual looking hummingbird but we never had a visit, only a couple that flew over us.


We saw one near the Magic Tree at Mata Ahogado, working the flowers down low.

BAND-TAILED BARBTHROAT (Threnetes ruckeri)

Ever vigilant at the Heliconia flower, Carol and Sandy saw this species while most of us had drifted off.

GREEN HERMIT (Phaethornis guy)

We had several at a lek, including a great scope view of a perched individual along the Cerro Gaital trail.

LONG-BILLED HERMIT (Phaethornis longirostris)

STRIPE-THROATED HERMIT (Phaethornis striigularis)

We saw a few at a lek along the Las Minas Trail.

VERAGUAN MANGO (Anthracothorax veraguensis) [E]

This specialty of the lowlands perched well for us in a mostly leafless tree along the Juan Hombron Road.

GREEN THORNTAIL (Discosura conversii)

A nice male with a long tail fed at flowers along the road to Rio Indio.

RUFOUS-CRESTED COQUETTE (Lophornis delattrei)

A very cool little hummingbird; we had great scope views of a male and another male further down the road that was just above the Lodge.

GARDEN EMERALD (Chlorostilbon assimilis)

We saw a male at Mata Ahogado and another on our last day.



We saw one at Metro Park on our first morning.

CROWNED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania colombica)

We had a scope view of a male and then two individuals that were diving on one of the Barred Puffbirds.

SNOWY-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD (Saucerottia edward collata) [E]

One was seen around the feeders at the Lodge on several occasions.


SAPPHIRE-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD (Chrysuronia coeruleogularis coeruleogularis) [E]

A male and female were spotted in the Pacific lowlands.


Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)

GRAY-COWLED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides cajaneus)

Another of the early morning voices at the Canopy Lodge. A couple or three were frequent visitors to the feeder just off the dining area at the Lodge.

Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)

SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)

We saw these daily, with a fair number in the garden area near the Candalario Trail.

Jacanidae (Jacanas)

WATTLED JACANA (BLACK-BACKED) (Jacana jacana hypomelaena)

A few were at the lake at Juan Hombron.

Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)

SANDERLING (Calidris alba)

We counted 19 individuals on the beach at Santa Clara just before lunch.

SOLITARY SANDPIPER (Tringa solitaria)

One was at the edge of the lake at Juan Hombron.

WILLET (Tringa semipalmata)

These were also seen on the beach at Santa Clara.

Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)

LAUGHING GULL (Leucophaeus atricilla)

Good number were around the beach at Santa Clara.

ROYAL TERN (Thalasseus maximus)

A few were seen at Playa Santa Clara.

SANDWICH TERN (CABOT'S) (Thalasseus sandvicensis acuflavidus)

One was on the beach right in front of Raul's beach house at Santa Clara.

Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)


Sulidae (Boobies and Gannets)

BLUE-FOOTED BOOBY (Sula nebouxii)

We counted at least 24 individuals on the distant island that was off the Santa Clara beach.

Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)

NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Nannopterum brasilianum)

Pelecanidae (Pelicans)

BROWN PELICAN (Pelecanus occidentalis)

We saw a few around the beach at Santa Clara but there were hundreds and hundreds hanging arond the fish market we passed in Panama City.

Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)

GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)

A fair number were in the wet areas of the Pacific lowlands.

SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)

One was at the lake at Juan Hombron.

LITTLE BLUE HERON (Egretta caerulea)

I think all the ones we saw were whitish immatures.

CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)

GREEN HERON (Butorides virescens)

Cathartidae (New World Vultures)

BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)

We saw these everyday.

TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)

LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus)

An open savanna specialty; we saw a couple flying around at Juan Hombron, then had a fantastic close view of one on a fence post right next to the road.

Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)

GRAY-HEADED KITE (Leptodon cayanensis) [*]

One was calling overhead while we were in the forest at Metro Park.

BLACK HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus tyrannus)

We enjoyed a flying, then perched individual along the road to Jordanal.

ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)

WHITE HAWK (Pseudastur albicollis)

There were three individuals of this wonderful looking raptor that were seen. Two of them were perched fairly close to us near Rio Indio.

BROAD-WINGED HAWK (Buteo platypterus)

A few of these wintering birds that breed in the US were seen.

SHORT-TAILED HAWK (Buteo brachyurus)

Strigidae (Owls)

TROPICAL SCREECH-OWL (Megascops choliba luctisonus) [*]

We did an owling event, and almost immediately had four different individuals calling at once at the Canopy Lodge. They were completely uninterested in us and would not budge from their perches.

SPECTACLED OWL (Pulsatrix perspicillata)

We enjoyed great views of a nice adult at Las Mozas just outside of El Valle. It was very intent on watching the dog that was scurrying around below it.

FERRUGINOUS PYGMY-OWL (FERRUGINOUS) (Glaucidium brasilianum ridgwayi)

Tino got one calling back and we spotted it in a large mango tree at our first stop in the Pacific lowlands.

MOTTLED OWL (Ciccaba virgata)

While trying to get a Tody Motmot into view, Penny spotted a pair of these in a dense tangle of branches above us.

Trogonidae (Trogons)

COLLARED TROGON (ORANGE-BELLIED) (Trogon collaris aurantiiventris)

We had multiple views of this handsome trogon. This "Orange-belled Trogon" was considered a full species until recently, when it became part of the Collared Trogon complex.

Momotidae (Motmots)

TODY MOTMOT (Hylomanes momotula)

We did a lot of looking until we got a responsive individual at Cara Iguana. It moved a few times, but Tino spotted it through the vegetation just as dusk was falling and we got a scope view of it.

LESSON'S MOTMOT (Momotus lessonii lessonii)

Nice views were obtained at Mata Ahogado of this large motmot that was right next to the road.

RUFOUS MOTMOT (Baryphthengus martii)

A few were seen near the Lodge and there may have been a feeder visit.

BROAD-BILLED MOTMOT (Electron platyrhynchum)

We had a couple of nice looks at this slightly smaller version of the above species.

Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)

RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)

AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)

One was seen at the lake at Juan Hombron where it flew past and perched on a post.

GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)

This small species was seen a few times along the stream at the Lodge then again at the water channel at Juan Hombron.

Bucconidae (Puffbirds)

BARRED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus radiatus)

We had great views of two individuals of this good-sized puffbird along the road to Jordanal.

Capitonidae (New World Barbets)

SPOT-CROWNED BARBET (Capito maculicoronatus maculicoronatus) [E]

Two males and a female were feeding in a tree just above the road uphill from the Lodge. This is a pretty cool looking species.

Ramphastidae (Toucans)

NORTHERN EMERALD-TOUCANET (BLUE-THROATED) (Aulacorhynchus prasinus caeruleogularis)

At Altos del Maria we enjoyed nice looks at about six different individuals.

COLLARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus torquatus)

About six birds were seen in a tree along the Rio Indio/Jordanal. Keith also saw a few show up at the feeder at the Lodge.

YELLOW-EARED TOUCANET (Selenidera spectabilis)

A quite tough bird to see at Altos del Maria, but we had nice views of about three individuals that were feeding in a fruiting tree.

KEEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos sulfuratus)

A quite iconic bird of the tropics; we saw several beginning on our first morning at Metro Park.

Picidae (Woodpeckers)

BLACK-CHEEKED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes pucherani)

RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes rubricapillus)

This was a rather common woodpecker in the second growth areas.

CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos)

We had nice views of a pair at Metro Park.

LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)

We saw or heard this widespread tropical species on several occasions.

Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)

BARRED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur ruficollis) [*]

This was one of the first birds that was calling on New Year's Day. It was before breakfast, before most had arrived at the dining area.

COLLARED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur semitorquatus) [*]

An individual was calling back in the forest at Metro Park but we could not lure it out.

CRESTED CARACARA (Caracara plancus)

We saw a few in the lower elevation areas we visited.

YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)

Our first was standing in the road as we drove from the hotel in Panama City then we saw several more over the week.

AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)

A pair were spotted on a power pole along the road at Juan Hombron, where we saw them mating.

BAT FALCON (Falco rufigularis)

This really cool little falcon was perched in a tree on the ridge as we came back up the Rio Indio/Jordanal road.

Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)

ORANGE-CHINNED PARAKEET (Brotogeris jugularis)

A good number were flying around during the week and, I think, we had our best views at Metro Park.

BROWN-HOODED PARROT (Pyrilia haematotis)

After seeing a few groups rocket past we found three individuals perched nicely in a tree along the road for scope views near Rio Indio.

BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus)

YELLOW-CROWNED PARROT (Amazona ochrocephala panamensis)

We had a group of about eight individuals fly over along the Juan Hombron road.

BROWN-THROATED PARAKEET (VERAGUAS) (Eupsittula pertinax ocularis)

We enjoyed nice views of a couple of pairs at our first stop in the Pacific lowlands.

Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)

FASCIATED ANTSHRIKE (Cymbilaimus lineatus)

A quite striking looking antbird with its fine barring; we saw a pair at Metro Park and another pair at Las Minas.

BARRED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus doliatus)

We saw a few of these handsome birds in the Canopy Lodge area.

RUSSET ANTSHRIKE (Thamnistes anabatinus)

A rather unusual antbird; we had one at one of our first stops going to Altos del Maria.

PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis)

SPOT-CROWNED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus puncticeps)

This handsome little guy showed well at Altos del Maria and we saw another pair along the Candalario Trail.

CHECKER-THROATED STIPPLETHROAT (Epinecrophylla fulviventris)

We also saw this mixed-flock species at Altos del Maria and with the flock on the Candalario Trail.

WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula axillaris)

SLATY ANTWREN (Myrmotherula schisticolor)

DUSKY ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides tyrannina)

We had nice views of this widespread species on our first morning at Metro Park.

WHITE-BELLIED ANTBIRD (Myrmeciza longipes)

Often a skulker, we saw it pretty well at Cara Iguana.

DULL-MANTLED ANTBIRD (Sipia laemosticta)

This rather uncommon species showed well along the roadside stream on the way up to Altos del Maria.

BICOLORED ANTBIRD (Gymnopithys bicolor bicolor)

A singing individual showed well at Altos del Maria.

SPOTTED ANTBIRD (Hylophylax naevioides)

We saw a pair of these nicely adorned antbirds with the flock along the Candalario Trail.

Conopophagidae (Gnateaters)

BLACK-CROWNED ANTPITTA (Pittasoma michleri michleri)

We had a calling individual across the stream as we walked the trail at Altos del Maria but could not lure it in to view. The following day, we had another calling along the Las Minas Trail and a couple of us saw it in the scope through a hole in the vegetation but it slipped away before we could all get on it.

Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)

OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (GRAYISH) (Sittasomus griseicapillus sylvioides)

This small woodcreeper showed well at Metro Park on our first morning.

PLAIN-BROWN WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)

Pete saw one near the Canopy Lodge.

WEDGE-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Glyphorynchus spirurus)

There was a nice view of one with the mixed flock along the Candalario Trail.

COCOA WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)

We saw a handful of these at Metro Park and nearer the Canopy Lodge.

SPOTTED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus erythropygius)

This woodcreeper is found at higher elevations than the others we saw. We saw a couple at Altos del Maria and another along the Las Minas Trail.

STRAIGHT-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Dendroplex picus extimus)

A dry country species; we saw one at Juan Hombron.

PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)

One was with a mixed-flock along the Las Minas Trail.

PALE-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis albescens)

We had nice looks at one near the lake at Juan Hombron in the thick vegetation near the road.

Pipridae (Manakins)

LANCE-TAILED MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia lanceolata)

A great looking bird! We saw a male at Metro Park on our first morning, and another male at Juan Hombron on our last morning.

WHITE-RUFFED MANAKIN (Corapipo altera)

BLUE-CROWNED MANAKIN (VELVETY) (Lepidothrix coronata minuscula)

This sharp looking manakin gave us a look along the road to Jordanal.

GOLDEN-COLLARED MANAKIN (Manacus vitellinus)

Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)

MASKED TITYRA (Tityra semifasciata)

We saw this odd species near Mata Ahogado.

NORTHERN SCHIFFORNIS (NORTHERN) (Schiffornis veraepacis dumicola) [E]

I don't think we got a great view but we had a couple of these flying around us, but they would not sit still.

Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill, Royal Flycatcher, and Allies)

SULPHUR-RUMPED FLYCATCHER (Myiobius sulphureipygius)

Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)

OLIVE-STRIPED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes olivaceus)

We saw a couple with mixed-species flocks.

RUFOUS-BROWED TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes superciliaris)

A very handsome small flycatcher that is rather uncommon throughout its range. We had wonderful views along one of the roads at Altos del Maria and even had it in the scope for a spell.

SCALE-CRESTED PYGMY-TYRANT (Lophotriccus pileatus)

We had surprisingly good views of one that sat still for a good while at Altos del Maria.

COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)

A few of these distinctive flycatchers were seen over our time in the drier country near the Lodge.

YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (YELLOW-OLIVE) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens flavoolivaceus)

We saw one at Metro Park and another along the Rio Indio/Jordanal Road.

BROWN-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Ornithion brunneicapillus)

This tree top species actually showed fairly well at Metro Park.

SOUTHERN BEARDLESS-TYRANNULET (Camptostoma obsoletum) [*]

YELLOW TYRANNULET (Capsiempis flaveola semiflava)

We had a nice view of this well-named species at Las Mozas.


One of our first birds at Metro Park; we had a nice look just overhead.

FOREST ELAENIA (Myiopagis gaimardii)

GREENISH ELAENIA (GREENISH) (Myiopagis viridicata accola) [*]

YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)

This second growth specialist was seen a few times during the week.


Formerly known as Paltry Tyrannulet; we saw a few near the Lodge.

BRAN-COLORED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus fasciatus)

We saw one in the bush at the edge of the lake at Altos del Maria that did not want to show itself, then we had another near Rio Indio.

TUFTED FLYCATCHER (COSTA RICAN) (Mitrephanes phaeocercus aurantiiventris)

This dapper species gave us a few nice looks at Altos del Maria. it was a scope-friendly bird, in that it flew off but returned to the same perch several times.


We had a scope view of this wintering species.

EASTERN WOOD-PEWEE (Contopus virens)

This may have been the longer-primaried bird we saw near Rio Indio. It never vocalized and it is quite similar to the following species.

TROPICAL PEWEE (Contopus cinereus)

We saw, and heard a couple during the week.

ACADIAN FLYCATCHER (Empidonax virescens)

Panama is where a good percentage of these winter after arriving from the U.S. We had a nice view along the Las Minas Trail.

LONG-TAILED TYRANT (Colonia colonus)

We had great looks at this open perching bird with the ....long tail.

BRIGHT-RUMPED ATTILA (Attila spadiceus) [*]

DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer)

PANAMA FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus panamensis)

One even showed up at the feeder at the Lodge. We had a good view of another near the Magic Tree.

GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)

We saw and heard a good number of these.

BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)

We had a few but not as many as the above species.

RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)

We saw a few often near wetter areas.

SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)

These were widespread and seen everyday.

GRAY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes granadensis)

A mostly Atlantic slope species; we saw a couple up the road from the Canopy Lodge.

STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)

Nice looks were had at Metro Park.

TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)

These were also seen daily.


We saw a few in the open country of the Pacific lowlands. This species is always a favorite.

Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)

RUFOUS-BROWED PEPPERSHRIKE (NORTHERN) (Cyclarhis gujanensis perrygoi) [E]

We had great looks, even in the scope, of a singing bird along the Juan Hombron road. This is a widespread species in the tropics but has a rather limited range in Panama.

GREEN SHRIKE-VIREO (Vireolanius pulchellus)

This bird is a tree top dweller and we were very fortunate to see one at mid-height in the trees at Metro Park on our first morning.

LESSER GREENLET (Pachysylvia decurtata)

A couple of these were seen, with more heard from the mid-canopy.

GOLDEN-FRONTED GREENLET (Pachysylvia aurantiifrons aurantiifrons)

A rather inconspicuous species that showed at Metro Park and again in the dry country on our last morning.

YELLOW-THROATED VIREO (Vireo flavifrons)

We saw a couple of these US breeders at Altos del Maria.

Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)

BLACK-CHESTED JAY (Cyanocorax affinis)

These rather large and vocal jays were seen a few times in the vicinity of the Canopy Lodge.

Hirundinidae (Swallows)

WHITE-THIGHED SWALLOW (Atticora tibialis)

We saw a couple of these small swallows flying about near Mata Ahogado.

SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)

This was the most common swallow we encountered during the week.

GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)

BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica)

We saw about four of these wintering birds on our last morning in the Pacific lowlands.

Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)

TAWNY-FACED GNATWREN (Microbates cinereiventris)

We had nice looks at this unusual looking bird along the trail at Cerro Gaital.

LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus)

This species showed well at Metro Park, it seems like a small bird with a long toothpick for a bill.

WHITE-BROWED GNATCATCHER (Polioptila bilineata)

We saw one at Metro Park on our first morning. This species was known previously as Tropical Gnatcatcher but it was split in the most recent taxonomic update. This is the form that occurs in Central America and Mexico. The Tropical Gnatcatcher is now confined to South America.

Troglodytidae (Wrens)

SCALY-BREASTED WREN (WHISTLING) (Microcerculus marginatus luscinia)

Another skulker of the low forest; we heard them a few times then got a look along the Candalario Trail on La Mesa. It snuck in, staying low, and circled us, perching briefly a few times.

HOUSE WREN (SOUTHERN) (Troglodytes aedon inquietus)

This familiar vocalization was around the Canopy Lodge where we saw it a few times.

OCHRACEOUS WREN (Troglodytes ochraceus ligea) [E]

This short-tailed wren of the higher elevations prefers trees with heavy moss on the trunks and limbs. We heard a few and saw one next to the road at Altos del Maria.

RUFOUS-BREASTED WREN (Pheugopedius rutilus)

We had nice looks at Metro Park.

RUFOUS-AND-WHITE WREN (Thryophilus rufalbus)

One of the prettier of the smaller wrens, with its rufous upperparts and white underparts; we had a nice look along the road near Rio Indio.

ISTHMIAN WREN (Cantorchilus elutus)

Once part of the Plain Wren complex, we saw it pretty well in the Pacific lowlands.

BAY WREN (Cantorchilus nigricapillus)

We heard this species many times, including almost daily from the thick vegetation at the Lodge where it is difficult to see. We finally had looks along the Rio Indio / Jordanal road.

WHITE-BREASTED WOOD-WREN (Henicorhina leucosticta)

Another species that is more often heard than seen, we had one hoping about on the ground near the Black-crowned Antpitta on the Las Minas trail.

SONG WREN (Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus)

We heard this unusual wren a couple of times and some of us saw it down slope while we were trying to see the Black-crowned Antpitta along the Las Minas trail. This was a write-in on the checklist, and we forgot to include it in our nightly list.

Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)

TROPICAL MOCKINGBIRD (TROPICAL) (Mimus gilvus tolimensis) [I]

We saw several in cut-over habitats. This species is actually introduced to Panama from Colombia.

Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)

PALE-VENTED THRUSH (Turdus obsoletus)

We had nice looks at one along one of the roads at Altos del Maria.

WHITE-THROATED THRUSH (Turdus assimilis)

This bird may have been in the same tree as the Pale-vented Thrush at Altos del Maria.


These were seen daily.

Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)

HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus) [I]

Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)

YELLOW-CROWNED EUPHONIA (Euphonia luteicapilla)

THICK-BILLED EUPHONIA (Euphonia laniirostris)

We saw a few at the feeder at the Lodge but the numbers have dropped a lot in the last year. Tino and the guys did not know why.

FULVOUS-VENTED EUPHONIA (Euphonia fulvicrissa)

One of the sharper looking euphonias, this one has a distinct coloration to the undertail coverts.


Most euphonias have yellow crowns or foreheads but this one has a brown crown.

LESSER GOLDFINCH (Spinus psaltria)

We saw a few at Las Mozas after we had spotted the Spectacled Owl.

Rhodinocichlidae (Thrush-Tanager)

ROSY THRUSH-TANAGER (Rhodinocichla rosea)

Usually a very difficult bird to get any kind of look at, but we had two individuals in the roadside vegetation at Cara Iguana that showed pretty well. The male has a very unusual pinkish color on its underparts.

Passerellidae (New World Sparrows)

COMMON CHLOROSPINGUS (CENTRAL PANAMA) (Chlorospingus flavopectus punctulatus)

We had a few groups of these gang-forming tanagers at Altos del Maria. If you have an older field guide, it is shown as Common Bush-Tanager.

BLACK-STRIPED SPARROW (Arremonops conirostris)

We heard a few then got looks along the Jordanal Road.

ORANGE-BILLED SPARROW (Arremon aurantiirostris)

A very sharp bird; we saw one on our second trip to the Canopy Adventure area.

CHESTNUT-CAPPED BRUSHFINCH (Arremon brunneinucha) [*]

Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)

EASTERN MEADOWLARK (Sturnella magna)

We saw a few in the pastures of the Pacific lowlands.

CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus)

We saw a displaying individual at the lower part of the Jordanal Road just after lunch. The male bent over raised its tail and produced the unusual gurgling call.


These were more common around the Lodge area.

SCARLET-RUMPED CACIQUE (SCARLET-RUMPED) (Cacicus uropygialis microrhynchus)

We had some close ones at Metro Park. The bright red rump is difficult to see until this bird flies away from you.


ORCHARD ORIOLE (Icterus spurius)

One was at Metro Park.

YELLOW-BACKED ORIOLE (Icterus chrysater giraudii) [*]

BALTIMORE ORIOLE (Icterus galbula)

We saw a nicely colored male along the Rio Indio / Jordanal Road.

GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus)

A couple of these were in the garden area near the start of the Candalario Trail.

GREAT-TAILED GRACKLE (Quiscalus mexicanus)

CARIB GRACKLE (Quiscalus lugubris)

We had great views of a pair in a pasture at the edge of El Valle. This was the first record for the province of Cocle and it was great to see Tino so excited. This species is really a South America bird that has crept into eastern Panama in recent years and seems to be spreading west, probably due to forest cutting, which creates more of its habitat.

Parulidae (New World Warblers)

NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH (Parkesia noveboracensis)

We saw a couple of these in the stream at the Lodge as they picked over the rocks.

GOLDEN-WINGED WARBLER (Vermivora chrysoptera)

We saw at least two of these great birds, but they didn't pose very well.


A few were seen during the week.

PROTHONOTARY WARBLER (Protonotaria citrea)

We saw three in one spot along the river at Juan Hombron on our last day in the field.

TENNESSEE WARBLER (Leiothlypis peregrina)

This species was even seen at the feeder at the Canopy Lodge.

MOURNING WARBLER (Geothlypis philadelphia)

We had a few glimpses before we got a better look at a young male near Jordanal.

BAY-BREASTED WARBLER (Setophaga castanea)

We saw these most days but not as many as we should have seen.


A couple of fairly bright-throated males were encountered.

YELLOW WARBLER (Setophaga petechia)

CHESTNUT-SIDED WARBLER (Setophaga pensylvanica)

This used to be a quite common wintering species in this area of Panama, but we only saw about three.

CHESTNUT-CAPPED WARBLER (Basileuterus delattrii mesochrysus)

This is a recent split from Rufous-capped Warbler and we saw a handful during the week.

BUFF-RUMPED WARBLER (Myiothlypis fulvicauda)

We enjoyed a few good views of this stream denizen in the mornings at the Lodge where it was acting like a waterthrush. Its loud song carries over the noise of the water and was one of the first bird vocalizations we heard in the morning.

CANADA WARBLER (Cardellina canadensis)

Another great warbler; we saw a couple of these necklaced birds.

Mitrospingidae (Mitrospingid Tanagers)

DUSKY-FACED TANAGER (Mitrospingus cassinii)

These showed up a few times at the fruit feeder at the Lodge.

Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)

HEPATIC TANAGER (HIGHLAND) (Piranga flava testacea)

SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra)

A handful of these wintering birds were seen.


We saw a group at Metro Park on our first morning that were quite close to a group of the following species.

RED-THROATED ANT-TANAGER (RED-THROATED) (Habia fuscicauda willisi)

ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

A single male was seen in the Magic Tree at Mata Ahogado. This guy will be headed back north in a few months.

Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)


There were a few in the mixed-species flocks we saw at Metro Park and near the Lodge.

TAWNY-CRESTED TANAGER (Tachyphonus delatrii)

This handsome tanager gave us our best views at one of first stops on the way up to Altos del Maria.

WHITE-LINED TANAGER (Tachyphonus rufus)

The black males look quite different from the brown females.

FLAME-RUMPED TANAGER (LEMON-RUMPED) (Ramphocelus flammigerus icteronotus)

A handful of these were around the Canopy Lodge and visited the feeder.

CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)

This was another frequent visitor to the feeders. The bright males are dazzlers.

BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)

PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)

GOLDEN-HOODED TANAGER (Stilpnia larvata)

A quite colorful tanager; we saw a few throughout the week.

PLAIN-COLORED TANAGER (Tangara inornata)

This is a very aptly named tanager.

BAY-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara gyrola)

A gorgeous tanager; most of our sightings were higher in elevation than the Lodge.

EMERALD TANAGER (Tangara florida)

A rather uncommon species in this part of Panama, but we saw one at Altos del Maria and another along the Jordanal Road.

SILVER-THROATED TANAGER (Tangara icterocephala)

We saw a few in the higher elevations at Altos del Maria,

BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)

SHINING HONEYCREEPER (Cyanerpes lucidus)

This was the yellow-legged honeycreeper we saw a few times and was also in the Magic Tree.


We saw a male along the road at Mata Ahogado.

GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)

This is a fancy looking bird with its bright green coloration, black mask, and yellow bill.

SULPHUR-RUMPED TANAGER (Heterospingus rubrifrons)

This is a quite uncommon species of the Caribbean slope. We had pretty good views of one along the Rio Indio / Jordanal Road.

BLACK-AND-YELLOW TANAGER (Chrysothlypis chrysomelas)

Another higher elevation species that we saw at Altos del Maria.

WEDGE-TAILED GRASS-FINCH (Emberizoides herbicola)

At the top of the Las Minas Road we had wonderful views of this local species in the grassy pasture.

THICK-BILLED SEED-FINCH (Sporophila funerea)

VARIABLE SEEDEATER (VARIABLE) (Sporophila corvina hoffmanni)

We saw these each day of the trip, starting at Metro Park.

YELLOW-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila nigricollis)

BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)

A few of these well-known birds were seen during the week.


We saw many along the road edges above the Lodge and on La Mesa.


BLACK-HEADED SALTATOR (Saltator atriceps)

A local specialty of the Caribbean side of Panama, a few spill over the passes on La Mesa.

STREAKED SALTATOR (Saltator striatipectus)


COMMON OPOSSUM (Didelphis marsupialis)

One was seen scurrying across the road near El Valle.


LITTLE MASTIFF BAT (Molossus molossus)

This was the bat some saw flying about near the Lodge.


We had nice views of two individuals that were essentially big furry balls in a tree. Everybody loves a sloth.

VARIEGATED SQUIRREL (Sciurus variegatoides)

This gray-hued squirrel was seen near the Lodge by a few.

RED-TAILED SQUIRREL (Sciurus granatensis)

These were regular visitors to the feeder at the Lodge.

WESTERN PYGMY SQUIRREL (Microsciurus mimulus)

We saw this upper elevation small squirrel on the way up to Altos del Maria. It actually flushed a Canada Warbler away that we were trying to see as it climbed through the branches.

CENTRAL AMERICAN AGOUTI (Dasyprocta punctata)

This fair-sized rodent was first seen at Metro Park and then again around the Lodge.

Totals for the tour: 246 bird taxa and 8 mammal taxa