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Field Guides Tour Report
Beyond the Ports of Portugal: A Birds & Wine Tour 2018
Apr 24, 2018 to May 5, 2018
Marcelo Padua & local guide

The picturesque Castelo de Mertola provided a lovely background for our birding in the far south of Portugal. Photo by participant Maureen Phair.

Our inaugural Portugal tour certainly lived up to its expectations. This fascinating country features excellent food, world class birding and one of the most intriguing wine industries in the world that is combining state of the art winemaking techniques with ancient forms of producing wine.

Our tour started in northern Portugal, in the city of Porto where Portugal’s most famous wine is produced. But even the familiar Port wines had a lot of surprises in store for us, with kinds of Port that most people have never heard about, such as White Ports (excellent for making cocktails) and Late Bottled Vintage ports, which are the cream of the crop. We then made our way east, following the Douro to the lands where the grapes that make the famous port and Douro’s famous wines are grown. We finally reached the picturesque medieval village of Castelo Rodrigo, where we would spend two nights, and from where we would explore the mountains along the Spanish Border. Our birding here was very productive with great looks at Egyptian Vultures, Golden Eagle, Blue Rock-thrushes and our first Red-legged Partridges.

Our tour continued southwards moving to the Alentejo wine country, an area with a lot of experimental winemaking. Our first stop here was at Cabecas de Reguengo, a small winery where we sampled some boutique wines and birded the Sao Mamede Natural Park, where we found Long-tailed tits, Great Spotted Woodpeckers and a male Coal Tit.

Further south, we got into the warmer weather of Southern Portugal and to some of the best birding in Europe. Here we were treated to unforgettable views of displaying Great and Little Bustards, Great Spotted and Common Cuckoo in the same field of view, Black-bellied Sandgrouse, and Wryneck, while Golden Oriole and Southern Gray Shrikes were also around to keep us entertained.

We wrapped things up with a few nights at the luxurious Casa Palmela hotel, from where we explored the delta of the Tagus River, enjoying great views of Collared Pratincoles, Iberian Chiffchaff, Firecrest, Eurasian Treecreeper, Eurasian Nuthatch, displaying male Ruffs and many others.

This was an excellent tour, with unforgettable wild flowers, great wines, fabulous food and amazing people.

There is no doubt in my mind that our 2018 tour will become a Vintage year.


Marcelo Padua

One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Participant Maureen Phair got this lovely shot of a mixed group of shorebirds at the EVOA visitor center, including several male Ruffs in breeding plumage.

Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
NORTHERN SHOVELER (Spatula clypeata) – Seen nicely at the EVOA visitor center.
GADWALL (Mareca strepera) – A couple of sightings towards the end of the tour
MALLARD (Anas platyrhynchos) – Seen daily on the tour.
GREEN-WINGED TEAL (Anas crecca) – Nice views of these handsome ducks at the EVOA visitor center.
MARBLED TEAL (Marmaronetta angustirostris) – This is a rare species in Portugal but a pair of birds has showed up at the EVOA visitor center in spring for a few years now.
RED-CRESTED POCHARD (Netta rufina) – One of the most handsome ducks we saw on this tour.
Phasianidae (Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies)
COMMON QUAIL (Coturnix coturnix) [*]
RED-LEGGED PARTRIDGE (Alectoris rufa) – Maureen found us our first one just outside of Castelo Rodrigo. We later saw several more as they are common in the southern portion of our tour.
Podicipedidae (Grebes)
LITTLE GREBE (Tachybaptus ruficollis) – Seen only on the day we transferred from Mertola to Setubal.
GREAT CRESTED GREBE (Podiceps cristatus) – Distant views at Herdade do Esporao but we saw them better later on as we visited a lake near Castro Verde.

Our guides, Marcelo Padua and Joao Tiago Tavares, toast another great day. Photo by participant Maureen Phair.

Phoenicopteridae (Flamingos)
GREATER FLAMINGO (Phoenicopterus roseus) – Common around the Tagus Estuary and the Salt Pans of Alcochete.
Ciconiidae (Storks)
WHITE STORK (Ciconia ciconia) – A common sight on this tour.
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
GREAT CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax carbo) – Seen well around Porto.
EUROPEAN SHAG (ATLANTIC) (Phalacrocorax aristotelis aristotelis) – A brief visit to Portinho da Arrabida produced views of a shag perched on the rocks by the coast.
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
LITTLE BITTERN (Ixobrychus minutus) – On the last full day of the tour, we visited a private property to look for Western Swamphen and Tree Sparrows, and we spotted one of these shy birds flying across the road and landing in a nearby ditch. We were than able to relocate it and scope it for great viewing.
GRAY HERON (Ardea cinerea) – Common.
PURPLE HERON (Ardea purpurea) – Great looks at this handsome heron at the EVOA visitor center.
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba) – A few sightings throughout the tour.
LITTLE EGRET (Egretta garzetta) – Common towards the end of the tour.
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis) – Another species that is common on the southern portion of the tour.
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
GLOSSY IBIS (Plegadis falcinellus) – A few individuals were seen from a distance near Alcochete.

Red-legged Partridge was more common in the south, but we saw one near Castelo Rodrigo as well. Photo by participant Maureen Phair.

EURASIAN SPOONBILL (Platalea leucorodia) – Seen at the Tagus Estuary.
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
BLACK-SHOULDERED KITE (Elanus caeruleus) – Seen from the bus. Unfortunately, we were not able to stop for this one.
EGYPTIAN VULTURE (Neophron percnopterus) – Great looks at these handsome vultures at the Douro Internacional.
CINEREOUS VULTURE (Aegypius monachus) – We found a dead cow near Castro Verde and with it several of these scarce vultures.
EURASIAN GRIFFON (Gyps fulvus) – Common throughout the tour but it was particularly nice to see them flying by at what seemed like an arms distance at the Mirante da Sapinha in the Douro Internacional.
SHORT-TOED SNAKE-EAGLE (Circaetus gallicus) – Common.
BOOTED EAGLE (Hieraaetus pennatus) – Seen at least on half of the days of the tour.
SPANISH EAGLE (Aquila adalberti) – Seen nicely though the scope near Castro Verde.
GOLDEN EAGLE (Aquila chrysaetos) – Just as we were about to leave from the Faia Brava reserve, we had a Golden Eagle fly over our heads and perch on some nearby cliffs.
BONELLI'S EAGLE (Aquila fasciata) – We were starting to think that we would have to settle for that distant juvenile when we spotted one flying low near the bus when we were about to arrive at the EVOA visitor center.

We tasted some wonderful wines, including the Ports that are produced in the Douro Valley. Photo by participant Ken Havard.

EURASIAN MARSH-HARRIER (Circus aeruginosus) – Seen on our way south from Portalegre.
MONTAGU'S HARRIER (Circus pygargus) – Great looks at one individual flying low over the fields near Herdade da Malhadinha.
BLACK KITE (Milvus migrans) – Seen daily on the tour.
COMMON BUZZARD (Buteo buteo) – Common indeed.
Otididae (Bustards)
GREAT BUSTARD (Otis tarda) – This was certainly the highlight of the tour. Multiple males displaying seen through the scope by everyone on the tour.
LITTLE BUSTARD (Tetrax tetrax) – Also seen displaying and a few close ones.
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
WESTERN SWAMPHEN (Porphyrio porphyrio) – Joao Tiago knew just the spot to find one and we had stunning looks at it.
EURASIAN MOORHEN (Gallinula chloropus) – Ellen spotted this one for us.
RED-KNOBBED COOT (Fulica cristata) – Joao Tiago managed to spot one of these rare and hard to find Coots near Alcochete towards the end of the tour and we had great scope views of it.
EURASIAN COOT (Fulica atra) – Very common.
Burhinidae (Thick-knees)
EURASIAN THICK-KNEE (Burhinus oedicnemus) – Great looks at these birds on our way to the Sao Domingos mines.
Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)
BLACK-WINGED STILT (Himantopus himantopus) – Seen in good numbers near the salt pans of Alcochete.
PIED AVOCET (Recurvirostra avosetta) – Great looks at these handsome birds at the EVOA visitor center.
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
BLACK-BELLIED PLOVER (Pluvialis squatarola) – A great spot by Dean.
KENTISH PLOVER (KENTISH) (Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus) – Ken spotted one of these scarce Plovers for us.
COMMON RINGED PLOVER (Charadrius hiaticula) – Seen nicely at the Tagus Estuary.
LITTLE RINGED PLOVER (Charadrius dubius) – Great views at the lake near Castro Verde.

We had very good looks at this Great Spotted Cuckoo that was found near Mertola. At one point, we even had it in the scope with a Common Cuckoo! Photo by participant Maureen Phair.

Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
WHIMBREL (Numenius phaeopus) – Seen in good numbers at the mouth of the Douro and at the Tagus Estuary.
EURASIAN CURLEW (Numenius arquata) – Seen at the Tagus Estuary.
BLACK-TAILED GODWIT (Limosa limosa) – Good looks at these guys at the EVOA visitor center.
RUDDY TURNSTONE (Arenaria interpres) – Seen in good numbers at the Tagus Estuary.
RUFF (Calidris pugnax) – Wow! Several males in breeding plumage putting on a show at the EVOA visitor center was certainly a major hit.
CURLEW SANDPIPER (Calidris ferruginea) – Great looks at these guys in breeding plumage.
DUNLIN (Calidris alpina) – Common at the Tagus Estuary.
LITTLE STINT (Calidris minuta) – Seen in good numbers.
COMMON SANDPIPER (Actitis hypoleucos) – We had them nicely on the first day of the tour near the mouth of the Douro.
Glareolidae (Pratincoles and Coursers)
COLLARED PRATINCOLE (Glareola pratincola) – Seen first from a distance at Herdade do Esporao where they looked like large swallows, and later on up close at the EVOA visitor center.

Participant Ken Havard took this photo of one of the fabulous lunches we had.

Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
BLACK-HEADED GULL (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) – Common near the coast.
MEDITERRANEAN GULL (Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) – A few individuals seen on the Douro Estuary.
MEW GULL (Larus canus) – Also seen at the Douro Estuary.
YELLOW-LEGGED GULL (Larus michahellis) – Especially common around Porto where they are simply everywhere.
LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL (Larus fuscus) – Less abundant than the Yellow-legged in the areas we visited but seen in the same habitat.
LITTLE TERN (Sternula albifrons) – Another great species seen at the EVOA visitor center.
GULL-BILLED TERN (Gelochelidon nilotica)
CASPIAN TERN (Hydroprogne caspia) – This massive tern was seen at the Tagus Estuary.
SANDWICH TERN (Thalasseus sandvicensis) – Great scope views of these terns at Douro estuary. We even saw their funky crests through the scope.
Pteroclidae (Sandgrouse)
BLACK-BELLIED SANDGROUSE (Pterocles orientalis) – Always a hard one to find but we picked them up on our way to Sao Domingos Mines.
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia) – Common.
COMMON WOOD-PIGEON (Columba palumbus) – Another common species that was seen on most days of the tour.
EUROPEAN TURTLE-DOVE (Streptopelia turtur) – We had great looks at a perched individual sitting on a wire by the road at the Douro Internacional Park.
EURASIAN COLLARED-DOVE (Streptopelia decaocto) – Seen every day on the tour.
Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
GREAT SPOTTED CUCKOO (Clamator glandarius) – Better than average views near Mertola.
COMMON CUCKOO (Cuculus canorus) – We had this one in the same scope view as the Great Spotted Cuckoo at one point. What a treat.
Strigidae (Owls)
EUROPEAN SCOPS-OWL (Otus scops) [*]
LITTLE OWL (Athene noctua) – Great looks at this one. It is a close relative of the Burrowing Owl from the Americas.
TAWNY OWL (Strix aluco) – Seen right at the backyard of our hotel in Setubal.
SHORT-EARED OWL (Asio flammeus) – We accidentally flushed one from the ground at the EVOA visitor center.
Apodidae (Swifts)
ALPINE SWIFT (Apus melba) – Brief views at the Douro Internacional Park.
COMMON SWIFT (Apus apus) – Seen every day on the tour.
PALLID SWIFT (Apus pallidus) – Common towards the south. They even breed in a house right in the downtown Mertola area.
Upupidae (Hoopoes)
EURASIAN HOOPOE (Upupa epops) – Recorded on most days of the tour and seen nicely repeatedly. Always a great bird.

Eurasian Griffon was seen very well at the Douro Internacional. Photo by participant Maureen Phair.

Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
COMMON KINGFISHER (Alcedo atthis) – Seen by just a few people flying by.
Meropidae (Bee-eaters)
EUROPEAN BEE-EATER (Merops apiaster) – Common and abundant.
Coraciidae (Rollers)
EUROPEAN ROLLER (Coracias garrulus) – Good looks at them near some nest boxes on the way to Castro Verde.
Picidae (Woodpeckers)
EURASIAN WRYNECK (Jynx torquilla) – Brief looks around Sao Domingos Mines.
LESSER SPOTTED WOODPECKER (Dendrocopos minor) – A brief sighting at the Serra de Sao Mamede near Portalegre.
GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKER (Dendrocopos major) – Also seen at Near Portalegre.
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
LESSER KESTREL (Falco naumanni) – Seen well around Mertola where they breed in the ruins of the castle and on nest boxes placed under the bridge.
EURASIAN KESTREL (Falco tinnunculus) – Common.
PEREGRINE FALCON (Falco peregrinus) – Great looks at a pair of birds from our picnic site at the Douro Internacional.

In additional to some great lunches and wine-tastings, we had some fun picnics in the field. Here, guide Marcelo Padua prepares a nice spread, while the group birds in the background. Photo by participant Maureen Phair.

Laniidae (Shrikes)
SOUTHERN GRAY SHRIKE (Lanius meridionalis) – Seen a few times near Mertola.
WOODCHAT SHRIKE (Lanius senator) – This handsome species was seen a few times in the Douro Internacional area and we got even better looks at them in the areas near Mertola.
Oriolidae (Old World Orioles)
EURASIAN GOLDEN ORIOLE (Oriolus oriolus) – Maggie spotted this one for us.
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
EURASIAN JAY (Garrulus glandarius) – Common around Minas de Sao Domingos.
IBERIAN MAGPIE (Cyanopica cooki) – This species used to be considered a subspecies of the Azure Magpie and was recently split. It was quite common along our tour route.
EURASIAN MAGPIE (Pica pica) – Common but incredibly elegant with its black-and-white plumage.
EURASIAN JACKDAW (Corvus monedula) – Despite its decline, this species is somewhat common in Mertola and nearby areas thanks to conservation efforts by several NGOs. We had great looks at them.
CARRION CROW (Corvus corone) – Common.
COMMON RAVEN (Corvus corax) – Seen once near Mertola.
Alaudidae (Larks)
GREATER SHORT-TOED LARK (Calandrella brachydactyla) – Seen a few times near Mertola and around the EVOA visitor center.

This Little Owl seems to be keeping a close eye on us! It's easy to see the similarity between this European species, and the Burrowing Owl from the Americas. Photo by participant Maureen Phair.

CALANDRA LARK (Melanocorypha calandra) – Great looks around Mertola.
WOOD LARK (Lullula arborea) [*]
EURASIAN SKYLARK (Alauda arvensis) [*]
THEKLA'S LARK (Galerida theklae) – Great looks at this species allowing us to point out the differences between this species and the very similar Crested Lark.
CRESTED LARK (Galerida cristata) – Very common.
Hirundinidae (Swallows)
BANK SWALLOW (Riparia riparia) – Seen on the first and last day of the tour.
EURASIAN CRAG-MARTIN (Ptyonoprogne rupestris) – Great looks at them around the Douro internacional area.
BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica) – Seen every day on the tour.
RED-RUMPED SWALLOW (Cecropis daurica) – This species breeds in the cliffs or the Douro Internacional area and we had great looks at them.
COMMON HOUSE-MARTIN (Delichon urbicum) – Seen every day on the tour.

Participant Ken Havard captured this tranquil view of some of the vinyards we saw.

Paridae (Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice)
COAL TIT (Periparus ater) – A single bird was spotted in the Serra de Sao Mamede area singing from the top of a pine tree. We managed to scope it and get good looks at it before it flew away.
CRESTED TIT (Lophophanes cristatus) [*]
EURASIAN BLUE TIT (Cyanistes caeruleus) – Common.
GREAT TIT (Parus major) – Another common species.
Aegithalidae (Long-tailed Tits)
LONG-TAILED TIT (Aegithalos caudatus) – A small family group was seen nicely at the Serra de Sao Mamede.
Sittidae (Nuthatches)
EURASIAN NUTHATCH (Sitta europaea) – Great looks right around Casa Palmela.
Certhiidae (Treecreepers)
SHORT-TOED TREECREEPER (Certhia brachydactyla) – Great looks at Minas de Sao Domingos.
Troglodytidae (Wrens)
EURASIAN WREN (Troglodytes troglodytes) – Heard several times but only seen on a trail at Casa Palmela.
Regulidae (Kinglets)
FIRECREST (Regulus ignicapilla) – Another great species that was seen right on the trail behind our rooms at Casa Palmela.
Scotocercidae (Bush Warblers and Allies)
CETTI'S WARBLER (Cettia cetti) – Often heard but seldom seen, this species is always tricky to get a good look at. However we managed to bring one into view at the EVOA visitor center.
Phylloscopidae (Leaf Warblers)
COMMON CHIFFCHAFF (Phylloscopus collybita) [*]
IBERIAN CHIFFCHAFF (Phylloscopus ibericus) – Great looks at this Iberian specialty around the Serra de Arrabida Natural Park.
Acrocephalidae (Reed Warblers and Allies)
MELODIOUS WARBLER (Hippolais polyglotta) – Seen at the Douro Internacional area.
EURASIAN REED WARBLER (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) – Brief views at the EVOA visitor center.
GREAT REED WARBLER (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) – Another tricky warbler that rarely sits out in the open but we managed to lay eyes on them twice on the tour.
Cisticolidae (Cisticolas and Allies)
ZITTING CISTICOLA (Cisticola juncidis) – Common around the EVOA visitor Center and some of the wetlands around Alcochete.
Sylviidae (Sylviid Warblers)
EURASIAN BLACKCAP (Sylvia atricapilla) – This is a common species but it was present in small numbers.

This nesting White Stork and chick are two of many that we saw on the tour. Photo by participant Maureen Phair.

SUBALPINE WARBLER (Sylvia cantillans) – Great scope views of a singing bird.
SARDINIAN WARBLER (Sylvia melanocephala) – Common and abundant. We had one in the scope for prolonged scope views.
GREATER WHITETHROAT (Sylvia communis) – A brief roadside stop en route from Porto to Castelo Rodrigo resulted in a few good looks at this species.
DARTFORD WARBLER (Sylvia undata) – Brief views.
Muscicapidae (Old World Flycatchers)
EUROPEAN ROBIN (Erithacus rubecula) – Totally unrelated to North American Robins but just as cute.
COMMON NIGHTINGALE (Luscinia megarhynchos) [*]
BLACK REDSTART (Phoenicurus ochruros) – Seen nicely on the roof of an old house at Castelo Rodrigo.
BLUE ROCK-THRUSH (Monticola solitarius) – A few sightings that included a small family group in the ruins of the Mertola Castle.
EUROPEAN STONECHAT (Saxicola rubicola rubicola) – Common.
BLACK WHEATEAR (Oenanthe leucura) – Seen briefly by Dawn and myself at Ribeira do Mosteiro.
BLACK-EARED WHEATEAR (Oenanthe hispanica) – Great looks at this stunning bird at a vineyard outside of Mertola.

This flock is mostly Pied Avocets, but has a few other shorebirds mixed in; we saw it at the EVOA visitor center. Photo by participant Maureen Phair.

Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
EURASIAN BLACKBIRD (Turdus merula) – While the European Robin is not related to the American Robin, this species IS closely related to the American Robin, and therefore not at all related to the American Blackbirds. This is so confusing (especially after a few glasses of wine).
Sturnidae (Starlings)
SPOTLESS STARLING (Sturnus unicolor) – Common, loud and conspicuous.
CRESTED MYNA (Acridotheres cristatellus) – An introduced species that is becoming common in certain areas. We had them in the town of Setubal and at Casa Palmela.
Motacillidae (Wagtails and Pipits)
WESTERN YELLOW WAGTAIL (Motacilla flava) – Seen well around the EVOA visitor center.
GRAY WAGTAIL (Motacilla cinerea) [*]
WHITE WAGTAIL (Motacilla alba) – Common even in urban areas.
Emberizidae (Old World Buntings)
CIRL BUNTING (Emberiza cirlus) – Great looks at one sitting on a rock wall en route to Castelo Rodrigo.
ROCK BUNTING (Emberiza cia) – A few sightings of this gorgeous bird.
CORN BUNTING (Emberiza calandra) – One of the most common bird songs throughout the tour, allowing us to readily spot them sitting on top of the bushes, walls and fence posts.
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
COMMON CHAFFINCH (Fringilla coelebs) – Great looks at adult males at the Faia Brava reserve.

Here is our group, engrossed in a bird down in the valley. Photo by participant Maureen Phair.

EUROPEAN GREENFINCH (Chloris chloris) – Another common species with an easily identifiable song.
EURASIAN LINNET (Linaria cannabina) – We saw them regularly, but the breeding plumage males really stood out.
EUROPEAN GOLDFINCH (Carduelis carduelis) – Always fun to see this bird that is often portrayed in clocks, place mats, coffee cups and many other things around the world.
EUROPEAN SERIN (Serinus serinus)
Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)
HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus) – Seen every day on the tour.
SPANISH SPARROW (Passer hispaniolensis) – Seen often nesting under the nests of White Storks.
EURASIAN TREE SPARROW (Passer montanus) – Joao Tiago knew of the nesting site for a few individuals and so we got great looks at them.
Ploceidae (Weavers and Allies)
YELLOW-CROWNED BISHOP (Euplectes afer) – Another introduced species that is thriving in some areas of Portugal. We saw a flock of hundreds of individuals near the EVOA visitor center.
Estrildidae (Waxbills and Allies)
COMMON WAXBILL (Estrilda astrild) – Introduced.

OLD WORLD RABBIT (Oryctolagus cuniculus) – Native from Portugal and an important food source for raptors.

The city of Porto is located on the Douro Estuary; participant Maureen Phair took this image of historic buildings along the waterway.

CAPE HARE (Lepus capensis)
RED FOX (Vulpes vulpes) – One individual seen right on the road at Serra da Arrabida Natural Park seemed to not mind our presence at all.
EGYPTIAN MONGOOSE (Herpestes ichneumon) – A part of the group witnessed as it grabbed a baby Coot.
FALLOW DEER (Dama dama) – A great spot by Dean near Mertola.


Winery, Wine, Wine region (sub-region), Vintage/Age, Kind of wine

Graham’s, Extra Dry White, No Vintage, Port

Symington, Altano, Douro, 2017. White Wine

Symington, Altano, Douro, 2016. Red Wine (organic)

Graham’s Late Bottled Vintage, 2012, Porto, Port

Graham’s, Tawny Port, 10 Years. Porto, Port

Graham’s, Tawny Port, 20 Years. Porto, Port

Calem, Fine White, No Vintage. Porto, Port

Calem, Tawny, 10 Years, Porto. Port

Casa Ferreirinha, Esteva, Douro, 2016. Red Wine

Pacheca, White Port, NV, Porto. Port

Pacheca, Superior, Douro, 2016, Douro. White Wine

Pacheca, Grande Reserva Vinhas Velhas, 2014, Douro. Red Wine x

Pacheca, Vintage Port, 2013, Porto. Port

Pacheca, Rose, 2016, Douro. Port

Pacheca, Grande Reserva Touriga Nacional, 2014, Douro. Red Wine

Pacheca, Vintage Port, 2012, Porto. Port

Vinilourenco, D.G., 2016, Douro Superior, White wine

Familia Roboredo Madeira, Vinha da Urze, 2015, Douro. Red Wine

Offley, Tawny Port, 10 years, Porto, Port

Quinta de Azevedo, Gazela, No Vintage, Vinho Verde. White Wine

Anselmo Mendes, Alvarinho, 2013, Vinho Verde (Moncao e Melgaco), White Wine

CARM, Reserva, 2013, Douro. Red Wine

Casa Ferreirinha, Papa Figos, 2015, Douro. Red Wine

Quinta de Vale Pios, Vale de Pios, 2014, Douro, Red Wine

Cabecas do Reguengo, Respiro, No Vintage, Alentejo (Portalegre). Sparkling Wine

Cabecas do Reguengo, Equinocio, 2015. Alentejo (Portalegre). White Wine

Cabecas do Reguengo, Seiva, 2014, Alentejo (Portalegre). Red Wine

Cabecas do Reguengo. Solsticio, 2015, Alentejo (Portalegre). Red Wine

Borges Porto, Soalheira,20 years, Tawny, No Vintage, Porto. Port

Quinta do Mouro, Vinha do Mouro, 2014, Alentejo, Red Wine

Graham’s, Late Bottled Vintage, 2012, Porto, Port

Esporao, Defesa do Esporao, 2016, Alentejo. White Wine

Esporao, Quinta dos Murcas, 2012, Alentejo. Red Wine

Esporao, Esporao Reserva, 2015. Alentejo.,Red Wine

Esporao, Test #8, 2016, Alentejo, Red Wine

Ribafreixo, Discordia, 2013, Alentejo. Red Wine

Herdade dos Lagos, Reserva, 2013, Alentejo. Red Wine

Herdade da Malhadinha Nova, Monte da Peceguina, 2015, Alentejo. Rose Wine

Cartuxa, EA, 2016, Alentejo. Red Wine

Bombeira do Guadiana, Flor do Guadiana, 2016, Alentejo. White Wine

Bombeira do Guadiana, Herdade da Bombeira, 2015, Alentejo. Red Wine

Monte do Trevo, Herdade dos Grous, 2016, Alentejo. Red Wine

Herdade da Malhadinha Nova, Antao Vaz da Peceguina, 2016, Alentejo. White Wine

Herdade da Malhadinha Nova, Touriga Nacional da Peceguina, 2015, Alentejo. White Wine

Herdade da Malhadinha Nova, Malhadinha, 2016, Alentejo. White Wine

Herdade da Malhadinha Nova, Monte da Peceguina, 2016,Alentejo. Red Wine

Companhia das Lezirias, Tyto Alba, 2013, Tejo. Red Wine

Bacalhoa, Verdelho, 2016, Alentejo, White Wine

Bacalhoa, Merlot, 2016, Alentejo, Red Wine

Bacalhoa, Moscatel de Setubal, 2015, Alentejo, Fortified Wine

Vinha das Virtudes, Humanitas, 2014, Alentejo. White Wine

Paulo Laureano, Vinhas Velhas, 2016. Alentejo (Vidigueira). Red Wine

Jose Maria da Fonseca, Periquita Reserva, 2016, Peninsula de Setubal. Red Wine

Jose Maria da Fonseca, Alambre, 2012, Peninsula de Setubal. Fortified Wine

Casa Ermelinda Freitas, Reserva, Touriga Nacional, 2013, Palmela. Red Wine

Aveleda, Quinta D’aguieira, No vintage, Bairrada. Sparkling Wine

Aveleda, Colheita Selecionada, Alvarinho, 2016, Vinho Verde, White Wine

Totals for the tour: 159 bird taxa and 5 mammal taxa