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Field Guides Tour Report
Brazil's Rio Roosevelt: Birding the River of Doubt 2019
Oct 12, 2019 to Oct 27, 2019
Bret Whitney & Marcelo Barreiros

Participant Ruth Kuhl captured this wonderful moment from the cabins at Pousada Rio Roosevelt.

The 2019 Field Guides Rio Roosevelt & Rio Madeira tour, in its 11th consecutive iteration, took place in October for the first time. It turned out to be a good time to run the tour, although we were just plain lucky dodging rain squalls and thunderstorms a bunch of times during our two weeks. Everyone had been concerned that the widespread burning in the southern Amazon that had been making news headlines for months, and huge areas affected by smoke from the fires, would taint our experience on the tour, but it turned out that rains had started a bit ahead of normal, and the air was totally clear.

We gathered in the town of Porto Velho, capital of the state of Rondônia. Our first outing was a late-afternoon riverboat trip on the Rio Madeira, which was a relaxing excursion, and we got to see a few Amazon (Pink) River Dolphins and Tucuxi (Gray River Dolphins) at close range. We then had three full days to bird the west side of the Madeira out of the old Amazonian town of Humaitá. It was a very productive time, as we birded a nice variety of habitats, ranging from vast, open campos and marshes to cerrado (a fire-adapted type of savanna woodland), campinarana woodland (somewhat stunted forest on nutrient-poor soils), and tall rainforest with some bamboo patches. We did see some evidence of burns through some of the campos, especially, but those areas areas will green up nicely in just a couple of months. Lots of great birds showed for us, including Ocellated (Yes!), Ash-throated, and Russet-crowned crakes, Spot-tailed Nightjar, Amazonian Pygmy-Owl, Curl-crested and Ivory-billed aracaris, Golden-collared Toucanet; Brown-banded, White-eared, Collared, and Western Striolated-puffbirds, Predicted Antwren, Manu, Humaita, and Banded antbirds, Inambari Woodcreeper, Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner, Cinereous-breasted Spinetail, Point-tailed Palmcreeper, Sharp-tailed Tyrant, Citron-bellied Attila, Fiery-capped Manakin, Black-masked Finch, Dark-throated Seedeater, and a number of flashy tanagers. We weren’t fortunate enough to find Campina Jay this time around, and Fulvous-chinned Nunlet got away heard only (twice, darn it!). Starting this year, we added a full day on the east side of the Madeira to check out some whitewater islands in the river, and bird in tall rainforest with dense bamboo understory. It was a fun, adventurous day, highlighted by a truly massive roost of Purple Martins, probably numbering more than 100,000 birds, sitting directly on the sand/silt near the tip of an island (check out the video, below!); they would have arrived in the region in the preceding month or so. Those several days on the Madeira were lovely, and the food was excellent! We hit a bunch of great little restaurants Bret has scouted out over the years.

Arriving at the Porto Velho airport, we met Ruth Kuhl, the Field Guides Rio Roosevelt Tour Manager, who had come to Porto Velho to join the tour for the week at Pousada Rio Roosevelt. It was great to see Ruth in Brazil, and so much fun to have her on the tour with us!

Our charter flight from Porto Velho to the Rio Roosevelt was right on time, and took us across a tremendous expanse of remote Campos Amazônicos National Park. As usual, the plane was a Cessna Caravan, with wings up over the windows, perfect for us! Descending toward the Rio Roosevelt, our pilots executed two wide circles for folks on both sides to get a fine view of the river and unbroken forest below, including fantastic Santa Rita rapids and the Pousada Rio Roosevelt, our home for the coming week. We enjoyed the 20-minute walk from the airstrip to the pousada, along the original portage path (now greatly enlarged, with walkways) opened by the Roosevelt-Rondon Expedition 105 years earlier. It was remarkable to contemplate those men laboring through that dense rainforest, probably clambering over the same, gnarled tree roots that punctuated the path at our feet. Along the walk we were stopped by a small group of rarely seen Aripuana Marmosets (Mico intermedius), and also a close mixed-species flock of understory insectivores. After settling into our comfortable chalets, we gathered in the dining room for lunch – more scrumptious food, and it never let up for our entire stay on the Roosevelt!

We opted for a check of the canopy tower that first afternoon, something I’d not tried on previous tours (afternoon). This tower is in only its second year, having been completed just in time for our 2018 tour. A dazzling Black-eared Fairy, Red-necked Aracaris, and a brilliant pair of Scarlet Macaws flying by at eye-level were the highlights up there. An Alta Floresta Antpitta singing spontaneously was fairly close along the trail, but lighting in the understory was just too dim for a good try at seeing it (we resolved to return on a morning walk).

The pousada is set at the back of a big, white-sand beach on a curve of the Roosevelt, just above Santa Rita rapids. Those thundering rapids are absolutely impassable (in fact, the 1914 expedition lost a boat there), so we had outboards stationed both above and below the rapids, for excursions up- and downriver. The upriver trips were silky smooth, no rapids on the Roosevelt section there, but we had a couple of small ones to negotiate on the Rio Madeirinha, the day we went way up to the campina. On the other hand, we felt some shots of adrenaline heading downriver, as we blasted through three sets of rapids to reach our most distant venue, a clay lick on the left bank of the Roosevelt. Our boatmen have spent so much time on the river around here that they know every little rock and ripple along the way, always expertly maneuvering us safely to our destinations – it was really quite amazing (check out the videos, below)! Most days saw us headed out on the boats at dawn to walk one of the many trails available to us, back to the pousada for lunch and a siesta, then back out to bird a different venue. One day, after birding the campina on the Rio Madeirinha (the most distant trail we visited), we did a little fishing to catch lunch: several beautiful tucunaré (Peacock Bass), which the guys expertly cleaned and cooked up for us on the spot – delicious!

Thinking back over the multiple avian highlights of our time on the Roosevelt, a few are real standouts. First and foremost must be the Zigzag Heron we patiently coaxed into showing himself at very close range, then staying put and calling for some 20 minutes. We then heard a few others in subsequent days; this bird kicks into breeding gear with the advent of the rainy season. And what a trip for Razor-billed Curassows! We saw a passel of them, with 1-4 almost every day. Spix’s Guans also showed well a few times, but Red-throated Piping-Guans were less in evidence than usual (June tours), appearing just a couple of times along the river borders. Brown Jacamars had well-grown youngsters; this species is easily missed in this region (distinctive subspecies melanosterna). Gould’s Toucanet performed admirably, doing its bowing/rocking vocal/visual display as we watched in the scope. Woodpeckers were very well-represented, as were the parrots. Orange-cheeked Parrots perched close and in ideal light were probably the most appreciated of all, but close views of perched Kawall’s Parrots and Crimson-bellied Parakeets were fabulous as well. Among a slew of great looks at antbirds, outstanding were the Glossy Antshrike, Roosevelt Stipplethroat (currently still a subspecies of Madeira Stipplethroat), Sclater’s Antwren (“Kermit’s” bird!), Ihering’s Antwren, Aripuana Antwren (thanks for that good spotting, Whitney!), Manicore Warbling-Antbird (we got all four species of warbling-antbirds possible on the tour), but top prize went to the highly sought White-breasted Antbird. A male Chestnut-belted Gnateater (possibly an undescribed species in this group) put on a great show one afternoon (but the darned antpitta mentioned above refused to cooperate). Another top vote-getter was a Rusty-belted Tapaculo that we talked into approaching us from way out there, eventually hopping across the trail just a few (breathless!) yards from us. Woodcreepers were well represented as well, with star performances from Hoffmann’s, Uniform, and Curve-billed (Rondonia) Scythebill. Buff-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher (really a tody-tyrant) can be tough, but we nailed it this time around. It was a bummer to dip on Chico’s Tyrannulet for the first time since Bret discovered the species on our 2009 tour. It’s a mistletoe specialist, but it seems that the mistletoe that was once more common has all but disappeared from the site over the past few years (when we have barely eked out finding the tyrannulet on the tours). Right up there with the Zigzag for top vote-getter on the tour was a Crimson Fruitcrow Marcelo spotted for us! Happily, that bird was very cooperative (unusually so), staying put in a tall treetop for all to view repeatedly in the scope. We have seen the species on the tour only three times now! We had nice views of Blue-backed Manakin (endemic, yellow-crowned subspecies regina), and great views of both Snow-capped and Flame-crowned manakins.

Mammals were also very good, especially primates. The recently described Prince Bernard’s Titi Monkey showed nicely a couple of times, as did Common Woolly Monkeys. The Roosevelt is surely the most reliable place Field Guides visits for seeing this big, heavily-hunted (elsewhere) monkey. Treetops dangling with Red Howlers and, once, a big troop of White-bellied Spider Monkeys (check out the video!) were also highly memorable sightings. We again were fortunate enough to spot a Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel. We thrilled to the close presence of Giant Otters, and also spotted a Neotropical River Otter and a Tayra. This was the first year we’ve not seen a Brazilian Tapir somewhere along the route (the clay lick was super-dry), and the only sign of a Jaguar was the deep claw-marks on the back of a huge Red Brocket Deer.

Marcelo and I had a wonderful time birding with all of you, and we are so happy that you all got to meet Ruth as well! It was great fun sharing experiences all along the way, from the opening days near Humaitá through our long week on the fabled Rio Roosevelt. We’ll look for everyone to return to bird more of big, beautiful Brazil with us in the future!

Grandes abraços,

Bret & Marcelo

One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Some nice images for the first part of the tour from the Humaitá and Porto Velho areas. Videos and photos by guide Bret Whitney.
Tinamidae (Tinamous)
GRAY TINAMOU (Tinamus tao) [*]
GREAT TINAMOU (Tinamus major) – We flushed a couple of birds on the trails at Pousada Rio Roosevelt.
WHITE-THROATED TINAMOU (Tinamus guttatus) [*]
CINEREOUS TINAMOU (Crypturellus cinereus) [*]
LITTLE TINAMOU (Crypturellus soui) [*]
UNDULATED TINAMOU (Crypturellus undulatus) [*]
BRAZILIAN TINAMOU (Crypturellus strigulosus) [*]
VARIEGATED TINAMOU (Crypturellus variegatus) [*]
SMALL-BILLED TINAMOU (Crypturellus parvirostris) [*]
RED-WINGED TINAMOU (Rhynchotus rufescens) [*]
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis) – A huge flock of birds seen on a sand beach on the Madeira river.
MUSCOVY DUCK (Cairina moschata) – Common along the Roosevelt and Madeirinha rivers.
BRAZILIAN TEAL (Amazonetta brasiliensis)
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
SPECKLED CHACHALACA (Ortalis guttata) – Nice looks along the Roosevelt river.
SPIX'S GUAN (Penelope jacquacu)
RED-THROATED PIPING-GUAN (Pipile cujubi) – Beautiful bird seen in the scope along the Madeirinha river, on the way to the Campina habitat.
RAZOR-BILLED CURASSOW (Mitu tuberosum) – This was an amazing tour for Razor-billed Curassow. We had several great encounters, including perched birds seen in the scope.
Odontophoridae (New World Quail)
STARRED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus stellatus) – Three birds were flushed and heard along the Trilha do Ouro. [*]

Rubber tree and its scars! This is the tree that made some cities in the Amazon into some of the richest places on earth. Photo by guide Marcelo Barreiros

Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia)
PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)
SCALED PIGEON (Patagioenas speciosa) – Nice looking pigeon, seen well a few times.
PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea)
RUDDY PIGEON (Patagioenas subvinacea) [*]
COMMON GROUND-DOVE (Columbina passerina)
RUDDY GROUND-DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)
RUDDY QUAIL-DOVE (Geotrygon montana) [*]
WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)
GRAY-FRONTED DOVE (Leptotila rufaxilla)
Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
GUIRA CUCKOO (Guira guira)
GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
LITTLE CUCKOO (Coccycua minuta) – Two birds seen nicely on the entrance of Esperança trail.
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)
BLACK-BELLIED CUCKOO (Piaya melanogaster)
PEARLY-BREASTED CUCKOO (Coccyzus euleri) [*]
Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)
LEAST NIGHTHAWK (Chordeiles pusillus) – Two very responsive birds seen nicely at dusk near Humaitá.
SAND-COLORED NIGHTHAWK (Chordeiles rupestris) – A single bird seen flying along the Madeirinha river.
BLACKISH NIGHTJAR (Nyctipolus nigrescens) – A few birds seen in the Campina habitat.
COMMON PAURAQUE (Nyctidromus albicollis)
SPOT-TAILED NIGHTJAR (Hydropsalis maculicaudus) – It took us a long time to find it, but we had an outstanding view near Humaitá.
LADDER-TAILED NIGHTJAR (Hydropsalis climacocerca)
Nyctibiidae (Potoos)
GREAT POTOO (Nyctibius grandis) [*]
RUFOUS POTOO (Nyctibius bracteatus) [*]
Apodidae (Swifts)
AMAZONIAN SWIFT (Chaetura viridipennis)
SHORT-TAILED SWIFT (Chaetura brachyura)
GRAY-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura cinereiventris)
PALE-RUMPED SWIFT (Chaetura egregia)
FORK-TAILED PALM-SWIFT (Tachornis squamata) – One of the four species closely tied to Moriche Palm trees.
Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN (Florisuga mellivora)
NEEDLE-BILLED HERMIT (Phaethornis philippii)
REDDISH HERMIT (Phaethornis ruber)
BLACK-EARED FAIRY (Heliothryx auritus) – A handsome hummer seen a couple of times.
SWALLOW-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD (Eupetomena macroura) – One of the biggest hummingbirds in the country, seen near Humaitá.
FORK-TAILED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania furcata)
WHITE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE (Hylocharis cyanus)
Opisthocomidae (Hoatzin)
HOATZIN (Opisthocomus hoazin) – Always a highlight on the Amazonian tours, they are in good numbers along the Roosevelt river.
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
ASH-THROATED CRAKE (Mustelirallus albicollis) – Way above the average, we saw (and really well!!) at least two individuals near Humaitá.
GRAY-COWLED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides cajaneus) [*]
OCELLATED CRAKE (Micropygia schomburgkii) – One of the most wanted birds in South America, this elusive little crake gave us a fantastic show near Humaitá.
RUSSET-CROWNED CRAKE (Anurolimnas viridis) – A nice surprise near Humaitá, two birds were seen going across the path. Both birds came back in response of the recording. Great moment.
Heliornithidae (Finfoots)
SUNGREBE (Heliornis fulica) – Seen a few times along the rivers.
Aramidae (Limpkin)
LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna)
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
PIED LAPWING (Vanellus cayanus)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)
COLLARED PLOVER (Charadrius collaris)

One of the greatest moments on the tour, a sand beach full of migrant Purple Martins resting on the ground and trees. Video by guide Marcelo Barreiros
Jacanidae (Jacanas)
WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana) [E]
Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
YELLOW-BILLED TERN (Sternula superciliaris)
LARGE-BILLED TERN (Phaetusa simplex)
BLACK SKIMMER (Rynchops niger)
Anhingidae (Anhingas)
ANHINGA (Anhinga anhinga)
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)

Zigzag Heron is one of the most wanted birds in South America! Great video by guide Bret Whitney.
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
ZIGZAG HERON (Zebrilus undulatus) – What can we do on a dark, wet and quiet afternoon?? Well, perfect scenario for a Zigzag Heron to show up and this was what exactly happened. Fantastic moment!
RUFESCENT TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma lineatum)
COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)
SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)
STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)
CAPPED HERON (Pilherodius pileatus) – Seen a few times along the rivers.
BOAT-BILLED HERON (Cochlearius cochlearius)
Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
GREEN IBIS (Mesembrinibis cayennensis)
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
KING VULTURE (Sarcoramphus papa) – Seen nicely a few times.
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)
LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus) – The islands on the Madeira river are nice for these birds.
Pandionidae (Osprey)
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus)
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
GRAY-HEADED KITE (Leptodon cayanensis) – A single bird seen on our first morning on the Pousada Rio Roosevelt trails.
SWALLOW-TAILED KITE (Elanoides forficatus) – Another great moment on the tour, when a group of 50 birds were seen soaring over the Roosevelt river.
BLACK-COLLARED HAWK (Busarellus nigricollis)
DOUBLE-TOOTHED KITE (Harpagus bidentatus) – A brief sighting on the way to Humaitá, on the left bank of the Madeira river.
PLUMBEOUS KITE (Ictinia plumbea)
CRANE HAWK (Geranospiza caerulescens)
GREAT BLACK HAWK (Buteogallus urubitinga)
ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)
WHITE-TAILED HAWK (Geranoaetus albicaudatus)
GRAY-LINED HAWK (Buteo nitidus)

Here's some great videos made by a drone. Videos and photos by guide Bret Whitney.
SHORT-TAILED HAWK (Buteo brachyurus)
SWAINSON'S HAWK (Buteo swainsoni) – We saw a single bird soaring over a big island on the Madeira river.
Strigidae (Owls)
TROPICAL SCREECH-OWL (Megascops choliba) [*]
TAWNY-BELLIED SCREECH-OWL (Megascops watsonii) [*]
CRESTED OWL (Lophostrix cristata) [*]
AMAZONIAN PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium hardyi) – A bird seen eating a bug (maybe a cicada) on our very first morning. Nice moment.
BURROWING OWL (Athene cunicularia) – At least two birds seen on the way back from Amazonas Nautica.
Trogonidae (Trogons)
PAVONINE QUETZAL (Pharomachrus pavoninus) [*]
BLACK-TAILED TROGON (Trogon melanurus)
GREEN-BACKED TROGON (Trogon viridis)
AMAZONIAN TROGON (Trogon ramonianus) – Seen very well a few times during the tour.
BLUE-CROWNED TROGON (Trogon curucui)
COLLARED TROGON (Trogon collaris)
Momotidae (Motmots)
AMAZONIAN MOTMOT (Momotus momota) [*]
RUFOUS MOTMOT (Baryphthengus martii) [*]
BROAD-BILLED MOTMOT (Electron platyrhynchum) [*]
Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)
AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)
GREEN KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle americana)
GREEN-AND-RUFOUS KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle inda) – Great looks on the entrance of Esperança trail.
Bucconidae (Puffbirds)
WHITE-NECKED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus hyperrhynchus hyperrhynchus)
BROWN-BANDED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus ordii) – A pair of birds seen well in the scope on the way to Humaitá.
PIED PUFFBIRD (Notharchus tectus) – Seen from the Pousada Rio Roosevelt canopy tower.
COLLARED PUFFBIRD (Bucco capensis) – We accidentally flushed a pair of them, maybe from their nest close by. The birds remained there for a few minutes close to the trail.
WESTERN STRIOLATED-PUFFBIRD (Nystalus obamai) – A recent split from the Striolated Puffbird, this one is only found on the left bank of Madeira river.
EASTERN STRIOLATED-PUFFBIRD (Nystalus striolatus) – This one replaces the Western Striolated-Puffbird from the right bank of Madeira river to the Tapajós river, the next large river on the east.
WHITE-EARED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus chacuru) – Great looks in the open areas near Humaitá.

Tour Manager Ruth Kuhl posed with our great local guides, Anfinete and Cemi.

FULVOUS-CHINNED NUNLET (Nonnula sclateri) – That was very close! Two birds heard on the way back to Porto Velho. [*]
BLACK-FRONTED NUNBIRD (Monasa nigrifrons)
WHITE-FRONTED NUNBIRD (Monasa morphoeus)
SWALLOW-WINGED PUFFBIRD (Chelidoptera tenebrosa)
Galbulidae (Jacamars)
BROWN JACAMAR (Brachygalba lugubris melanosterna) – A group of at least seven birds was seen very well in the scope in a Campina habitat.
BLUE-CHEEKED JACAMAR (Galbula cyanicollis) – An understory jacamar, this one replaces Yellow-billed Jacamar on the south of the Amazonas river.
RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (Galbula ruficauda)
BLUISH-FRONTED JACAMAR (Galbula cyanescens) – Another understory jacamar, this one is only found near the water and on the left bank (west) of the Madeira river.
BRONZY JACAMAR (Galbula leucogastra)
GREAT JACAMAR (Jacamerops aureus)
Capitonidae (New World Barbets)
BLACK-GIRDLED BARBET (Capito dayi) – It's always great to see any bird of this family. They're all colorful and have a nice display. We saw a pair of them very close the canopy tower.
GILDED BARBET (Capito auratus)
Ramphastidae (Toucans)
LETTERED ARACARI (Pteroglossus inscriptus) – The smallest aracari on this tour.
CHESTNUT-EARED ARACARI (Pteroglossus castanotis)
IVORY-BILLED ARACARI (BROWN-BILLED) (Pteroglossus azara mariae) – Sometimes considered as a valid species, this race occurs on the left of Madeira river and south of Amazonas river.
CURL-CRESTED ARACARI (Pteroglossus beauharnaesii) – One of the greatest moment of the tour.
RED-NECKED ARACARI (Pteroglossus bitorquatus)
GOLDEN-COLLARED TOUCANET (Selenidera reinwardtii)
GOULD'S TOUCANET (Selenidera gouldii)
TOCO TOUCAN (Ramphastos toco) – Not common in the Amazon, this big toucan only occurs on the open country areas.
WHITE-THROATED TOUCAN (Ramphastos tucanus)
CHANNEL-BILLED TOUCAN (Ramphastos vitellinus)
Picidae (Woodpeckers)
BAR-BREASTED PICULET (Picumnus aurifrons) – On the way back to Porto Velho, we made a stop and a pair of these nice piculets were seen right next to the road.
YELLOW-TUFTED WOODPECKER (Melanerpes cruentatus)
RED-STAINED WOODPECKER (Dryobates affinis)
RED-NECKED WOODPECKER (Campephilus rubricollis) – The biggest woodpecker in the Amazon! We saw a female well near Humaitá.
CRIMSON-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Campephilus melanoleucos)
LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)
SCALE-BREASTED WOODPECKER (Celeus grammicus) – Seen a few times on the Pousada Rio Roosevelt trails.
GOLDEN-GREEN WOODPECKER (Piculus chrysochloros)
SPOT-BREASTED WOODPECKER (Colaptes punctigula)
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
CRYPTIC FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur mintoni) [*]
SLATY-BACKED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur mirandollei) [*]
BLACK CARACARA (Daptrius ater) – Common along the rivers.
RED-THROATED CARACARA (Ibycter americanus)
SOUTHERN CARACARA (Caracara plancus)
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)
LAUGHING FALCON (Herpetotheres cachinnans) – Nice looks near Humaitá.
BAT FALCON (Falco rufigularis)
Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)
SCARLET-SHOULDERED PARROTLET (Touit huetii) – Heard a couple of times and seen once flying across the Roosevelt river.
TUI PARAKEET (Brotogeris sanctithomae)
GOLDEN-WINGED PARAKEET (Brotogeris chrysoptera)

A group of gorgeous Orange-cheeked Parrots were seen very well during our days at Pousada Rio Roosevelt.
ORANGE-CHEEKED PARROT (Pyrilia barrabandi) – WOW! Fantastic birds. We saw a group in the scope for several minutes perched over the clay lick. Great moment!
BLUE-HEADED PARROT (Pionus menstruus) – Just a few individuals seen this time of the year.
YELLOW-CROWNED PARROT (Amazona ochrocephala)
MEALY PARROT (Amazona farinosa)
KAWALL'S PARROT (Amazona kawalli) – Another highlight on the Pousada Rio Roosevelt trails, three birds landed very close to the trail. It was possible to see it in the scope for a couple of minutes.
WHITE-BELLIED PARROT (Pionites leucogaster) – Seen once but great! A group of eight birds flying straight over or heads during a boat trip along Roosevelt river.
SANTAREM PARAKEET (MADEIRA) (Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae) – Seen well a few times.
PEACH-FRONTED PARAKEET (Eupsittula aurea) – Nice looks in the open areas near Humaitá.
DUSKY-HEADED PARAKEET (Aratinga weddellii)
RED-BELLIED MACAW (Orthopsittaca manilatus)
BLUE-AND-YELLOW MACAW (Ara ararauna) – It's a pleasure to see these majestic birds flying against the green forest.
RED-AND-GREEN MACAW (Ara chloropterus)
WHITE-EYED PARAKEET (Psittacara leucophthalmus)
Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
ASH-WINGED ANTWREN (Euchrepomis spodioptila) – It's a challenge to get it from the ground but we were lucky and found a canopy flock foraging not too high and a pair of these tiny birds were seen nicely by everyone.
FASCIATED ANTSHRIKE (Cymbilaimus lineatus)
UNDULATED ANTSHRIKE (Frederickena unduliger) [*]
GLOSSY ANTSHRIKE (Sakesphorus luctuosus)
BARRED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus doliatus)
PLAIN-WINGED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus schistaceus)
NATTERER'S SLATY-ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus stictocephalus)
WHITE-SHOULDERED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus aethiops)
AMAZONIAN ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus amazonicus)
PEARLY ANTSHRIKE (Megastictus margaritatus) – Fantastic bird! A male seen well in the scope for a couple of minutes.
SATURNINE ANTSHRIKE (Thamnomanes saturninus)
CINEREOUS ANTSHRIKE (Thamnomanes caesius) – Common in the understory flocks, usually foraging with Cinereus Antshrike.
PLAIN-THROATED ANTWREN (Isleria hauxwelli) – Little bird seen well a couple of times.
SPOT-WINGED ANTSHRIKE (Pygiptila stellaris) – Easily distinguished by its long heavy bill and short tail, this bird is usually found foraging with the mixed-species flocks.
WHITE-EYED ANTWREN (Epinecrophylla leucophthalma)
MADEIRA ANTWREN (Epinecrophylla amazonica)
MADEIRA ANTWREN (ROOSEVELT) (Epinecrophylla amazonica dentei) – A great moment, for sure! We heard this bird a couple of times and finally managed to see a male very well on the Trilha do Ouro.
ORNATE ANTWREN (Epinecrophylla ornata)
PYGMY ANTWREN (Myrmotherula brachyura)
SCLATER'S ANTWREN (Myrmotherula sclateri) – Seen extremely well a couple of times.
AMAZONIAN STREAKED-ANTWREN (Myrmotherula multostriata)
WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula axillaris)
LONG-WINGED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula longipennis)
IHERING'S ANTWREN (Myrmotherula iheringi) – An easy bird to miss everywhere! We're so, so lucky and saw it twice on this tour.
GRAY ANTWREN (Myrmotherula menetriesii)
LEADEN ANTWREN (Myrmotherula assimilis)
BANDED ANTBIRD (Dichrozona cincta) – What a bird! On the way back to Porto Velho, after a few productive days at Humaitá and surroundings, a very responsive bird was seen, in the scope, for a few minutes! Great moment!
PREDICTED ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus praedictus) – Recently described (2013), this small antwren only occurs on the west of the Madeira river.
ARIPUANA ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus stotzi) – Another great bird on this tour, this one has a small range, only between the Machado/Ji-Paraná and Roosevelt/Aripuanã rivers.
RUFOUS-WINGED ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus) [*]
DOT-WINGED ANTWREN (Microrhopias quixensis)
WHITE-FRINGED ANTWREN (Formicivora grisea)
RUSTY-BACKED ANTWREN (Formicivora rufa) – Great looks during a quick birding stop on the way to Porto Velho.
PERUVIAN WARBLING-ANTBIRD (Hypocnemis peruviana) – One of the four members of the genus Hypocnemis seen on this tour.
RONDONIA WARBLING-ANTBIRD (Hypocnemis ochrogyna)
SPIX'S WARBLING-ANTBIRD (Hypocnemis striata implicata)

Another great compilation of photos and videos by guide Bret Whitney. Here we can remember how nice our days at Pousada Rio Roosevelt were.
MANICORE WARBLING-ANTBIRD (Hypocnemis rondoni) – Great bird, described in 2013; this one occurs between the Machado/Ji-Paraná and Roosevelt/Aripuanã rivers.
BLACK ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides serva) – Great bird only found on the west of the Madeira river.
BLACKISH ANTBIRD (Cercomacroides nigrescens)
MANU ANTBIRD (Cercomacra manu) – A very nice surprise on the tour! This bird was not even on our checklist but it showed up extremely well on the very first morning! Fantastic!
GRAY ANTBIRD (Cercomacra cinerascens)
BLACK-FACED ANTBIRD (Myrmoborus myotherinus)
BLACK-CHINNED ANTBIRD (Hypocnemoides melanopogon)
HUMAITA ANTBIRD (Myrmelastes humaythae) – This one used to be considered a sub-species of Spot-winged Antbird (Schistocichla leucostigma).
RUFOUS-FACED ANTBIRD (Myrmelastes rufifacies) – Another one recently elevated to species status, this one replaces Humaitá Antbird on the east bank of Madeira river.
[CHESTNUT-TAILED] ANTBIRD (Sciaphylax [hemimelaena] taxon novum) – Still an unnamed bird, this new taxa is only found between the Machado and Roosevelt rivers.
FERRUGINOUS-BACKED ANTBIRD (Myrmoderus ferrugineus) – That was tough! Only a few people managed to see it through the dense understory.
BLACK-THROATED ANTBIRD (Myrmophylax atrothorax)
WHITE-THROATED ANTBIRD (Oneillornis salvini) [*]
WHITE-BREASTED ANTBIRD (Rhegmatorhina hoffmannsi) – Finally, after a few "heard only" encounters, a male gave us a chance for everyone to see him. Congratulations, folks!
SPOT-BACKED ANTBIRD (Hylophylax naevius)
DOT-BACKED ANTBIRD (Hylophylax punctulatus) – A family group seen very nicely right after a Zigzag Heron performed well for us.
COMMON SCALE-BACKED ANTBIRD (Willisornis poecilinotus)

Our nice group, enjoying birding in the pristine forest of the Pousada Rio Roosevelt area. Photo by guide Marcelo Barreiros.

BLACK-SPOTTED BARE-EYE (Phlegopsis nigromaculata) [*]
Conopophagidae (Gnateaters)
CHESTNUT-BELTED GNATEATER (Conopophaga aurita) – Great bird and great looks on the Pousada Rio Roosevelt trails.
Grallariidae (Antpittas)
VARIEGATED ANTPITTA (Grallaria varia) [*]
ALTA FLORESTA ANTPITTA (Hylopezus whittakeri) [*]
THRUSH-LIKE ANTPITTA (Myrmothera campanisona) [*]
Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)
RUSTY-BELTED TAPACULO (Liosceles thoracicus) – YES! The only Tapaculo in the Amazon, genetic studies revealed this is the ancestral among all the Tapaculos.
Formicariidae (Antthrushes)
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
SPOT-THROATED WOODCREEPER (Certhiasomus stictolaemus) [*]
OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (Sittasomus griseicapillus)
WHITE-CHINNED WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla merula) [*]
PLAIN-BROWN WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)
WEDGE-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Glyphorynchus spirurus)
LONG-BILLED WOODCREEPER (Nasica longirostris) – Very elegant woodcreeper seen on the entrance of Esperança trail.
AMAZONIAN BARRED-WOODCREEPER (PLAIN-COLORED) (Dendrocolaptes certhia concolor)
HOFFMANNS'S WOODCREEPER (Dendrocolaptes hoffmannsi) – A big woodcreeper only found between the Madeira and Tapajós rivers, seen very well near to the canopy tower.
RED-BILLED WOODCREEPER (UNIFORM) (Hylexetastes perrotii uniformis) – This one is considered as a separate species from Red-billed (Guianan) by some authors.

Our group, just before going up on the Pousada Rio Roosevelt canopy tower. Photo by participant Ruth Kuhl.

STRIPED WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus obsoletus)
OCELLATED WOODCREEPER (OCELLATED) (Xiphorhynchus ocellatus perplexus) – Another highlight on the left bank of the Madeira river.
ELEGANT WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus elegans)
BUFF-THROATED WOODCREEPER (LAFRESNAYE'S) (Xiphorhynchus guttatus dorbignyanus)
BUFF-THROATED WOODCREEPER (DUSKY-BILLED) (Xiphorhynchus guttatus eytoni)
ZIMMER'S WOODCREEPER (Dendroplex kienerii) – Another big surprise, recorded for the first time on the tour, this bird only occurs in the flooded forest.
CURVE-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (RONDONIA) (Campylorhamphus procurvoides probatus) – Fantastic bird seen well by everyone.
INAMBARI WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes fatimalimae) – Recently split from Lineated Woodcreeper (same for Rondonia Woodcreeper).
RONDONIA WOODCREEPER (Lepidocolaptes fuscicapillus)
PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)
POINT-TAILED PALMCREEPER (Berlepschia rikeri) – What a bird! It's always nice to see this guy. This bird is only found on Moriche Palm trees, usually on top of the leaves.
RUFOUS-TAILED XENOPS (Microxenops milleri) – Nice looks on Amazonas Nautica entrance road.
RUFOUS-RUMPED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Philydor erythrocercum)
CINNAMON-RUMPED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Philydor pyrrhodes) – Great moment near Humaitá! A very responsive bird came out and flew across the road right in front of the group.
CHESTNUT-WINGED HOOKBILL (Ancistrops strigilatus) – A monotypic genus, usually found with canopy mixed-species flocks, seen very nicely.
BUFF-THROATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Automolus ochrolaemus) [*]
STRIPED WOODHAUNTER (Automolus subulatus) – Seen briefly (as usual) foraging with a nice mixed-species flock.
SPECKLED SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca gutturata) [*]
YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus)
PLAIN-CROWNED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis gujanensis) [*]
CINEREOUS-BREASTED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis hypospodia) – Nice looks near Humaitá!
RUDDY SPINETAIL (Synallaxis rutilans) – A hard bird to see anywhere. We saw a pair of birds on Nautica Amazonas entrance road.
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
FOREST ELAENIA (Myiopagis gaimardii)
GRAY ELAENIA (Myiopagis caniceps)
YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)
PLAIN-CRESTED ELAENIA (Elaenia cristata) – Great looks near Humaitá.
LESSER ELAENIA (Elaenia chiriquensis)
SHARP-TAILED TYRANT (Culicivora caudacuta) – A special little bird, only found in open areas of Cerrado. We saw two birds catching some bugs with other birds after a huge storm near Humaitá.
RINGED ANTPIPIT (Corythopis torquatus) – A Pipit or an Antbird? This is something in between! A very nice bird usually seen walking on the ground snapping its bill.
SHORT-TAILED PYGMY-TYRANT (Myiornis ecaudatus) – The smallest passerine in the world, seen building its nest right next to the road. Amazing moment. [N]
SNETHLAGE'S TODY-TYRANT (SNETHLAGE'S) (Hemitriccus minor minor)
SNETHLAGE'S TODY-TYRANT (NEW SPECIES) (Hemitriccus sp. nov.) – This is a new taxa, still unnamed, only found on the west of Madeira river, seen well on the way to Humaitá.
STRIPE-NECKED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus striaticollis) – Nice bird seen well in a secondary forest near Humaitá.
ZIMMER'S TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus minimus) [*]
BUFF-CHEEKED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus senex) – A Campina (white sand soil) specialty, only between the Madeira and Tapajós rivers. We had great looks up on the Madeirinha river.
SPOTTED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum maculatum)
YELLOW-BROWED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum)
YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (RIVERINE) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens insignis)
GRAY-CROWNED FLYCATCHER (Tolmomyias poliocephalus)
GOLDEN-CROWNED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus coronatus) – Heard a few times and seen once on the Pousada Rio Roosevelt trails.
WHITE-CRESTED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus platyrhynchos) [*]

Here's a slow motion video of an adult Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant building its nest. Video by guide Marcelo Barreiros.
ROYAL FLYCATCHER (Onychorhynchus coronatus) [*]
WHISKERED FLYCATCHER (Myiobius barbatus)
BLACK-TAILED FLYCATCHER (Myiobius atricaudus)
EASTERN WOOD-PEWEE (Contopus virens)
FUSCOUS FLYCATCHER (CAMPINA) (Cnemotriccus fuscatus duidae) – Fantastic looks in a Campina habitat up on the Madeirinha river.
DRAB WATER TYRANT (Ochthornis littoralis)
LITTLE GROUND-TYRANT (Muscisaxicola fluviatilis)
WHITE-HEADED MARSH TYRANT (Arundinicola leucocephala)
CINNAMON ATTILA (Attila cinnamomeus) [*]
CITRON-BELLIED ATTILA (Attila citriniventris) – Nice looks on the very first morning, on the way to Humaitá.
BRIGHT-RUMPED ATTILA (Attila spadiceus) [*]
PALE-BELLIED MOURNER (Rhytipterna immunda) [*]
DUSKY-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
LESSER KISKADEE (Pitangus lictor) – Seen a couple of times along the rivers.
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
DUSKY-CHESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes luteiventris) [*]
PIRATIC FLYCATCHER (Legatus leucophaius)
VARIEGATED FLYCATCHER (Empidonomus varius)
CROWNED SLATY FLYCATCHER (Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus) – Seen nicely on the way to Humaitá.
SULPHURY FLYCATCHER (Tyrannopsis sulphurea)
WHITE-THROATED KINGBIRD (Tyrannus albogularis)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)

A group of White-bellied Spider Monkeys. Video by guide Bret Whitney.
Cotingidae (Cotingas)
CRIMSON FRUITCROW (Haematoderus militaris) – YES! One of the most wanted birds in South America, this huge, gorgeous bird showed up nicely for us. A female was seen in the scope for several minutes.
SPANGLED COTINGA (Cotinga cayana) – Seen a couple of times along the rivers.
SCREAMING PIHA (Lipaugus vociferans)
POMPADOUR COTINGA (Xipholena punicea)
BARE-NECKED FRUITCROW (Gymnoderus foetidus) – Nice looks from the canopy tower.
Pipridae (Manakins)
DWARF TYRANT-MANAKIN (Tyranneutes stolzmanni) – We saw a bird doing an aerial display for several minutes near Humaitá.
BLUE-BACKED MANAKIN (REGINA) (Chiroxiphia pareola regina) – An immature male seen very nicely.
BLACK MANAKIN (Xenopipo atronitens) [*]
BLUE-CROWNED MANAKIN (Lepidothrix coronata) [*]
SNOW-CAPPED MANAKIN (Lepidothrix nattereri) – Great bird! We had a couple of nice encounters during our days at Pousada Rio Roosevelt.
FLAME-CROWNED MANAKIN (Heterocercus linteatus) – Another fantastic bird seen very well on this tour.
FIERY-CAPPED MANAKIN (Machaeropterus pyrocephalus) – We saw a gorgeous male feeding with some other species on the very first morning.
RED-HEADED MANAKIN (Ceratopipra rubrocapilla)
WING-BARRED PIPRITES (Piprites chloris) [*]
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
BROWN-WINGED SCHIFFORNIS (Schiffornis turdina)
CINEREOUS MOURNER (Laniocera hypopyrra) – Seen briefly foraging with a canopy flock.
WHITE-BROWED PURPLETUFT (Iodopleura isabellae) – That was "the" tour for Purpletufts! We had many great moments with these nice little birds.
WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus)
BLACK-CAPPED BECARD (Pachyramphus marginatus)

More great memories captured by guide Bret Whitney.
Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)
GRAY-CHESTED GREENLET (Hylophilus semicinereus) [*]
SLATY-CAPPED SHRIKE-VIREO (Vireolanius leucotis) [*]
TAWNY-CROWNED GREENLET (Tunchiornis ochraceiceps)
BUFF-CHEEKED GREENLET (Pachysylvia muscicapina)
CHIVI VIREO (MIGRATORY) (Vireo chivi chivi)
Hirundinidae (Swallows)
BLACK-COLLARED SWALLOW (Pygochelidon melanoleuca)
WHITE-BANDED SWALLOW (Atticora fasciata)
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
PURPLE MARTIN (Progne subis) – One of the greatest moments on the tour! We arrived on a big island on the Madeira river and suddenly, we saw, maybe, a hundred thousand Purple Martins on the sand beach and short trees around it. Fantastic!
GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)
WHITE-WINGED SWALLOW (Tachycineta albiventer)
Troglodytidae (Wrens)
SCALY-BREASTED WREN (Microcerculus marginatus) [*]
HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon)
THRUSH-LIKE WREN (Campylorhynchus turdinus) – Nice looks on Amazonas Nautica entrance road.
MOUSTACHED WREN (Pheugopedius genibarbis)
BUFF-BREASTED WREN (Cantorchilus leucotis)
Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)
LONG-BILLED GNATWREN (Ramphocaenus melanurus) – Common with the mixed-species flocks.
Donacobiidae (Donacobius)
BLACK-CAPPED DONACOBIUS (Donacobius atricapilla)
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)

Our group doing some birding around Humaitá. Photo by guide Marcelo Barreiros.

HAUXWELL'S THRUSH (Turdus hauxwelli)
WHITE-NECKED THRUSH (Turdus albicollis) [*]
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
PURPLE-THROATED EUPHONIA (Euphonia chlorotica) [*]
GOLDEN-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia chrysopasta)
RUFOUS-BELLIED EUPHONIA (Euphonia rufiventris)
Passerellidae (New World Sparrows)
GRASSLAND SPARROW (Ammodramus humeralis) – Seen well on the grassland areas near Humaitá.
YELLOW-BROWED SPARROW (Ammodramus aurifrons)
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
GREEN OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius viridis)
OLIVE OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius bifasciatus) – Great looks along the Roosevelt and Madeirinha rivers.
RED-RUMPED CACIQUE (Cacicus haemorrhous)
EPAULET ORIOLE (Icterus cayanensis)
GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus)
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
BUFF-RUMPED WARBLER (Myiothlypis fulvicauda)
Mitrospingidae (Mitrospingid Tanagers)
RED-BILLED PIED TANAGER (Lamprospiza melanoleuca)
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
ROSE-BREASTED CHAT (Granatellus pelzelni) – Male and female seen very well on the Pousada Rio Roosevelt trails.
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
RED-CAPPED CARDINAL (Paroaria gularis)
BLACK-FACED TANAGER (Schistochlamys melanopis) – Two birds foraging with some other species near Humaitá.
WHITE-RUMPED TANAGER (Cypsnagra hirundinacea) – Always a great show! This bird has one of the coolest displays among the tanagers!
FLAME-CRESTED TANAGER (Tachyphonus cristatus) – Common in the canopy flocks.
FULVOUS-CRESTED TANAGER (Tachyphonus surinamus)
WHITE-SHOULDERED TANAGER (Tachyphonus luctuosus)
WHITE-WINGED SHRIKE-TANAGER (Lanio versicolor) [*]
SILVER-BEAKED TANAGER (Ramphocelus carbo)
BLUE-GRAY TANAGER (Thraupis episcopus)
PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)
DOTTED TANAGER (Ixothraupis varia) [*]
MASKED TANAGER (Tangara nigrocincta)
TURQUOISE TANAGER (Tangara mexicana) – Common near our cabins at Pousada Rio Roosevelt.

Come on Ocellated Crake!! Where are you??! With patience, we had some great views of two individuals near Humaitá. Photo by guide Marcelo Barreiros.

PARADISE TANAGER (Tangara chilensis) – One of the most beautiful tanagers in the country.
SWALLOW TANAGER (Tersina viridis)
BLACK-FACED DACNIS (Dacnis lineata)
YELLOW-BELLIED DACNIS (Dacnis flaviventer)
BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)
PURPLE HONEYCREEPER (Cyanerpes caeruleus)
GREEN HONEYCREEPER (Chlorophanes spiza)
YELLOW-BACKED TANAGER (Hemithraupis flavicollis)
PEARLY-BREASTED CONEBILL (Conirostrum margaritae)
WEDGE-TAILED GRASS-FINCH (Emberizoides herbicola) – Great looks near Humaitá.
BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)
CHESTNUT-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila castaneiventris)
DARK-THROATED SEEDEATER (Sporophila ruficollis)
CHESTNUT-BELLIED SEED-FINCH (Sporophila angolensis)
DOUBLE-COLLARED SEEDEATER (Sporophila caerulescens) – A nice male seen foraging with many Dark-throated Seedeaters near Humaitá.
PLUMBEOUS SEEDEATER (Sporophila plumbea)
BLACK-MASKED FINCH (Coryphaspiza melanotis) – Great bird! A Cerrado specialty found near Humaitá.
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
GRAYISH SALTATOR (Saltator coerulescens)

This Banded Antbird gave us a great show on the way back to Porto Velho. Digiscoping video by guide Marcelo Barreiros
Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)
HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus)

LONG-NOSED BAT (Rhynchonycteris naso)
GREATER BULLDOG BAT (Noctilio leporinus)
[SILVERY] MARMOSET (Callithrix [argentata] sp.)
SADDLEBACK TAMARIN (Saguinus fuscicollis)
RED-CHESTED MUSTACHED TAMARIN (Saguinus labiatus) – A very nice monkey seen on the way back to Porto Velho.
DUSKY TITI MONKEY (Callicebus moloch)
PRINCE BERNARD'S TITI MONKEY (Callicebus bernhardi) – Nice looks at Pousada Rio Roosevelt.
RED HOWLER MONKEY (Alouatta seniculus)
SAKI MONKEY (Pithecia sp.)
BROWN CAPUCHIN (Cebus apella)
COMMON WOOLLY MONKEY (Lagothrix lagotricha) – Fantastic animal, and a hard one to see anywhere! We were so lucky and found a family hanging on an emergent tree along the Roosevelt river.
WHITE-BELLIED SPIDER MONKEY (Ateles belzebuth chamek) – Great looks along the Roosevelt river.
NEOTROPICAL PYGMY SQUIRREL (Sciurillus pusillus) – One of the hardest mammals to see in the Amazon forest!
CAPYBARA (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris)
RED-RUMPED AGOUTI (Dasyprocta agouti)
AMAZON RIVER DOLPHIN (Inia geoffrensis)
TUCUXI (Sotalia fluviatilis)
TAYRA (Eira barbara) – A single one running on the Pousada Rio Roosevelt airstrip!
NEOTROPICAL OTTER (Lontra longicaudis)
GIANT OTTER (Pteronura brasiliensis)
BRAZILIAN TAPIR (Tapirus terrestris) – A very special moment for everyone during a night trip. Two relaxed individuals walking very close to the group.

One of the three Red Brocket Deer seen on the clay lick. Video by guide Marcelo Barreiros.
RED BROCKET DEER (Mazama americana) – During our visit to a salt lick area, we saw three individuals in there.
BLACK CAIMAN (Melanosuchus niger)


Totals for the tour: 427 bird taxa and 25 mammal taxa