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Field Guides Tour Report
Serra dos Tucanos, Brazil 2018
Nov 10, 2018 to Nov 20, 2018
Marcelo Padua & Andy Foster

This interesting little Itatiaia Spinetail was one of our rewards for visiting the peak of Nova Caledonia. It was just one of the Brazilian endemics and other special birds that we enjoyed on the tour. Photo by participant Claudi Racionero.

We started things in Rio and drove to the lovely Itororo lodge, the place we would call home for the next several days, with the knowledge that the days that preceded this tour were marked by a record amount of rainfall in the areas we visit for this tour. So, I was truly worried about the conditions in which we would be birding but we arrived with good weather and quickly fell into a totally different rhythm as we enjoyed the multitude of Hummingbirds and Tanagers that feast on the feeders right outside our lodge. Our hosts put us into our rooms and shortly after lunch we were out exploring the grounds of the lodge. Tiffany was quick to spot a Black-and-White Hawk-Eagle (the first of many great birds she would spot for us) and Michael called out a King Vulture which sent Andy running for his camera, as this was the very first sighting of this species for the lodge. The afternoon also had us looking at a Mantled Hawk, a scarce raptor that is endemic to the Atlantic Forest.

Our luck with the weather and the birds continued throughout the tour and we only missed a single afternoon due to rains which is perfectly normal; after all it's called Rainforest for a reason! The days that followed had us working on different altitudinal bands over several days, thus getting to a different set of birds each day.

From the lowlands of REGUA, where we enjoyed great looks at Chestnut-backed Antshrike, Unicolored Antwren, Blond-crested Woodpecker and many more, to the peak of Nova Caledonia, where we were treated to high altitude specialists such as Itatiaia Spinetail, Thick-billed Saltator, Black-and-gold Cotinga and passing through Macae de Cima, we enjoyed great weather, excellent birds and delicious food, turning each day into an exciting adventure.

This tour is always a treat to lead but each of you made this a particularly enjoyable year for me.

Thanks for joining me and I hope to see you all again some day.


One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

The endemic Three-toed Jacamar was another very special bird that we we had to travel to find, but it was well worth it for the view that we got. Photo by participant Claudi Racionero.

Tinamidae (Tinamous)
SOLITARY TINAMOU (Tinamus solitarius) [*]
BROWN TINAMOU (Crypturellus obsoletus) [*]
TATAUPA TINAMOU (Crypturellus tataupa)
Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis) – A few individuals seen around the lake at Regua reserve.
Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
DUSKY-LEGGED GUAN (Penelope obscura) – You could set your clock by the time they showed up at the feeders every day.
Odontophoridae (New World Quail)
SPOT-WINGED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus capueira) – Heard almost every day at the lodge, but despite our repeated efforts, only seen by Toni as one bird ran across the trail.
Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)
MAGNIFICENT FRIGATEBIRD (Fregata magnificens) – Common around the airport in Rio.
Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus) – Seen near the airport and at REGUA.
Anhingidae (Anhingas)
ANHINGA (Anhinga anhinga) – Also seen around the lakes at REGUA.
Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba) – Seen near Rio's airport and on the day we moved into the interior to look for the Three-toed Jacamar.
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)
STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)
WHISTLING HERON (Syrigma sibilatrix)
Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)
TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)
LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus)
KING VULTURE (Sarcoramphus papa) – Michael spotted this one right from the veranda outside the dining area. A first time record for this species at the lodge.
Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
BLACK HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus tyrannus)
BLACK-AND-WHITE HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus melanoleucus) – Tiffany spotted this one right upon our arrival at the lodge.
RUFOUS-THIGHED KITE (Harpagus diodon)
SAVANNA HAWK (Buteogallus meridionalis)
CHACO EAGLE (Buteogallus coronatus) – We had a brief but unmistakable view of this rare raptor on our way to our Three-toed Jacamar spot.
ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)

We finally got a wonderful view of both male and female Giant Antshrike, after trying numerous times. This is the female, who seems to be curious about us. Photo by participant Ted Kavanagh.

WHITE-TAILED HAWK (Geranoaetus albicaudatus)
MANTLED HAWK (Pseudastur polionotus) – Seen soaring over the hills on our first day at Itororo Lodge.
Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
RUFOUS-SIDED CRAKE (Laterallus melanophaius) [*]
SLATY-BREASTED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides saracura)
RUSSET-CROWNED CRAKE (Anurolimnas viridis)
BLACKISH RAIL (Pardirallus nigricans) – We stopped at the edge of a marsh near Duas Barras and pulled one in for close inspections.
COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)
Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis) – A common sight in open areas.
Jacanidae (Jacanas)
WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)
Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia)
PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)
PICAZURO PIGEON (Patagioenas picazuro)
PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea)
RUDDY GROUND-DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)

This Blond-crested Woodpecker was one of the lowland species we found around REGUA. Photo by participant Claudi Racionero.

GRAY-FRONTED DOVE (Leptotila rufaxilla) – This is a forest species that is more frequently heard than seen, but we had multiple looks at them around Itororo Lodge.
Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major) – A few individuals seen around the lake at REGUA.
SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)
STRIPED CUCKOO (Tapera naevia)
SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)
Strigidae (Owls)
TROPICAL SCREECH-OWL (Megascops choliba) [*]
Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)
SHORT-TAILED NIGHTHAWK (NATTERERI) (Lurocalis semitorquatus nattereri) – Good views around the lodge.
Nyctibiidae (Potoos)
COMMON POTOO (Nyctibius griseus) [*]
Apodidae (Swifts)
WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris)
SICK'S SWIFT (Chaetura meridionalis)
Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
BLACK JACOBIN (Florisuga fusca) – A regular visitor of the lodge feeders.
SAW-BILLED HERMIT (Ramphodon naevius)
PLANALTO HERMIT (Phaethornis pretrei)
SCALE-THROATED HERMIT (Phaethornis eurynome) – The default Hermit on this tour and one that regularly visits the lodge's feeders.

Although Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner was common on the tour, they are beautiful birds, and we enjoyed seeing them. We even found a nest! Photo by participant Ted Kavanagh.

BRAZILIAN RUBY (Clytolaema rubricauda)
AMETHYST WOODSTAR (Calliphlox amethystina)
GLITTERING-BELLIED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon lucidus)
VIOLET-CAPPED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania glaucopis)
SOMBRE HUMMINGBIRD (Aphantochroa cirrochloris)
WHITE-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD (Leucochloris albicollis)
VERSICOLORED EMERALD (Amazilia versicolor) – Seen a couple of times including a perched individual.
SAPPHIRE-SPANGLED EMERALD (Amazilia lactea) – A great spot by Tiffany.
Trogonidae (Trogons)
SURUCUA TROGON (Trogon surrucura)
BLACK-THROATED TROGON (Trogon rufus chrysochloros)
Momotidae (Motmots)
RUFOUS-CAPPED MOTMOT (Baryphthengus ruficapillus) – Seen briefly a few times as there was one individual nesting along a trail at the lodge.
Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)
AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)
Bucconidae (Puffbirds)
WHITE-EARED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus chacuru)
CRESCENT-CHESTED PUFFBIRD (Malacoptila striata) – This is a species of the drier areas of central Brazil that is slowly colonizing areas where the forest has been cleared. We saw them on the day we went looking for the Three-toed Jacamar.
Galbulidae (Jacamars)
THREE-TOED JACAMAR (Jacamaralcyon tridactyla) – Endemic, range restricted and highly localized, but if you know where they are, they are quite reliable. Which is why we make the long journey from Nova Friburgo to Sumidouro.
Ramphastidae (Toucans)
SAFFRON TOUCANET (Pteroglossus bailloni) – This one kept us in suspense until the last minute. Thanks to Claudi and Toni for spotting this one.
SPOT-BILLED TOUCANET (Selenidera maculirostris) – Michael spotted our first one and we later had a couple more sightings of this Atlantic Forest Gem.
CHANNEL-BILLED TOUCAN (ARIEL) (Ramphastos vitellinus ariel)
Picidae (Woodpeckers)
WHITE-BARRED PICULET (Picumnus cirratus)
WHITE WOODPECKER (Melanerpes candidus) – Another species that is moving in with the clearing of the forest.
YELLOW-EARED WOODPECKER (Veniliornis maculifrons)
WHITE-BROWED WOODPECKER (Piculus aurulentus)
GREEN-BARRED WOODPECKER (Colaptes melanochloros)
CAMPO FLICKER (CAMPO) (Colaptes campestris campestris)
BLOND-CRESTED WOODPECKER (BLOND-CRESTED) (Celeus flavescens flavescens) – One of the great species we found when we birded the lowlands around REGUA.
LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)

Participant Claudi Racionero caught this Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail as it ran across the road.

Cariamidae (Seriemas)
RED-LEGGED SERIEMA (Cariama cristata) – One of just two members of this South American Family. We had outstanding views near Pico Caledonia.
Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
BARRED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur ruficollis) – Seeing a Forest-falcon is always a treat.
SOUTHERN CARACARA (Caracara plancus)
YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)
LAUGHING FALCON (Herpetotheres cachinnans) [*]
AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)
Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)
PLAIN PARAKEET (Brotogeris tirica)
PILEATED PARROT (Pionopsitta pileata) [*]
BLUE-BELLIED PARROT (Triclaria malachitacea) [*]
SCALY-HEADED PARROT (Pionus maximiliani)
MAROON-BELLIED PARAKEET (MAROON-TAILED) (Pyrrhura frontalis frontalis) – A regular at the lodge's feeders.
BLUE-WINGED MACAW (Primolius maracana) – Only a distant pair in flight at their nesting site this year. Later in the day we saw some closer ones in flight.
WHITE-EYED PARAKEET (Psittacara leucophthalmus)

This lovely female Pin-tailed Manakin posed for a nice photo by participant Ted Kavanagh. Males are more colorful, but the females are quite charming in their own way!

Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
SPOT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Hypoedaleus guttatus) – Always a tricky bird to see, as it lives in the canopies of trees and likes to forage in dense vine tangles, but we had great looks at this one this year.
GIANT ANTSHRIKE (Batara cinerea) – We had to work really hard for this one and with every failed attempt the Giant Antshrike grew larger, but in the end we had glorious views of a male and a female.
LARGE-TAILED ANTSHRIKE (Mackenziaena leachii)
TUFTED ANTSHRIKE (Mackenziaena severa)
WHITE-BEARDED ANTSHRIKE (Biatas nigropectus) – I still can't believe that we saw this shy bamboo specialist through the scope.
RUFOUS-CAPPED ANTSHRIKE (SOUTHERN) (Thamnophilus ruficapillus ruficapillus)
CHESTNUT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus palliatus) – Great looks at REGUA.
SOORETAMA SLATY-ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus ambiguus) – Formerly known simply as Slaty Antshrike, but the group was split into several species a few years ago. This one is an Atlantic Forest Endemic.
VARIABLE ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus caerulescens caerulescens)
STAR-THROATED ANTWREN (Rhopias gularis) – Not only a cute little bird but one that lives and forages close to the ground. Giving our necks a much appreciated break.
SPOT-BREASTED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus stictothorax)
RUFOUS-BACKED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus xanthopterus) – A high altitude specialist that we saw extremely well at Pico Caledonia.

A Green-crowned Plovercrest, photographed by participant Ted Kavanagh.

WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN (SILVERY-FLANKED) (Myrmotherula axillaris luctuosa) – This is a potential split from the nominate species. We saw it well at REGUA.
UNICOLORED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula unicolor) – Lowland Atlantic forest is a rare habitat, and therefore it is no surprise that this species, that only occurs in lowland forest, is quite rare. REGUA is one of the best places to see this one.
RUFOUS-WINGED ANTWREN (SOUTHERN) (Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus rufimarginatus)
SERRA ANTWREN (Formicivora serrana interposita) – A bird of the drier interior that we saw well on the day we looked for the Three-toed Jacamar.
BERTONI'S ANTBIRD (Drymophila rubricollis)
RUFOUS-TAILED ANTBIRD (Drymophila genei)
OCHRE-RUMPED ANTBIRD (Drymophila ochropyga)
DUSKY-TAILED ANTBIRD (Drymophila malura)
SCALED ANTBIRD (Drymophila squamata) [*]
STREAK-CAPPED ANTWREN (Terenura maculata) – Always a challenging bird as it travels with canopy mixed species flocks but we managed to get a few people on it.
WHITE-SHOULDERED FIRE-EYE (Pyriglena leucoptera)
Conopophagidae (Gnateaters)
BLACK-CHEEKED GNATEATER (Conopophaga melanops) – This striking Gnateater is always a crowd pleaser.
RUFOUS GNATEATER (Conopophaga lineata)
Grallariidae (Antpittas)
VARIEGATED ANTPITTA (Grallaria varia) – One of the highlights of the tour was seeing this shy forest dweller so well.
Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)
SPOTTED BAMBOOWREN (Psilorhamphus guttatus)
SLATY BRISTLEFRONT (Merulaxis ater) – High on everyone's list of wanted birds and one that I was a little nervous about as we missed it entirely last year. But we had great looks at a pair on the road to Macae de Cima.
WHITE-BREASTED TAPACULO (Eleoscytalopus indigoticus)
MOUSE-COLORED TAPACULO (Scytalopus speluncae)
Formicariidae (Antthrushes)
RUFOUS-CAPPED ANTTHRUSH (Formicarius colma) – Great looks on the CEDAE Trail.
SHORT-TAILED ANTTHRUSH (Chamaeza campanisona campanisona) [*]
SUCH'S ANTTHRUSH (Chamaeza meruloides) – We nailed this one on our very first day at the lodge.
RUFOUS-TAILED ANTTHRUSH (Chamaeza ruficauda)
Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (OLIVACEOUS) (Sittasomus griseicapillus sylviellus)
PLAIN-WINGED WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla turdina)
PLANALTO WOODCREEPER (Dendrocolaptes platyrostris)
WHITE-THROATED WOODCREEPER (Xiphocolaptes albicollis) – Brief but good views of this massive Woodcreeper on one of the trails at Itororo lodge.
LESSER WOODCREEPER (LESSER) (Xiphorhynchus fuscus fuscus)

This Streaked Xenops is sitting at just the right angle to see its unique bill. Photo by participant Claudi Racionero.

BLACK-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus falcularius) – A bamboo specialist and a very hard one to see well, but we had great looks at one that was traveling with a mixed species flock at Itororo Lodge.
SCALED WOODCREEPER (SCALED) (Lepidocolaptes squamatus squamatus)
PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)
STREAKED XENOPS (Xenops rutilans)
WING-BANDED HORNERO (Furnarius figulus) – Great views on the day that we drove inland.
RUFOUS HORNERO (Furnarius rufus)
SHARP-TAILED STREAMCREEPER (Lochmias nematura nematura)
WHITE-COLLARED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabazenops fuscus) – Great looks at this striking bamboo specialist right around the lodge.
PALE-BROWED TREEHUNTER (PALE-TAILED) (Cichlocolaptes leucophrus leucophrus)
SHARP-BILLED TREEHUNTER (Heliobletus contaminatus)
BLACK-CAPPED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Philydor atricapillus)
BUFF-FRONTED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Philydor rufum) – The most common foliage gleaner along our tour route. We even found a nest.
WHITE-BROWED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia amaurotis)

We had a few nice looks at the endemic Spot-billed Toucanet. Photo by participant Ted Kavanagh.

OCHRE-BREASTED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia lichtensteini)
BUFF-BROWED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Syndactyla rufosuperciliata)
WHITE-EYED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Automolus leucophthalmus)
RUFOUS-FRONTED THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus rufifrons) – Seen on the day we went inland.
ORANGE-EYED THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus) – Great views on the lodge grounds.
FIREWOOD-GATHERER (Anumbius annumbi)
ITATIAIA SPINETAIL (Asthenes moreirae) – A high altitude specialist that was seen extremely well on our visit to Pico Caledonia.
PALLID SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca pallida)
YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus)
GRAY-BELLIED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis cinerascens)
RUFOUS-CAPPED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis ruficapilla)
SPIX'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis spixi)
Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
YELLOW TYRANNULET (Capsiempis flaveola flaveola)

A Red-legged Seriema posed for this amazing portrait by participant Claudi Racionero.

YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)
OLIVACEOUS ELAENIA (Elaenia mesoleuca)
OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus) – Good views at REGUA.
GRAY-HOODED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes rufiventris)
SEPIA-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon amaurocephalus)
MOTTLE-CHEEKED TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes ventralis)
SERRA DO MAR TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes difficilis) – Another difficult species that was seen really well at Pico Caledonia.
PLANALTO TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias fasciatus) – Common around the lodge.
GRAY-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias griseocapilla)
EARED PYGMY-TYRANT (Myiornis auricularis) – This minute bird is part of the genus Myiornis that has the distinction of holding the title for the smallest passerines in the World. We found a couple of individuals on the road to Macae de Cima.
DRAB-BREASTED PYGMY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus diops) – Better than usual looks at this hard to see bamboo specialist.
EYE-RINGED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus orbitatus) – Seen in the lowland forests of REGUA.
HANGNEST TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus nidipendulus)
OCHRE-FACED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps) – A pair of birds nesting along the trails at Itororo Lodge.
GRAY-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum poliocephalum)
COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum cinereum)
YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (SOORETAMA) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens sulphurescens)
WHITE-THROATED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus mystaceus)
CLIFF FLYCATCHER (SWALLOW) (Hirundinea ferruginea bellicosa) – Always present on the roof of one of the buildings at Itororo Lodge.
WHISKERED FLYCATCHER (YELLOW-RUMPED) (Myiobius barbatus mastacalis)
BLACK-TAILED FLYCATCHER (BUFF-RUMPED) (Myiobius atricaudus ridgwayi) – Brief views of an individual moving through the forest with a mixed species flock.
BRAN-COLORED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus fasciatus)
EULER'S FLYCATCHER (EULER'S) (Lathrotriccus euleri euleri)
CRESTED BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus lophotes)
VELVETY BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus nigerrimus)
BLUE-BILLED BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus cyanirostris) – Seen at Pico Caledonia.
STREAMER-TAILED TYRANT (Gubernetes yetapa) – What a fantastic bird! I just never get tired of seeing them displaying.
SHEAR-TAILED GRAY TYRANT (Muscipipra vetula)
MASKED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola nengeta) – Seen nicely along the lake at REGUA.
WHITE-HEADED MARSH TYRANT (Arundinicola leucocephala)
LONG-TAILED TYRANT (Colonia colonus)

Maroon-bellied Parakeets were common at the lodge's feeders. Photo by participant Ted Kavanagh.

CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)
GRAY-HOODED ATTILA (Attila rufus) – Great looks at this handsome flycatcher on the road to Macae de Cima.
SWAINSON'S FLYCATCHER (Myiarchus swainsoni)
GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)
BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)
RUSTY-MARGINED FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes cayanensis erythropterus)
SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)
STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)
PIRATIC FLYCATCHER (Legatus leucophaius) [*]
VARIEGATED FLYCATCHER (Empidonomus varius)
TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)
Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill)
SHARPBILL (Oxyruncus cristatus) – A monotypic family so it was particularly nice to see it in the scope.

We found this lovely Diademed Tanager when we visited Pico Caledonia. Photo by participant Claudi Racionero.

Cotingidae (Cotingas)
HOODED BERRYEATER (Carpornis cucullata)
SWALLOW-TAILED COTINGA (SWALLOW-TAILED) (Phibalura flavirostris flavirostris) – I have to admit I was starting to sweat after several minutes waiting for this one at our usual spot but we ended up having great views of it.
BLACK-AND-GOLD COTINGA (Tijuca atra) – Good views on our way down from Pico Caledonia.
GRAY-WINGED COTINGA (Tijuca condita) [*]
BARE-THROATED BELLBIRD (Procnias nudicollis) – Hearing this bird is almost as good as seeing one. Nevertheless we had great scope views.
Pipridae (Manakins)
SERRA DO MAR TYRANT-MANAKIN (Neopelma chrysolophum) – After multiple failed attempts we managed to pull one into view.
SWALLOW-TAILED MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia caudata)
PIN-TAILED MANAKIN (Ilicura militaris) – Always a treat to see well, but Tiffany was particularly happy to see this one.
WHITE-BEARDED MANAKIN (Manacus manacus gutturosus) – A few individuals seen at REGUA.
Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
GREENISH SCHIFFORNIS (Schiffornis virescens)
GREEN-BACKED BECARD (Pachyramphus viridis) – Seen right outside the restaurant at Itororo Lodge.
CHESTNUT-CROWNED BECARD (Pachyramphus castaneus)
WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus)

Once we found it, this Long-billed Wren sat quietly while participant Ted Kavanagh got this fine portrait.

CRESTED BECARD (Pachyramphus validus) – A brief sighting on the road to Macae de Cima.
Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)
GRAY-EYED GREENLET (Hylophilus amaurocephalus)
RUFOUS-CROWNED GREENLET (Hylophilus poicilotis)
LEMON-CHESTED GREENLET (RIO DE JANEIRO) (Hylophilus thoracicus thoracicus) [*]
RED-EYED VIREO (MIGRATORY CHIVI) (Vireo olivaceus chivi) – After many years of being in a taxonomic limbo, considered a subspecies of Red-eyed Vireo, this species has finally been split and is now called Chivi Vireo.
Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)
CURL-CRESTED JAY (Cyanocorax cristatellus) – A species of the savannas of central Brazil that has moved into the area due to forest clearing.
Hirundinidae (Swallows)
BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)
TAWNY-HEADED SWALLOW (Alopochelidon fucata) – Great looks at a couple of birds that were nesting on a bank on the day we went into the drier interior.
SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)
WHITE-RUMPED SWALLOW (Tachycineta leucorrhoa)
Troglodytidae (Wrens)
HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon) – Common around the lodge.
LONG-BILLED WREN (Cantorchilus longirostris) – This species made us work for it but we eventually got good looks at this endemic at REGUA.
Donacobiidae (Donacobius)
BLACK-CAPPED DONACOBIUS (Donacobius atricapilla)
Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
YELLOW-LEGGED THRUSH (Turdus flavipes)
PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)
RUFOUS-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus rufiventris) – The national bird of Brazil, due in great part to its beautiful song that can be heard in most cities of Brazil. Still a bit of a surprise to have this bird chosen over so many beautiful birds that are endemic to Brazil.
CREAMY-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus amaurochalinus)
WHITE-NECKED THRUSH (RUFOUS-FLANKED) (Turdus albicollis albicollis) [*]
Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)
Parulidae (New World Warblers)
TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)
GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (Basileuterus culicivorus)
WHITE-BROWED WARBLER (Myiothlypis leucoblephara) – Formerly known as White-rimmed Warbler.
Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
MAGPIE TANAGER (Cissopis leverianus) – Seen at the Lodge's feeders regularly.
OLIVE-GREEN TANAGER (Orthogonys chloricterus)
CHESTNUT-HEADED TANAGER (Thlypopsis pyrrhocoma) – This gorgeous bamboo specialist was seen right around the lodge.
BLACK-GOGGLED TANAGER (Trichothraupis melanops)

We were afraid we might miss the elegant Swallow-tailed Cotinga, but we found this nice group that allowed us a great view. Photo by participant Claudi Racionero.

FLAME-CRESTED TANAGER (Tachyphonus cristatus)
RUBY-CROWNED TANAGER (Tachyphonus coronatus) – Always very hard to see the Ruby crown but they are common visitors at the feeders at the lodge and a few people had glimpses of a male displaying its red feathers.
DIADEMED TANAGER (Stephanophorus diadematus) – Close up views of this handsome tanager at Pico Caledonia.
FAWN-BREASTED TANAGER (Pipraeidea melanonota melanonota) – Another great bird that was seen right outside the restaurant at Itororo.
SAYACA TANAGER (Thraupis sayaca)
AZURE-SHOULDERED TANAGER (Thraupis cyanoptera) – Always a treat to compare this species right next to Sayaca Tanagers at the feeders of Itororo Lodge.
BURNISHED-BUFF TANAGER (STRIPE-BELLIED) (Tangara cayana chloroptera)
TURQUOISE TANAGER (WHITE-BELLIED) (Tangara mexicana brasiliensis)
GREEN-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara seledon)
RED-NECKED TANAGER (Tangara cyanocephala)
BRASSY-BREASTED TANAGER (Tangara desmaresti)
GILT-EDGED TANAGER (Tangara cyanoventris) – Great views on our way to the Three-toed Jacamar spot.
BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)

Serra do Mar Tyrant-Manakin was another one we had to work for, but we ended up with great looks! Photo by participant Ted Kavanagh.

RUFOUS-HEADED TANAGER (Hemithraupis ruficapilla)
YELLOW-BACKED TANAGER (Hemithraupis flavicollis insignis) – Seen with canopy flocks at REGUA.
BAY-CHESTED WARBLING-FINCH (Castanozoster thoracicus) – Great views at Pico Caledonia.
SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)
GRASSLAND YELLOW-FINCH (Sicalis luteola) – This was a bit of a surprise. We had some of them from an outlook outside of the town of Duas Barras.
BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)
WHITE-BELLIED SEEDEATER (Sporophila leucoptera cinereola)
DOUBLE-COLLARED SEEDEATER (Sporophila caerulescens)
BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)
GREEN-WINGED SALTATOR (Saltator similis)
THICK-BILLED SALTATOR (Saltator maxillosus) – Another species that is found in higher altitudes and was seen well at Pico Caledonia.
Passerellidae (New World Buntings and Sparrows)
GRASSLAND SPARROW (Ammodramus humeralis)
HALF-COLLARED SPARROW (Arremon semitorquatus)
RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis) – One of the most common and widespread species in the mountains of South America.

One of the hummingbirds we saw well was this Brazilian Ruby. Photo by participant Claudi Racionero.

Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus) – Multiple views of these birds and their nests.
RED-RUMPED CACIQUE (Cacicus haemorrhous)
SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)
GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus) – Hanging around the nests of the Crested Oropendolas in hopes of laying its eggs in their nest.
CHESTNUT-CAPPED BLACKBIRD (Chrysomus ruficapillus)
YELLOW-RUMPED MARSHBIRD (Pseudoleistes guirahuro)
Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
BLUE-NAPED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia cyanea) – Andy had a new feeder staked out for us and we got great looks at colorful species.
VIOLACEOUS EUPHONIA (Euphonia violacea)
HOODED SISKIN (Spinus magellanicus) – Good looks at some males and a few females at the base of Pico Caledonia.
Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)
HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus)

WHITE-TUFTED-EAR MARMOSET (Callithrix jacchus jacchus)
GUIANAN SQUIRREL (Sciurus aestuans)
CAPYBARA (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris)
GOLDEN TEGU (Tupinambis teguixin)
CANE TOAD (Rhinella marina)


Totals for the tour: 288 bird taxa and 3 mammal taxa