A Field Guides Birding Tours Report

Brazil: Atlantic Forest Getaway II 2021

November 10-20, 2021 with Marcelo Padua guiding

This was a very special tour for me as it was my first time leading a Field Guides tour since the Pandemic started, and it was even more special because it felt like meeting a great group of friends after being in lockdown for so long, as most of the participants were known to me and the ones I had not met before quickly became good friends of mine. The tour was totally revamped; we stayed at a different lodge and visited some new birding sites, but all the ingredients that make this one of my favorite tours are still there. Ee use a single lodge to explore different altitudes over a period of several days, exposing us to different sets of birds each day without having to pack our bags and move to a different location each day. Another wonderful feature of this tour is the great food we get to enjoy, and a special nod to our host Mariza and her trusted helper Ivan is in order for preparing delicious fresh dinners for us each day.

We enjoyed mild temperatures on most days and managed to dodge much of the rain that hit the area we were birding in during our stay, and we ended up with a respectable bird list full of Atlantic Forest endemics and a lot of wonderful memories of the fun times we spent together.

Thank you for making this a special trip for me!


One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Tinamidae (Tinamous)

SOLITARY TINAMOU (Tinamus solitarius) [*]

BROWN TINAMOU (Crypturellus obsoletus)

Heard often on the tour but Rick, Belinda and I saw one individual cross the road in front of our van on the day we visited Macaé de Cima.

Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)

BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis)

Common around the wetlands at the REGUA reserve.

MUSCOVY DUCK (Cairina moschata)

A couple of birds seen at the REGUA reserve.

Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)

DUSKY-LEGGED GUAN (Penelope obscura)

Karen spotted the first individuals we saw around Pico Caledonia.

Odontophoridae (New World Quail)

SPOT-WINGED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus capueira) [*]

Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)

ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia)

PICAZURO PIGEON (Patagioenas picazuro)

A common species that we saw every day on tour.

PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea)

Seen on our first day around the lodge and later again near Pico Caledonia.

RUDDY GROUND DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)

Common around the lodge.

WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)

A common species around the lodge.

GRAY-FRONTED DOVE (Leptotila rufaxilla) [*]

Cuculidae (Cuckoos)

GUIRA CUCKOO (Guira guira)

Always fun to see these miniature dinosaurs.

GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)

Seen around the lakes at REGUA. It was also fun to hear their unique song.

SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)

Common around pastures.

SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)

Seen and heard on multiple days of the tour.

Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)

SHORT-TAILED NIGHTHAWK (NATTERERI) (Lurocalis semitorquatus nattereri)

Great looks right around the gardens of our lodge.

Nyctibiidae (Potoos)

COMMON POTOO (Nyctibius griseus)

A magical experience with two individuals that we kept hearing around our lodge.

Apodidae (Swifts)

SICK'S SWIFT (Chaetura meridionalis)

This species is named after the ornithologist Helmut Sick. We saw them well on days that we had blue skies.

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)

BLACK JACOBIN (Florisuga fusca)

A regular visitor to the hummingbird feeders at our lodge.

SAW-BILLED HERMIT (Ramphodon naevius)

We had great looks at this unique hummingbird that was hanging around some banana trees on the CEDAE trail.

PLANALTO HERMIT (Phaethornis pretrei)

Seen feeding on some flowers around the garden of our lodge.

SCALE-THROATED HERMIT (Phaethornis eurynome)

Another species that showed up at the feeder at our lodge.

BRAZILIAN RUBY (Clytolaema rubricauda)

Great looks at the males and females visiting the feeders at Sitio Virtuoso.

AMETHYST WOODSTAR (Calliphlox amethystina)

A tiny female was a regular visitor of the flowers of the garden at our lodge.

GLITTERING-BELLIED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon lucidus)

Rick spotted one of these feeding on some lantana on the day we went inland.


Karen spotted a perched male for us on their lekking grounds.


One individual aroung the garden of our lodge.

VIOLET-CAPPED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania glaucopis)

The most common hummingbirds along our route, visiting feeders and feeding on flowers along the trails.

SOMBRE HUMMINGBIRD (Aphantochroa cirrochloris)

Nice views at the feeders at Sitio Virtuoso.

WHITE-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD (Leucochloris albicollis)

Great looks at one bird visiting the feeder at Sitio Virtuoso.

WHITE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE (Hylocharis cyanus cyanus)

A very cooperative bird showed up at REGUA when we birded the lowlands.

Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)

ASH-THROATED CRAKE (Mustelirallus albicollis)

Great looks at this Crake on the day we drove inland.

BLACKISH RAIL (Pardirallus nigricans)

We managed to convince one to come out of the marsh for some group viewing on the day we drove inland.

SLATY-BREASTED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides saracura)

Seen every day of the tour, wandering around the gardens of our lodge.

COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)

Abundant at the wetlands at REGUA.

RUFOUS-SIDED CRAKE (Laterallus melanophaius) [*]

Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)

SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)

A common species in open areas.

Jacanidae (Jacanas)

WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)

Seen at the wetlands at REGUA.

Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)

KELP GULL (Larus dominicanus)

Several birds seen as we left Rio on the first day of the tour.

Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)


A common sight around Rio.

Sulidae (Boobies and Gannets)

BROWN BOOBY (Sula leucogaster)

Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)

NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)

Seen on the first day as we left Rio.

Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)

RUFESCENT TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma lineatum)

We flushed one bird at REGUA.

COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)

Another species we saw as we drove away from Rio on the first day.

GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)

Surprisingly few of these common and widespread birds.

CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)

It was nice to see hundreds of birds sporting their breeding plumage and nesting around REGUA.

WHISTLING HERON (Syrigma sibilatrix)

We saw a couple of these colorful herons on the day we visited REGUA.

CAPPED HERON (Pilherodius pileatus)

A flying bird on the day we drove inland.

BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nycticorax nycticorax)

Seen on a few occasions on the tour.

Cathartidae (New World Vultures)

BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)

Seen every day of the tour.

TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)

The subspecies found in Brazil is quite different from the North American birds. The birds we saw belong to the Tropical group, subspecies Ruficollis.

LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus)

Great looks on the day we drove inland.

Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)

GRAY-HEADED KITE (Leptodon cayanensis)

Woody spotted one of these for us and we had great scope views of this scarce raptor.

SWALLOW-TAILED KITE (Elanoides forficatus)

Several individuals flying around Nova Friburgo.

BLACK HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus tyrannus)

Great looks at this magnificent bird at Sitio Virtuoso.

BLACK-AND-WHITE HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus melanoleucus)

A very distant bird flying around our lodge.

RUFOUS-THIGHED KITE (Harpagus diodon)

Another raptor we saw well at Sitio Virtuoso.

SAVANNA HAWK (Buteogallus meridionalis)

A pair of birds perched by the road near Sumidouro.

ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)

The most common hawk in Brazil.

WHITE-TAILED HAWK (Geranoaetus albicaudatus)

We saw both the dark and light morphs.

MANTLED HAWK (Pseudastur polionotus)

I spotted one from the van, but only Belinda got on to it before it disappeared behind a ridge.

Strigidae (Owls)

STYGIAN OWL (Asio stygius)

Belinda heard it on our first night at our lodge and I heard it the following night, which led to some wonderful looks at this great owl.

Trogonidae (Trogons)

SURUCUA TROGON (Trogon surrucura) [*]

Lois spotted this one for us.

BLACK-THROATED TROGON (CHRYSOCHLOROS) (Trogon rufus chrysochloros) [*]

Momotidae (Motmots)

RUFOUS-CAPPED MOTMOT (Baryphthengus ruficapillus)

Multiple good looks at this Atlantic Forest endemic.

Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)

RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)

AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)

We had one bird in the scope at REGUA.

Bucconidae (Puffbirds)

WHITE-EARED PUFFBIRD (Nystalus chacuru)

Seen perched by the road on the day we drove inland.

Galbulidae (Jacamars)

THREE-TOED JACAMAR (Jacamaralcyon tridactyla)

Fabulous looks at a pair of birds near Sumidouro.

RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (SPOT-TAILED) (Galbula ruficauda rufoviridis)

Craig spotted one bird right over the trail at REGUA.

Ramphastidae (Toucans)

SAFFRON TOUCANET (Pteroglossus bailloni)

Wow. We had wonderful looks at these birds on a couple of occasions.

BLACK-NECKED ARACARI (Pteroglossus aracari)

Another great bird we picked up at Woody's Alley. ;-)

SPOT-BILLED TOUCANET (Selenidera maculirostris) [*]

TOCO TOUCAN (Ramphastos toco)

This bird is becoming more common as it moves into the areas where the forest has been cleared.

Picidae (Woodpeckers)

WHITE-BARRED PICULET (Picumnus cirratus)

Several sightings of these minute woodpeckers.

WHITE WOODPECKER (Melanerpes candidus)

A few distant flying birds at our Three-toed Jacamar spot.

YELLOW-EARED WOODPECKER (Dryobates maculifrons)

One of the many great birds we picked up at Woody's Alley.

LINEATED WOODPECKER (Dryocopus lineatus)

One bird perched by the road on the day we birded Pico Caledonia.

BLOND-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Celeus flavescens flavescens)

This is truly a spectacular looking species. Karen found our first one and later we had second looks while visiting REGUA.

WHITE-BROWED WOODPECKER (Piculus aurulentus)

Belinda spotted this wonderful bird for us and as a result we had incredible looks at the bird perched on a snag.

CAMPO FLICKER (CAMPO) (Colaptes campestris campestris)

Good looks on the day we drove inland.

Cariamidae (Seriemas)

RED-LEGGED SERIEMA (Cariama cristata)

We heard them several times but had one good look as we drove from Duas Barras to Sumidouro.

Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)

SOUTHERN CARACARA (Caracara plancus)

A new taxonomic update just came, out lumping this species back with Northern Caracara and reverting to the old name of Crested Caracara.

YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)

A common species. It was specially fun to watch it picking ticks off a horse.

AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)

APLOMADO FALCON (Falco femoralis)

We saw one bird chasing a Swallow-tailed Kite in Nova Friburgo.

Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)

PLAIN PARAKEET (Brotogeris tirica)

PILEATED PARROT (Pionopsitta pileata) [*]

BLUE-BELLIED PARROT (Triclaria malachitacea) [*]

SCALY-HEADED PARROT (Pionus maximiliani)

We had scope views of this widespread species. There are four subspecies of this bird and the one we saw is melanoblepharus.

BLUE-WINGED PARROTLET (Forpus xanthopterygius)

Great looks at these tiny parrrots around Sumidouro.

MAROON-BELLIED PARAKEET (MAROON-TAILED) (Pyrrhura frontalis frontalis)

A common species around our lodge.

BLUE-WINGED MACAW (Primolius maracana)

We had a pair of birds flying by, and Craig saw them land and put them in the scope for us, resulting in great looks at these colorful macaws.

WHITE-EYED PARAKEET (Psittacara leucophthalmus)

Nesting in the roof of our lodge.

Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)

SPOT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Hypoedaleus guttatus)

This species can be hard to see as it is a canopy species that favors dense vine tangles, but we ended up having great looks on the CEDAE trail.

GIANT ANTSHRIKE (Batara cinerea)

Great looks at one adult male on the trail above our lodge.

LARGE-TAILED ANTSHRIKE (Mackenziaena leachii) [*]

TUFTED ANTSHRIKE (Mackenziaena severa)

A couple of folks caught a brief look at one around Pico Caledonia.

WHITE-BEARDED ANTSHRIKE (Biatas nigropectus)

A bamboo specialist that we saw briefly on the Macae de Cima trail.

RUFOUS-CAPPED ANTSHRIKE (SOUTHERN) (Thamnophilus ruficapillus ruficapillus)

Great looks near the top of Pico Caledonia.

CHESTNUT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus palliatus) [*]

VARIABLE ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus caerulescens caerulescens) [*]


We had great looks at these antwrens, even seeing the tiny white dots on the throat that give it its name.

SPOT-BREASTED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus stictothorax)

Great looks on the CEDAE trail.

PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis mentalis)

Seen both on the Theodoro and on the CEDAE trails.

RUFOUS-BACKED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus xanthopterus)

Great looks at this gorgeous species that is only found in high altitude when we visited Pico Caledonia.

WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN (SILVERY-FLANKED) (Myrmotherula axillaris luctuosa)

This subspecies looks quite different from the nominate form of the bird and I would not be surprised if they get split someday.

UNICOLORED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula unicolor)

We had to look pretty hard for this one at REGUA but in the end we had great looks at it.

RUFOUS-WINGED ANTWREN (SOUTHERN) (Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus rufimarginatus)

This bird has just been split and is now called Rufous-margined Antwren.

SERRA ANTWREN (Formicivora serrana interposita)

Great looks at this range restricted Brazilian Endemic on the day we drove inland.

FERRUGINOUS ANTBIRD (Drymophila ferruginea) [*]

RUFOUS-TAILED ANTBIRD (Drymophila genei)

Seen at Pico Caledonia.

OCHRE-RUMPED ANTBIRD (Drymophila ochropyga)

We had good looks at this secretive antbird when we visited Marina's plant nursery.

DUSKY-TAILED ANTBIRD (Drymophila malura)

Great looks on the very last morning of our tour. What a cooperative bird!

STREAK-CAPPED ANTWREN (Terenura maculata)

We had multiple view of this tiny bird moving along with canopy flocks.

WHITE-SHOULDERED FIRE-EYE (Pyriglena leucoptera)

Seen and heard several times on the tour.

WHITE-BIBBED ANTBIRD (Myrmoderus loricatus)

We managed to get incredible looks at this spectacular antbird at Sitio Virtuoso.

Conopophagidae (Gnateaters)

BLACK-CHEEKED GNATEATER (Conopophaga melanops)

We had really good looks at this spectacular looking gnateater on the Theodoro Trail and later at REGUA.

RUFOUS GNATEATER (Conopophaga lineata)

Seen several times throughout the tour.

Grallariidae (Antpittas)

VARIEGATED ANTPITTA (Grallaria varia) [*]

Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)

SPOTTED BAMBOOWREN (Psilorhamphus guttatus)

This bird lives in dense bamboo thickets and only a couple of folks managed to see this one.

MOUSE-COLORED TAPACULO (Scytalopus speluncae)

Probably the best views ever of this bird as it hopped around on an open branch for a few minutes for us.

Formicariidae (Antthrushes)


Scope views of this shy forest dweller.

SUCH'S ANTTHRUSH (Chamaeza meruloides)

We heard it several times throughout the tour and Craig and Belinda even managed to get a glimpse of one on our last morning but definitely not the best looks ever. :-(

RUFOUS-TAILED ANTTHRUSH (Chamaeza ruficauda) [*]

Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)


This is one that can be quite hard to see but we had good looks at one on a couple of occasions.

OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (OLIVACEOUS) (Sittasomus griseicapillus sylviellus)

Keep track of where you see this species, as many subspecies are involved and a split is more than likely.

PLAIN-WINGED WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla turdina)

Good views on the Macaé de Cima Trail.

PLANALTO WOODCREEPER (Dendrocolaptes platyrostris)

Scope views on the Theodoro trail and later on seen again on the trail above our lodge.

WHITE-THROATED WOODCREEPER (Xiphocolaptes albicollis)

We managed to pull one of these massive woodcreepers into view on the Theodoro Trail.

LESSER WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus fuscus fuscus)

Seen well at the start of our walk on the CEDAE trail.

BLACK-BILLED SCYTHEBILL (Campylorhamphus falcularius)

What a fascinating bird! We had good looks in a patch of bamboo on the Theodoro Trail.

SCALED WOODCREEPER (SCALED) (Lepidocolaptes squamatus squamatus)

Moving through the forest with a mixed species flock.

PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)

We stopped to watch some palm berries and ended up having a flock with a pair of these birds go by.

STREAKED XENOPS (Xenops rutilans)

Very good looks on the forest trails at REGUA.

WING-BANDED HORNERO (Furnarius figulus)

A pair of birds lived around the buildings at our lodge.

RUFOUS HORNERO (Furnarius rufus)

Very common.

SHARP-TAILED STREAMCREEPER (Lochmias nematura nematura)

Great looks at one bird on the trail above our lodge.


Great looks at this handsome foliage-gleaner at Macaé de Cima.

PALE-BROWED TREEHUNTER (PALE-TAILED) (Cichlocolaptes leucophrus leucophrus) [*]

SHARP-BILLED TREEHUNTER (Heliobletus contaminatus)

A pair of birds moving through the forest with a mixed species flock at Sitio Virtuoso.

BLACK-CAPPED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Philydor atricapillus)

This is by far my favorite foliage-gleaner and we had great looks at one on the Theodoro trail.


Nesting right by the side of the road near our lodge.

BUFF-BROWED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Syndactyla rufosuperciliata)

Seen a couple of times on our tour.

WHITE-EYED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Automolus leucophthalmus)

Great looks on the CEDAE trail.

RUFOUS-FRONTED THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus rufifrons)

We had several looks at this bird on the day we drove inland, but it was specially interesting to see its enormous nests in a couple of places.

ORANGE-EYED THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus)

Great looks right by our lodge on the first day of our trip.

FIREWOOD-GATHERER (Anumbius annumbi)

We had a pair of birds sitting on the nest that gives them their name.

ITATIAIA SPINETAIL (Asthenes moreirae) [*]

PALLID SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca pallida)

This arboreal species of spinetail was seen and heard regularly around the lodge.

YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus)

Found in marshy areas both on the day that we drove further inland and the day we visited REGUA.

GRAY-BELLIED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis cinerascens)

Heard a few times but only seen by a couple of folks on one day.

RUFOUS-CAPPED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis ruficapilla)

This is a common species in the undergrowth of tall forest.

SPIX'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis spixi)

Seen right around our lodge on the first day of the tour. This species favors second growth vegetation.

Pipridae (Manakins)

SERRA DO MAR TYRANT-MANAKIN (Neopelma chrysolophum)

Great looks at a not so great looking bird.

SWALLOW-TAILED MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia caudata)

We saw these show stopping manakins several times during our tour.

PIN-TAILED MANAKIN (Ilicura militaris)

After seeing some immature birds, we found some adult males of this gorgeous manakin.

WHITE-BEARDED MANAKIN (Manacus manacus gutturosus)

We saw some juvenile birds at REGUA.

Cotingidae (Cotingas)


Seen nicely as we came down from Pico Caledonia.

GRAY-WINGED COTINGA (Tijuca condita) [*]

BARE-THROATED BELLBIRD (Procnias nudicollis)

Multiple looks at this loud bird.

Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)

GREENISH SCHIFFORNIS (Schiffornis virescens)

SHRIKE-LIKE COTINGA (BRAZILIAN) (Laniisoma elegans elegans) [*]

GREEN-BACKED BECARD (Pachyramphus viridis)

Seen on the grounds of the lodge.

CHESTNUT-CROWNED BECARD (Pachyramphus castaneus)

Seen regularly around the lodge.

WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus)

CRESTED BECARD (Pachyramphus validus)

We found this species on the day we drove inland to look for the three-toed Jacamar.

Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill, Royal Flycatcher, and Allies)

SHARPBILL (Oxyruncus cristatus)

A great spot by Belinda!

WHISKERED FLYCATCHER (YELLOW-RUMPED) (Myiobius barbatus mastacalis)

Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)

WHITE-THROATED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus mystaceus)

We had great looks at this charismatic flycatcher on the day we visited Theodoro Trail.

OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus) [*]

GRAY-HOODED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes rufiventris)

An Atlantic Forest endemic that we saw well when we visited the Cedae trail.

SEPIA-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon amaurocephalus amaurocephalus)

We saw the nominate form of this species that is very widespread and has many subspecies.

MOTTLE-CHEEKED TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes ventralis)

The most common of the forest tyrannulets we saw on the tour.

SERRA DO MAR TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes difficilis)

A high elevation specialist that we saw well when we visited Pico Caledonia.

SOUTHERN ANTPIPIT (Corythopis delalandi)

We had to work hard for good looks at this one but we ended up seeing it pretty well.

EARED PYGMY-TYRANT (Myiornis auricularis) [*]


Its not just the breast that is drab. ;-) Nevertheless it was nice to connect with this Atlantic Forest endemic.

EYE-RINGED TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus orbitatus) [*]

OCHRE-FACED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps)

We had great looks at nesting birds on the lodge grounds.

GRAY-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum poliocephalum)

YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (SOORETAMA) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens sulphurescens)

There are many subspecies of this bird and they are quite distinctive vocally and to a certain extent visually, so it is a good idea to keep track of the ones you have seen in case they get split in the future.

CLIFF FLYCATCHER (SWALLOW) (Hirundinea ferruginea bellicosa)

SMALL-HEADED ELAENIA (Elaenia sordida)

A recent split from Highland Elaenia.

YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)

The most common of the elaenias found in Brazil.

WHITE-CRESTED TYRANNULET (Serpophaga subcristata)

ROUGH-LEGGED TYRANNULET (BURMEISTER'S) (Phyllomyias burmeisteri burmeisteri)

PLANALTO TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias fasciatus)

GRAY-CAPPED TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias griseocapilla)

BRAN-COLORED FLYCATCHER (Myiophobus fasciatus)

EULER'S FLYCATCHER (EULER'S) (Lathrotriccus euleri euleri)

TROPICAL PEWEE (Contopus cinereus)

Yet another bird that Belinda spotted for us.

CRESTED BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus lophotes)

This species looks a lot like a Phainopepla. We had good looks at them near the town of Duas Barras as we drove inland.

VELVETY BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus nigerrimus)

Great looks at Pico Caledonia.

BLUE-BILLED BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus cyanirostris)

We had good looks at a female on our way down from Pico Caledonia.

YELLOW-BROWED TYRANT (Satrapa icterophrys)

Karen found this handsome tyrant flycatcher for us.

STREAMER-TAILED TYRANT (Gubernetes yetapa)

It is always great to see the spectacular display of these handsome flycatchers.

MASKED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola nengeta)

Seen almost daily on on our tour. There were always some present near our lodge.

WHITE-HEADED MARSH TYRANT (Arundinicola leucocephala)

Belinda spotted one of these handsome flycatchers around the wetlands at REGUA.


Some birds just look much better than the illustrations in the field guides. This is certainly one of those birds.


CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)

GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)

Seen regularly on our tour.

BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua) [*]

SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)

STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)

VARIEGATED FLYCATCHER (Empidonomus varius)

TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)


Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)


RUFOUS-CROWNED GREENLET (Hylophilus poicilotis)

One of the few birds we picked up on the last day of birding on the tour, when our birding was interrupted by some rain.

CHIVI VIREO (MIGRATORY) (Vireo chivi chivi) [*]

Donacobiidae (Donacobius)

BLACK-CAPPED DONACOBIUS (Donacobius atricapilla)

Seen along the road on the day that we drove inland to look for Three-toed Jacamar.

Hirundinidae (Swallows)

BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)

The most common swallow on this tour route.

SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)

GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)


WHITE-RUMPED SWALLOW (Tachycineta leucorrhoa)

Troglodytidae (Wrens)

HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon)

LONG-BILLED WREN (Cantorchilus longirostris)

We found this Atlantic Forest endemic during our visit to the REGUA reserve.

Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)


Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)

PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)

YELLOW-LEGGED THRUSH (Turdus flavipes)

WHITE-NECKED THRUSH (RUFOUS-FLANKED) (Turdus albicollis albicollis)

RUFOUS-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus rufiventris)

Very similar to American Robins and the National bird of Brazil.

CREAMY-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus amaurochalinus)

Estrildidae (Waxbills and Allies)

COMMON WAXBILL (Estrilda astrild)

Seen during our visit to REGUA.

Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)

HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus)

Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)

BLUE-NAPED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia cyanea)

Always a hard one to spot unless it is visiting feeders. Fortunately for us, Craig spotted one and we were able to see it on the second day of our trip.


HOODED SISKIN (Spinus magellanicus)

Passerellidae (New World Sparrows)

HALF-COLLARED SPARROW (Arremon semitorquatus)

Always a treat to see this striking Atlantic Forest endemic.

RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)

One of the most common birds in the mountains of Southeast Brazil.

Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)

CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus)

Neat to see these birds displaying around the nest colony at Macaé de Cima.

RED-RUMPED CACIQUE (Cacicus haemorrhous)

SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)

GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus)

Working actively to sneak into the nest of a Crested Oropendola.

CHOPI BLACKBIRD (Gnorimopsar chopi)

CHESTNUT-CAPPED BLACKBIRD (Chrysomus ruficapillus)

Seen in marshy areas both on the day we went inland and around REGUA.

Parulidae (New World Warblers)

MASKED YELLOWTHROAT (Geothlypis aequinoctialis)

TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)

GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (Basileuterus culicivorus)

WHITE-BROWED WARBLER (Myiothlypis leucoblephara)

Formerly known as White-rimmed Warbler.

Mitrospingidae (Mitrospingid Tanagers)

OLIVE-GREEN TANAGER (Orthogonys chloricterus) [*]

Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)


A nuclear species of understory mixed species flocks.

Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)

MAGPIE TANAGER (Cissopis leverianus)

BLACK-GOGGLED TANAGER (Trichothraupis melanops)

FLAME-CRESTED TANAGER (Tachyphonus cristatus)

We found this species during our visit to REGUA.

RUBY-CROWNED TANAGER (Tachyphonus coronatus)

Seen on most days of the tour.

BRAZILIAN TANAGER (Ramphocelus bresilius)

Nice looks during our visit to REGUA.

DIADEMED TANAGER (Stephanophorus diadematus)

FAWN-BREASTED TANAGER (Pipraeidea melanonota melanonota)

SAYACA TANAGER (Thraupis sayaca)

AZURE-SHOULDERED TANAGER (Thraupis cyanoptera)

Seen around our lodge.


PALM TANAGER (Thraupis palmarum)

BURNISHED-BUFF TANAGER (STRIPE-BELLIED) (Stilpnia cayana chloroptera)

GREEN-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara seledon)

RED-NECKED TANAGER (Tangara cyanocephala)

BRASSY-BREASTED TANAGER (Tangara desmaresti)

We had excellent looks at a pair of nesting birds. What a stunning little bird.

GILT-EDGED TANAGER (Tangara cyanoventris)

SWALLOW TANAGER (Tersina viridis)

BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)

RUFOUS-HEADED TANAGER (Hemithraupis ruficapilla)

YELLOW-BACKED TANAGER (Hemithraupis flavicollis insignis)

Nice looks in the forest trail at REGUA.

CHESTNUT-VENTED CONEBILL (Conirostrum speciosum)

UNIFORM FINCH (Haplospiza unicolor)

BAY-CHESTED WARBLING-FINCH (Castanozoster thoracicus)

SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)

BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)

DOUBLE-COLLARED SEEDEATER (Sporophila caerulescens)

BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)

GREEN-WINGED SALTATOR (Saltator similis)

Seen by a few folks.

BLACK-THROATED GROSBEAK (Saltator fuliginosus)


WHITE-TUFTED-EAR MARMOSET (Callithrix jacchus jacchus)

BROWN HOWLER MONKEY (Alouatta fuscus)


Woody and Craig spotted these beautiful sloths for us on our visit to Sitio Virtuoso.

NINE-BANDED ARMADILLO (Dasypus novemcinctus)

Seen as we walked out of Sitio Virtuoso.

GUIANAN SQUIRREL (Sciurus aestuans) [*]

CAPYBARA (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris)


GOLDEN TEGU (Tupinambis teguixin)

CANE TOAD (Rhinella marina)

Totals for the tour: 275 bird taxa and 6 mammal taxa