A Field Guides Birding Tours Report

Brazil: Atlantic Forest Getaway 2023

October 26-November 5, 2023 with Marcelo Padua guiding

Field Guides Birding Tours
Nestled in the mountains, Pousada Mariza is our home for the entire duration of the tour.

2023 was marked by a super El Niño, and things were much warmer than it is usually expected in the areas we visit on this tour. As a result a lot of birds had started reproducing earlier and were not very responsive to recordings as they were busy feeding young, but that did not prevent us from having some excellent birding and enjoying ourselves very much. Pousada Mariza provided us with a comfortable base from which to explore different altitudes and the birding on the grounds was quite good too. We had excellent looks at Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, Blond-crested Woodpecker, Ochre-faced Tody-tyrant, Orange-eyed Thornbird, and a few great nightbirds, including Rusty-barred Owl and Common Potoo, right on the grounds of our lodge. Our daily excursions took us to different altitudes each day, allowing us to access a different set of birds each time we went out, and we enjoyed great sightings of Unicolored and White-flanked Antwrens at sea level during our visit to REGUA, and unbelievable looks at high altitude specialists like Gray-winged Cotinga, Serra Do Mar Tyrannulet and Rufous-backed Antvireos at Pico Caledonia. We birded in the heat, and in the cold, we had clear skies and hail but we worked around it all, and we always had a good time, and in the end we came out with 278 species of birds recorded, many of which are extremely rare and endemic to the Atlantic Forest. I loved birding with each of you and I hope that we can go birding together again some day.

All the Best,

—-Marcelo Padua

One of the following keys may be shown in brackets for individual species as appropriate: * = heard only, I = introduced, E = endemic, N = nesting, a = austral migrant, b = boreal migrant

Tinamidae (Tinamous)

SOLITARY TINAMOU (Tinamus solitarius) [*]

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A visit to Tres Picos State Park on the last day of the tour produced gems like this Spot-billed Toucanet.

BROWN TINAMOU (Crypturellus obsoletus)

Heard several times by the group, but Paul was looking down on a stream on the CEDAE trail and saw one walk by.

TATAUPA TINAMOU (Crypturellus tataupa) [*]

Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)

WHITE-FACED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna viduata)

Found in small numbers amongst the Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks at REGUA.

BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis)

Abundant in the wetlands of REGUA.

MUSCOVY DUCK (Cairina moschata)

Three birds flew by us at REGUA and we later spotted them perched on a Cecropia tree.

BRAZILIAN TEAL (Amazonetta brasiliensis)

A few individuals on a pond just before we got to REGUA.

Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)

DUSKY-LEGGED GUAN (Penelope obscura)

Several sightings around the lodge and along roads.

Odontophoridae (New World Quail)

SPOT-WINGED WOOD-QUAIL (Odontophorus capueira) [*]

Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)

ROCK PIGEON (Columba livia)

PALE-VENTED PIGEON (Patagioenas cayennensis)

Far less common than the Picazuro Pigeon but se had a couple of good scope views of this species.

PICAZURO PIGEON (Patagioenas picazuro)

A common bird that we saw every day on our tour.

PLUMBEOUS PIGEON (Patagioenas plumbea) [*]

RUDDY GROUND DOVE (Columbina talpacoti)

A few individuals seen around our lodge.

WHITE-TIPPED DOVE (Leptotila verreauxi)

Common around the lodge.

GRAY-FRONTED DOVE (Leptotila rufaxilla) [*]

Cuculidae (Cuckoos)

GUIRA CUCKOO (Guira guira)

We had a good look at one near the soccer field close to our lodge.

GREATER ANI (Crotophaga major)

Several individuals around the wetlands at REGUA.

SMOOTH-BILLED ANI (Crotophaga ani)

Common around pastures and disturbed areas along the roads.

SQUIRREL CUCKOO (Piaya cayana)

Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)

SHORT-TAILED NIGHTHAWK (NATTERERI) (Lurocalis semitorquatus nattereri)

We had great looks at this species right in the gardens of our lodge.

Nyctibiidae (Potoos)

COMMON POTOO (Nyctibius griseus)

We saw this species a couple of times at Pousada Mariza and heard its melancholic song most days.

Apodidae (Swifts)

SOOTY SWIFT (Cypseloides fumigatus)

A few individuals flying low over Mariza lodge on the day we arrived.

WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT (Streptoprocne zonaris)

We had an enormous flock of these swifts fly over us on the last day of our tour, right at the entrance of the CEDAE trail.

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We had amazing looks at Fork-tailed Flycatchers displaying near the town of Sumidouro.

SICK'S SWIFT (Chaetura meridionalis)

Seen many times, but it was particularly fun to watch the one that was nesting in the chimney of my room at Mariza Lodge.

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)

BLACK JACOBIN (Florisuga fusca)

A regular visitor of the feeder at Mariza Lodge.

SAW-BILLED HERMIT (Ramphodon naevius)

We heard a bird singing on the CEDAE trail and I managed to call it in for an amazing look as it sat on a dead branch just a few feet from us and started to quiver and preen right in front of us.

PLANALTO HERMIT (Phaethornis pretrei)

Seen often visiting the feeder at Mariza Lodge.

SCALE-THROATED HERMIT (Phaethornis eurynome)

Several quick sightings on trails and we had a pretty good look at one feeding on some flowers along the Theodoro trail.

FRILLED COQUETTE (Lophornis magnificus)

Seen a couple of times on the CEDAE trail.

BRAZILIAN RUBY (Clytolaema rubricauda)

Great looks at these large hummers visiting the feeders at Sitio Virtuoso.

AMETHYST WOODSTAR (Calliphlox amethystina)

Lynette spotted this one for us and as a result we had nice scope views of a female perched at Mariza Lodge on our first day there.

GLITTERING-BELLIED EMERALD (Chlorostilbon lucidus)

A female landed on a branch in front of us on the day we drove inland to look for the Three-toed Jacamar.


A very brief sighting of one bird that landed in front of us at Pico Caledonia. Unfortunately not everyone got on it before it flew away.

VIOLET-CAPPED WOODNYMPH (Thalurania glaucopis)

A regular visitor of the feeders at Mariza.


SOMBRE HUMMINGBIRD (Eupetomena cirrochloris)

Seen at the feeders both at Mariza Lodge and Sitio Virtuoso.

VERSICOLORED EMERALD (Chrysuronia versicolor)

WHITE-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD (Leucochloris albicollis)

Seen particularly well at the feeders of Sitio Virtuoso.


Seen visiting the feeders at Pousada Mariza a couple of times.

WHITE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE (Chlorestes cyanus cyanus)

A very poor view of one individual at REGUA.

Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)

ASH-THROATED CRAKE (Mustelirallus albicollis)

We managed to pull one in for a look on the drive between Sumidouro and Duas Barras.

BLACKISH RAIL (Pardirallus nigricans)

A few individuals seen in the wetlands right outside of Sumidouro.

SLATY-BREASTED WOOD-RAIL (Aramides saracura)

Seen every day around the lawn at Mariza Lodge.

COMMON GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata)

Several individuals at the wetlands at REGUA.

PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrio martinica)

A couple of individuals in the ponds right before the entrance of REGUA.

RUFOUS-SIDED CRAKE (Laterallus melanophaius) [*]

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A visit to the feeders at Sitio Virtuoso was the perfect way to dodge a rainy day. This Brazilian Ruby male was one of many hummingbird species we saw.
Aramidae (Limpkin)

LIMPKIN (Aramus guarauna)

A brief sighting of one bird flying across an opening at the wetlands of REGUA. This was Lynettes 1000th species and a special one, as she had tried to see this species before a couple of times and had missed it.

Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)

SOUTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus chilensis)

Seen every day.

Jacanidae (Jacanas)

WATTLED JACANA (Jacana jacana)

A few individuals at REGUA.

Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)

GRAY-HOODED GULL (Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus)

We saw a few birds from the van as we drove out and into the airport in Rio.

Ciconiidae (Storks)

MAGUARI STORK (Ciconia maguari)

Three birds on the side of the road on the drive from and to Rio.

Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)


Several individuals flying low by a bridge near the Rio airport.

Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shags)

NEOTROPIC CORMORANT (Nannopterum brasilianum)

Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)

RUFESCENT TIGER-HERON (Tigrisoma lineatum)

A couple of sightings at REGUA.

COCOI HERON (Ardea cocoi)

Seen at the REGUA wetlands.

GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)

SNOWY EGRET (Egretta thula)

CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)

Hundreds of individuals nesting at REGUA. It was particularly nice to see several indivuduals sporting their breeding plumage with many buffy feathers.

STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata)

Scope views of one individual at REGUA; this is a close relative of the Green Heron from North America.

BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (Nycticorax nycticorax)

Cathartidae (New World Vultures)

BLACK VULTURE (Coragyps atratus)

TURKEY VULTURE (Cathartes aura)

LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE (Cathartes burrovianus)

Seen on the day we drove inland to look for the Three-toed Jacamar. This species favors open areas.

Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)

HOOK-BILLED KITE (Chondrohierax uncinatus)

Scope views of a perched bird at REGUA.

BLACK HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus tyrannus)

A couple of sightings. One flying low at Macae de Cima and being chased by a Kiskadee and another soaring high from the CEDAE trail.

BLACK-AND-WHITE HAWK-EAGLE (Spizaetus melanoleucus)

A soaring bird at Macae de Cima.

SNAIL KITE (Rostrhamus sociabilis)

A large group of birds was perched on top of a tree near one of the lakes at REGUA.

SAVANNA HAWK (Buteogallus meridionalis)

ROADSIDE HAWK (Rupornis magnirostris)

WHITE-TAILED HAWK (Geranoaetus albicaudatus)

A few individuals seen near Sumidouro on the day that we drove inland.

MANTLED HAWK (Pseudastur polionotus)

We had good looks at one bird soaring over us at Macae de Cima.

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The gardens of Pousada Mariza can be quite productive for birding, and this Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper was seen right by the lodge's swimming pool.

SHORT-TAILED HAWK (Buteo brachyurus)

A very distant bird soaring with some vultures near Sumidouro.

Strigidae (Owls)

TROPICAL SCREECH-OWL (Megascops choliba)

A very nice look at this handsome Screech-owl at the gardens of Mariza Lodge.

BURROWING OWL (Athene cunicularia)

Our driver spotted a pair of birds sitting on a light reflector on the side of the road.

RUSTY-BARRED OWL (Strix hylophila)

It took quite a bit of work but we managed to find one bird at Mariza Lodge.

STYGIAN OWL (Asio stygius) [*]

Trogonidae (Trogons)

SURUCUA TROGON (Trogon surrucura)

Several good looks.

Momotidae (Motmots)

RUFOUS-CAPPED MOTMOT (Baryphthengus ruficapillus)

After working hard on trying to see one at Mariza lodge without success, we found a bird on the road between Sumidouro and Duas Barras.

Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)

RINGED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle torquata)

AMAZON KINGFISHER (Chloroceryle amazona)

Bucconidae (Puffbirds)


Always a tricky bird to find, but we managed to get excellent scope views of one on our way back to Nova Friburgo from Duas Barras.

Galbulidae (Jacamars)

THREE-TOED JACAMAR (Jacamaralcyon tridactyla)

On an exceptionally windy day we decided to change our plans from birding in a forest trail and go inland to look for this rarity. Our efforts paid off and we had great scope views of it.

RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (SPOT-TAILED) (Galbula ruficauda rufoviridis) [*]

Ramphastidae (Toucans)

SAFFRON TOUCANET (Pteroglossus bailloni)

We had great looks at these unique Toucanets at Sitio Virtuoso.

BLACK-NECKED ARACARI (Pteroglossus aracari)

Seen just outside of th town of Sumidouro on the day we drover inland.

SPOT-BILLED TOUCANET (Selenidera maculirostris)

Heard several times but we only had a good look on the last day when Michael spotted one for us in the 3 Picos State Park.

TOCO TOUCAN (Ramphastos toco) [*]

CHANNEL-BILLED TOUCAN (ARIEL) (Ramphastos vitellinus ariel)

Multiple good looks at this species. People who have seen them in the Amazon are often shocked at how different this subspecies looks.

Picidae (Woodpeckers)

WHITE-BARRED PICULET (Picumnus cirratus)

A few sightings of these minute woodpeckers.

WHITE WOODPECKER (Melanerpes candidus)

We managed to see a few of these birds from the Lookout spot over Duas Barras.

YELLOW-EARED WOODPECKER (Dryobates maculifrons)

Seen on the first day of the tour at Pousada Mariza and later on with a mixed species flock on the CEDAE trail.

BLOND-CRESTED WOODPECKER (Celeus flavescens flavescens)

This gorgeous woodpecker was seen extremely well both at Mariza Lodge and at 3 Picos State Park.

WHITE-BROWED WOODPECKER (Piculus aurulentus)

A fly by view of a bird on the first day at Mariza Lodge.

GREEN-BARRED WOODPECKER (Colaptes melanochloros)

We had a bird sitting on a fence post right by our van outside of Sumidouro.

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The night birding at the lodge can be very productive too. This Rusty-barred Owl is one of six nocturnal bird species we recorded around the lodge.

CAMPO FLICKER (CAMPO) (Colaptes campestris campestris)

Cariamidae (Seriemas)

RED-LEGGED SERIEMA (Cariama cristata)

As we drove down from Pico Caledonia I heard a Seriema singing loudly right by the road, so we stopped and found this bird sitting right on a light fixture in someone's garden just a few feet away from us.

Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)

BARRED FOREST-FALCON (Micrastur ruficollis)

We heard this bird several times on our tour and managed to call one across the clearing a couple of times at Sitio Virtuoso.

CRESTED CARACARA (SOUTHERN) (Caracara plancus plancus)

YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA (Milvago chimachima)

Psittacidae (New World and African Parrots)

PILEATED PARROT (Pionopsitta pileata) [*]

SCALY-HEADED PARROT (Pionus maximiliani)

We had nice scope views of this species on the last day of the tour at 3 Picos State Park.

COBALT-RUMPED PARROTLET (Forpus xanthopterygius)

Formerly known as Blue-winged Parrotlet.

MAROON-BELLIED PARAKEET (MAROON-TAILED) (Pyrrhura frontalis frontalis)

A daily sight on our tour. They even nested on the buildings of our lodge.

WHITE-EYED PARAKEET (Psittacara leucophthalmus)

Also seen nesting on the buildings of our lodge.

Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)

SPOT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Hypoedaleus guttatus) [*]

GIANT ANTSHRIKE (Batara cinerea)

We had exellent looks at this massive antshrile on our first day at Mariza Lodge.

LARGE-TAILED ANTSHRIKE (Mackenziaena leachii)

A very cooperative bird at Pico Caledonia. This is certainly one of the most beautiful antshrikes.

TUFTED ANTSHRIKE (Mackenziaena severa)

We heard one and played some tape for it at Mariza Lodge and several minutes went by with no response from the bird, until Lynette spotted the bird sneaking around in a vine tangle around us.

RUFOUS-CAPPED ANTSHRIKE (SOUTHERN) (Thamnophilus ruficapillus ruficapillus)

Seen at Mariza lodge at dusk on our second day there as we were looking for nocturnal birds. We used a flashlight to see it and actually got some pretty good looks at it.

CHESTNUT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus palliatus)

We heard one bird on the edge of the lakes at REGUA and pulled it in for some nice views.

SOORETAMA SLATY-ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus ambiguus)

This one made us work hard for it at REGUA but we eventually found it sitting way up in the canopy of a tree.

VARIABLE ANTSHRIKE (Thamnophilus caerulescens caerulescens)


Multiple good looks at these handsome antwrens.

SPOT-BREASTED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus stictothorax)

After a couple of failed attempts of seeing one of these, we found one on the CEDAE trail and later on saw another one really well at the parking lot of the 3 Picos State Park.

PLAIN ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus mentalis mentalis)

RUFOUS-BACKED ANTVIREO (Dysithamnus xanthopterus)

One of many high altitude specialists that we saw well on the way down from Pico Caledonia.

WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN (SILVERY-FLANKED) (Myrmotherula axillaris luctuosa)

We had nice looks at one male at REGUA. This subspecies is quite distinctive from the nominate, and is disjunct from the nominate subspecies, making it a good candidate for a future split.

UNICOLORED ANTWREN (Myrmotherula unicolor)

Also seen at REGUA, but this is a Brazilian endemic, and an Atlantic Forest endemic that is becoming increasingly rare due to loss of habitat.

RUFOUS-MARGINED ANTWREN (Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus)

Formerly known as Rufous-winged Antwren. We found this canopy specialist on the Mirante Trail at 3 Picos State Park but only a few people got on it before it flew away.

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Swallow-tailed Manakins are always a treat. We had to work hard to see our first adult male but it was totally worth it.

FERRUGINOUS ANTBIRD (Drymophila ferruginea)

Some of the best looks I ever had of this bird. We found it on the Macae de Cima road and had repeated views of a male displaying its interscapular white patch.

BERTONI'S ANTBIRD (Drymophila rubricollis)

Also seen extremely well but this one was seen on the Theodoro trail.

RUFOUS-TAILED ANTBIRD (Drymophila genei)

This species favors high altitude and we found it at Pico Caledonia.

OCHRE-RUMPED ANTBIRD (Drymophila ochropyga)

We saw this species side by side with the Ferruginous Antbird at Macae de Cima and even got to see its Ochre-rump a few times.

STREAK-CAPPED ANTWREN (Terenura maculata)

A minute canopy antwren that we saw both on the CEDAE trail and at 3 Picos State Park.

WHITE-SHOULDERED FIRE-EYE (Pyriglena leucoptera)

Multiple looks at this understory antbird.

Conopophagidae (Gnateaters)

BLACK-CHEEKED GNATEATER (Conopophaga melanops)

We first saw one pretty well on the CEDAE trail but later on we had incredible views at REGUA after Francis spotted one for us.

RUFOUS GNATEATER (Conopophaga lineata)

Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)

MOUSE-COLORED TAPACULO (Scytalopus speluncae)

We had to work pretty hard for this one, but after a few attempts we managed to lay eyes on one at Pico Caledonia.

Formicariidae (Antthrushes)


Great looks at this grownd dweller on the CEDAE Trail.

SHORT-TAILED ANTTHRUSH (Chamaeza campanisona campanisona) [*]

SUCH'S ANTTHRUSH (Chamaeza meruloides) [*]

RUFOUS-TAILED ANTTHRUSH (Chamaeza ruficauda) [*]

Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)


Also seen on the CEDAE trail after quite a bit of work, but eventually everyone got a good look at it.

OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER (OLIVACEOUS) (Sittasomus griseicapillus sylviellus)

There are many distinctive subspecies of this bird, and they have distinctive plumages and vocalizations, so keep track of where you see them.

PLAIN-WINGED WOODCREEPER (Dendrocincla turdina)

We saw it well enough to attest that it is indeed very plain.

PLANALTO WOODCREEPER (Dendrocolaptes platyrostris)

We had great looks at one right outside the window of the restaurant where we had lunch in Macae de Cima.

WHITE-THROATED WOODCREEPER (Xiphocolaptes albicollis)

We had great looks at this massive woodcreeper at Sitio Virtuoso.

LESSER WOODCREEPER (Xiphorhynchus fuscus fuscus)

Seen on the CEDAE trail on the last day of the tour.

PLAIN XENOPS (Xenops minutus)

Three birds seen well on the road from Sumidouro to Duas Barras.

STREAKED XENOPS (Xenops rutilans)

Jhonny and Paul spotted one with a mixed species flock on our very first day at Mariza Lodge.

WING-BANDED HORNERO (Furnarius figulus)

A pair of birds was nesting in the gardens of Mariza lodge and we either saw or heard them every day.

RUFOUS HORNERO (Furnarius rufus)


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This Ochre-faced Tody-flycatcher was nesting on the lodge grounds and we had great looks at it.

SHARP-TAILED STREAMCREEPER (Lochmias nematura nematura)

A beautiful look at this ornate furnarid near the swimming pool at Mariza Lodge.


After hearing it several times we finally got good looks at them on the Theodoro trail.

PALE-BROWED TREEHUNTER (PALE-TAILED) (Cichlocolaptes leucophrus leucophrus) [*]

SHARP-BILLED TREEHUNTER (Heliobletus contaminatus)

Francis spotted this species for us on the Macae de Cima road.

BLACK-CAPPED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Philydor atricapillus)

This handsome species is usually found with mixed species flocks, and we found a pair of birds moving through the understory with a flock on the CEDAE trail.

WHITE-BROWED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Anabacerthia amaurotis)

A great look at one bird foraging on the Theodoro Trail.

BUFF-BROWED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Syndactyla rufosuperciliata)

Seen on the Macae de Cima.


A common species that was seen many times with canopy flocks.

WHITE-EYED FOLIAGE-GLEANER (Automolus leucophthalmus)

Seen on the CEDAE trail on a couple of days.

RUFOUS-FRONTED THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus rufifrons)

A pair of birds working on their fascinating nest at the gardens of Mariza lodge was a daily sight.

ORANGE-EYED THORNBIRD (Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus)

We had close up views of these handsome thornbirds on the first day of our tour at Mariza Lodge.

FIREWOOD-GATHERER (Anumbius annumbi)

Great looks at them on the outlook spot over Duas Barras.

PALLID SPINETAIL (Cranioleuca pallida)

Seen on the first day at Mariza lodge and then again a couple of times.

YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL (Certhiaxis cinnamomeus)

Seen on the drive between Sumidouro and Duas Barras and later building a nest at REGUA. We even saw the yellow chinspot that the species is named for.

RUFOUS-CAPPED SPINETAIL (Synallaxis ruficapilla)

Probably the most common spinetail on our tour and one that we saw on multiple occasions.

SPIX'S SPINETAIL (Synallaxis spixi)

Pipridae (Manakins)

SWALLOW-TAILED MANAKIN (Chiroxiphia caudata)

Formerly known as Blue Manakin. We had particularly nice looks at these handsome birds on the Theodoro Trail.

PIN-TAILED MANAKIN (Ilicura militaris)

Great looks at a couple of males at Sitio Virtuoso.

WHITE-BEARDED MANAKIN (Manacus manacus gutturosus)

A female showed up briefly at REGUA.

Cotingidae (Cotingas)

HOODED BERRYEATER (Carpornis cucullata) [*]

SWALLOW-TAILED COTINGA (SWALLOW-TAILED) (Phibalura flavirostris flavirostris)

Prolongued scope views at Pousada Mariza. Really, it was in the scope for about 20 minutes.


Lynette spotted this bird a long ways away on the Macae de Cima Road and we had it in the scope for several minutes.

GRAY-WINGED COTINGA (Lipaugus conditus)

What a memorable experience. We birded in fog and rain and were about to give up when this species showed up at the lower limit of its altitudinal range.

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A newly opened trail at Mariza Lodge produced great looks at this Blond-crested Woodpecker.

BARE-THROATED BELLBIRD (Procnias nudicollis)

Scope views on the very first day of our tour and heard every day from Mariza Lodge.

Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)

GREEN-BACKED BECARD (Pachyramphus viridis)

Seen on the very first day of our tour at Mariza Lodge.

CHESTNUT-CROWNED BECARD (Pachyramphus castaneus)

Multiple sightings during our tour.

WHITE-WINGED BECARD (Pachyramphus polychopterus)

Also seen on the first day at Mariza Lodge.

CRESTED BECARD (Pachyramphus validus)

Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill, Royal Flycatcher, and Allies)

SHARPBILL (Oxyruncus cristatus)

We heard this one over and over again and managed to pull it in for a look but only a few people saw it before it flew away.

WHISKERED FLYCATCHER (YELLOW-RUMPED) (Myiobius barbatus mastacalis)

Seen a couple of times moving through the forest with mixed species flocks.

Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)

WHITE-THROATED SPADEBILL (Platyrinchus mystaceus)

A great look at this handsome flycatcher on the CEDAE trail.

OCHRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes oleagineus)

Seen a couple of times on the day we visited REGUA.

GRAY-HOODED FLYCATCHER (Mionectes rufiventris)

A close relative of the Ochre-bellied Flycatcher, but much more range restricted. We enjoyed our first looks at this species on the Theodoro trail and later saw it a couple of times again.

SEPIA-CAPPED FLYCATCHER (Leptopogon amaurocephalus)

We saw it multiple times and even watched as it flicked one wing up, a display that is characteristic of the speciesl

MOTTLE-CHEEKED TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes ventralis)

SERRA DO MAR TYRANNULET (Phylloscartes difficilis)

A high altitude specialist that we saw well at Pico Caledonia.

SOUTHERN ANTPIPIT (Corythopis delalandi) [*]

EARED PYGMY-TYRANT (Myiornis auricularis)

Fran spotted this tiny ball of feathers for us. The genus Myiornis has some of the smallest passerines in the world.


We had incredible looks at this rather drab species on the Theodoro Trail.

HANGNEST TODY-TYRANT (Hemitriccus nidipendulus)

Seen on the road to Macae de Cima. Despite its name there is nothing extraordinary about this bird's nest since many flycatchers build hanging nests.

OCHRE-FACED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps)

We saw it really well on our first day at Mariza Lodge and then again a couple of times on other trails.

GRAY-HEADED TODY-FLYCATCHER (Todirostrum poliocephalum)

Formerly known as Yellow-lored Tody-flycatcher.

YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER (SOORETAMA) (Tolmomyias sulphurescens sulphurescens)

This is the nominate subspecies. Keep track of where you see them as there will probably be some splits in the future.

CLIFF FLYCATCHER (SWALLOW) (Hirundinea ferruginea bellicosa)

Seen nicely perched on the wires of the Stucky village as we drove back to Mariza lodge.


A rather common and drab species but perhaps the nicest feature of this bird is its song as it sounds like it giggling when it sings.

YELLOW TYRANNULET (Capsiempis flaveola flaveola)

Seen on the recently open trail at Mariza Lodge.

Field Guides Birding Tours
We ventured inland to look for several species that favor drier habitats. This Firewood Gatherer was one of the birds we found.

YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA (Elaenia flavogaster)

OLIVACEOUS ELAENIA (Elaenia mesoleuca)

After hearing it several times at Pico Caledonia we managed to see one at Macae de Cima.

PLANALTO TYRANNULET (Phyllomyias fasciatus)

The diagnostic short stubby bill offers a good clue of the diet of this bird as it feeds mainly on mistletoe berries.

EULER'S FLYCATCHER (EULER'S) (Lathrotriccus euleri euleri)

This species is named after the Swiss ornithologist Carl Euler and therefore its name is pronounced "oiler" which is very confusing for English speakers.

TROPICAL PEWEE (Contopus cinereus)

A nice find on our first day at Pousada Mariza.

CRESTED BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus lophotes)

A bit distant, but we had pretty good views through the scope on the day we ventured inland to looks for the Three-toed Jacamar.

BLUE-BILLED BLACK-TYRANT (Knipolegus cyanirostris)

We saw both the male and the female extremely well at Pico Caledonia.

YELLOW-BROWED TYRANT (Satrapa icterophrys)

We were working on seeing an Ash-throated Crake when Fran spotted one of these handsome flycatchers really close to us. What a great sighting.

WHITE-HEADED MARSH TYRANT (Arundinicola leucocephala)

A great spot by Lois on the day we visited REGUA.

MASKED WATER-TYRANT (Fluvicola nengeta)

Seen every day in the gardens of our lodge.

SHEAR-TAILED GRAY TYRANT (Muscipipra vetula)

Seen through the scope on the Macae de Cima Road.

STREAMER-TAILED TYRANT (Gubernetes yetapa)

What an amazing bird. We had great looks on the day we birded inland to look for the Three-toed Jacamar.

LONG-TAILED TYRANT (Colonia colonus)

Another great spot by Francis.


Some birds are much prettier and brighter than what you can print on a field guide and this is one of them. We had great looks on the drive between Sumidouro and Duas Barras.


CATTLE TYRANT (Machetornis rixosa)

We had particularly nice looks at it at the overlook above Duas Barras when the male brought a cockroach to the nest to feed the young and displayed its vivid red crest to the female.

GREAT KISKADEE (Pitangus sulphuratus)

Seen every day.

BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER (Megarynchus pitangua)

Despite this being a pretty common species we only saw them towards the end of our tour.

SOCIAL FLYCATCHER (Myiozetetes similis)

Common around the lodge.

STREAKED FLYCATCHER (Myiodynastes maculatus)

PIRATIC FLYCATCHER (Legatus leucophaius)

Seen on the road to Macae de Cima.

VARIEGATED FLYCATCHER (Empidonomus varius)

TROPICAL KINGBIRD (Tyrannus melancholicus)

Field Guides Birding Tours
Drab-breasted Pygmy-tyrants are often hard to see, but this one posed for us for a long period of time.


We had multiple looks at these cool looking flycatchers but they were particularly nice near Duas Barras where we saw a pair of displaying birds.

Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis)


GRAY-EYED GREENLET (Hylophilus amaurocephalus)

Seen very well on the drive between Sumidouro and Duas Barras. This species is vey similar to the Rufous-crowned Greenlet but it likes drier habitat and its song is quite different.

RUFOUS-CROWNED GREENLET (Hylophilus poicilotis)

CHIVI VIREO (MIGRATORY) (Vireo chivi chivi)

Corvidae (Crows, Jays, and Magpies)

CURL-CRESTED JAY (Cyanocorax cristatellus)

Fran spotted a group of these handsome jays near Sumidouro. Sadly this species is expanding its range due to the clearing of habitat.

Donacobiidae (Donacobius)

BLACK-CAPPED DONACOBIUS (Donacobius atricapilla)

We had a dueting pair of birds near Sumidouro.

Hirundinidae (Swallows)

BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)

Very common and we even had them nesting on the buildings at Mariza Lodge.

WHITE-THIGHED SWALLOW (Atticora tibialis)

We were mobbed by a pair of birds nesting along the CEDAE trail.

SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)

We saw them many times but it was fascinating to watch a group of them mob a Blue-and-white Swallow.

GRAY-BREASTED MARTIN (Progne chalybea)

Troglodytidae (Wrens)

HOUSE WREN (Troglodytes aedon)

Always present around the lodge buildings.

LONG-BILLED WREN (Cantorchilus longirostris)

This species can be quite the skulker but we had wonderful looks at one during our visit to REGUA.

Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)


Common around the lodge.

Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)

PALE-BREASTED THRUSH (Turdus leucomelas)

YELLOW-LEGGED THRUSH (Turdus flavipes)

Seen several times but we had particularly good looks at birds around the gardens of Sitio Virtuoso.

WHITE-NECKED THRUSH (RUFOUS-FLANKED) (Turdus albicollis albicollis)

We saw this species on the recently opened trail at Mariza Lodge.

RUFOUS-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus rufiventris)

CREAMY-BELLIED THRUSH (Turdus amaurochalinus)

Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)

HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus)

Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)

BLUE-NAPED CHLOROPHONIA (Chlorophonia cyanea) [*]

PURPLE-THROATED EUPHONIA (Euphonia chlorotica)

Field Guides Birding Tours
Our first day of the tour produced great looks at this Orange-eyed Thornbird.

VIOLACEOUS EUPHONIA (Euphonia violacea)

We had great looks at a pair of birds just before we reached REGUA.


The most common Euphonia on this tour and one that we saw a few times on our tour.

HOODED SISKIN (Spinus magellanicus)

Seen a few times around the lodge.

Passerellidae (New World Sparrows)

GRASSLAND SPARROW (Ammodramus humeralis)

Seen in some pastures near Duas Barras. This is a very close relative of the Grasshopper Sparrow from North America.

HALF-COLLARED SPARROW (Arremon semitorquatus)

Seen well on our first day around Mariza Lodge.

RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW (Zonotrichia capensis)

A common and widespread species but always fun to watch.

Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)

CRESTED OROPENDOLA (Psarocolius decumanus)

RED-RUMPED CACIQUE (Cacicus haemorrhous)

SHINY COWBIRD (Molothrus bonariensis)

A common sight around our lodge.

GIANT COWBIRD (Molothrus oryzivorus)

Seen flying and lurking around the Crested Oropendolas nests.

CHESTNUT-CAPPED BLACKBIRD (Chrysomus ruficapillus)

Parulidae (New World Warblers)

MASKED YELLOWTHROAT (Geothlypis aequinoctialis)

This species has been recently split and is now called Masked Yellowthroat.

TROPICAL PARULA (Setophaga pitiayumi)

We had a great loook at one pair of birds right at the entrance of the CEDAE trail.

GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER (Basileuterus culicivorus)

WHITE-BROWED WARBLER (Myiothlypis leucoblephara)

We saw this beautiful warbler on the Theodoro trail but perhaps even better than seeing it was hearing their beautiful song.

Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)

HEPATIC TANAGER (LOWLAND) (Piranga flava saira)

Lois found us a pair of birds on the first day of our tour at Mariza Lodge.


Great looks at one pair of birds moving in the understory with a mixed species flock on the CEDAE trail.

Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)

MAGPIE TANAGER (Cissopis leverianus)

BLACK-GOGGLED TANAGER (Trichothraupis melanops)

FLAME-CRESTED TANAGER (Loriotus cristatus)

One of several species that were seen at REGUA.

RUBY-CROWNED TANAGER (Tachyphonus coronatus)

We saw them several times but only saw the "Ruby" crown when we watched some birds in the rain at Sitio Virtuoso.

BRAZILIAN TANAGER (Ramphocelus bresilius)

Diane spotted and identified one for us at REGUA.

Field Guides Birding Tours
The Long-billed Wren is a Brazilian endemic and we had great looks at it during our visit to REGUA.

DIADEMED TANAGER (Stephanophorus diadematus)

Somewhat abundant in the upper reaches of Pico Caledonia.

SAYACA TANAGER (Thraupis sayaca)

AZURE-SHOULDERED TANAGER (Thraupis cyanoptera)

We had good looks at them at Sitio Virtuoso and were able to compare them side by side with Sayaca Tanagers.


BURNISHED-BUFF TANAGER (STRIPE-BELLIED) (Stilpnia cayana chloroptera)

GREEN-HEADED TANAGER (Tangara seledon)

Excellent looks at these colorful birds at REGUA.

RED-NECKED TANAGER (Tangara cyanocephala)

Another gorgeous Atlantic Forest gem that we saw on the CEDAE trail.

BRASSY-BREASTED TANAGER (Tangara desmaresti)

Wonderful looks at these gorgeous birds on a number of different occasions.

GILT-EDGED TANAGER (Tangara cyanoventris)

SWALLOW TANAGER (Tersina viridis)

Scope views of both the male and female near Sumidouro.

BLUE DACNIS (Dacnis cayana)

RUFOUS-HEADED TANAGER (Hemithraupis ruficapilla)

Seen on our first day at Mariza Lodge.

YELLOW-BACKED TANAGER (Hemithraupis flavicollis insignis)

Seen with a canopy flock at REGUA.

BAY-CHESTED WARBLING FINCH (Castanozoster thoracicus)

A couple of birds seen foraging at Pico Caledonia.

SAFFRON FINCH (Sicalis flaveola)

Abundant around open areas including our lodge.

BLUE-BLACK GRASSQUIT (Volatinia jacarina)

Seen in pastures and other open areas.

DOUBLE-COLLARED SEEDEATER (Sporophila caerulescens)

We saw these birds near the creek at Mariza lodge and later on again when we drove from Sumidouro to Duas Barras.

PILEATED FINCH (Coryphospingus pileatus)

BANANAQUIT (Coereba flaveola)

A regular visitor to the hummingbird feeders at Mariza Lodge.

GREEN-WINGED SALTATOR (Saltator similis) [*]

THICK-BILLED SALTATOR (Saltator maxillosus)

Great looks at one adult and one juvenile as we worked our way down from Pico Caledonia.

BLACK-THROATED GROSBEAK (Saltator fuliginosus)

A great look on the CEDAE trail.

Field Guides Birding Tours
Mariza Lodge produced some good nocturnal birding. This Tropical Screech-owl was seen in the garden of the lodge.


WHITE-TUFTED-EAR MARMOSET (Callithrix jacchus jacchus)


GOLDEN TEGU (Tupinambis teguixin)

BROAD-SNOUTED CAIMAN (Caiman latirostris)

CURURU TOAD (Rhinella icterica)

Totals for the tour: 278 bird taxa and 1 mammal taxa